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Malmstrom Air Force Base
Malmstrom Air Force Base
Malmstrom Air Force Base
is a United States Air Force
United States Air Force
base and census-designated place (CDP) in Great Falls, Cascade County, Montana, United States. It was named in honor of World War II
World War II
POW
POW
Colonel
Colonel
Einar Axel Malmstrom. It is the home of the 341st Missile Wing
341st Missile Wing
(341 MW) of the Air Force Global Strike Command
Air Force Global Strike Command
(AFGSC)
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Soviet Union
The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Russian: Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: [sɐˈvʲɛt͡skʲɪj sɐˈjus] ( listen)), officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: [sɐˈjus sɐˈvʲɛtskʲɪx sətsɨəlʲɪsˈtʲitɕɪskʲɪx rʲɪˈspublʲɪk] ( listen)), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian: СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics,[a] its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
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James E. Murray
James Edward Murray (May 3, 1876 – March 23, 1961) was a United States Senator from Montana, and a liberal leader of the Democratic Party. He served in the United States Senate
United States Senate
from 1934 until 1961.Contents1 Background 2 Political career 3 Chairmanships 4 Health 5 References 6 Further readingBackground[edit] Born on a farm near St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada, Murray graduated from St. Jerome's College
St. Jerome's College
in Berlin, Ontario
Ontario
in 1897. That same year his father died and he went to live with a wealthy uncle in Butte, Montana, who owned valuable copper mines. His uncle sent him to New York to study law. He graduated from the law department of New York University in 1900, the same year he became an American citizen
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Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of 5,500 kilometres (3,400 mi)[1] primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads). Similarly, conventional, chemical, and biological weapons can also be delivered with varying effectiveness, but have never been deployed on ICBMs. Most modern designs support multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs), allowing a single missile to carry several warheads, each of which can strike a different target. Early ICBMs had limited precision, which made them suitable for use only against the largest targets, such as cities. They were seen as a "safe" basing option, one that would keep the deterrent force close to home where it would be difficult to attack. Attacks against military targets (especially hardened ones) still demanded the use of a more precise manned bomber
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Wyoming
Wyoming
Wyoming
/waɪˈoʊmɪŋ/ ( listen) is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous and the second least densely populated state in the country. Wyoming
Wyoming
is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota
South Dakota
and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho. The state population was estimated at 586,107 in 2015, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including neighboring Denver.[8] Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with population estimated at 63,335 in 2015.[9] The western two-thirds of the state is covered mostly by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains
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B-17 Flying Fortress
The Boeing
Boeing
B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps
United States Army Air Corps
(USAAC). Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing
Boeing
entry (prototype Model 299/XB-17) outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing
Boeing
lost the contract (to the Douglas B-18 Bolo) because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation
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Europe
Europe
Europe
(Europa) is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, Asia
Asia
to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.[7] Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Burton K. Wheeler
Burton Kendall Wheeler (February 27, 1882 – January 6, 1975) was an attorney and an American politician of the Democratic Party in Montana; he served as a United States
United States
Senator from 1923 until 1947. He returned to his law practice and lived in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
for his remaining years. Wheeler was an independent Democrat who initially represented the left wing of the party, receiving support from Montana's labor unions. He ran for vice president in 1924 on the Progressive Party ticket headed by Wisconsin Republican Robert La Follette, Sr.. An ardent New Deal liberal until 1937, he broke with President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
on the issue of packing the United States
United States
Supreme Court
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United States Secretary Of War
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States
United States
