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Marie Victoire De Noailles
Marie Victoire Sophie de Noailles, Countess of Toulouse (Versailles, 6 May 1688 – Paris, 30 September 1766), was a French noble and courtier. She was the daughter of Anne Jules de Noailles, the 2nd Duke of Noailles, and Marie-Françoise de Bournonville. Her second spouse was Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Count of Toulouse, the youngest legitimized son of King Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.Contents1 Biography1.1 First marriage 1.2 Second marriage 1.3 Widowhood2 Descendants 3 Titles and styles 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] Marie Victoire was born at Versailles on 6 May 1688. She was one of twenty children. Many of her sisters married into important noble families in France. Her sister Marie Christine married Antoine de Gramont, duc de Guiche in 1687. Another sister, Lucie Félicité, married the Maréchal d'Estrées, great-nephew of King Henri IV's famous mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées
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Palace Of Versailles
The Palace of Versailles
Palace of Versailles
(French: Château
Château
de Versailles), or simply Versailles (English: /vɛərˈsaɪ/ vair-SY or /vərˈsaɪ/ vər-SY; French: [vɛʁsaj]), is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France
Île-de-France
region of France. It is now open as a museum and is a very popular tourist attraction. When the château was built, the community of Versailles was a small village dating from the 11th century. Today, however, it is a wealthy suburb of Paris, some 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of the centre of the French capital.[1] Versailles was the seat of political power in the Kingdom of France
France
from 1682, when King Louis XIV
Louis XIV
moved the royal court from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789, within three months after the beginning of the French Revolution
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Antoine V De Gramont
Antoine V de Gramont
Antoine V de Gramont
(January 1672 – September 16, 1725), Duke of Guiche, and Marshal
Marshal
of France. Biography[edit] French military figure and member of the Gramont family. He was the oldest child of Antoine Charles IV de Gramont
Antoine Charles IV de Gramont
and Marie Charlotte de Castelnau. At the age of thirteen, he became a musketeer and by 1687 he had become head of his regiment and had married the daughter of Anne-Jules, 2nd duc de Noailles. He participated in the Siege of Philippsburg (1688) and the Battle of Landen
Battle of Landen
(1693). He was made brigadier in 1694 and served in Flanders. In 1696, he was serving under Marshal
Marshal
Catinat and Marshal
Marshal
Boufflers, and was himself made a marshal (of Flanders) and Colonel General of Dragoons in 1702
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Louis Jean Marie De Bourbon, Duc De Penthièvre
Louis
Louis
may refer to: Louis
Louis

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Philippe II, Duke Of Orléans
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Duke of Orléans
(Philippe Charles; 2 August 1674 – 2 December 1723), was a member of the royal family of France and served as Regent
Regent
of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723. Born at his father's palace at Saint-Cloud, he was known from birth under the title of Duke of Chartres. His father was Louis XIV's younger brother Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, his mother was Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate. In 1692, Philippe married his first cousin, Françoise Marie de Bourbon - the youngest legitimised daughter (légitimée de France) of Philippe's uncle Louis XIV
Louis XIV
and Madame de Montespan. Named regent of France for Louis XV
Louis XV
until Louis attained his majority in February 1723, the period of his de facto rule was known as the Regency (1715–1723)
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Nancy Mitford
Nancy Freeman-Mitford CBE (28 November 1904 – 30 June 1973), known as Nancy Mitford,[n 1] was an English novelist, biographer and journalist. One of the renowned Mitford sisters and one of the "Bright Young People" on the London social scene in the inter-war years, she is best remembered for her novels about upper-class life in England and France and for her sharp and often provocative wit. She also established a reputation for herself as a writer of popular historical biographies. Mitford enjoyed a privileged childhood as the eldest daughter of the Hon. David Freeman-Mitford, later 2nd Baron Redesdale. Educated privately, she had no training as a writer before publishing her first novel in 1931
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Louis XV Of France
Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved,[1] was a monarch of the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
who ruled as King of France
France
from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV
Louis XIV
at the age of five. Until he reached maturity in 1723, his kingdom was ruled by Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, as Regent of France. Cardinal Fleury was his chief minister from 1726 until the Cardinal's death in 1743, at which time the young king took sole control of the kingdom. His reign of more than 58 years was the second-longest in the history of France, exceeded only by his predecessor and great-grandfather, Louis XIV.[2] In 1748, Louis returned the Austrian Netherlands, territory won at the Battle of Fontenoy
Battle of Fontenoy
of 1745
