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Marganus
MARGANUS (Welsh : MARGAN) was a legendary king of the Britons as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth
Geoffrey of Monmouth
. He was the son of Maglaurus, Duke of Albany , and Goneril, the daughter of King Leir . Marganus, grandson of Leir, despised the rule of his aunt Cordelia in Britain . With the help of his cousin Cunedagius , Marganus took over the kingdom from Cordelia and ruled half of it. Following Cordelia's suicide, Marganus came to rule the region of Britain northeast of the Humber
Humber
. Marganus was eldest male heir of Leir and, influenced by his peers, became discontent with ruling only half of Britain. He began a scorched earth march through Cornwall
Cornwall
until reaching the army of Cunedagius. Cunedagius defeated Marganus and Marganus fled
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Aeneas
In Greco-Roman mythology , AENEAS (/ᵻˈniːəs/ ; Greek : Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero , the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Venus
Venus
( Aphrodite
Aphrodite
). His father was a first cousin of King Priam of Troy
Troy
(both being grandsons of Ilus , founder of Troy
Troy
), making Aeneas
Aeneas
a second cousin to Priam's children (such as Hector and Paris ). He is a character in Greek mythology
Greek mythology
and is mentioned in Homer
Homer
's Iliad
Iliad

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Saint Alban
SAINT ALBAN (/ˈɔːlbən, ˈæl-/ ; Latin : Albanus) is venerated as the first -recorded British Christian
Christian
martyr , and he is considered to be the British protomartyr. Along with fellow Saints Julius and Aaron , Alban is one of three named martyrs recorded at an early date from Roman Britain
Roman Britain
(" Amphibalus " was the name given much later to the priest he was said to have been protecting). He is traditionally believed to have been beheaded in the Roman city of Verulamium (modern St Albans
St Albans
) sometime during the 3rd or 4th century, and his cult has been celebrated there since ancient times
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Humber
The HUMBER /ˈhʌmbər/ is a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England
England
. It is formed at Trent Falls , Faxfleet , by the confluence of the tidal rivers Ouse and Trent . From here to the North Sea , it forms part of the boundary between the East Riding of Yorkshire on the north bank and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
on the south bank. Although the Humber
Humber
is an estuary from the point at which it is formed, many maps show it as the RIVER HUMBER
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Cornwall
CORNWALL (/ˈkɔːrnwɔːlˌ -wəl/ , locally /ˈkɔːnwɔːl, -wəl/ ; Cornish : Kernow ) is a ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England
England
within the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. It is bordered to the north and west by the Celtic Sea , to the south by the English Channel , and to the east by the county of Devon
Devon
, over the River Tamar . Cornwall
Cornwall
has a population of 556,000 and covers an area of 3,563 km2 (1,376 sq mi). The administrative centre , and only city in Cornwall, is Truro , although the town of Falmouth has the largest population. Cornwall
Cornwall
forms the westernmost part of the south-west peninsula of the island of Great Britain, and a large part of the Cornubian batholith is within Cornwall
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North Britain
NORTH BRITAIN is a term which has been occasionally used, particularly in the 17th and 18th centuries, for either the northern part of Great Britain
Great Britain
or to Scotland
Scotland
, which occupies the northernmost third of the island. Its counterpart is " South Britain ", generally used to refer to England and Wales
England and Wales
. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Historic use * 3 21st-century use * 4 See also * 5 References ORIGINEarly uses of the designation have been noted after the 1603 Union of the Crowns of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland
Scotland
. King James VI And also that all other ships of Our Subjects of Scotland
Scotland
or North Britain shall henceforth carry the White Cross commonly called S
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Wales
WALES (/ˈweɪlz/ ( listen ); Welsh : Cymru ( listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the island of Great Britain . It is bordered by England
England
to the east , the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales
Wales
has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate . Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales
Wales
is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations
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Alhfrith Of Deira
ALHFRITH or EALHFRITH (c. 630 – c. 664) was King of Deira under his father Oswiu , King of Bernicia , from 655 until sometime after 664. Appointed by Oswiu as a subordinate ruler, Alhfrith apparently clashed with his father over religious policy, which came to a head at the Synod of Whitby
Synod of Whitby
in 664. After this, Alhfrith disappears from the historical record. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Notes * 3 References * 4 External links LIFE Alhfrith was the oldest son of Oswiu , who became King of Bernicia in 642. His mother was Oswiu's first wife, Riemmelth, granddaughter of king Rhun of Rheged
Rheged
; the marriage also produced a daughter, Alhflaed. Both children were likely born in the 630s
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Allectus
ALLECTUS (died 296) was a Roman-Britannic usurper -emperor in Britain and northern Gaul
