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Marian Apparitions
A Marian apparition
Marian apparition
is a reported supernatural appearance by the Blessed Virgin Mary. The figure is often named after the town where it is reported, or on the sobriquet given to Mary on the occasion of the apparition. Marian apparitions sometimes are reported to recur at the same site over an extended period of time. In the majority of Marian apparitions only one person or a few people report having witnessed the apparition
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Religious Text
Religious texts (also known as scripture, or scriptures, from the Latin
Latin
scriptura, meaning "writing") are texts which religious traditions consider to be central to their practice or beliefs. Religious texts may be used to provide meaning and purpose, evoke a deeper connection with the divine, convey religious truths, promote religious experience, foster communal identity, and guide individual and communal religious practice
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Interior Locutions
An interior locution is a mystical concept used by various religions, including the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Church. In an interior locution, a person reportedly receives a set of (usually auditory) ideas, thoughts, or imaginations from an outside spiritual source. Interior locutions are most often reported during prayers. An interior locution is a form of private revelation, but is distinct from an apparition or religious vision because[Note 1] no supernatural entity is reported as present during the interior locution. In interior locutions, some people report quickly receiving large amounts of information
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Flos Carmeli
Flos Carmeli
Flos Carmeli
(Latin, "Flower of Carmel") is a Marian Catholic hymn and prayer honouring Our Lady of Mount Carmel. In the Carmelite Rite, this hymn was the sequence for the Feast of Saint Simon Stock
Saint Simon Stock
(c. 1165 - 1265), and, since 1663, for the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Our Lady of Mount Carmel
on 16 July. It is said to have been written by St
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Angelus
The Angelus
Angelus
(/ˈændʒələs/; Latin
Latin
for "angel") is a Catholic devotion commemorating the Incarnation. As with many Catholic
Catholic
prayers, the name Angelus
Angelus
is derived from its incipit: Angelus
Angelus
Domini nuntiavit Mariæ ("The Angel of the Lord
Angel of the Lord
declared unto Mary") and is practised by reciting as versicle and response three Biblical
Biblical
verses narrating the mystery, alternating with the prayer "Hail Mary"
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Hymns To Mary
Marian hymns are Christian
Christian
songs focused on the Virgin Mary. They are used in both devotional and liturgical services, particularly by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran churches.[citation needed] They are often used in the month of May devotions. Some have also been adopted as Christmas hymns. Marian hymns are not popular among Protestants, as many Protestants see Marian veneration as idolatry. However, the practice is very common among Christians of Catholic traditions, and a key component of the Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
liturgy
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Antiphons
An antiphon (Greek ἀντίφωνον, ἀντί "opposite" and φωνή "voice") is a short chant in Christian
Christian
ritual, sung as a refrain. Antiphons are Psalm-texted. Their form was favored by St Ambrose
Ambrose
and so they feature prominently in Ambrosian chant, but they occur widely in Gregorian chant
Gregorian chant
as well. They may be used during Mass, for the Introit, the Offertory
Offertory
or the Communion. They may also be used in the Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Hours, typically for Lauds or Vespers. They should not be confused with Marian antiphons or processional antiphons. A refrain is needed when a chant consists of alternating verses (usually sung by a cantor) and responds (usually sung by the congregation). The looser term antiphony is generally used for any call and response style of singing, such as the kirtan or the sea shanty
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Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
(born late December 1617, baptized January 1, 1618 – April 3, 1682) was a Spanish Baroque
Baroque
painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times.Contents1 Childhood 2 Career 3 Legacy 4 Public collections 5 Selected works 6 References 7 Literature 8 External linksChildhood[edit] Murillo was born to Gaspar Esteban and María Pérez.[1] He may have been born in Seville
Seville
or in Pilas, a smaller Andalusian town.[2] It is clear that he was baptized in Seville
Seville
in 1618, the youngest son in a family of fourteen. His father was a barber and surgeon
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Immaculate Conception
The Immaculate Conception, according to the teaching of the Catholic Church, is the conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
free from original sin by virtue of the merits of her son Jesus
Jesus
Christ. The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
teaches that God acted upon Mary in the first moment of her conception keeping her "immaculate".[1] The Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
is commonly confused with the Virgin Birth of Jesus
