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Mahakuta Group Of Temples2 At Mahakuta
The Mahakuta
Mahakuta
group of temples is located in Mahakuta, a village in the Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of Karnataka
Karnataka
state, India. It is an important place of worship for Hindus and the location of a well-known Shaiva monastery. The temples are dated to the 6th or 7th century CE and were constructed by the early kings of the Chalukya dynasty
Chalukya dynasty
of Badami
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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OCLC
OCLC, Inc., d/b/a OCLC[3] is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs".[4] It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio
Ohio
College Library Center, then became the Online Computer Library Center as it expanded. OCLC
OCLC
and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world
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Pulakeshin I
Pulakeshin I (IAST: Pulakeśin), also spelt Pulakesi I and Pulikeshi I, founded the Chalukya dynasty
Chalukya dynasty
in the western Deccan region of India. He started as a chieftain of Pattadakal. According to Karl J. Schmidt, his grandfather was Jayasimha who began his rule between 500-520 CE in Pattadakal region.[1] According to George Michell, the earliest evidence in the form of a Badami inscription suggests that it was Pulakeshin I's career and efforts that founded the Early Chalukya dynasty.[2] In 543 CE, Pulakeshin built a fort in Vatapi, now known as Badami, and started his kingdom. Slowly, Pulakeshin gained control of the territory bound by the Western Ghats on the west, the Krishna river in the north and Tungabhadra river in the south. He ruled till 566 CE, when his son Kirtivarman I succeeded him
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Mangalesha
Mangalesha (C. 596 – 610 CE) succeeded Kirtivarman I to the Chalukya throne. He ruled as regent as the heir to the throne Pulakeshin II
Pulakeshin II
was considered too young to rule.Contents1 Capable warrior 2 Titles 3 Desire for the throne 4 ReferencesCapable warrior[edit] An energetic and ambitious ruler, Mangalesha won several laurels in war. Mangalesha continued the policy of expansion, he invaded the territory of the Kalachuri ruler Buddhiraja who ruled over Gujarat, Khandesh
Khandesh
and Malwa. This campaign was more a raid than a conquest as it brought in much booty and no addition to the territories
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Pattadakal
Pattadakal, also called Paṭṭadakallu or Raktapura, is a complex of 7th and 8th century CE Hindu
Hindu
and Jain
Jain
temples in northern Karnataka (India). Located on the west bank of the Malaprabha River
Malaprabha River
in Bagalakote
Bagalakote
district, this UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site[1][2] is 14 miles (23 km) from Badami
Badami
and about 6 miles (9.7 km) from Aihole, both of which are historically significant centres of Chalukya monuments.[3][4]
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Adil Shahi
The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi, was a Shia Muslim[4] dynasty, founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur
Bijapur
district, Karnataka
Karnataka
in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India
India
from 1489 to 1686.[6] Bijapur had been a province of the Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
(1347–1518), before its political decline in the last quarter of the 15th century and eventual break-up in 1518. The Bijapur
Bijapur
Sultanate was absorbed into the Mughal Empire on 12 September 1686, after its conquest by the Emperor Aurangzeb.[7] The founder of the dynasty, Yusuf Adil Shah
Shah
(1490–1510), was appointed Bahmani
Bahmani
governor of the province, before creating a de facto independent Bijapur
Bijapur
state
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Ruby
A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide). Other varieties of gem-quality corundum are called sapphires. Ruby
Ruby
is one of the traditional cardinal gems, together with amethyst, sapphire, emerald, and diamond.[3] The word ruby comes from ruber, Latin
Latin
for red. The color of a ruby is due to the element chromium. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. After color follows clarity: similar to diamonds, a clear stone will command a premium, but a ruby without any needle-like rutile inclusions may indicate that the stone has been treated
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Kadamba Dynasty
The Kadambas
Kadambas
(Kannada: ಕದಂಬರು) (345–525 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka
Karnataka
and the Konkan from Banavasi
Banavasi
in present-day Uttara Kannada district. At the peak of their power under King Kakushtavarma, they ruled large parts of modern Karnataka
Karnataka
state. The dynasty was founded by Mayurasharma
Mayurasharma
in 345 CE which at later times showed the potential of developing into imperial proportions, an indication to which is provided by the titles and epithets assumed by its rulers. King Mayurasharma
