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Marie Victoire De Noailles
MARIE VICTOIRE SOPHIE DE NOAILLES, COUNTESS OF TOULOUSE (Versailles, 6 May 1688 – Paris, 30 September 1766), was the daughter of Anne Jules de Noailles , the 2nd Duke of Noailles , and his wife, Marie-Françoise de Bournonville. Her second husband was Louis Alexandre de Bourbon , Count of Toulouse, the youngest legitimised son of King Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
and his maîtresse-en-titre , Madame de Montespan . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Descendants * 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms * 3.1 Titles and styles * 4 References * 5 See also BIOGRAPHYMarie Victoire was born at Versailles on 6 May 1688. She was one of twenty children. Many of her sisters married into important noble families in France. Her sister Marie Christine married Antoine de Gramont, duc de Guiche in 1687
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Palace Of Versailles
The PALACE OF VERSAILLES, CHâTEAU DE VERSAILLES, or simply VERSAILLES (English: /vɛərˈsaɪ/ vair-SY or /vərˈsaɪ/ vər-SY ; French: ), is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. It is now open as a museum, and a very popular tourist attraction. When the château was built, Versailles was a small village dating from the 11th century; today, however, it is a wealthy suburb of Paris , some 20 kilometres (12 miles) southwest of the centre of the French capital. Versailles was the seat of political power in the Kingdom of France
France
from 1682, when King Louis XIV moved the royal court from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789, within three months after the beginning of the French Revolution . Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime
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Louis Henri De Pardaillan De Gondrin
LOUIS HENRI DE PARDAILLAN DE GONDRIN, MARQUIS DE MONTESPAN (1640 – 1 December 1691), was a French nobleman, most notable as the husband of Louis XIV 's mistress Madame de Montespan . LIFEHe was the son of Roger-Hector de Pardaillan de Gondrin, marquis of Antin, and Marie-Christine de Zamet de Murat. In February 1663 he married Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart . They had two children: * Marie-Christine de Pardaillan de Gondrin (1663–1675); * Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de Gondrin (1665–1736), the future duke of Antin.However, for Mademoiselle de Mortemart, a famed beauty who loved court life, an alliance with a quite obscure noble family from south-western France was not enough and her husband (always short of money) was always away on his judicial duties; she thus became the mistress of Louis XIV in 1667, bearing him seven children
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Lady-in-waiting
A LADY-IN-WAITING or COURT LADY is a female personal assistant at a court, royal or feudal , attending on a royal woman or a high-ranking noblewoman . Historically, in Europe, a lady-in-waiting was often a noblewoman from a family in "good society", but who was of lower rank than the woman on whom she attended. Although she may or may not have received compensation for the service she rendered, a lady-in-waiting was considered more of a companion to her mistress than a servant . In other parts of the world outside Europe, the lady-in-waiting, often referred to as palace woman, was often in practice a servant or a slave rather than a high ranking woman, but still had about the same tasks, functioning as companion and secretary to her mistress. In courts where polygamy was practiced, a court lady was formally available to the monarch for sexual services, and she could become his wife or concubine
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House Of Orléans
duc d\' Orléans , * King of the French , * Prince de Joinville, * Duc de Chartres * Duc de Montpensier , * Duc de Châtellerault * Duc de Montpensier, * Duc de Saint-Fargeau, * Duc de Beaupréau, * Dauphin d\'Auvergne post 1693 * Premier Prince du Sang post 1709 * Monsieur le Prince post 1709 * Monsieur FOUNDED 2 February 1660 FOUNDER Philippe de France, duc d\'
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Louise De La Vallière
LOUISE DE LA VALLIèRE (Françoise Louise de La Baume Le Blanc; 6 August 1644 – 7 June 1710) was a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière and Duchess of Vaujours in her own right. Unlike her rival, Madame de Montespan , she has no known surviving descendants. Louise was also very religious and she led a religious penance for herself near the end of her life. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Louis XIV * 2.1 Mistress * 2.2 Children * 3 Downfall * 4 Legacy * 5 Footnotes * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE Louise de La Vallière
Louise de La Vallière
was born in Tours
Tours
, the daughter of an officer, Laurent de La Baume Le Blanc (who took the name of La Vallière from a small estate near Amboise
Amboise
) and Françoise Le Provost
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Victor-Marie D'Estrées
NINE YEARS\\' WAR * Siege of Philippsburg (1734)
Siege of Philippsburg (1734)
* Battle of Beachy Head (1690)
Battle of Beachy Head (1690)
WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION * Battle of Málaga (1704) AWARDS Order of the Holy Spirit Order of the Golden Fleece
Order of the Golden Fleece
VICTOR-MARIE D\'ESTRéES, DUKE OF ESTRéES count then duke (1723) of Estrées (30 November 1660, Paris
Paris
– 27 December 1737, Paris
Paris
) was a Marshal of France
Marshal of France
and subsequently known as the "Maréchal d'Estrées". BIOGRAPHYSon of Marshal Jean d\'Estrées, Count of Estrées (1624-1707), Victor Marie began his military career in the infantry in 1676, but joined the Navy one year later
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Henry IV Of France
HENRY IV (French : Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre pronounced ; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre (as HENRY III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France
