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Maria Leopoldine Of Austria
Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Tyrol (6 April 1632 – 7 August 1649),[1] was by birth Archduchess of Austria
Austria
and member of the Tyrolese branch of the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
and by marriage the second spouse of her first cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III. As such, she was Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, German Queen
German Queen
and Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. She died in childbirth.Contents1 Life1.1 Early years 1.2 Marriage and death2 Ancestors 3 References 4 Further readingLife[edit] Early years[edit] Maria Leopoldine was born in Innsbruck[2] on 6 April 1632 as the third (but second surviving) daughter and the fifth and youngest child of Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria, and Claudia de' Medici
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Federico Ubaldo Della Rovere, Duke Of Urbino
Federico Ubaldo della Rovere (16 May 1605 – 28 June 1623) was Duke of Urbino and the father of Vittoria della Rovere.[1] Biography[edit] The eldest son and heir of Francesco Maria II, Duke of Urbino. His parents were cousins.[1] Francesco Maria II della Rovere, his father was anxious for heirs to the Duchy of Urbino. His first wife died in 1598 without children. After obtaining permission from the pope to marry, in 1599 married his cousin Livia della Rovere
Livia della Rovere
to prevent the extinction of the family. Federico Ubaldo was the product of this second marriage. At the age of 16 he succeeded to the Duchy of Urbino
Duchy of Urbino
on 14 May 1621.[1] In order to produce an heir himself, he married Claudia de' Medici, daughter of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
and Christina of Lorraine
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Archduchess Of Austria
The Archduchy of Austria
Austria
(German: Erzherzogtum Österreich) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
and the nucleus of the Habsburg Monarchy. With its capital at Vienna, the archduchy was centered at the Empire's southeastern periphery. The Archduchy developed out of the Bavarian Margraviate of Austria, elevated to the Duchy of Austria
Duchy of Austria
according to the 1156 Privilegium Minus by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. The House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
came to the Austrian throne in Vienna
Vienna
in 1282 and in 1453 Emperor Frederick III, also Austrian ruler, officially adopted the archducal title
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Linz
Linz
Linz
(/lɪnts/; German pronunciation: [ˈlɪnt͡s]; Czech: Linec) is the third-largest city of Austria
Austria
and capital of the state of Upper Austria
Austria
(German: Oberösterreich). It is in the north centre of Austria, approximately 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of the Czech border, on both sides of the River Danube. The population of the city is 200,839, and that of the Greater Linz
Linz
conurbation is about 271,000. In 2009 Linz, together with the Lithuanian capital Vilnius, was chosen as the European Capital of Culture. Since 1 December 2014 Linz
Linz
is a member of the UNESCO
UNESCO
Creative Cities (UCCN) network as a City of Media Arts
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Charles I Of England
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649)[a] was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. Charles was born into the House of Stuart
House of Stuart
as the second son of King James VI
James VI
of Scotland, but after his father inherited the English throne in 1603, he moved to England, where he spent much of the rest of his life. He became heir apparent to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland on the death of his elder brother, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, in 1612. An unsuccessful and unpopular attempt to marry him to the Spanish Habsburg
Spanish Habsburg
princess Maria Anna culminated in an eight-month visit to Spain in 1623 that demonstrated the futility of the marriage negotiations
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Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
Charles Louis, (German: Karl I. Ludwig), Elector Palatine KG (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of German elector Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and his wife, Elizabeth of England.Contents1 English politics 2 Electorate 3 Ancestry 4 Family 5 ReferencesEnglish politics[edit]Charles Louis with his teacher Volrad von Plesse, painting by Jan Lievens, 1631.After the death of his older brother, Henry Frederick, in 1629, and of his father in 1632, Charles Louis inherited his exiled father's possessions in the Electorate of the Palatinate. Along with his younger brother Rupert, he spent much of the 1630s at the court of his maternal uncle, Charles I of England, hoping to enlist English support for his cause
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Elizabeth Stuart, Queen Of Bohemia
Elizabeth Stuart (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was Electress of the Palatinate and briefly Queen of Bohemia
Bohemia
as the wife of Frederick V of the Palatinate. Due to her husband’s reign in Bohemia lasting for just one winter, Elizabeth is often referred to as The Winter Queen. Elizabeth was the second child and eldest daughter of James VI and I, King of Scotland, England, and Ireland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark. With the demise of the Stuart dynasty
Stuart dynasty
in 1714, Elizabeth's grandson succeeded to the British throne
British throne
as George I of Great Britain, initiating the Hanover line of succession
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Regency
A regent (from the Latin
Latin
regens,[1] "[one] ruling"[2]) is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."[3] The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent". If the formally appointed regent is unavailable or cannot serve on a temporary basis, a Regent
Regent
ad interim may be appointed to fill the gap. In a monarchy, a regent usually governs due to one of these reasons, but may also be elected to rule during the interregnum when the royal line has died out
