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Mahagujarat Movement
Mahagujarat movement, known as Mahagujarat Andolan locally, was a political movement demanding the creation of the state of Gujarat
Gujarat
for Gujarati-speaking people from the bilingual Bombay state
Bombay state
of India in 1956
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Satyam Patel
Satyam Patel (Gujarati: સત્યમ્ પટેલ) (4 August 1932 – 14 January 2005) was a social worker and activist for the cause of labourers, farmers, untouchables and religious unity in the western state of Gujarat in India. Satyam Patel was born to Dr. Kishorbhai Patel and Maniben Patel in the city of Vadodara in Gujarat, India. He was the 4th of the seven children. His father, Dr. Kishorbhai Patel, was a pathologist to the state of Vadodara. He spent his childhood in many Indian cities, including Pune, Mumbai and Sojitra. Satyam Patel started his career as a prominent leader of a student movement, called Maha Gujarat (Gujarati મહા ગુજરાતની લડત), demanding a separate state of Gujarat. The movement culminated in separation of the old state of Bombay into two states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 (The Labour Day)
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Marathawada
Marathwada (IPA:Marāṭhvāḍā) is a region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The region coincides with the Aurangabad Division of Maharashtra. It borders the states of Karnataka and Telangana, and it lies to the east of the Vidarbha and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra. The largest city of Marathwada is Aurangabad. Its people speak Marathi and Dakhini.Contents1 Etymology 2 Demography 3 Cities and districts 4 Tourism 5 Education 6 Marathwada Statutory Development Board 7 Suicide of farmers 8 See also 9 References 10 Further readingEtymology[edit] The term Marathwada means the house of Marathi people, that is land occupied by the Marathi-speaking population of the former Hyderabad state during the period of Nizam rule
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Potti Sreeramulu
Potti Sreeramulu (Telugu: పొట్టి శ్రీరాములు, IAST: Poṭṭi Śreerāmulu; 16 March 1901 – 15 December 1952), was an Indian revolutionary. Commenting on Sreeramulu's dedication and fasting ability, Mohandas Gandhi once said, "If only I have eleven more followers like Sreeramulu I will win freedom [from British rule] in a year."[1] Sreeramulu is revered as Amarajeevi ("Immortal Being") in the Andhra region for his self-sacrifice for the Andhra cause. He became famous for undertaking a hunger strike in support of the formation of an Indian state for the Telugu-speaking population of Madras Presidency; he lost his life in the process
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Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
(/ˈneɪruː, ˈnɛruː/;[1] Hindustani: [ˈdʒəʋaːɦərˈlaːl ˈneːɦru] ( listen); 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India
India
and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement
Indian independence movement
under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
and ruled India
India
from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic
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States Reorganisation Commission
The States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was a body constituted by the Central Government of India in 1953 to recommend the reorganisation of state boundaries. In 1955, after nearly 2 years of study, the Commission recommended that India's state boundaries should be reorganised to form 16 states and 3 union territories. States Reorganisation Commission consisted of Fazal Ali, K. M. Panikkar and H. N. Kunzru
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Fazal Ali
Khan Bahadur Sayyid Sir Fazl Ali, also known as Fazal Ali OBE (19 September 1886 – 22 August 1959) was an Indian judge,[1] the governor of two Indian states (Assam and Odisha), and the head of the States Reorganisation Commission which determined the boundaries of several Indian states in the 1950s. Career[edit] Fazl belonged to an aristocratic Zamindar (landlord) family of Bihar state. He studied law and began practicing. Eventually he was raised to the judiciary. Sir Fazl Ali was successively given the title of Khan Sahib first and of Khan Bahadur later. In 1918, he was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE). He was knighted in the New Year's Honours list of 1941 and invested with his knighthood on 1 May 1942 by the Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow.[2][3][4] India became independent in 1947. Under the new dispensation, Fazl Ali was governor of Odisha from 1952 to 1956 and of Assam from 1956 to 1959. He died while serving as governor of Assam
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Fazal Ali Commission
The States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was a body constituted by the Central Government of India in 1953 to recommend the reorganisation of state boundaries. In 1955, after nearly 2 years of study, the Commission recommended that India's state boundaries should be reorganised to form 16 states and 3 union territories. States Reorganisation Commission consisted of Fazal Ali, K. M. Panikkar and H. N. Kunzru
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Kutch State
