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M. Karunanidhi
MUTHUVEL KARUNANIDHI is the leader of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and 3rd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu . He became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
for the first time in 1969. On 13 May 2006, he became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time. He is also known for his writing works in the Tamil film industry. During the Thooku Medai play, M. R. Radha gave him the title of Kalaignar, which he is still called by his supporters till date
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Untouchability
UNTOUCHABILITY is the practice of ostracising a group by segregating them from the mainstream by social custom or legal mandate. The excluded group could be one that did not accept the norms of the excluding group and historically included foreigners, nomadic tribes, law-breakers and criminals and those suffering from a contagious disease. It could also be a group that did not accept change of customs enforced by a certain group. This exclusion was a method of punishing law-breakers and also protected traditional societies against contagion from strangers and the infected. A member of the excluded group is known as an UNTOUCHABLE. According to Dr. B. R. Ambedkar , untouchability was born about 400 AD, due to the struggle for supremacy between Buddhism
Buddhism
and Brahmanism (an ancient term for Brahmanical Hinduism)
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Vedic Brahmanism
BRAHMANISM is the religion that developed out of the historical Vedic religion in ancient India, and was followed between very roughly 1000 BCE and 500 BCE. The term is different from Brahminism , the latter is sometimes used to identify a ritualistic system led by the Brahmin priests in the Hindu
Hindu
society. The term Brahmanism is derived from the central metaphysical and pantheistic concept of Brahman
Brahman
that developed during the Vedic era, which was posited as that which existed before the creation of the universe, which constitutes all of existence thereafter, and into which the universe will dissolve into, followed by similar endless creation-maintenance-destruction cycles. The term Brahmanism is considered synonymous with Hinduism
Hinduism
, by some scholars
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Self-respect Marriages
The SELF-RESPECT MOVEMENT is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights , and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste -based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy. It was founded in 1921 by S.Ramanathan who invited E. V. Ramasamy (also called as Periyar by his devoted followers) to head the movement in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, India against Brahminism . The movement was extremely influential not just in Tamil Nadu, but also overseas in countries with large Tamil populations, such as Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore . Among Singapore
Singapore
Indians , groups like the Tamil Reform Association, and leaders like Thamizhavel G
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M. K. Muthu
M K MUTHU is an Indian actor , singer and politician . Muthu is the first son of former Tamil Nadu chief minister M Karunanidhi . Muthu first started acting in 1970, and appeared in films such as Pillaiyo Pillai , Samayalkaran, Anayavilaku, 'Ingeyum Manidhargal' and Pookari. He also sang a few numbers in his films. In 2008, he sang a song for the film Mattuthavani under music director Deva . CONTENTS* 1 Filmography * 1.1 Tamil * 2 Sources * 3 References FILMOGRAPHYTAMIL * Pillaiyo Pillai (1972) * Pookkari (1973) * Samayalkkaran (1974) * Anaya Vilakku (1975) * Nambikai Natchathiram (1975) * Ingeyum Manithargal (1975) * Ellam Avale (1977) * Thiruttu Rajakkal (1984)SOURCES * Hardgrave, Robert L. "Politics and the Film in Tamilnadu: The Stars and the DMK." Asian Survey, Vol. 13, No
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Zamindari
A ZAMINDAR in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat. The term means "land owner" in Persian. Typically hereditary, zamindars held enormous tracts of land and control over their peasants, from whom they reserved the right to collect tax on behalf of imperial courts or for military purposes. Their families carried titular suffixes of lordship , such as Babu , Sri
Sri
, Rai , Pillai , Rao , Chaudhuri , Khan , Sardar , Malik, Thakur, Wadero, Reddy,Thevar and Naidu. In the 19th and 20th centuries, with the advent of British imperialism, many wealthy and influential zamindars were bestowed with princely and royal titles such as Maharaja (Great King), Raja (King) and Nawab. During the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
, zamindars belonged to the nobility and formed the ruling class. Emperor Akbar
Akbar
granted them mansabs and their ancestral domains were treated as jagirs
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Justice Party (India)
The JUSTICE PARTY, officially the SOUTH INDIAN LIBERAL FEDERATION, was a political party in the Madras Presidency
Madras Presidency
of British India
British India
. It was established in 1917 by T. M. Nair and P. Theagaraya Chetty as a result of a series of non- Brahmin
Brahmin
conferences and meetings in the presidency. Communal division between Brahmins and non-Brahmins began in the presidency during the late-19th and early-20th century, mainly due to caste prejudices and disproportionate Brahminical representation in government jobs. The Justice Party's foundation marked the culmination of several efforts to establish an organisation to represent the non-Brahmins in Madras. During its early years, the party was involved in petitioning the imperial administrative bodies and British politicians demanding more representation for non-Brahmins in government
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Kalaignar TV
KALAIGNAR TV (Tamil : கலைஞர் தொலைக்காட்சி) (also known as KALAIGNAR) is a Tamil-language satellite television channel based in Chennai
Chennai
, India
India