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Princess Marie-Adelaide Of Savoy
Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (6 December 1685 – 12 February 1712) was the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and of Anne Marie d'Orléans. Her betrothal to the Duke of Burgundy in June 1696[1] was part of the Treaty of Turin, signed on 29 August 1696. She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France. Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin, in 1711
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Lady-in-waiting
A lady-in-waiting or court lady is a female personal assistant at a court, royal or feudal, attending on a royal woman or a high-ranking noblewoman. Historically, in Europe, a lady-in-waiting was often a noblewoman, but of lower rank than the woman on whom she attended. Although she may or may not have received compensation for the service she rendered, a lady-in-waiting was considered more of a companion to her mistress than a servant. In other parts of the world outside Europe, the lady-in-waiting, often referred to as palace woman, was often in practice a servant or a slave rather than a high-ranking woman, but still had about the same tasks, functioning as companion and secretary to her mistress
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Louis Henri De Pardaillan De Gondrin
Louis Henri de Pardaillan de Gondrin, marquis de Montespan (1640 – 1 December 1691) was a French nobleman, most notable as the husband of Louis XIV's mistress Madame de Montespan. Life[edit] He was the son of Roger-Hector de Pardaillan de Gondrin, marquis of Antin, and Marie-Christine de Zamet de Murat. In February 1663 he married Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart. They had two children:Marie-Christine de Pardaillan de Gondrin (1663–1675); Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de Gondrin (1665–1736), the future duke of Antin.However, for Mademoiselle de Mortemart, a famed beauty who loved court life, an alliance with a quite obscure noble family from south-western France was not enough and her husband (always short of money) was always away on his judicial duties; she thus became the mistress of Louis XIV in 1667, bearing him seven children
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Kingdom Of France
La Parisienne (1830–1848) "The Parisian"The Kingdom of France
France
in 1789.Capital Paris
Paris
(987–1682) Versailles (1682–1789) Paris
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Madame De Pompadour
Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (French: [pɔ̃.pa.duːʁ]; 29 December 1721 – 15 April 1764), commonly known as Madame de Pompadour, was a member of the French court and was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to 1751, and remained influential as court favourite until her death.[1] She took charge of the king’s schedule and was a valued aide and advisor, despite her frail health and many political enemies. She secured titles of nobility for herself and her relatives, and built a network of clients and supporters. She was particularly careful not to alienate the Queen, Marie Leszczyńska. On February 8, 1756, the Marquise de Pompadour was named as the thirteenth lady in waiting to the queen, a position considered the most prestigious at the court, which accorded her with honors.[2] She was a major patron of architecture and decorative arts, especially porcelain
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Rambouillet
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Rambouillet
Rambouillet
(IPA: [ʁɑ̃bujɛ]) is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de- France
France
in north-central France. It is located on the outskirts of Paris, 44.3 km (27.5 mi) southwest from the centre. Rambouillet
Rambouillet
is a sub-prefecture of the department. Rambouillet
Rambouillet
lies on the edge of the vast Forest of Rambouillet (Forêt de Rambouillet
Rambouillet
or Forêt de l'Yveline), and is famous for its historical castle, the Château de Rambouillet, which hosted several international summits
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Louise De La Vallière
Gender: Female, MaleLook up Louise or Luise in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Louise
Louise
or Luise may refer to: People with the given name Louise
Louise
or Luise
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Gabrielle D'Estrées
Gabrielle d'Estrées, Duchess of Beaufort and Verneuil, Marchioness of Monceaux[1] (French pronunciation: ​[ɡabʁiɛl dɛstʁe]; 1573[2][3] – 10 April 1599) was a mistress, confidante and adviser of Henry IV of France. She persuaded Henry to renounce Protestantism in favour of Catholicism in 1593. Later she urged French Catholics to accept the Edict of Nantes, which granted certain rights to the Protestants
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Henry IV Of France
Henry IV (French: Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre [ɑ̃ʁi katʁ]; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre
King of Navarre
(as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France
King of France
from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon, another branch of the Capetian dynasty (through Louis IX, as the previous House of Valois
House of Valois
had been through Philip II). He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII.[1] Baptised as a Catholic
Catholic
but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, Henry inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion, barely escaping assassination in the St
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