France
from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
, a branch of the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
. Baptised as a Catholic
Catholic
but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d\' Albret , Queen of Navarre , he inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot , Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion
French Wars of Religion
, barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew\'s Day massacre , and later led Protestant forces against the royal army
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Gabrielle D'Estrées
GABRIELLE D\'ESTRéES, DUCHESS OF BEAUFORT AND VERNEUIL, MARCHIONESS OF MONCEAUX (French pronunciation: ​ ; 1573 – 10 April 1599) was a mistress, confidante and adviser of Henry IV of France
France
. She persuaded Henry to renounce Protestantism
Protestantism
in favour of Catholicism in 1593. Later she urged French Catholics to accept the Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes
, which granted certain rights to the Protestants. It was legally impossible for the king to marry her, because he was already married to Margaret of Valois , but he acknowledged Gabrielle as the mother of three of his children, and as "the subject most worthy of our friendship"
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Princess Marie-Adelaide Of Savoy
MARIE ADéLAïDE OF SAVOY (6 December 1685 – 12 February 1712) was the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy . She was the eldest daughter of Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and of Anne Marie d\'Orléans . Her betrothal to the Duke of Burgundy in June 1696 was part of the Treaty of Turin , signed on 29 August 1696. She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France . Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin , in 1711. She died of measles in 1712, followed by her husband a week later
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Louis XV Of France
LOUIS XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as LOUIS THE BELOVED (Louis le bien aimé), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV
Louis XIV
at the age of five. Until he reached maturity in 1723, his kingdom was ruled by Philippe II, Duke of Orléans , as Regent of France
France
; the duke was his great-uncle, as well as first cousin twice removed patrilineally. Cardinal Fleury was his chief minister from 1726 until the Cardinal's death in 1743, at which time the young king took sole control of the kingdom. During his reign, Louis returned the Austrian Netherlands
Austrian Netherlands
, territory won at the Battle of Fontenoy
Battle of Fontenoy
of 1745, but given back to Austria
Austria
by the terms of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle of 1748
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Françoise-Marie De Bourbon
FRANçOISE MARIE DE BOURBON, légitimée de France (4 May 1677 – 1 February 1749) was the youngest illegitimate daughter of Louis XIV
Louis XIV
of France and his maîtresse-en-titre , Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan . At the age of 14 she was wed to her first cousin Philippe d\'Orléans , future regent of France during the minority of Louis XV
Louis XV
. Through four of the eight children she bore him in an unhappy marriage she became the ancestress of several of Europe's Roman Catholic monarchs of the 19th and 20th centuries, notably those of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and France
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Nancy Mitford
NANCY FREEMAN-MITFORD CBE (28 November 1904 – 30 June 1973), known as NANCY MITFORD, was an English novelist, biographer and journalist. One of the renowned Mitford sisters and one of the "Bright Young People " on the London social scene in the inter-war years , she is best remembered for her novels about upper-class life in England and France and for her sharp and often provocative wit. She also established a reputation for herself as a writer of popular historical biographies. Mitford enjoyed a privileged childhood as the eldest daughter of the Hon. David Freeman-Mitford, later 2nd Baron Redesdale . Educated privately, she had no training as a writer before publishing her first novel in 1931. This early effort and the three that followed it created little stir; it was her two semi-autobiographical postwar novels, The Pursuit of Love
The Pursuit of Love
(1945) and Love in a Cold Climate (1949), that established her reputation
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Rambouillet
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. RAMBOUILLET (IPA: ) is a commune in the Yvelines
Yvelines
department in the Île-de- France
France
in north-central France
France
. It is located on the outskirts of Paris
Paris
, 44.3 km (27.5 mi) southwest from the centre . Rambouillet
Rambouillet
is a sub-prefecture of the department. Rambouillet
Rambouillet
lies on the edge of the vast Forest of Rambouillet (Forêt de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
or Forêt de l'Yveline), and is famous for its historical castle, the Château de Rambouillet
Château de Rambouillet
, which hosted several international summits
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Château De Rambouillet
The CHâTEAU DE RAMBOUILLET is a château in the town of Rambouillet , Yvelines
Yvelines
department , in the Île-de- France
France
region in northern France
France
, 50 km (31 mi) southwest of Paris
Paris
. It was the summer residence of the Presidents of the French Republic from 1896 until 2009, and it is now managed by the Centre des monuments nationaux . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 References * 3 Sources * 4 External links HISTORYThe château was originally a fortified manor dating back to 1368 and, although amputated of its eastern wing at the time of Napoleon I , it still retains its pentagonal bastioned footprint. King Francis I died there, on 31 March 1547, probably in the imposing medieval tower that bears his name
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