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Manuel Teixeira Gomes
Manuel Teixeira Gomes, GCSE (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐnuˈɛɫ tɐjˈʃɐjɾɐ ˈɡomɨʃ]; May 27, 1860 – October 18, 1941) was a Portuguese politician and writer. He served as the seventh President of Portugal
President of Portugal
between October 5, 1923 and December 11, 1925.Contents1 Personal life 2 Politics 3 Literary works 4 External linksPersonal life[edit] Manuel Teixeira Gomes
Manuel Teixeira Gomes
was born in Vila Nova de Portimão, son of José Líbano Gomes (from Mortágua), and wife Maria da Glória Teixeira, born in Lagoa, Ferragudo. A wealthy landowner, his father was also an important dried fruit trader, a much travelled man, who had been educated in France and witnessed the 1848 revolution, had republican leanings and had been Belgian Consul in the Algarve. Teixeira Gomes attended the Colégio de São Luís Gonzaga, Portimão, and the Coimbra
Coimbra
seminary
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Manuel Teixeira (linguist)
Manuel Teixeira is a Jesuit priest and the leading expert in the Kristang language. He is the author of A Grammar of Kristang, published in the 1950s.This article on a linguist is a stub
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Estado Novo (Portugal)
The Estado Novo (Portuguese pronunciation: [(ɨ)ʃˈtadu, -ðu ˈnovu], "New State"), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist authoritarian regime installed in Portugal in 1933, which some considered fascist.[1] It evolved from the Ditadura Nacional formed after the coup d'état of 28 May 1926 against the democratic and unstable First Republic. Together, the Ditadura Nacional and Estado Novo are recognized as the Second Portuguese Republic. The Estado Novo, greatly inspired by conservative and authoritarian ideologies, was developed by António de Oliveira Salazar, President of the Council of Ministers of Portugal from 1932 to 1968, when he fell ill and was replaced by Marcelo Caetano. Opposed to communism, socialism, anarchism, liberalism and anti-colonialism,[a] the regime was corporatist, conservative, and nationalist in nature, defending Portugal as Catholic
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Basílio Teles
Basílio Teles (14 February 1856 – 10 March 1923) was a Portuguese author.[1] References[edit]^ Carlos Leone. "Basílio Teles". Centro Virtual Camões (in Portuguese). Instituto Camões. Retrieved 8 February 2012. Authority controlWorldCat Identities VIAF: 43788663 ISNI: 0000 0000 8122 2131 SUDOC: 128149930 BNF: cb12745947t (data)This article about a Portuguese writer or poet is a stub
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Excellency
Excellency
Excellency
is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy. Once entitled to the title "Excellency", the holder usually[citation needed] retains the right to that courtesy throughout his or her lifetime, although in some cases the title is attached to a particular office, and is held only for the duration of that office.[1] Generally people addressed as Excellency
Excellency
are heads of state, heads of government, governors, ambassadors, certain ecclesiastics, royalty, and others holding equivalent rank (e.g., heads of international organizations).[citation needed] It is sometimes misinterpreted as a title of office in itself, but in fact is an honorific that precedes various titles (such as Mr. President, and so on), both in speech and in writing
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Primeiro De Janeiro
O Primeiro de Janeiro (lit. the first of January) is a Portuguese daily newspaper published in Porto, Portugal.Contents1 History and profile 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksHistory and profile[edit] O Primeiro de Janeiro is based in Porto where it was founded in 1868.[1][2][3] Its title is a reference to the reform movement initiated on 1 January.[3] The paper is owned by Eduardo Costa and has a left-liberal stance.[3] See also[edit]List of newspapers in PortugalReferences[edit]^ The Europa World Year: Kazakhstan - Zimbabwe. Taylor & Francis. 2004. p. 3488. ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8. Retrieved 3 May 2015.  ^ Carlos A. Cunha; Rhonda Cunha (2010). Culture and Customs of Portugal. ABC-CLIO. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-313-33440-5. Retrieved 30 November 2014.  ^ a b c "O Primeiro de Janeiro". VoxEurop
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Gomes Leal
António Gomes Leal was a Portuguese poet.[1] Life and work[edit] Leal was born in square Rossio, parish of Pena in Lisbon. He was the son of João António Gomes Leal (d. 1876), a customs officer, and Henrietta Fernandina Monteiro Alves Cabral Leal. Leal studied literature, but did not complete his studies and became a notary clerk of Lisbon. During his youth took pose poet Bohemian,& Satanism, but with the death of his mother in 1910, he fell in the poverty and converted to Catholicism.[2] References[edit]^ Teresa Soares Correia. "Gomes Leal". Centro Virtual Camões (in Portuguese). Instituto Camões. Retrieved 2012-02-08.  ^ Encyclopedia Larrousse (vol. 11) ISBN 978-972-759-931-8External links[edit]Works by António Duarte Gomes Leal at Project GutenbergAuthority controlWorldCat Identities VIAF: 35353527 LCCN: n84233615 ISNI: 0000 0000 8114 6642 GND: 123035635 SUDOC: 069025371 BNF: cb10219868q (data)This article about a Portuguese poet is a stub
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António Nobre
António Pereira Nobre (16 August 1867 – 18 March 1900) was a Portuguese poet. His masterpiece, Só (Paris, 1892), was the only book he published.Contents1 Life1.1 Northern Portugal 1.2 Coimbra 1.3 Paris2 Style, work and last days 3 Recognition 4 References 5 External linksLife[edit] Northern Portugal[edit] Nobre was a member of a wealthy family. He was born in Porto, and spent his childhood in Trás-os-Montes and in Póvoa de Varzim. Coimbra[edit] He studied law unsuccessfully at the University of Coimbra from 1888 to 1890 when he dropped out. As a student in Coimbra, and according to his own words, he only felt at ease in his "tower" (referring to the Torre de Anto - Anto Tower, in upper Coimbra, where he lived) during the "sinister period" he spent studying law at the University of Coimbra
