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Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp
Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp (23 April 1598 – 10 August 1653) was an officer and later admiral in the Dutch navy. His first name is also spelled Maerten.Contents1 Early life 2 Supreme commander of the confederate fleet 3 Legends 4 References 5 External linksEarly life[edit] Born in Brill, Tromp was the oldest son of Harpert Maertensz, a naval officer and captain of the frigate Olifantstromp ("Elephant Trunk"). The surname Tromp probably derives from the name of the ship; it first appeared in documents in 1607. His mother supplemented the family's income as a washerwoman
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Maarten Tromp (rower)
Maarten Tromp (born 26 July 1983) is a Dutch lightweight rower. He won a gold medal at the 2007 World Rowing Championships
World Rowing Championships
in Munich
Munich
with the lightweight men's eight.[1] References[edit]^ "Maarten Tromp". International Rowing Federation
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Dunkirkers
During the Dutch Revolt
Dutch Revolt
(1568–1648), the Dunkirkers or Dunkirk Privateers were commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish monarchy. They were also part of the Dunkirk
Dunkirk
fleet, which consequently was a part of the Spanish monarchy's Flemish fleet (Armada de Flandes). The Dunkirkers operated from the ports of the Flemish coast: Nieuwpoort, Ostend, and Dunkirk. Throughout the Eighty Years' War, the fleet of the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
repeatedly tried to destroy the Dunkirkers
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Barbary
The Barbary Coast, or Berber Coast, was the term used by Europeans from the 16th until the 19th century to refer to much of the collective land of the Berber people. Today, the term Greater Tamazgha or simply "Tamazgha" ("Greater Maghreb") corresponds roughly to "Barbary". The term Barbary Coast
Barbary Coast
emphasizes the Berber coastal regions and cities throughout the middle and western coastal regions of North Africa
Africa
– what is now modern nations of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. The English term "Barbary" (and its European varieties: Barbaria, Berbérie, etc.) referred mainly to the entire Berber lands including non-coastal regions, deep into the African continent, as seen in European geographical and political maps published during the 17th–20th centuries.[1] The name is derived from the Berber people
Berber people
of North Africa
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Tunis
Tunis
Tunis
(Arabic: تونس‎  Tūnis) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as Grand Tunis, has some 2,700,000 inhabitants. Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
gulf (the Gulf of Tunis), behind the Lake of Tunis
Lake of Tunis
and the port of La Goulette
La Goulette
(Ḥalq il-Wād), the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that surround it. At its core lies its ancient medina, a World Heritage Site
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Bey Of Tunis
The Beys of Tunis were the monarchs of Tunisia
Tunisia
from 1705, when the Husainid dynasty
Husainid dynasty
acceded to the throne, until 1957, when monarchy was abolished.Contents1 History 2 Beys of Tunis (1705–1956) 3 King of Tunisia
Tunisia
(1956–1957) 4 Genealogical tree 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] The Husainid dynasty, originally of Cretan Turkish origin, came to power under Al-Husayn I ibn Ali
Al-Husayn I ibn Ali
on July 15, 1705, replacing the Muradid dynasty. For most of their rule, the Husainids ruled with the title of Bey
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Jack Ward
John Ward or Birdy (c. 1553[1] – 1622), also known as Jack Ward or later as Yusuf Raïs, was an English pirate around the turn of the 17th century who later became a Barbary Corsair operating out of Tunis during the early 17th century.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Piracy2 Legacy 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External linksBiography[edit] Early life[edit] Little is known about Ward's early life. What little is known comes from a pamphlet purportedly written by someone who sailed with him during his pirate days. That said, Ward seems to have been born about 1553 probably in Faversham, Kent, in southeast England.[2] Like many born in coastal areas, he spent his youth and early adult years working in the fisheries. Then, after the failed invasion of England by the Spanish Armada
Spanish Armada
in 1588, he found work as a privateer, plundering Spanish ships with a license from Queen Elizabeth I of England
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Lieutenant
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations. The meaning of lieutenant differs in different military formations (see comparative military ranks), but is often subdivided into senior (first lieutenant) and junior (second lieutenant) ranks. In navies it is often equivalent to the army rank of captain; it may also indicate a particular post rather than a rank. The rank is also used in fire services, emergency medical services, security services and police forces. Lieutenant
Lieutenant
may also appear as part of a title used in various other organisations with a codified command structure. It often designates someone who is "second-in-command", and as such, may precede the name of the rank directly above it
