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Luis Carlos Martins Pena
Luís Carlos Martins Pena (November 5, 1815 – December 7, 1848) was a Brazilian playwright, famous for introducing to Brazil
Brazil
the "comedy of manners", winning the epithet of "the Brazilian Molière". He is patron of the 29th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 See also 4 External linksLife[edit] Martins Pena was born in Rio de Janeiro, to João Martins Pena and Francisca de Paula Julieta Pena. Losing his father when he was 1 year old, and his mother when he was 10, he was delivered to the care of tutors, who ingressed him at the world of commerce. However, seeing that it was not what he wanted, he entered at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes in 1835, learning Architecture, Statuary, Drawing and Music. Entering at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1838, he travelled to many countries, such as England, where he contracted tuberculosis
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Rio De Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(/ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛəroʊ, -deɪ ʒə-, -də dʒə-/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u d(ʒi) ʒɐˈnejɾu];[3] River of January), or simply Rio,[4] is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil
Brazil
and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Brazil
Brazil
and sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's third-most populous state
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Hermes Lima
Hermes Lima (born Livramento de Nossa Senhora, 22 December 1902;[1] died Rio de Janeiro, 10 October 1978) was Brazilian politician who was the Prime Minister of Brazil, jurist, and winner of the 1975 Prêmio Machado de Assis. Political career[edit] He originally became an elected federal deputy of the National Democratic Union in 1945, but two years later co-founded and joined the Brazilian Socialist Party.[2] Under João Goulart
João Goulart
he served as Labor Minister[3] and later as Prime Minister (from September 18, 1962 until January 23, 1963).[4] He would go on to serve in the Brazilian Supreme Court before being forced into retirement by the military dictatorship in 1969.[5] References[edit]^ Black into white: race and nationality in Brazilian thought : with a preface ... by Thomas E. Skidmore, pg 266 ^ The Brazilian workers' ABC: class conflict and alliances in modern São Paulo by John D
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Carlos Nejar
Luis Carlos Verzoni Nejar, better known as Carlos Nejar (born January 11, 1939 in Porto Alegre), is a Brazilian poet, author, translator and critic, and a member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras. One of the most important poets of its generation, Nejar, also called "o poeta do pampa brasileiro", is distinguished for his use of an extensive vocabulary, alliteration, and pandeism. His first book, Sélesis, was published in 1960. Nejar was elected to the fourth seat of the Brazilian Academy of Letters on November 24, 1988, succeeding Viana Moog. Works[edit] PoetrySélesis - Livraria do Globo, Porto Alegre, 1960. Livro de Silbion - editora Difusão de Cultura, Porto Alegre, 1963. Livro do tempo - editora Champagnat, Porto Alegre, 1965. O campeador e o vento - editora Sulina, Porto Alegre, 1966. Danações - José Álvaro Editor, Rio de Janeiro, em 1969. Ordenações, editora Globo em convênio com o Instituto Nacional do Livro (INL)
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Bernardo Guimarães
Bernardo Joaquim da Silva Guimarães (Portuguese pronunciation: [beʁˈnaʁdu ɡimaˈɾɐ̃jʃ]; August 15, 1825 – March 10, 1884) was a Brazilian poet and novelist. He is the author of the famous romances A Escrava Isaura and O Seminarista. He also introduced to Brazilian poetry
Brazilian poetry
the verso bestialógico (Portuguese: [ˈvɛɾsu beʃtʃjaˈlɔʒiku], roughly silly verse), also referred to as pantagruélico (in a reference to Rabelais's character Pantagruel) — poems whose verses are very nonsensical, although very metrical. Under the verso bestialógico, he wrote polemical erotic verses, such as "O Elixir do Pajé" (The Witchdoctor's Elixir) and "A Origem do Mênstruo" (The Origin of Menstruation)
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Raimundo Correia
Raimundo da Mota de Azevedo Correia (May 13, 1859 – September 13, 1911) was a Brazilian Parnassian poet, judge and magistrate. Alongside Alberto de Oliveira
Alberto de Oliveira
and Olavo Bilac, he was a member of the "Parnassian Triad". He founded and occupied the 5th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1911.Contents1 Life 2 Bibliography 3 References 4 External linksLife[edit] Correia was born on a ship anchored in the shores of São Luís, Maranhão, to desembargador José da Mota de Azevedo Correia and Maria Clara Vieira da Mota de Azevedo Correia. Correia made his secondary course at the Colégio Pedro II, and graduated in Law in 1882, at the Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo
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Oswaldo Cruz
Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, better known as Oswaldo Cruz
Oswaldo Cruz
(Portuguese pronunciation: [oʒˈvawdu ˈkɾuʃ]; August 5, 1872 in São Luís do Paraitinga, São Paulo province, Brazil
Brazil
– February 11, 1917 in Petrópolis,
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Rachel De Queiroz
Rachel de Queiroz
Rachel de Queiroz
(Brazilian Portuguese: [ʁaˈkɛw d(ʒ)i ˈkejˈɾɔs], November 17, 1910 – November 4, 2003) was a Brazilian author, translator and journalist.Contents1 Biography 2 Legacy 3 Works3.1 Novels 3.2 Drama 3.3 Collections of chronicles 3.4 Non-fiction4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Rachel was born on 17 November 1910 in Fortaleza, capital of the northeastern state of Ceará.[1] During her childhood, her family spent a couple of years in