Gaul
from 293 to 296. HISTORY Allectus
Allectus
was treasurer to Carausius
Carausius
, a Menapian officer in the Roman navy who had seized power in Britain and northern Gaul
Gaul
in 286. In 293 Carausius
Carausius
was isolated when the western Caesar , Constantius Chlorus
Constantius Chlorus
, retook some of his Gallic territories, particularly the crucial port of Bononia (modern Boulogne ), and defeated his Frankish allies in Batavia . Allectus
Allectus
assassinated Carausius
Carausius
and assumed command himself. Medal of Constantius I capturing London
London
(inscribed as LON) after defeating Allectus. Beaurains hoard
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Welsh Language
'Cymraeg' pronounced REGION Spoken throughout Wales, and in Chubut province of Argentina NATIVE SPEAKERS All UK speakers : 700,000+ (2012) * Wales
Wales
: 562,016 speakers (19.0% of the population of Wales), (data from 2011 Census); All skills (speaking, reading, or writing): 630,062 language users (reference) * England
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Britons (historic)
The BRITONS, also known as CELTIC BRITONS or ANCIENT BRITONS, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain
Great Britain
from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, at which point their culture and language diverged. They spoke the Common Brittonic language, the ancestor to the modern Brittonic languages
Brittonic languages
. The earliest evidence for the Britons and their language in historical sources dates to the Iron Age. After the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, a Romano-British culture
Romano-British culture
emerged, and Latin and British Vulgar Latin coexisted with Brittonic. During and after the Roman era, the Britons lived throughout Britain
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Alba
ALBA is the Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
name (pronounced ) for Scotland
Scotland
. It is cognate with Alba
Alba
(gen. Albann, dat. Albainn) in Irish and Nalbin in Manx , the two other Goidelic Insular Celtic languages , as well as contemporary words used in Cornish (Alban) and Welsh (Yr Alban), both of which are Brythonic Insular Celtic languages. (The third surviving Brythonic language, Breton , instead uses Bro-Skos, meaning 'country of the Scots'.) In the past these terms were names for Great Britain as a whole, related to the Brythonic name Albion
Albion

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British Iron Age
Iron Age
Iron Age
metallurgy Ancient iron production Ancient history
Ancient history
Mediterranean , Greater Persia , South Asia , China Historiography Greek , Roman , Chinese , Medieval The BRITISH IRON AGE is a conventional name used in the archaeology of Great Britain
Great Britain
, referring to the prehistoric and protohistoric phases of the Iron Age
Iron Age
culture of the main island and the smaller islands, typically excluding prehistoric Ireland , which had an independent Iron Age
Iron Age
culture of its own. The parallel phase of Irish archaeology is termed the Irish Iron Age
Iron Age
. The Iron Age
Iron Age
is not an archaeological horizon of common artefacts, but is rather a locally diverse cultural phase
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Queen Gwendolen
Queen Gwendolen, Also known as Gwendolin, or Gwendolyn (Latin: Guendoloēna) was a legendary ruler of medieval Britain . She is said to have been queen during the 11th century BC. As told by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical account Historia Regum Britanniae
Historia Regum Britanniae
, she was the repudiated queen of King Locrinus until she defeated her husband in battle at the River Stour . This river was the dividing line between Cornwall
Cornwall
and Loegria , two key locations in medieval Britain. After defeating the king, she took on the leadership of the Britons, becoming their first ever queen regnant . Her victory and subsequent rise to fame as a righteous ruler shows how fractured Britain is said to have been at the time and how powerful a royal woman could be. LIFE SUMMARY (LEGEND)Gwendolen was one of the daughters of Corineus, an eponymous king of Cornwall, and one of Brutus's warriors
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Rivallo
RIVALLO (Welsh : RHIWALLON) was a legendary king of the Britons as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth
Geoffrey of Monmouth
. He was the son of King Cunedagius and was noted as a young king who reigned with moderation. Geoffrey describes him as a "peaceful and fortunate youth, who ruled the kingdom well". His reign was troubled by natural disasters: a rain of blood that lasted three days, a devastating plague, and a great swarm of flies. He was succeeded by his son, Gurgustius
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Brutus Of Troy
BRUTUS, or BRUTE OF TROY, is a legendary descendant of the Trojan hero Aeneas
Aeneas
, known in medieval British history as the eponymous founder and first king of Britain . This legend first appears in the Historia Britonum , an anonymous 9th-century historical compilation to which commentary was added by Nennius , but is best known from the account given by the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth
Geoffrey of Monmouth
in his Historia Regum Britanniae . Notwithstanding this, he is not mentioned in any classical text and cannot be considered to be historical. CONTENTS * 1 Historia Britonum * 2 Historia Regum Britanniae * 3 Legacy * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORIA BRITONUMThe Historia Britonum states that "The island of Britain derives its name from Brutus, a Roman consul" who conquered Spain
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