Mayurasharma
defeated the armies of the Pallavas
Pallavas
of Kanchi
Kanchi
possibly with help of some native tribes
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Badami Cave Temples
The Badami
Badami
cave temples are a complex of four Hindu, a Jain and possibly Buddhist
Buddhist
cave temples located in Badami, a town in the Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
in northern part of Karnataka, India. The caves are considered an example of Indian rock-cut architecture, especially Badami
Badami
Chalukya architecture, which dates from the 6th century. Badami was previously known as Vataapi Badami, the capital of the early Chalukya dynasty, which ruled much of Karnataka
Karnataka
from the 6th to the 8th century
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Badami Chalukya Architecture
The Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
architecture was a temple building idiom that evolved in the 5th – 8th centuries in the Malaprabha
Malaprabha
river basin, in present-day Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of Karnataka
Karnataka
state, under the Chalukya dynasty. This style is sometimes called the Vesara
Vesara
style and Chalukya style, a term that also includes the much later Western Chalukya architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries. Early Chalukya architecture, used by George Michell and others, equates to Badami Chalukya. The earliest Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
temples date back to around 450 A.D. in Aihole
Aihole
when the Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
were vassals of the Kadambas of Banavasi. According to historian K.V
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Banashankari Amma Temple
Banashankari Devi Temple (Kannada: ಬನಶಂಕರಿ ಅಮ್ಮನ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ) or Banashankari temple is a Hindu shrine located at Cholachagudd
Cholachagudd
near Badami, in Bagalkot district, Karnataka, India. The temple is popularly called Banashankari or Vanashankari since it is located in the Tilakaaranya forest. The temple deity is also called the Shakambhari
Shakambhari
(Kannada: ಶಾಕಾಂಬರಿ), an incarnation of the goddess Parvati. The temple attracts devotees from Karnataka
Karnataka
as well as the neighbouring state of Maharashtra. The original temple was built by the 7th century Kalyani Chalukya
Kalyani Chalukya
kings, who worshipped goddess Banashankari as their tutelary deity. The temple celebrates its annual festival called Banashankari jatre, in the months of January or February
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JSTOR
JSTOR
JSTOR
(/ˈdʒeɪstɔːr/;[3] short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995. Originally containing digitized back issues of academic journals, it now also includes books and other primary sources, and current issues of journals.[4] It provides full-text searches of almost 2,000 journals. As of 2013[update], more than 8,000 institutions in more than 160 countries had access to JSTOR;[5] most access is by subscription, but some of the site's public domain and open access content is available at no cost to anyone.[6] JSTOR's revenue was $86 million in 2015.[7]Contents1 History 2 Content 3 Access3.1 Aaron Swartz
Aaron Swartz
incident 3.2 Limitations 3.3 Increasing public access4 Use 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksHistory[edit] William G
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International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique.[a][b] Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each separate edition and variation (except reprintings) of a publication. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book will each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is ten digits long if assigned before 2007, and thirteen digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-specific and varies between countries, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book
Book
Numbering (SBN) created in 1966
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Shiva
Shiva
Shiva
(/ˈʃiːvə/; Sanskrit: शिव, Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) also known as Mahadeva (lit. the great god)[7][8][9] is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is one of the supreme beings within Shaivism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.[10][11] Shiva
Shiva
is known as "The Destroyer" within the Trimurti, the Hindu trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu.[1][12] In Shaivism
Shaivism
tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is one of the supreme beings who creates, protects and transforms the universe.[7][8][9] In the Shaktism
Shaktism
tradition, the Goddess, or Devi, is described as one of the supreme, yet Shiva
Shiva
is revered along with Vishnu
Vishnu
and Brahma
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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