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Casimiro De Abreu
Casimiro José Marques de Abreu (January 4, 1839 – October 18, 1860) was a Brazilian poet, novelist and playwright, adept of the "Ultra-Romanticism" movement. He is famous for the poem "Meus oito anos". He is patron of the 6th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. Life[edit] Casimiro de Abreu was born on January 4, 1839, in the city of Barra de São João (renamed "Casimiro de Abreu" in his honor in 1925), to rich Portuguese farmers José Joaquim Marques de Abreu and Luísa Joaquina das Neves. He received only a basic education at Instituto Freeze, in Nova Friburgo, where he met and befriended Pedro Luís Pereira de Sousa. Following orders of his father, he moved to Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
in 1852 to dedicate himself to commerce, an activity which he hated. With his father, he travelled to Portugal
Portugal
in 1853
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Barbosa Lima Sobrinho
Alexandre José Barbosa Lima e Sobrinho (January 22, 1897 – July 16, 2000) was a Brazilian lawyer, writer, historian, essayist, journalist and politician Sobrinho was born in Recife
Recife
on January 22, 1897. In 1917 he graduated in law and social sciences in Recife. In 1926 he published his first book and was elected president of the Brazilian Press Association.[1] He was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
Brazilian Academy of Letters
since 1937 and, at the end of the 1990s, appeared in the Guinness World Records as the oldest active journalist in the world. Author of over 70 books, he died in 2000 at the age of 103.[2] References[edit]^ Barbosa Lima Sobrinho. Retrieved 2013-09-02 ^ "Jornalista Barbosa Lima Sobrinho morre no Rio aos 103 anos". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). Grupo Folha. 2000-07-16
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Castro Alves
Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves
Castro Alves
(March 14, 1847 – July 6, 1871) was a Brazilian poet and playwright, famous for his abolitionist and republican poems
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Euclides Da Cunha
Euclides da Cunha[1] (Portuguese: [ewˈklidʒiʒ dɐ ˈkũɲɐ], January 20, 1866 – August 15, 1909) was a Brazilian journalist, sociologist and engineer. His most important work is Os Sertões (Rebellion in the Backlands), a non-fictional account of the military expeditions promoted by the Brazilian government against the rebellious village of Canudos, known as the War of Canudos. This book was a favorite of Robert Lowell, who ranked it above Tolstoy. Jorge Luis Borges also commented on it in his short story "Three Versions of Judas". The book was translated into English by Samuel Putnam and published by the University of Chicago Press
University of Chicago Press
in 1944. It remains in print. Euclides da Cunha
Euclides da Cunha
was heavily influenced by Naturalism and its Darwinian proponents
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Afrânio Peixoto
Dr. Júlio Afrânio Peixoto (December 17, 1876 – January 12, 1947) was a Brazilian physician, writer, politician, historian, university president, and pioneering eugenicist
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Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes De Miranda
Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda (April 23, 1892 – December 22, 1979) was a prominent Brazilian jurist, judge, diplomat and professor of Law
Law
at the Federal University of Pernambuco. He occupied the 7th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
Brazilian Academy of Letters
in 1979, until his death. He is best known for the extent of his works, which covers several areas of knowledge, including Law, Sociology, Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Mathematics, and were published in Portuguese, German, French, Spanish and Italian. Life[edit] Pontes de Miranda was born in Maceió
Maceió
and studied in Recife, receiving his diploma in Law
Law
in 1911
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Basílio Da Gama
José Basílio da Gama
Basílio da Gama
(April 10, 1740 – July 31, 1795) was a Portuguese poet and member of the Society of Jesus, born in the colony of Brazil, famous for the epic poem O Uraguai. He wrote under pen name Termindo Sipílio. He is patron of the 4th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. Biography[edit] José Basílio da Gama
Basílio da Gama
was born in 1740, in the city of São José do Rio das Mortes (whose name was later changed to Tiradentes), in Minas Gerais, to Manuel da Costa Villas-Boas and Quitéria Inácia da Gama. The death of his father, when he was a young child, caused a hard situation in his life. During this period, a brigadier named Alpoim who served as his protector sent him to Rio de Janeiro, where he studied at Jesuit
Jesuit
College, starting his novitiate for the Society of Jesus
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Nelson Pereira Dos Santos
Nelson Pereira dos Santos (born 22 October 1928) is a Brazilian film director. He directed films such as Vidas Secas (Barren Lives), based on the book with the same name by Brazilian writer Graciliano Ramos. Santos was born in São Paulo. The first feature film he directed was Rio 40°, which was released in 1955. The film is a chronicle of life in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, and it influenced several other directors, spurring the Cinema Novo movement. In 1963, he was a member of the jury at the 3rd Moscow International Film Festival.[1] In 1981 he was a member of the jury at the 12th Moscow International Film Festival.[2] His most well-known film outside Brazil
Brazil
is Como Era Gostoso o Meu Francês (How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman, 1971)
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