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Mahakuta
The Mahakuta
Mahakuta
group of temples is located in Mahakuta, a village in the Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of Karnataka
Karnataka
state, India. It is an important place of worship for Hindus and the location of a well-known Shaiva monastery. The temples are dated to the 6th or 7th century CE and were constructed by the early kings of the Chalukya dynasty
Chalukya dynasty
of Badami
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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OCLC
OCLC, Inc., d/b/a OCLC[3] is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs".[4] It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio
Ohio
College Library Center, then became the Online Computer Library Center as it expanded. OCLC
OCLC
and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world
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States And Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities
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Shiva
Shiva
Shiva
(/ˈʃiːvə/; Sanskrit: शिव, Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) also known as Mahadeva (lit. the great god)[7][8][9] is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is one of the supreme beings within Shaivism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.[10][11] Shiva
Shiva
is known as "The Destroyer" within the Trimurti, the Hindu trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu.[1][12] In Shaivism
Shaivism
tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is one of the supreme beings who creates, protects and transforms the universe.[7][8][9] In the Shaktism
Shaktism
tradition, the Goddess, or Devi, is described as one of the supreme, yet Shiva
Shiva
is revered along with Vishnu
Vishnu
and Brahma
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Linga
Shiva
Shiva
- ShaktiSadasiva Rudra Bhairava Parvati Durga KaliGanesha Murugan OthersScriptures and textsAgamas and TantrasVedas SvetasvataraTirumurai Shivasutras VachanasPhilosophyThree ComponentsPati Pashu PasamThree bondagesAnava Karma Maya 36 Tattvas YogaPracticesVibhuti Rudraksha Panchakshara Bilva Maha Shivaratri Yamas-Niyamas Guru-Linga-JangamSchoolsAdi MargamPashupata Kalamukha Kapalika
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Pulakeshin I
Pulakeshin I (IAST: Pulakeśin), also spelt Pulakesi I and Pulikeshi I, founded the Chalukya dynasty
Chalukya dynasty
in the western Deccan region of India. He started as a chieftain of Pattadakal. According to Karl J. Schmidt, his grandfather was Jayasimha who began his rule between 500-520 CE in Pattadakal region.[1] According to George Michell, the earliest evidence in the form of a Badami inscription suggests that it was Pulakeshin I's career and efforts that founded the Early Chalukya dynasty.[2] In 543 CE, Pulakeshin built a fort in Vatapi, now known as Badami, and started his kingdom. Slowly, Pulakeshin gained control of the territory bound by the Western Ghats on the west, the Krishna river in the north and Tungabhadra river in the south. He ruled till 566 CE, when his son Kirtivarman I succeeded him
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Adil Shahi
The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi, was a Shia Muslim[4] dynasty, founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur
Bijapur
district, Karnataka
Karnataka
in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India
India
from 1489 to 1686.[6] Bijapur had been a province of the Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
(1347–1518), before its political decline in the last quarter of the 15th century and eventual break-up in 1518. The Bijapur
Bijapur
Sultanate was absorbed into the Mughal Empire on 12 September 1686, after its conquest by the Emperor Aurangzeb.[7] The founder of the dynasty, Yusuf Adil Shah
Shah
(1490–1510), was appointed Bahmani
Bahmani
governor of the province, before creating a de facto independent Bijapur
Bijapur
state
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Ruby
A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide). Other varieties of gem-quality corundum are called sapphires. Ruby
Ruby
is one of the traditional cardinal gems, together with amethyst, sapphire, emerald, and diamond.[3] The word ruby comes from ruber, Latin
Latin
for red. The color of a ruby is due to the element chromium. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. After color follows clarity: similar to diamonds, a clear stone will command a premium, but a ruby without any needle-like rutile inclusions may indicate that the stone has been treated
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Badami Chalukya Architecture
The Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
architecture was a temple building idiom that evolved in the 5th – 8th centuries in the Malaprabha
Malaprabha
river basin, in present-day Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of Karnataka
Karnataka
state, under the Chalukya dynasty. This style is sometimes called the Vesara
Vesara
style and Chalukya style, a term that also includes the much later Western Chalukya architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries. Early Chalukya architecture, used by George Michell and others, equates to Badami Chalukya. The earliest Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
temples date back to around 450 A.D. in Aihole
Aihole
when the Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
were vassals of the Kadambas of Banavasi. According to historian K.V
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JSTOR
JSTOR
JSTOR
(/ˈdʒeɪstɔːr/;[3] short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995. Originally containing digitized back issues of academic journals, it now also includes books and other primary sources, and current issues of journals.[4] It provides full-text searches of almost 2,000 journals. As of 2013[update], more than 8,000 institutions in more than 160 countries had access to JSTOR;[5] most access is by subscription, but some of the site's public domain and open access content is available at no cost to anyone.[6] JSTOR's revenue was $86 million in 2015.[7]Contents1 History 2 Content 3 Access3.1 Aaron Swartz
Aaron Swartz
incident 3.2 Limitations 3.3 Increasing public access4 Use 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksHistory[edit] William G
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International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique.[a][b] Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each separate edition and variation (except reprintings) of a publication. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book will each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is ten digits long if assigned before 2007, and thirteen digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-specific and varies between countries, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book
Book
Numbering (SBN) created in 1966
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Vesara
Vesara
Vesara
is one of a number of terms for a distinct stylistic tradition of Indian Hindu temple architecture
Hindu temple architecture
primarily used in the Deccan and Central India, between the Vindhyas
Vindhyas
and the river Krishna (VK Agnihotri, Indian History, p. B-34). The two other prominent modes or styles are the Dravida or Dravidian of South India
South India
and the Nagara of North India. Vesara
Vesara
is a combination of features from these two temple styles, and its own original characteristics.[1] The term was used by ancient writers, but possibly not with the same meaning as in modern usage
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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States And Union Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories, for a total of 36 states and union territories
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Cinema Of Karnataka
Kannada cinema, also known as Chandanavana,[3] is the Indian film industry based in the state of Karnataka
Karnataka
where motion pictures are produced in the Kannada language. The Kannada film Industry (sometimes metonymously referred to as Sandalwood) is the fifth largest film industry in India after Bollywood, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam. As of 2013, the Kannada film industry based in the city of Bengaluru produces more than 150 films each year.[4] Kannada films are released in more than 950 single screen and multiplex theaters in Karnataka
Karnataka
and most of them are also released across the country and in the United States, United Kingdom, Europe, UAE, Singapore, Australia and other countries.[5][6] The first government institute in India to start technical courses related to films was established in 1941 named as occupational institute then called the Sri Jayachamarajendra (S J) Polytechnic in Bengaluru
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