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Mariology Of The Catholic Church
Mariology
Mariology
of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is the systematic study of the person of Mary, mother of Jesus, and of her place in the Economy of Salvation, within Catholic theology.[1][2][3] Mary is seen as having a singular dignity above the saints. The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
teaches that she was conceived without original sin therefore receiving a higher level of veneration than all other saints. Catholic Mariology
Mariology
thus studies not only her life but also the veneration of her in daily life, prayer, hymns, art, music, and architecture in modern and ancient Christianity throughout the ages.[4][5][6][7] The four dogmas of perpetual virginity, Mother of God, Immaculate Conception and Assumption form the basis of Mariology
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Marianum
The Marianum
Marianum
is both the name of a Pontifical institute for the study of Mariology and the name of a prestigious journal of Marian theology.[1] The school and the journal share the same name since their formation was based on the work of Father Gabriel Roschini, who founded both the journal and the modern educational institute. The name Marianum
Marianum
itself goes back to Pope Boniface IX, who in 1398 granted the Servants of Mary
Servants of Mary
the right to confer theological degrees. This college in Rome
Rome
was closed in 1870 by the victorious Italian government, which took over the Papal States, Rome
Rome
and many papal institutions. It opened again under the name Sant' Alessio Falconieri in 1895.[2] In 1939 Father Roschini founded the journal Marianum
Marianum
and directed it for thirty years
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Chapel Of Our Lady Of The Miraculous Medal
The Chapel
Chapel
of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal
Miraculous Medal
in Paris, France, is the chapel where the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
appeared to Saint Catherine Labouré in 1830 and requested the creation of the medal which came to be known as the Miraculous Medal. It is also the mother house of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul.Contents1 Name 2 History 3 Today 4 Pilgrimage 5 See also 6 References6.1 Books7 External linksName[edit] The Chapel
Chapel
of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal
Miraculous Medal
is more commonly referred to by its address, "140 rue du Bac", or simply the street on which it is situated, rue du Bac. History[edit] In 1813 the construction of a chapel began in the Hôtel de Châtillon
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Holy See
The Holy See
Holy See
(Latin: Sancta Sedes; Latin pronunciation: [ˈsaŋkta ˈsedes]; Italian: Santa Sede), also called the See of Rome, refers to the jurisdiction of the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome, known as the pope, which includes the apostolic episcopal see of the Diocese
Diocese
of Rome, and the universal ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the worldwide Catholic Church. Founded in the 1st century by Saints Peter and Paul, by virtue of Petrine and papal primacy according to Catholic tradition, it is the focal point of full communion for Catholics around the world. As a sovereign entity of international law representing papal jurisdiction, the Holy See
Holy See
is headquartered in, operates from, and exercises "exclusive dominion" over the independent Vatican City
Vatican City
State enclave in Rome, Italy, of which the pope is sovereign
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Twelve Apostles
In Christian theology
Christian theology
and ecclesiology, the apostles (Greek: ἀπόστολος, translit. apóstolos, lit. 'one who is sent away'), particularly the Twelve Apostles
Twelve Apostles
(also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity. During the life and ministry of Jesus
Jesus
in the 1st century AD, the apostles were his closest followers and became the primary teachers of the gospel message of Jesus. The word disciple is sometimes used interchangeably with apostle; for instance, the Gospel of John
Gospel of John
makes no distinction between the two terms[citation needed]. In modern usage, prominent missionaries are often called apostles, a practice which stems from the Latin
Latin
equivalent of apostle, i.e. missio, the source of the English word missionary
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Virgin Of Guadalupe
Guadalupe or Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
may refer to:Contents1 Places1.1 Bolivia 1.2 Brazil 1.3 Colombia 1.4 Costa Rica 1.5 El Salvador 1.6 France 1.7 Mexico 1.8 Peru 1.9 Philippines 1.10 Portugal 1.11 São Tomé and Príncipe 1.12 Spain 1.13 United States2 Ships 3 Other uses 4 See alsoPlaces[edit] Bolivia[edit]Guadalupe, PotosíBrazil[edit]Guadalupe, Piauí, a municipality in the state of Piauí Guad
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Fra Bartolommeo
Fra Bartolomeo
Fra Bartolomeo
or Bartolommeo OP (28 March 1472 – 31 October 1517), also known as Bartolommeo di Pagholo,[1] Bartolommeo di S. Marco,[2] and his original name Baccio della Porta,[2] was an Italian Renaissance
Renaissance
painter of religious subjects. He spent all his career in Florence
Florence
until his mid-forties, when he travelled to work in various cities, as far south as Rome
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