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Maize
MAIZE (/meɪz/ MAYZ ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish : maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as CORN, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico
Mexico
about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces separate pollen and ovuliferous inflorescences or ears , which are fruits, yielding kernels or seeds. Maize
Maize
has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with total production surpassing that of wheat or rice . However, not all of this maize is consumed directly by humans. Some of the maize production is used for corn ethanol , animal feed and other maize products , such as corn starch and corn syrup . The six major types of corn are dent corn , flint corn , pod corn , popcorn , flour corn , and sweet corn
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Spanish Language
The SPANISH LANGUAGE (/ˈspænɪʃ/ ( listen ); Español (help ·info )), also called the CASTILIAN LANGUAGE (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( listen ), castellano (help ·info )), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
. Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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Carl Linnaeus
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin and his name is rendered in Latin as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus
Linnaeus
was born in the countryside of Småland , in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands
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Binomial Nomenclature
BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE, also called BINOMINAL NOMENCLATURE or BINARY NOMENCLATURE, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms , although they can be based on words from other languages. Such a name is called a BINOMIAL NAME (which may be shortened to just "binomial"), a BINOMEN, BINOMINAL NAME or a SCIENTIFIC NAME; more informally it is also called a LATIN NAME. The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs; the second part – the SPECIFIC NAME or SPECIFIC EPITHET – identifies the species within the genus. For example, humans belong to the genus Homo
Homo
and within this genus to the species Homo
Homo
sapiens . Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
rex is probably the most widely known binomial
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Taíno Language
TAíNO is an extinct and poorly-attested Arawakan language that was spoken by the Taíno people of the Caribbean . At the time of Spanish contact , it was the principal language throughout the Caribbean. Classic Taíno (Taíno proper) was the native language of the northern Leeward Islands , Puerto Rico , the Turks and Caicos Islands , and most of Hispaniola , and it was expanding into Cuba. Ciboney is essentially unattested, but colonial sources suggest that it was a dialect of Taíno and was spoken in westernmost Hispaniola, the Bahamas , Jamaica , and most of Cuba . By the late 15th century, Taíno had displaced earlier languages except for western Cuba and pockets in Hispaniola. As the Taíno culture declined during Spanish colonization, the language was replaced by Spanish and other European languages
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Mexico
Coordinates : 23°N 102°W / 23°N 102°W / 23; -102 United Mexican States Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Himno Nacional Mexicano
Himno Nacional Mexicano
" (English: "Mexican National Anthem") Capital and largest city Mexico City
Mexico City
19°26′N 99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * None at federal level * Spanish (de facto) RECOGNIZED REGIONAL LANGUAGES* Spanish 68 native language groups
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Inflorescence
An INFLORESCENCE is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Morphologically , it is the modified part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed. The modifications can involve the length and the nature of the internodes and the phyllotaxis , as well as variations in the proportions, compressions, swellings, adnations , connations and reduction of main and secondary axes. Inflorescence
Inflorescence
can also be defined as the reproductive portion of a plant that bears a cluster of flowers in a specific pattern. The stem holding the whole inflorescence is called a peduncle and the major axis (incorrectly referred to as the main stem) holding the flowers or more branches within the inflorescence is called the RACHIS . The stalk of each single flower is called a pedicel
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Ovule
In seed plants , the OVULE ("small egg ") is the structure that gives rise to and contains the female reproductive cells. It consists of three parts: The INTEGUMENT(S) forming its outer layer(s), the NUCELLUS (or remnant of the megasporangium ), and female gametophyte (formed from haploid megaspore ) in its center. The female gametophyte—specifically termed a megagametophyte—is also called the EMBRYO SAC in angiosperms . The megagametophyte produces an egg cell (or several in some groups) for the purpose of fertilization . After fertilization, the ovule develops into a seed
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Tehuacán Valley Matorral