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Further Austria
Further Austria, Outer Austria or Anterior Austria (German: Vorderösterreich, formerly die Vorlande (pl.)) was the collective name for the early (and later) possessions of the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
in the former Swabian stem duchy of south-western Germany, including territories in the Alsace
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Ferdinand Charles, Archduke Of Austria
Ferdinand Charles (17 May 1628 – 30 December 1662) was the Archduke of Further Austria, including Tyrol, from 1646 to 1662. As the son of Archduke Leopold V and Claudia de' Medici, he succeeded his father upon the latter's death in 1632, under his mother's regency. He took over his mother's governatorial duties when he came of age in 1646. To finance his extravagant living style, he sold goods and entitlements. For example, he wasted the exorbitant sum which France
France
had to pay to the Tyrolean Habsburgs for the cession of their fiefs west of the Rhine
Rhine
(Alsace, Sundgau
Sundgau
and Breisach). He also fixed the border to Graubünden
Graubünden
in 1652. Ferdinand Charles was an absolutist ruler, did not call any diet after 1648 and had his chancellor Wilhelm Biener executed illegally in 1651 after a secret trial
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Vladislaus IV Of Poland
Władysław IV Vasa (Polish: Władysław IV Waza; Lithuanian: Vladislovas Vaza; Russian: Владислав IV Ваза, tr. Vladislav IV Vaza; Latin: Vladislaus IV Vasa or Ladislaus IV Vasa; 9 June 1595 – 20 May 1648) was a Polish prince from the Royal House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648. Władysław IV was the son of Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: Zygmunt III Waza) and his wife, Anna of Austria (also known as Anna of Habsburg). In 1610 the teen-aged Władysław was elected Tsar of Russia by the Seven Boyars, but did not assume the Russian throne due to his father's opposition and a popular uprising in Russia. Nevertheless, until 1634 he used the title of Grand Duke of Muscovy. Elected king of Poland in 1632, Władysław was fairly successful in defending the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against invasion, most notably in the Smolensk War of 1632–34, in which he participated personally
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Vittoria Della Rovere
Vittoria della Rovere
Vittoria della Rovere
(7 February 1622 – 5 March 1694) was Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Tuscany
as the wife of Grand Duke Ferdinando II. She had four children with her husband, two of whom would survive infancy: the future Cosimo III, Tuscany's longest-reigning monarch, and Francesco Maria, a prince of the Church. At the death of her grandfather Francesco Maria della Rovere, she inherited the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro, which reverted to her second son, Francesco Maria, at her death. She was later entrusted with the care of her three grandchildren
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Christina Of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
or Christine de Lorraine (16 August 1565 – 19 December 1637) was a member of the House of Lorraine
House of Lorraine
and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621 to 1628.Contents1 Princess
Princess
of Lorraine 2 Grand Duchess of Tuscany 3 Grand Duke Cosimo II 4 Co-Regency of Tuscany 5 Patronage5.1 Science 5.2 Female monasteries6 Issue 7 Ancestry 8 Titles and styles 9 Notes 10 External links Princess
Princess
of Lorraine[edit] Born Christine de Lorraine in Nancy, she was the daughter of Charles III of Lorraine and his wife Claude of Valois, and granddaughter of Catherine de' Medici
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Ferdinando I De' Medici, Grand Duke Of Tuscany
Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Grand Duke of Tuscany
(30 July 1549 – 17 February 1609) was Grand Duke of Tuscany
Grand Duke of Tuscany
from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I.Contents1 Early life 2 Grand Duke 3 Marriage 4 Foreign policy 5 Issue 6 Ancestors 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit]Ferdinando I de' Medici as Cardinal (1562 to 1589).Evangelium Sanctum Domini Nostri Jesu Christi in Arabic, 1590, with Arabic
Arabic
types of Robert Granjon, Typographia Medicea, Rome.Ferdinando was the fifth son (the third surviving at the time of his birth) of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Eleanor of Toledo, the daughter of Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Marquis of Villafranca, the Spanish viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples. He was made a Cardinal in 1562 at the age of 14, but was never ordained into the priesthood
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Maria Anna Of Bavaria (1551–1608)
Anthem: Bayernhymne  (German) "Hymn of Bavaria"Coordinates: 48°46′39″N 11°25′52″E / 48.77750°N 11.43111°E / 48.77750; 11.43111Country GermanyCapital MunichGovernment • Body Landtag of Bavaria • Minister-President Markus Söder
Markus Söder
(CSU – Christian Social Union of Bavaria) • Governing party CSU • Bundesrat votes 6 (of 69)Area • Total 70,550.19 km2 (27,239.58 sq mi)Population (2016-12-31)[1
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Charles II, Archduke Of Austria
Charles II Francis of Austria (German: Karl II. Franz von Innerösterreich) (3 June 1540 – 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria
Inner Austria
(Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg.Contents1 Life 2 Marriage and children 3 Ancestors 4 Notes 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Seckau
Seckau
Abbey, " Habsburg
Habsburg
mausoleum", cenotaphA native of Vienna, he was the third son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale. In 1559 and again from 1564–1568 there were negotiations for a marriage between Charles and Elizabeth I of England. Emperor Ferdinand I expected Elizabeth to promise in the proposed marriage treaty that Charles, as her widower, would succeed her if she died childless
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