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Marin Mersenne
Marin Mersenne, Marin Mersennus or le Père Mersenne (French: [mɛʀsɛn]; 8 September 1588 – 1 September 1648) was a French polymath, whose works touched a wide variety of fields. He is perhaps best known today among mathematicians for Mersenne prime numbers, those which can be written in the form Mn = 2n − 1 for some integer n
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Oizé
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Oizé
Oizé
is a commune in the Sarthe
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Jean De Beaugrand
Jean de Beaugrand
Jean de Beaugrand
(1584 – 22 December 1640) was the foremost French lineographer of the seventeenth century. Though born in Mulhouse, de Beaugrand moved to Paris
Paris
in 1581. He also worked as a mathematician and published works on geostatics. He is credited with naming the cycloid. He lived and worked in Paris
Paris
as an artist until his death in 1640. References[edit]D Diderot, Encyclopédie, First edition, Book 4, 596. George Hanton, French Lineography, Gregory Kline Books, New York, 1927. H Nathan, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990). P Humbert, Les Astronomers français de 1610 à 1667, Société d'études scientifiques et archéologiques de Draguignan, Memoires 63 (1942), 1-72.Authority controlWorldCat Identities VIAF: 231145542503096641128 SUDOC: 125910355This article about a French painter is a stub
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Nicolas-Claude Fabri De Peiresc
Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc
Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc
(1 December 1580 – 24 June 1637), often known simply as Peiresc, or by the Latin form of his name Peirescius, was a French astronomer, antiquary and savant, who maintained a wide correspondence with scientists, and was a successful organizer of scientific inquiry. His research included a determination of the difference in longitude of various locations in Europe, around the Mediterranean, and in North Africa.Contents1 Early life 2 Intellectual and collector 3 Astronomer 4 Final years 5 Works 6 Legacy 7 See also 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External linksEarly life[edit] Peiresc's father was a higher magistrate and city surgeon in Provence from a wealthy noble family, who with his wife fled their home town of Aix-en- Provence
Provence
to avoid the plague raging there, settling in Belgentier
Belgentier
in Var
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Constantijn Huygens
Sir Constantijn Huygens, Lord of Zuilichem
Zuilichem
(4 September 1596 – 28 March 1687), was a Dutch Golden Age
Dutch Golden Age
poet and composer
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Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
(Italian: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February 1564[3] – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath. Galileo is a central figure in the transition from natural philosophy to modern science and in the transformation of the scientific Renaissance into a scientific revolution. Galileo's championing of heliocentrism and Copernicanism was controversial during his lifetime, when most subscribed to either geocentrism or the Tychonic system.[4] He met with opposition from astronomers,
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Dutch Republic
The Hague
The Hague
(de facto)Languages Dutch, Zeelandic, West Flemish, Dutch Low Saxon, West FrisianReligion Dutch ReformedGovernment Confederative republicStadtholder •  1581–1584 William I (first) •  1751–1795 William V (last)Grand Pensionary •  1581–1585 Paulus Buys <
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Galileo
Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
(Italian: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February 1564[3] – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath. Galileo is a central figure in the transition from natural philosophy to modern science and in the transformation of the scientific Renaissance into a scientific revolution. Galileo's championing of heliocentrism and Copernicanism was controversial during his lifetime, when most subscribed to either geocentrism or the Tychonic system.[4] He met with opposition from astronomers,
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Society Of Jesus
The Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
(SJ – from Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
which originated in sixteenth-century Spain. The members are called Jesuits.[2] The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits
Jesuits
work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities, and seminaries), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits
Jesuits
also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue. Ignatius of Loyola, a Basque nobleman from the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona
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Académie Des Sciences
The French Academy of Sciences
Academy of Sciences
(French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV
Louis XIV
at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research
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Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
(French: [ʒɑ̃.ba.tist kɔl.bɛʁ]; 29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France
France
from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His relentless hard work and thrift made him an esteemed minister. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy
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Peter L. Bernstein
Peter Lewyn Bernstein (January 22, 1919 – June 5, 2009) was an American financial historian, economist and educator whose development and refinement of the efficient-market hypothesis made him one of the country's best known authorities in popularizing and presenting investment economics to the general public.[citation needed]Contents1 Education and military service during World War II 2 As investment manager 3 Career as educator and lecturer 4 Works 5 Bibliography 6 Awards 7 References 8 External linksEducation and military service during World War II[edit] A native of New York City, Peter Bernstein was the son of financial consultant Allen Bernstein and his wife, Irma Lewyn
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Tommaso Campanella
Tommaso Campanella
Tommaso Campanella
OP (Italian: [tomˈmazo kampaˈnɛlla]; 5 September 1568 – 21 May 1639), baptized Giovanni Domenico Campanella, was a Dominican friar, Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.Contents1 Biography 2 Notes 3 References 4 External linksBiography[edit] Born in Stignano
Stignano
(in the county of Stilo) in the province of Reggio di Calabria
Calabria
in Calabria, southern Italy, Campanella was a child prodigy. Son of a poor and illiterate cobbler, he entered the Dominican Order before the age of fourteen,[1] taking the name of fra' Tommaso in honour of Thomas Aquinas
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Isaac Beeckman
Isaac Beeckman
Isaac Beeckman
(10 December 1588 – 19 May 1637) was a Dutch philosopher and scientist, who, through his studies and contact with leading natural philosophers, may have "virtually given birth to modern atomism".[1][2]Contents1 Biography 2 Teachers, pupils, and Descartes 3 Work and legacy 4 Sources and Literature 5 Bibliography 6 External linksBiography[edit] Beeckman was born in Middelburg, Zeeland, to a strong Calvinistic family, which had fled from the Spanish-controlled Southern Netherlands
Netherlands
a few years before. He had a strong early education in his home town and went on to study theology, literature and mathematics in Leiden
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Lung Abscess
Lung abscess
Lung abscess
is a type of liquefactive necrosis of the lung tissue and formation of cavities (more than 2 cm)[1] containing necrotic debris or fluid caused by microbial infection. This pus-filled cavity is often caused by aspiration, which may occur during anesthesia, sedation, or unconsciousness from injury. Alcoholism
Alcoholism
is the most common condition predisposing to lung abscesses. Lung abscess
Lung abscess
is considered primary (60%[2]) when it results from existing lung parenchymal process and is termed secondary when it complicates another process e.g
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