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Marsiya
Marsiya (Persian: مرثیه‎) is an elegiac poem written to commemorate the martyrdom and valour of Hussain ibn Ali
Hussain ibn Ali
and his comrades of the Karbala. Marsiyas are essentially religious.[1]The marsiyas written on these events are called classical marsiyas.Contents1 Background 2 Where to Find Marsiyas 3 Modern World 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBackground[edit] The word Marsiya is derived from the Arabic word marthiyya (root R-TH-Y), meaning a great tragedy or lamentation for a departed soul.[2] This form found a specially congenial soil in Lucknow, chiefly because it was one of the centres of Shia Muslim
Shia Muslim
communities in South Asia, which regarded it an act of piety and religious duty to eulogies and bemoan the martyrs of the battle of Karbala. The form reached its peak in the writing of Mir Babar Ali Anis
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Rekhta
Rekhta (Urdu: ریختہ ‬‎), (Hindi: रेख़्ता),(rextā) was the Hindustani language
Hindustani language
as its dialectal basis shifted to the Khariboli
Khariboli
dialect of Delhi
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Semitic Root
The roots of verbs and most nouns in the Semitic languages
Semitic languages
are characterized as a sequence of consonants or "radicals" (hence the term consonantal root). Such abstract consonantal roots are used in the formation of actual words by adding the vowels and non-root consonants (or "transfixes") which go with a particular morphological category around the root consonants, in an appropriate way, generally following specific patterns
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Chup Tazia
Chup Tazia
Tazia
(Urdu: چپ تعزیہ‬‎) or silent tazia is the name given to religious processions held mostly on 8th of Rabi' al-awwal
Rabi' al-awwal
by
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Islamic Calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage. It includes Arabic Calligraphy, Ottoman, and Persian calligraphy.[1][2] It is known in Arabic as khatt Islami (خط اسلامي), meaning Islamic line, design, or construction.[3] The development of Islamic calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
is strongly tied to the Qur'an; chapters and excerpts from the Qur'an
Qur'an
are a common and almost universal text upon which Islamic calligraphy
Islamic calligraphy
is based
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Hussaini Dalan
Husseini (also spelled Hussaini, Husaini, Hecini, Hosseini or Husayni, Arabic: حسیني‎) is an Arabic surname. Etymology[edit] It is a nisba derivation of the given name Hussein
Hussein
or Husain from the name of Caliph
Caliph
Imam
Imam
Husain ibn Ali. People with the surname Al-Husseini, Al-Husaini or Husseini are (nominally) descendants of the Islamic Prophet
Islamic Prophet
Muhammad
Muhammad
through the lineage of his grandson Imam Husain ibn Ali. Imam
Imam
Husain ibn Ali
Husain ibn Ali
was the son of prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatima and son-in-law and Caliph
Caliph
Imam
Imam
Ali ibn Abi Talib. Husseinis are primarily found in the Arab world, South Asia, Iran
Iran
and Iraq
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Rawda Khwani
Rawda khwani (Persian: روضه خوانی‎, "reading the Rawda") is the Shia Iranian[1] Muslim ritual of the Mourning of Muharram. It is held every day of the year to commemorate the death of Husayn ibn Ali and his followers during the Battle of Karbala.Contents1 Performance 2 Titled 3 See also 4 ReferencesPerformance[edit] Rawda_khani as public lamentation is held to commemorating the death of Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
and his follower, suffering of his family during the Battle of Karbala
Battle of Karbala
especially by Iranian Shia Muslims.[2][3] During this ritual mourning, the Rawda khwan (story teller) recites loudly chapters of the Garden of the Martyrs with innovative skills to mourners
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The Twelve Imams
OthersMourning of Muharram Arba'een Pilgrimage IntercessionHoly citiesMecca Medina Najaf Karbala Mashhad Jerusalem Samarra Kadhimiya QomGroupsUsuli Akhbari Shaykhi Ni'matullāhī Safaviyya Qizilbash Alevism Alawism Bektashism and folk religion Malamatiyya–QalandariyyaHurufism–Bektashism Rifa'i–GalibiScholarshipLaw Marja' (list) Hawza Ayatollah (list) Allamah   Hujjat al-Islam IjtihadHadith collectionsPeak of Eloquence The Psalms of Islam Book of Fundamentals The Book in Scholar's LieuCivilization of Laws The CertaintyBook of Sulaym ibn Qays Oceans of Light Wasā'il al-Shīʿa Reality of Certainty Keys of ParadiseRelated topicsCriticism of Twelver