. CONTENTS * 1 Programming * 2 Channels * 3 2G scam * 4 References * 5 External links PROGRAMMING Main article: List of programs broadcast by Kalaignar TV Recently on the weekend this channel telecasts children's films of CSFI. RANK YEAR SHOW STATUS NO. OF EPISODES 1 2013 – present Madipakkam Madhavan Off-air 380+ 2 2014 – 2016 Romapuri Pandian Off-air 240+CHANNELSThe Kalaignar Network has introduced many channels to support views over public dominance within South Asia
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Tamil Cinema
TAMIL CINEMA refers to Indian motion pictures produced in the language of Tamil . Based in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, the hub of the Tamil film industry is in the Kodambakkam neighbourhood of Chennai
Chennai
. KOLLYWOOD is a colloquial term used to describe this industry, the word being a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood
Hollywood
. Tamil cinema
Tamil cinema
has been described as the second leading industry of South Indian cinema
Indian cinema
, after Telugu cinema
Telugu cinema
and accounting for the third-largest global box office gross after Hindi cinema (also known as Bollywood
Bollywood
) and Telugu cinema
Telugu cinema
among all Indian film industries
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Rationalism
In philosophy , RATIONALISM is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". More formally, rationalism is defined as a methodology or a theory "in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive ". In an old controversy, rationalism was opposed to empiricism , where the rationalists believed that reality has an intrinsically logical structure. Because of this, the rationalists argued that certain truths exist and that the intellect can directly grasp these truths. That is to say, rationalists asserted that certain rational principles exist in logic , mathematics , ethics , and metaphysics that are so fundamentally true that denying them causes one to fall into contradiction
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Kallakudi
KALLAKUDI is a panchayat town in Tiruchirappalli district
Tiruchirappalli district
in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. DEMOGRAPHICSAs of 2001 India
India
census , Kallakudi (கல்லக்குடி) had a population of 11,625. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kallakudi
Kallakudi
has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 80%. In Kallakudi, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. REFERENCES * ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01
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Telugu People
The TELUGU PEOPLE or TELUGU PRAJALU (Telugu : తెలుగు ప్రజలు) are a Dravidian ethnic group that natively speak Telugu . The majority of Telugus reside in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh , Telangana
Telangana
and the Union Territory Yanam . They also have a significant population in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, Karnataka
Karnataka
, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Odisha
Odisha
. The Telugu language
Telugu language
is the most spoken language in South India, the third-most spoken language in India
India
and the fourth most in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
, following Hindi, Bengali and Punjabi
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Nagapattinam District
NAGAPATTINAM DISTRICT is a coastal district of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
state in southern India
India
. Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
district was carved out by bifurcating the erstwhile composite Thanjavur district
Thanjavur district
on October 19, 1991. The town of Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
is the district headquarters. As of 2011, the district had a population of 1,616,450 with a sex-ratio of 1,025 females for every 1,000 males
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M. R. Radha
MADRAS RAJAGOPALA RADHAKRISHNAN NAIDU (14 April 1907 – 17 September 1979), popularly known by his stage name, M. R. RADHA, was an Indian film actor and politician. He was given the title of "Nadigavel" (Spearhead of acting / frontrunner /torchbearer) by E.V.R. Periyar in a stage, for his acting prowess. After a successful career on stage in his early years, he acted in films from the 1930s to the 1970s, and then, giving up films, he went back to his first love, the stage. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 MGR Shooting incident * 3 Death * 4 Personal life * 5 Filmography * 6 References * 7 External links CAREERRadha left his home at an early age due to a quarrel with his mother in which she declined to give an extra piece of fish to eat. Radha was a popular theatre artist who performed in more than 5000 stage shows. Starting at the age of 10, he appeared at first in small roles and eventually grew to a level that stories for dramas were custom made for him
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Dravidian Movement
The SELF-RESPECT MOVEMENT is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights , and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste -based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy. It was founded in 1925 by E. V. Ramasamy (also called as Periyar by his devoted followers) in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, India against Brahminism . The movement was extremely influential not just in Tamil Nadu, but also overseas in countries with large Tamil populations, such as Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore
Singapore

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Tamil Nadu
^# Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana
is the national anthem, while "Invocation to Tamil Mother" is the state song/anthem. ^† Established in 1773; Madras State was formed in 1950 and renamed as Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
on 14 January 1969 ^^ Tamil is the official language of the state. English is declared as an additional official language for communication purposes. Symbols EMBLEM Srivilliputhur Andal temple LANGUAGE Tamil SONG " Invocation to Goddess Tamil " DANCE Bharathanattiyam ANIMAL Nilgiri tahr
Nilgiri tahr
BIRD Emerald dove
Emerald dove
FLOWER Gloriosa lily TREE Palm tree SPORT Kabaddi
Kabaddi
TAMIL NADU (Tamil pronunciation: ( listen ) literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India
India

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