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Malla-yuddha
MALLA-YUDDHA ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: मल्लयुद्ध, Bengali : মল্লযুদ্ধ, Odia : ମଲ୍ଲ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ, Kannada : ಮಲ್ಲಯುದ್ಧ, Telugu : మల్ల యుద్ధం malla-yuddhaṁ, Tamil : மல்யுத்தம் malyutham, Thai : มัลละยุทธ์ mạllayutṭh̒) is the traditional South Asian form of combat-wrestling created in what is now India
India
, Pakistan
Pakistan
, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, Nepal
Nepal
and Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
. It is closely related to Southeast Asian wrestling styles such as naban and is the ancestor of kusti . Malla-yuddha
Malla-yuddha
incorporates grappling, joint-breaking, punching, biting, choking and pressure point striking
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Balarama
BALARAMA ( IAST
IAST
: Balarāma) is a Hindu deity and the elder brother of Krishna
Krishna
(an avatar of the god Vishnu
Vishnu
). Balarama
Balarama
is particularly significant in the Jagannath tradition, as one of the triad deities. He is also known as BALADEVA, BALABHADRA, HALADHARA and HALAYUDHA. The first two spithets refer to his strength, the last two associate him with Hala (Langala, "plough") from his strong associations with farming and farmers, as the deity who used farm equipment as his weapon when he needed to
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Bodhidharma
ZEN IN JAPAN * Dōgen
Dōgen
* Hakuin Ekaku SEON IN KOREA * Taego Bou
Taego Bou
* Jinul
Jinul
* Daewon * Seongcheol ZEN IN THE USA * D. T. Suzuki
D. T

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Duryodhana
DURYODHANA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: दुर्योधन) ('unconquerable warrior') (originally named SUYODHANA (great warrior)) is a major character in the Hindu
Hindu
epic Mahabharata and was the eldest of the Kauravas , the hundred sons of blind king Dhritarashtra and Queen Gandhari . Despite being the first born son of the incumbent king, he becomes disqualified as heir to the throne of Hastinapura upon the return of his cousins, the Pandavas , who left their rural forest dwelling upon the death of their father Pandu , the preceding king of Hastinapura and younger brother to Dhrithrashtra. His resultant animosity towards his cousins renders Duryodhana
Duryodhana
the chief antagonist of the epic. Karna
Karna
was the closest friend of Duryodhana
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Ganesha
GANESHA (/ɡəˈneɪʃə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: गणेश, Gaṇeśa; listen (help ·info )), also known as GANAPATI, VINAYAKA and BINAYAK, is one of the best-known and most worshiped deities in the Hindu pantheon . His image is found throughout India
India
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, Thailand and Nepal
Nepal
. Hindu
Hindu
sects worship him regardless of affiliations. Devotion to Ganesha
Ganesha
is widely diffused and extends to Jains and Buddhists . Although he is known by many attributes, Ganesha's elephant head makes him easy to identify. Ganesha
Ganesha
is widely revered as the remover of obstacles, the patron of arts and sciences and the deva of intellect and wisdom. As the god of beginnings, he is honoured at the start of rites and ceremonies
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Bhima
In the Hindu epic Mahabharata , BHIMA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: भीम) is the second of the Pandavas . The Mahabharata relates many events which portray the immense might of Bhima. Bhima
Bhima
is responsible for slaying all hundred Kaurava brothers in the Kurukshetra War
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Jarasandha
According to the Hindu epic
Hindu epic
Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, JARASANDHA (Sanskrit : जरासन्ध) was the king of Magadha
Magadha
. He was a descendant of King Brihadratha , the founder of the Barhadratha dynasty of Magadha. He was also a great devotee of the Hindu god Shiva
Shiva
. He was a great senapati and a Maharathi , but he is generally held in a negative light owing to his enmity with the Yadava clan in the Mahabharata. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Legend about his birth * 3 Life * 4 Death * 5 Jainism
Jainism
* 6 Notes * 7 References ETYMOLOGYThe word Jarasandha
Jarasandha
is a combination of two Sanskrit words, Jara (जरा) and sandha (सन्ध), "joining"
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South India
MOST POPULOUS CITIES (2011) * Chennai
Chennai
* Bengaluru
Bengaluru
*
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Hanuman
HANUMAN (/ˈhʌnʊˌmɑːn/ ; IAST
IAST
: Hanumān) is an ardent devotee of Rama
Rama
. He is one of the central characters in the various versions of the epic Ramayana
Ramayana
found in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
and Southeast Asia . As one of the Chiranjivi , he is also mentioned in several other texts, such as the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, the various Puranas
Puranas