FlagKutch State, 1951History •  Abolition of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency 1947 •  Merger into Bombay State 1956Legal Case of 1954 : Kutch StateKutch State was a state within the Republic of India from 1947 to 1956. Its capital was Bhuj. The state's territory now forms a Kutch district within the Indian state of Gujarat. History[edit] Kutch State was formed out of the territory of the former princely state of Cutch, whose ruler (Maharao Sri Vijayaraji) had acceded to the Dominion of India with effect from 15 August 1947.[1] The administration of Kutch after accession, however, remained in the hands of its former ruler until his death on 26 February 1948, when it then passed to his son, Maharao Shri Meghraji. On 1 June 1948 the administration was transferred to the Government of India, working through a Chief Commissioner. Initially Kutch functioned as a province
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Nagpur
Nagpur
Nagpur
is the winter capital, a sprawling metropolis, and the third-largest city of the Indian state of Maharashtra[11] after Mumbai and Pune. Nagpur
Nagpur
is the 13th largest Indian city in terms of population.[12] It has been proposed as one of the Smart Cities in Maharashtra.[13] Nagpur
Nagpur
is the seat of the annual winter session of the Maharashtra state assembly. It is a major commercial and political centre of the Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region of Maharashtra. In addition, the city derives political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist
Buddhist
movement
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Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh[6] (MP; /ˈmʌdjə prəˈdɛʃ/ ( listen); meaning Central Province) is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal
Bhopal
and the largest city is Indore
Indore
with Jabalpur, Gwalior, and Ujjain
Ujjain
being the other major cities. Nicknamed the "Heart of India" due to its geographical location in India, Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
is the second-largest state in the country by area. With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India
India
by population. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
to the northeast, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
to the southeast, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
to the south, Gujarat
Gujarat
to the west, and Rajasthan
Rajasthan
to the northwest. Its total area is 308,252 km2
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Bombay
Mumbai
Mumbai
(/mʊmˈbaɪ/; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India
India
with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011
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Indian Civil Service
The Indian Civil Service (ICS) for part of the 19th century officially known as the Imperial Civil Service, was the elite higher civil service of the British Empire
British Empire
in British India
British India
during British rule in the period between 1858 and 1947. Its members ruled more than 300 million people[1] in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and Burma
Burma
(then comprising British Raj). They were ultimately responsible for overseeing all government activity in the 250 districts that comprised British India
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Sabarmati Central Jail
Sabarmati Central Jail (Ahmedabad Central Prison, Near Sunhashbridge Circle, Ahmedabad ) is the main prison in Ahmedabad in Gujarat. It was established in 1895.[1] Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned here for few days in 1922.[2]It is the hub of various activities for Reformation, Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Prisoners. Educational Institutes like IGNOU and BAOU are giving all correspondence courses to Prisoners. Spiritual Organizations of the Country like Patanjali Yogapeeth, Art Of Living, Ramkrishna Mission, ISKCON, Chinmay Mission, All World Gayatri Pariwar, Arya Samaj, Swadhyay Parivar, Isha Yoga Foundation, Brhmakumari, Bharat Sevashram Sangh, Shrimad Rajchandra Mission etc. are giving lectures, seminars, workshops and diving training. , References[edit]^ "18-foot tunnel found in Gujarat's Sabarmati jail, Indian Mujahideen hand suspected behind the escape plan : Gujarat, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 2013-02-11
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Curfew
A curfew is an order specifying a time during which certain regulations apply.[1][2]Contents1 Etymology 2 Types 3 By country3.1 Egypt 3.2 Iceland 3.3 Sri Lanka 3.4 United Kingdom 3.5 United States
United States
of America3.5.1 Juvenile curfews 3.5.2 Mall curfews 3.5.3 Curfews for all4 See also 5 Notes 6 External linksEtymology[edit] The word "curfew" comes from the French phrase "couvre-feu", which means "fire cover"
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Member Of Parliament (India)
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative, elected body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress, and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies, a form of government with a monarch as the head. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems (e.g. the French parliament), even where it is not in the official name. Historically, parliaments included various kinds of deliberative, consultative, and judicial assemblies, e.g
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