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Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(/ˈmɑːrdi ˌɡrɑː/), also called Shrove Tuesday,[1] or Fat Tuesday,[2][3][4][5] in English, refers to events of the Carnival celebrations, beginning on or after the Christian feasts of the Epiphany (Three Kings Day) and culminating on the day before Ash Wednesday. Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
is French for "Fat Tuesday", reflecting the practice of the last night of eating richer, fatty foods before the ritual fasting of the Lenten season. Related popular practices are associated with Shrovetide celebrations before the fasting and religious obligations associated with the penitential season of Lent
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Thanksgiving
StatesCanada Grenada Liberia Saint Lucia United StatesCommonwealthPuerto RicoTerritories Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
(Australia)Other Leiden
Leiden
(Netherlands)Type National, culturalDate 2nd Monday in October (Canada) 1st Thursday in November (Liberia) Last Wednesday in November (Norfolk Island) Fourth Thursday in November (U.S.)2018 dateOctober 8, 2018 (Canada); November 1, 2018 (Liberia); November 28, 2018 (Norfolk Island); November 22, 2018 (U.S.)2019 dateOctober 14, 2019 (Canada); November 7, 2019 (Liberia); November 27, 2019 (Norfolk Island); November 28, 2019 (U.S.) Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
Day is a national holiday celebrated in Canada, the United States, some of the Caribbean
Caribbean
islands, and Liberia. It began as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year
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Fasting
Fasting
Fasting
is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. An absolute fast or dry fasting is normally defined as abstinence from all food and liquid for a defined period, usually 24 hours, or a number of days. Water fasting allows the drinking of water, but nothing else, although black coffee and tea may be consumed. Other fasts may be partially restrictive, limiting only particular foods or substances, or be intermittent. In a physiological context, fasting may refer to the metabolic status of a person who has not eaten overnight, or to the metabolic state achieved after complete digestion and absorption of a meal. Several metabolic adjustments occur during fasting. Some diagnostic tests are used to determine a fasting state
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Cayman Islands
Coordinates: 19°30′N 80°30′W / 19.500°N 80.500°W / 19.500; -80.500Cayman IslandsFlagCoat of armsMotto: "He hath founded it upon the seas"[1]Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (official) National song: "Beloved Isle Cayman"Status British Overseas TerritoryCapital and largest city George Town 19°20′N 81°24′W / 19.333°N 81.400°W / 19.333; -81.400Official languages EnglishLocal dialect Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
EnglishEthnic groups (2011[2])40% Mixed
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Barranquilla
Barranquilla
Barranquilla
(American Spanish: [baraŋˈkiʝa]) is a city and municipality located in northern Colombia. It is the only major city in South America that was populated before its formal foundation. Barranquilla
Barranquilla
is located near the Caribbean Sea. The city is located in the Atlántico Department, of which it is the capital
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Rio De Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(/ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛəroʊ, -deɪ ʒə-, -də dʒə-/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u d(ʒi) ʒɐˈnejɾu];[3] River of January), or simply Rio,[4] is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil
Brazil
and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Brazil
Brazil
and sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's third-most populous state
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Quebec City
Quebec
Quebec
City (pronounced /kwɪˈbɛk/ ( listen) or /kəˈbɛk/;[9] French: Québec [kebɛk] ( listen)); French: Ville de Québec), officially Québec,[10][11][11] is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011)[12] and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011)[13] making it the second largest city in Quebec, after Montreal, and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in Canada. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows"
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Sinaloa
Sinaloa
Sinaloa
(Spanish pronunciation: [sinaˈlo.a] ( listen)), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa
Sinaloa
(Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán
Culiacán
Rosales. It is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora
Sonora
to the north, Chihuahua and Durango
Durango
to the east (separated from them by the Sierra Madre Occidental) and Nayarit
Nayarit
to the south
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Alabama
As of 2010[1]English 95.1% Spanish 3.1%Demonym Alabamian[2]Capital MontgomeryLargest city BirminghamLargest metro Birmingham metropolitan areaArea Ranked 30th • Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km2) • Width 190 miles (305 km) • Length 330 miles (531 km) • % water 3.20 • Latitude 30° 11′ N to 35° N • Longitude 84° 53′ W to 88° 28′ WPopulation Ranked 24th • Total 4,863,300 (2016 est.)[3] • Density 94.7 (2011 est.)/sq mi  (36.5 (2011 est.)/km2) Ranked 27th • Median household income $44,509[4] (47th)Elevation • Highest point Mount Cheaha[5][6][7] 2,413 ft (735.5 m) • Mean 500 ft  (150 m) • Lowest point Gulf of Mexico[6] Sea levelBefore statehood
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Anglican
Anglicanism
Anglicanism
is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England
Church of England
following the Protestant Reformation.[1] Adherents of Anglicanism
Anglicanism
are called "Anglicans". The majority of Anglicans are members of national or regional ecclesiastical provinces of the international Anglican Communion,[2] which forms the third-largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.[3] They are in full communion with the See of Canterbury, and thus the Archbishop of Canterbury, whom the communion refers to as its primus inter pares (Latin, "first among equals")
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Catholic
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Confession (religion)
Confession, in many religions, is the acknowledgment of one's sins (sinfulness) or wrongs.Contents1 Buddhism 2 Christianity2.1 Catholicism 2.2 Eastern Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy 2.3 Anglicanism 2.4 Protestantism2.4.1 Lutheranism 2.4.2 Methodism2.5 Mormonism3 Islam 4 Judaism 5 Alcoholics Anonymous 6 See also 7 References7.1 Notes 7.2 Citations8 External linksBuddhism[edit] Buddhism has been from its inception primarily a tradition of renunciation and monasticism. Within the monastic framework (called the Vinaya) of the sangha regular confession of wrongdoing to superiors (elders; Pali: Thera) is mandatory
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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Penitential
A penitential is a book or set of church rules concerning the Christian
Christian
sacrament of penance, a "new manner of reconciliation with God"[1] that was first developed by Celtic monks in Ireland
Ireland
in the sixth century AD. It consisted of a list of sins and the appropriate penances prescribed for them, and served as a type of manual for confessors.Contents1 Origin 2 Praxis 3 Commutation 4 Opposition 5 See also 6 Notes 7 Sources 8 External linksOrigin[edit] In the Early Christian
Christian
Church absolution for sin was granted after confession and absolution; reconciliation was followed by readmission to the Eucharist. Absolution was granted once in a lifetime, and at set seasons of the year
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Shrovetide
Shrovetide, also known as the Pre-Lenten Season, is the Christian period of preparation before the beginning of the liturgical season of Lent.[1][2] Shrovetide starts on Septuagesima Sunday,[1] includes Sexagesima Sunday, Quinquagesima Sunday (commonly called Shrove Sunday),[3] as well as Shrove Monday,[4] and culminates on Shrove Tuesday.[5] One hallmark of
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French Language
French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] ( listen) or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages
Celtic languages
of Northern Roman Gaul
Gaul
like Gallia Belgica
Gallia Belgica
and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders
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