President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration. A similar position, called either "Secretary at War" or "Secretary of War", had been appointed to serve the Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
under the Articles of Confederation
Articles of Confederation
between 1781 and 1789. Benjamin Lincoln
Benjamin Lincoln
and later Henry Knox
Henry Knox
held the position. When Washington was inaugurated as the first president under the Constitution, he appointed Knox to continue serving. The Secretary of War was the head of the War Department. At first, he was responsible for all military affairs, including naval affairs
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Wehrmacht
The Wehrmacht (German pronunciation: [ˈveːɐ̯maxt] (listen), lit. defence force) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine
Kriegsmarine
(navy) and the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
(air force). The designation "Wehrmacht" replaced the previously used term Reichswehr, and was the manifestation of the Nazi regime's efforts to rearm Germany to a greater extent than the Treaty of Versailles permitted.[10] After the Nazi rise to power in 1933, one of Adolf Hitler's most overt and audacious moves was to establish the Wehrmacht, a modern offensively-capable armed force, fulfilling the Nazi regime's long-term goals of regaining lost territory as well as gaining new territory and dominating its neighbors
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Harry H. Woodring
Harry Hines Woodring
Harry Hines Woodring
(May 31, 1887 – September 9, 1967) was an American politician. A Democrat, he was the 25th Governor of Kansas and was Secretary of War in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's administration from 1936 to 1940. He was also the United States Assistant Secretary of War from 1933 to 1936.Contents1 Biography 2 Career 3 Death 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 Further reading 7 External linksBiography[edit] Harry Hines Woodring
Harry Hines Woodring
was born in 1887[1] in Elk City, Kansas, the son of farmer and Union Army
Union Army
soldier Hines Woodring. He was educated in city and county schools and at sixteen began work as a janitor in the First National Bank of Neodesha, Kansas
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Civil Aeronautics Authority
The Civil Aeronautics Board
Civil Aeronautics Board
(CAB) was an agency of the federal government of the United States
United States
that regulated aviation services, including scheduled passenger airline service, and provided air accident investigation. The agency headquarters were in Washington, D.C.Contents1 History 2 Offices 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The Civil Aeronautics Authority Act of 1938 formed the Civil Aeronautics Authority.[1] The agency was renamed in 1940,[2] due to a merger with the Air Safety Board.[3] It became an independent agency under Reorganization Plans Nos. III and IV of 1940, effective on June 30, 1940.[4] The Air Safety Board had formed in 1938
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Second Air Force
The second is the SI base unit
SI base unit
of time, commonly understood and historically defined as 1/86,400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each. Another intuitive understanding is that it is about the time between beats of a human heart.[nb 1] Mechanical and electric clocks and watches usually have a face with 60 tickmarks representing seconds and minutes, traversed by a second hand and minute hand. Digital clocks and watches often have a two-digit counter that cycles through seconds
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Ladd Field
Ladd Army Airfield
Ladd Army Airfield
(IATA: FBK, ICAO: PAFB, FAA LID: FBK) is the military airfield located at Fort Jonathan Wainwright, located in Fairbanks, Alaska. It was originally called Fairbanks
Fairbanks
Air Base, but was renamed Ladd Field on 1 December 1939,[4] in honor of Major Arthur K. Ladd, a pilot in the U.S. Army Air Corps who died in a plane crash near Dale, South Carolina
Dale, South Carolina
on 13 December 1935.[5][6]Contents1 History1.1 Origins 1.2 World War II 1.3 Cold War 1.4 Transfer to United States Army2 Popular culture 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] Origins[edit] The U.S. government began, for the first time, serious infrastructure expenditures in Alaska
Alaska
during the 1930s. Most prominent was an increase in the military presence
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Fairbanks, Alaska
Fairbanks is a home rule city and the borough seat of the Fairbanks North Star Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska.[6] Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska. 2014 estimates put the population of the city proper at 32,469, and 2016 estimates put the population of the Fairbanks North Star Borough
Fairbanks North Star Borough
at 100,605,[7] making it the second most populous metropolitan area in Alaska
Alaska
(after Anchorage). The Metropolitan Statistical Area encompasses all of the Fairbanks North Star Borough
Fairbanks North Star Borough
and is the northernmost Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
in the United States, located 196 driving miles (or 140 air miles) south of the Arctic Circle
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