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Admiralty Of The Maze
The Admiralty of Rotterdam, also called the Admiralty of de Maze, was one of the five Admiralties in the Dutch Republic.Contents1 History 2 Fleet-guardians (vlootvoogden) 3 Battle of Texel 4 External linksHistory[edit]Map of the Haringvliet in 1652The Admiralty of Rotterdam
Rotterdam
was founded in 1574 during the Dutch Revolt, when (after the Capture of Brielle) William I of Orange's supporters decided to pool their naval resources at Rotterdam. After a number of reorganisations seeking to foster cooperation between the Admiralties, the structure of the five Admiralties was determined and defined in a 1597 decision of the States-General of the Netherlands. The Admiralty had branches for equipping warships, protecting overseas trade and traffic on the sea and rivers, collecting taxes, and jurisdiction over loot and prize-setting
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Piet Hein (Netherlands)
Pieter Pietersen Heyn (Hein) (25 November 1577 – 18 June 1629) was a Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
during the Eighty Years' War between the United Provinces and Spain. Hein was the first and the last to capture such a large part of a Spanish "silver fleet" from America.Contents1 Early life 2 Spanish treasure fleet 3 Lieutenant-Admiral 4 Commemoration 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit] Hein was born in Delfshaven
Delfshaven
(now part of Rotterdam), the son of a sea captain, and he became a sailor while he was still a teenager. During his first journeys he suffered from extreme motion sickness.[1] In his twenties, he was captured by the Spanish, and served as a galley slave for about four years, probably between 1598 and 1602, when he was traded for Spanish prisoners
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Ostend
Ostend (Dutch: Oostende [oːstˈɛndə]; French: Ostende [ɔstɑ̃d]; German: Ostende [ʔɔstˈʔɛndə])[2] is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders. It comprises the boroughs of Mariakerke, Raversijde, Stene and Zandvoorde, and the city of Ostend
Ostend
proper – the largest on the Belgian coast.Contents1 History1.1 Origin to Middle Ages 1.2 Fifteenth to eighteenth century 1.3 19th century 1.4 20th century2 Sights 3 Museums 4 Climate 5 Transport 6 Gallery 7 Notable residents 8 Sport clubs 9 In popular culture 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External linksHistory[edit] Origin to Middle Ages[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Stadtholder
In the Low Countries, stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder, Dutch pronunciation: [ˈstɑtˌɦʌudər]), was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader. The title was used for the official tasked with maintaining peace and provincial order in the early Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
and, at times, became de facto head of state of the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
during the 16th to 18th centuries, which was an effectively hereditary role. For the last half century of its existence, it became an officially hereditary role and thus a monarchy (though maintaining republican pretence) under Prince William IV. His son, Prince William V, was the last stadtholder of the republic, whose own son, King William I, became the first king of the Netherlands
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Frederick Henry, Prince Of Orange
Frederick Henry, or Frederik Hendrik in Dutch (29 January 1584 – 14 March 1647), was the sovereign Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel
Overijssel
from 1625 to 1647. As the leading soldier in the Dutch wars against Spain, his main achievement was the successful Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch
Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch
in 1629. It was the main Spanish base and a well-fortified city protected by an experienced Spanish garrison and by formidable water defenses
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Commandeur
Commander
Commander
is a common naval and air force officer rank. Commander
Commander
is also used as a rank or title in other formal organisations, including several police forces. Commander
Commander
is also a generic term for an officer commanding any armed forces unit, for example "platoon commander", "brigade commander" and "squadron commander"
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Salé
Salé
Salé
(Arabic: سلا‎ Sala, Berber ⵙⵍⴰ Sla) is a city in north-western Morocco, on the right bank of the Bou Regreg
Bou Regreg
river, opposite the national capital Rabat, for which it serves as a commuter town. Founded in about 1030 by Arabic-speaking Berbers, the Banu Ifran,[3] it later became a haven for pirates in the 17th century as an independent republic before being incorporated into Alaouite Morocco. The city's name is sometimes transliterated as Salli or Sallee. The National Route 6 connects it to Fez and Meknes
Meknes
in the east and the N1 to Kénitra
Kénitra
in the north-east
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Deacon
A deacon is a member of the diaconate, an office in Christian churches that is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. In many traditions the diaconate is a clerical office; in others it is for laity
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