and some Jain
Jain
, Buddhist , and Sikh texts. Several later texts also present him as an incarnation of Shiva
Shiva
. Hanuman
Hanuman
is the son of Anjana and Kesari and is also son of the wind-god Pawan , who according to several stories, played a role in his birth. His theological origins in Hinduism
Hinduism
are unclear
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Uttar Pradesh
UTTAR PRADESH (/ˈʊtər prəˈdɛʃ/ ) (IAST : Uttara Pradeśa), is a state in northern India
India
. Abbreviated as UP, it is the most populous state in the Republic of India
India
as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world . The densely populated state, located in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent, has over 200 million inhabitants. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the UNITED PROVINCES during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
in 1950. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow
Lucknow
. The main ethnic group is the Hindavi people , forming the demographic plurality. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand , was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region
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Harihara
HARIHARA is the fused representation of Vishnu
Vishnu
(Hari) and Shiva (Hara) from the Hindu tradition. Also known as SHANKARANARAYANA ("Shankara" is Shiva, and "Narayana" is Vishnu), Harihara
Harihara
is thus revered by both Vaishnavites and Shaivites as a form of the Supreme God. Harihara
Harihara
is also sometimes used as a philosophical term to denote the unity of Vishnu
Vishnu
and Shiva
Shiva
as different aspects of the same Ultimate Reality called Brahman
Brahman
. This concept of equivalence of various gods as one principle and "oneness of all existence" is discussed as Harihara
Harihara
in the texts of Advaita Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy
Hindu philosophy

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Kali
Saiddhantika * Siddhantism Non - Saiddhantika * Kashmir Shaivism * Pratyabhijna
Pratyabhijna
* Vama * Dakshina * Kaula
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Vajrapani
VAJRAPāṇI ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: " Vajra
Vajra
in hand") is one of the earliest-appearing bodhisattvas in Mahayana Buddhism
Buddhism
. He is the protector and guide of Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
and rose to symbolize the Buddha's power. Vajrapāni, also called Vajrasattva in Mahayana Buddhism, is extensively represented in Buddhist iconography
Buddhist iconography
as one of the earliest three protective deities or bodhisattvas surrounding the Buddha
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Guru Hargobind
GURU HARGOBIND ( 19 June 1595 - 3 March 1644), revered as the sixth Nanak, was the sixth of ten Gurus of the Sikh
Sikh
religion. He was barely eleven years old when he became Guru on 11 June 1606, after the execution of his father, Guru Arjan
Guru Arjan
, by the Mughal emperor Jahangir
Jahangir
. He initiated a military tradition within Sikhism
Sikhism
to resist Islamic persecution and protect the freedom of religion. He had the longest tenure as Guru, lasting 37 years, 9 months and 3 days
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Shivaji
SHIVAJI BHONSLE (Marathi ; c. 1627/1630 – 3 April 1680), also known as CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ, was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle
Bhonsle
Maratha clan . Shivaji
Shivaji
carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate
Adilshahi sultanate
of Bijapur that formed the genesis of the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
. In 1674, he was formally crowned as the Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
(Monarch) of his realm at Raigad . Shivaji
Shivaji
established a competent and progressive civil rule with the help of a disciplined military and well-structured administrative organisations. He innovated military tactics, pioneering non-conventional methods which leveraged strategic factors like geography, speed, and surprise and focused pinpoint attacks to defeat his larger and more powerful enemies
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Unniyarcha
UNNIYARCHA (or sometimes spelled UNNIARCHA) is a popular legendary warrior and heroine mentioned in the Vadakkan Pattukal , the old ballads of North Malabar .She is a Thiyya. She is a popular character in Kerala
Kerala
's folklore . She is believed to have lived in northern part of Kerala
Kerala
, India
India
during the 16th century. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 In popular culture * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYAttummanammel Unniyarcha was from the famous Puthooram Veedu of North Malabar . She was the sister of Aromal Chekavar (another legendary warrior) and Unnikannan. She was trained in the arts of the kalari , and an expert at wielding the urumi , a flexible sword used in kalaripayat
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