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Oran
Oran
Oran
(Arabic: وَهران‎, Wahrān; Berber language: ⵡⴻⵂⵔⴰⵏ Wehran), is a coastal city that is located in the north-west of Algeria. It is considered the second most important city of Algeria
Algeria
after the capital Algiers, due to its commercial, industrial, and cultural importance. It is 432 km (268 mi) from Algiers. The total population of the city was 759,645 in 2008,[2] while the metropolitan area has a population of approximately 1,500,000[3] making it the second largest city in Algeria.[4] A legend says that in 900 AD, lions still lived in the area
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Algeria
Coordinates: 28°N 2°E / 28°N 2°E / 28; 2People's Democratic Republic of Algeria الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (Arabic) ⵟⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵜⴰⵎⴻⴳⴷⴰⵢⵜ ⵜⴰⵖⴻⵔⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵜⴰⵣⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉⵜ (Berber) République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire (French)FlagEmblemMotto: بالشّعب وللشّعب By the people and for the people[1][2]Anthem: Kassaman (English: "We Pledge")Location of  Algeria  (dark green)Capital and largest city Algiers 36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.217°E / 36.700; 3.217Official languagesArabic[3] Berber[4]Other languagesFrench (business and education)[5] Darja
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5 October 1910 Revolution
Republican victoryAbolition of the monarchy and proclamation of the republic. King Manuel II is exiled and flees to Britain.Belligerents Kingdom of Portugal Portuguese republicansCommanders and leaders King Manuel II Teixeira de Sousa Paiva Couceiro Teófilo Braga Afonso Costa Manuel de Arriaga José RelvasStrengthAbout 7,000 men About 2,000 revolutionaries 3 cruisersCasualties and lossesAt least 37 dead and dozens wounded, with at least 14 of them dying in the following days.The establishment of the Portuguese Republic was the result of a coup d'état organised by the Portuguese Republican Party which, on 5 October 1910, deposed the constitutional monarchy and established a republican regime in Portugal
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João De Deus
João de Deus
João de Deus
Ramos (March 8, 1830 – January 11, 1896), better known as João de Deus, was one of the greatest Portuguese poets of his generation.Contents1 Biography 2 Poetry 3 Notes 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] He was born in São Bartolomeu de Messines, Silves, in the province of Algarve, son of Pedro José Ramos (son of José dos Ramos and wife Joaquina Maria) and wife Isabel Gertrudes Martins (daughter of Manuel Martins and wife Gertrudes Angélica). Matriculating in the faculty of law at the University of Coimbra, he did not proceed to his degree but settled in the city, dedicating himself wholly to the composition of verses, which circulated among professors and undergraduates in manuscript copies. In the volume of his art, as in the conduct of life, he practised a rigorous self-control
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King George V
George V
George V
(George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. Born during the reign of his grandmother Queen Victoria, George was third in the line of succession behind his father, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, and his own elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. From 1877 to 1891, George served in the Royal Navy, until the unexpected death of his elder brother in early 1892 put him directly in line for the throne. On the death of his grandmother in 1901, George's father became King-Emperor
King-Emperor
of the British Empire
British Empire
as Edward VII, and George was created Prince of Wales. He succeeded his father in 1910
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Plenipotentiary
The word plenipotentiary (from the Latin
Latin
plenus "full" and potens "powerful") has two meanings. As a noun, it refers to a person who has "full powers". In particular, the term commonly refers to a diplomat fully authorized to represent a government as a prerogative (e.g., ambassador). As an adjective, plenipotentiary refers to something—an edict, assignment, etc.—that confers "full powers".[1]Contents1 Diplomats 2 Administration2.1 Colonial era 2.2 Pre-World War II Europe 2.3 Nazi Germany 2.4 In Africa 2.5 Since 19452.5.1 South Africa 2.5.2 Russia3 Translation 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksDiplomats[edit] Before the era of rapid international transport or essentially instantaneous communication (such as telegraph in the mid-19th century and then radio), diplomatic mission chiefs were granted full (plenipotentiary) powers to represent their government in negotiations with their host nation
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Foreign Office
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
(FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom. It is responsible for protecting and promoting British interests worldwide. It was created in 1968 by merging the Foreign Office and the Commonwealth Office. The head of the FCO is the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, commonly abbreviated to "Foreign Secretary" (currently Boris Johnson, who took office on 13 July 2016)
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World War I
Allied victoryCentral Powers' victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front Fall of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires Russian Civil War
Russian Civil War
and foundation of the Soviet Union Formation of new countries in Europe
Europe
and the Middle East Transfer of German colonies
German colonies
and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers Establishment of the League of Nations
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