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Mandatory Iraq
The Kingdom of Iraq
Kingdom of Iraq
under British Administration, or Mandatory Iraq (Arabic: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق‎ al-Intidāb al-Brīṭānī ‘Alá al-‘Irāq), was created in 1921, following the 1920 Iraqi Revolt against the proposed British Mandate of Mesopotamia, and enacted via the 1922 Anglo-Iraqi Treaty. Faisal ibn Husayn, who had been proclaimed King of Syria by a Syrian National Congress in Damascus
Damascus
in March 1920, was ejected by the French in July of the same year
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Ilkhanate
Timeline · History · Rulers · Nobility Culture · Language · Proto-MongolsStates Mongol
Mongol
khanates IX-X Khereid
Khereid
Khanate X-1203
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Marwanids
The Marwanids
Marwanids
(990–1085) were a Kurdish Muslim[1][2][3][4][5][6] dynasty in the Diyar Bakr
Diyar Bakr
region of Upper Mesopotamia
Upper Mesopotamia
(present day northern Iraq/southeastern Turkey) and Armenia, centered on the city of Amid
Amid
(Diyarbakır).[7] Other cities under their rule were Arzan, Mayyāfāriqīn (today Silvan), Hisn Kayfa (Hasankeyf), Khilāṭ, Manzikart, Arjish. According to most academic sources[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15], the Marwanids
Marwanids
were a Kurdish dynasty
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Zengid Dynasty
The Zengid or Zangid dynasty was a Muslim
Muslim
dynasty of Oghuz Turk origin,[1] which ruled parts of the Levant
Levant
and Upper Mesopotamia
Upper Mesopotamia
on behalf of the Seljuk Empire.[2]Contents1 History 2 Zengid rulers2.1 Zengid Atabegs and Emirs of Mosul 2.2 Zengid Emirs of Aleppo 2.3 Zengid Emirs of Damascus 2.4 Zengid Emirs of Sinjar (in Northern Iraq) 2.5 Zengid Emirs of Jazira (in Northern Iraq)3 See also 4 NotesHistory[edit] The dynasty was founded by Imad ad-Din Zengi, who became the Seljuk Atabeg (governor) of Mosul
Mosul
in 1127.[3] He quickly became the chief Turkish potentate in Northern Syria and Iraq, taking Aleppo
Aleppo
from the squabbling Artuqids
Artuqids
in 1128 and capturing the County of Edessa
County of Edessa
from the Crusaders in 1144
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Seljuk Empire
in Anatolia Artuqid
Artuqid
dynasty Saltuqid dynasty in Azerbaijan Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty in Egypt Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty in Fars Salghurid dynasty in The Levant Burid
Burid
dynasty Zengid dynastyThis box:view talk editThe Great Seljuq Empire
Empire
(Turkish Büyük Selçuklu İmparatorluğu) or Great Seljuk State (Turkmen Beỳik Seljuk Döwleti), known by its endonym Āl-e Saljuq (Persian آلِ سلجوق‬ "The House (family/clan) of Seljuk") was a medieval Turko-Persian[14] Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.[15] The Seljuk Empire
Empire
controlled a vast area stretching from the Hindu Kush to western Anatolia
Anatolia
and the Levant, and from Central Asia
Central Asia
to the Persian Gulf
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Ayyubid Dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty
Ayyubid dynasty
(Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Kurdish: خانەدانی ئەیووبیان‎ Xanedana Eyûbiyan) was a Sunni
Sunni
Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin[2][3][4] founded by Saladin
Saladin
and centred in Egypt. The dynasty ruled large parts of the Middle East
Middle East
during the 12th and 13th centuries. Saladin
Saladin
had risen to vizier of Fatimid Egypt
Egypt
in 1169, before abolishing the Fatimids in 1171
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League Of Nations Mandate
A League of Nations
League of Nations
mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations. These were of the nature of both a treaty and a constitution, which contained minority rights clauses that provided for the rights of petition and adjudication by the International Court.[1] The mandate system was established under Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, entered into on 28 June 1919. With the dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
after World War II, it was stipulated at the Yalta Conference
Yalta Conference
that the remaining Mandates should be placed under the trusteeship of the United Nations, subject to future discussions and formal agreements
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Al-Mazeedi
Banu Al-Mazeedi (المزيدي), or Banu Mazyad, an Arabic tribe in Iraq, were the descendants of Adnan. Initially they were part of the Banu Asad tribe living in the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. In 998 AD, their leader, Ali ibn Mazyad, established an independent state, known as the Mazyadid, in the Kufa
Kufa
area, Iraq. A powerful military protected the state for more than a century.Contents1 History 2 Leaders of Banu Al-Mazeedi 3 The Al-Mazyad family outside Iraq 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] The Banu Mazyad acquired titles and subsidies from the Buyids
Buyids
in return for military services. In 1012, their crowning achievement was the founding of Hilla