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The Fourteen Infallibles
The Fourteen Infallibles
The Fourteen Infallibles
(Arabic: معصومون‎ Ma‘sūmūn) (Persian: چهارده معصوم‎ Chahar'dah Ma‘sūm) in Twelver Shia
Shia
Islam are the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his daughter Fatima Zahra; and the Twelve Imams
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Persian Language
Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/), also known by its endonym Farsi[8][9] (فارسی fārsi [fɒːɾˈsiː] ( listen)), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(officially known as Dari since 1958),[10] and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era),[11] and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
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Karbala
Karbala
Karbala
(Arabic: كَرْبَلَاء‎, Karbalā’, Persian: کربلاء) is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad, and a few miles east of Lake Milh.[2][3] Karbala
Karbala
is the capital of Karbala
Karbala
Governorate, and has an estimated population of 0.7 million people (2015). The city, best known as the location of the Ma'rakat Karbalā’ (Arabic: مَعرَكة كَـربَـلَاء‎, Battle of Karbala) in 680 CE, or the Masjidayn (Arabic: مَـسـجِـدَيـن‎, two Mosques) of Imam
Imam
Husayn and Abbas,[4][5] is considered as a holy city for Shi'ite Muslims as Mecca, Medina
Medina
and Jerusalem
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Shia Muslim
Sunni
Sunni
theological traditionsIlm al-KalamAsh'ari1 Maturidi Sunni
Sunni
Murji'ah Traditionalist2Shi'a Twelver3PrinciplesTawhid Adalah Prophecy Imamah QiyamahPracticesSalah Sawm Zakat Hajj Khums Jihad Commanding what is just Forbidding what is evil Tawalla Tabarra


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Hosay
Hosay
Hosay
(originally from Husayn) is a Muslim
Muslim
Indo-Caribbean commemoration that is popularly observed on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago
Tobago
and Jamaica. In Trinidad
Trinidad
and Tobago, a twin island country, multi-colored model mausoleums or Mosque
Mosque
shaped model tombs known as Tadjah are used to display the symbolic part of this commemoration. They are built and paraded, then ritually taken to the sea on last day of observance, and finally discarded into the water.[1] Tadjah derived from Arabic
Arabic
word Ta'zieh
Ta'zieh
and signifies different cultural meanings depending on the region, time, occasion, religion, etc
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South Asia
South
South
Asia
Asia
or Southern Asia
Asia
(also known as Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC
SAARC
countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal
Nepal
and all parts of India
India
situated south of the Himalayas
Himalayas
and the Hindu
Hindu
Kush
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Ahl Al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
(Arabic: أهل البيت‎, Persian: اهلِ بیت‎), also Āl al-Bayt, is a phrase meaning, literally, "People of the House" or "Family of the House". Within the Islamic tradition, the term refers to the family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[1] In Shia Islam
Shia Islam
the Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
are central to Islam
Islam
and interpreters of the Quran
Quran
and Sunnah. Shias believe they are successors of Muhammad and consist of Muhammad, Fatimah, Ali, Hasan, and Husayn (known collectively as the Ahl al-Kisa, "people of the mantle") and the Imams the Fourteen Infallibles
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Urdu
  Pakistan
Pakistan
(national and official)   India
India
(official as per the 8th Schedule of the Constitution and in the following states/union territories) Official:Jammu and Kashmir TelanganaSecondary Official:National Capital Territory of Delhi Bihar Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand West BengalRecognised minority language in United Arab Emirates[6]  Guyana[7] (as Guyanese Hindustani)  Suriname[7] (as Sarnami Hindoestani)  Trinidad and Tobago[7] (as Trinidadian Hindustani)Language codesISO 639-1 urISO 639-2 urdISO 639-3 urdGlottolog urdu1245[8]Linguasphere 59-AAF-q  Areas where Urdu
Urdu
is either official or co-official   Areas where Urdu
Urdu
is neither official nor co-officialThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols
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