The TEHUACáN VALLEY MATORRAL is a xeric shrubland ecoregion , of the deserts and xeric shrublands biome , located in eastern Central Mexico . Matorral is a Spanish word, along with tomillares, for shrubland , thicket or bushes . The term is used alone for a Mediterranean climate ecosystem in Southern Europe. CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Adjacent ecoregions * 2 Flora * 3 Fauna * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links GEOGRAPHYThe Tehuacán Valley matorral ecoregion occupies the Tehuacán Valley and Cuicatlán Valley, covering parts of the states of Puebla and Oaxaca . The valleys lie in the rain shadow of the surrounding mountain ranges, and are drier than the surrounding ecoregions
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Americas
Largest metropolitan areas Largest cities List * São Paulo * Lima
Lima
* Mexico City * New York City
New York City
* Bogotá * Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
* Santiago
Santiago
* Los Angeles
Los Angeles
* Caracas * Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
CIA political map of the Americas
Americas
in Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection The AMERICAS (also collectively called AMERICA) encompass the totality of the continents of North and South America
South America
. Together, they make up most of the land in Earth's western hemisphere and comprise the New World
New World

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Tonne
The TONNE (/tʌn/ ( listen )) (non-preferred SI derived unit
SI derived unit
; SI symbol: T), commonly referred to as the METRIC TON in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms ; or one MEGAGRAM (Mg); it is equivalent to approximately 2,204.6 pounds , 1.10 short tons (US) or 0.984 long tons (imperial). Although not part of the SI per se, the tonne is "accepted for use with" SI units and prefixes by the International Committee for Weights and Measures , along with several other units like the bar , litre and day . CONTENTS * 1 Symbol and abbreviations * 2 Origin and spelling * 3 Conversions * 4 Derived units * 5 Alternative usage * 5.1 Use of mass as proxy for energy * 5.2 Unit of force * 6 See also * 7 Notes and references * 8 External links SYMBOL AND ABBREVIATIONSThe SI symbol for the tonne is "t", adopted at the same time as the unit itself in 1879
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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain , kingdom , phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class , order , family , genus and species . The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Oaxaca
OAXACA (English: /wəˈhɑːkə/ wə-HAH-kə , Spanish: ( listen ), from Nahuatl : Huāxyacac, pronounced ( listen )), officially the FREE AND SOVEREIGN STATE OF OAXACA (Spanish : Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with the Federal District , make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico . It is divided into 570 municipalities , of which 418 (almost three quarters) are governed by the system of Usos y costumbres (customs and traditions) with recognized local forms of self governance. Its capital city is Oaxaca de Juárez . Oaxaca is located in Southwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, Chiapas to the east. To the south, Oaxaca has a significant coastline on the Pacific Ocean
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Commelinids
In plant taxonomy, COMMELINIDS (originally COMMELINOIDS ) (plural, not capitalised) is a name used by the APG IV system for a clade within the monocots , which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms . The commelinids are the only clade that the APG has informally named within the monocots. The remaining monocots are a paraphyletic unit. Also known as the COMMELINID MONOCOTS it forms one of three groupings within the monocots, and the final branch, the other two groups being the alismatid monocots and the lilioid monocots . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Taxonomy * 2.1 Subdivision * 3 References * 4 Bibliography * 5 External links DESCRIPTIONMembers of the commelinid clade have cell walls containing UV -fluorescent ferulic acid . TAXONOMYThe commelinids were first recognized as a formal group in 1967 by Armen Takhtajan , who named them the Commelinidae and assigned them to a subclass of the monocots
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Corn (other)
CORN or maize is a large-grained crop native to the Americas; in British English, "corn" can mean any cereal
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Ear (botany)
An EAR is the grain -bearing tip part of the stem of a cereal plant, such as wheat or maize . It can also refer to "a prominent lobe in some leaves". The ear is a spike , consisting of a central stem on which grow tightly packed rows of flowers . These develop into fruits containing the edible seeds . In corn, it is protected by leaves called husks. In some species (including wheat), unripe ears contribute significantly to photosynthesis, in addition to the leaves lower down the plant. A parasite known as Anguina tritici (Ear Cockle) specifically affects the ears on wheat and rye by destroying the tissues and stems during growth. With exception to North Africa and West Asia, the parasite has been eradicated in all countries by using the crop rotation system. SEE ALSO * Corncob REFERENCES * ^ Jackson, Benjamin Daydon (1928). A Glossary of Botanic Terms with their Derivation and Accent (fourth ed.). London: Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd. p
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