Hilla
which would later become their capital.[1] The rulers of the Mazyadid State were said to be "Arabs, belonging to Bani Mazid from the Asadi Tribe
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Uqaylid Dynasty
The 'Uqailids or ' Uqaylid dynasty
Uqaylid dynasty
was a Shi'a
Shi'a
Arab
Arab
dynasty with several lines that ruled in various parts of Al-Jazira, northern Syria and Iraq
Iraq
in the late tenth and eleventh centuries. The main line, centered in Mosul, ruled from 990 to 1096.Contents1 Rise 2 'Uqaylids of Mosul 3 Other 'Uqailids 4 See also 5 ReferencesRise[edit] The 'Uqailids were descended from the Banu Uqayl and were Shi'a.[citation needed] They first came to power in Diyar Bakr
Diyar Bakr
when they were granted land there by the Buwayhids, who hoped that they would serve as a buffer against the Kurd Badh. Soon afterwards the 'Uqailids forged an alliance with the Hamdanids, who had been expelled from Mosul
Mosul
by the Buwayhids
Buwayhids
in 979
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Buyid Dynasty
The Buyid dynasty
Buyid dynasty
or the Buyids (Persian: آل بویه‎ Āl-e Buye), also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was an Iranian Shia dynasty[3] of Daylamite origin.[4] Coupled with the rise of other Iranian dynasties in the region, the approximate century of Buyid rule represents the period in Iranian history sometimes called the 'Iranian Intermezzo' since, after the Muslim conquest of Persia, it was an interlude between the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire.[5] The Buyid dynasty
Buyid dynasty
was founded by ' Ali
Ali
ibn Buya, who in 934 conquered Fars and made Shiraz
Shiraz
his capital, while his younger brother Hasan ibn Buya conquered parts of Jibal
Jibal
in the late 930s, and by 943 managed to capture Ray, which he made his capital
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall
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Hamdanid Dynasty
The Hamdanid dynasty
Hamdanid dynasty
(Arabic: حمدانيون‎ Ḥamdānyūn) was a Shi'a[1] Muslim
Muslim
Arab
Arab
dynasty of northern Iraq
Iraq
(al-Jazirah) and Syria (890-1004). They descended from the ancient Banu Taghlib
Banu Taghlib
Christian tribe of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and Eastern Arabia
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Medes
The Medes[N 1] (/miːdz/, Old Persian
Old Persian
Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי‬) were an ancient Iranian people[N 2] who lived in an area known as Media (northwestern Iran) and who spoke the Median language. At around 1100 to 1000 BC, they inhabited the mountainous area of northwestern Iran
Iran
and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and located in the Hamadan
Hamadan
(Ecbatana) region.[5] Their emergence in Iran
Iran
is thought to have occurred between 800 BC and 700 BC, and in the 7th century the whole of western Iran and some other territories were under Median rule
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Classical Antiquity
Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
(also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world. It is the period in which Greek and Roman society flourished and wielded great influence throughout Europe, North Africa
North Africa
and Western Asia. Conventionally, it is taken to begin with the earliest-recorded Epic Greek poetry of Homer
Homer
(8th–7th century BC), and continues through the emergence of Christianity
Christianity
and the decline of the Roman Empire (5th century AD)
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Seleucid Empire
The Seleucid Empire
Empire
(/sɪˈljuːsɪd/;[6] Ancient Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν, Basileía tōn Seleukidōn) was a Hellenistic
Hellenistic
state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty, which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC; Seleucus I Nicator
Seleucus I Nicator
founded it following the division of the Macedonian empire vastly expanded by Alexander the Great.[7][8][9][10] Seleucus received Babylonia
Babylonia
(321 BC), and from there, expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near-eastern territories
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Parthian Empire
The Parthian Empire
Empire
(/ˈpɑːrθiən/; 247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire
Empire
(/ˈɑːrsəsɪd/),[9] was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran
Iran
and Iraq.[10] Its latter name comes from Arsaces I of Parthia[11] who, as leader of the Parni
Parni
tribe, founded it in the mid-3rd century BC when he conquered the region of Parthia[12] in Iran's northeast, then a satrapy (province) in rebellion against the Seleucid Empire. Mithridates I of Parthia
Parthia
(r. c. 171–138 BC) greatly expanded the empire by seizing Media and Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
from the Seleucids. At its height, the Parthian Empire
Empire
stretched from the northern reaches of the Euphrates, in what is now central-eastern Turkey, to eastern Iran
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