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Lucius Cornelius Sulla
LUCIUS CORNELIUS SULLA FELIX (/ˈsʌlə/ ; c. 138 BC – 78 BC), known commonly as SULLA, was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship . Sulla
Sulla
was a skillful general, achieving numerous successes in wars against different opponents, both foreign and Roman. He was awarded a grass crown , the most prestigious Roman military honor, during the Social War . Sulla's dictatorship came during a high point in the struggle between optimates and populares , the former seeking to maintain the Senate 's oligarchy, and the latter espousing populism. In a dispute over the eastern army command (initially awarded to Sulla
Sulla
by the Senate but withdrawn as a result of Gaius Marius\'s intrigues) Sulla
Sulla
marched on Rome
Rome
in an unprecedented act and defeated Marius in battle
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Rome
ROME (/roʊm/ ROHM ; Italian : Roma ( listen ), Latin
Latin
: Rōma) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,876,051 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber
Tiber

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Parallel Lives
Plutarch
Plutarch
's LIVES OF THE NOBLE GREEKS AND ROMANS, commonly called PARALLEL LIVES or PLUTARCH\'S LIVES, is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings, probably written at the beginning of the second century AD. The surviving Parallel Lives
Parallel Lives
(Greek : Βίοι Παράλληλοι, Bíoi Parállēloi) comprises 23 pairs of biographies, each pair consisting of one Greek and one Roman , as well as four unpaired, single lives. It is a work of considerable importance, not only as a source of information about the individuals described, but also about the times in which they lived
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Lysander
LYSANDER (/laɪˈsændər, ˈlaɪˌsændər/ ; died 395 BC, Greek : Λύσανδρος, Lýsandros) was a Spartan admiral who commanded the Spartan fleet in the Hellespont
Hellespont
which defeated the Athenians at Aegospotami in 405 BC. The following year, he was able to force the Athenians to capitulate, bringing the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
to an end; he organized the dominion of Sparta
Sparta
over Greece in the last decade of his life
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Populares
The POPULāRēS ("favouring the people", singular populāris) were a grouping in the late Roman Republic
Roman Republic
which favoured the cause of the plebeians (the commoners), particularly the urban poor. It supported laws regarding the provision of a grain dole for the poor by the state at a subsidised price. It wanted reforms which helped the poor, particularly redistributing land for the poor to farm, and debt relief. At times it also supported the extension of Roman citizenship to Rome's Italic allies. A popularis was a politician who supported this faction. The populares are regarded in modern scholarship as in opposition to the optimates , who are identified with the conservative interests of the patricians (the aristocracy) and supported the senate, which represented its interests
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Marcus Terentius Varro
MARCUS TERENTIUS VARRO (occasionally Anglicized as MARC TERENCE VARRO; 116 BC – 27 BC) was an ancient Roman scholar and writer. He is sometimes called VARRO REATINUS to distinguish him from his younger contemporary Varro Atacinus . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Calendars * 3 Works * 3.1 Extant works * 3.2 Known lost works * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHY Statue of Marcus Terentius Varro
Marcus Terentius Varro
in Rieti Varro was born in or near Reate (now Rieti ) to a family thought to be of equestrian rank, and always remained close to his roots in the area, owning a large farm in the Reatine plain , reported as near Lago di Ripa Sottile, until his old age. He supported Pompey
Pompey
, reaching the office of praetor , after having been tribune of the people , quaestor and curule aedile
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Julia Cornelia
JULIA, or possibly ILIA (c. 129 BC – c. 104 BC), was a Roman noblewoman who was the first wife of Sulla , later a Roman dictator . Little is known of her life and sources are confused as to whether her name was Julia or Ilia. If Julia is correct, she could have been a daughter of Lucius Julius Caesar II , and therefore a sister of future consul Lucius Julius Caesar III and Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus . Around 110 BC, while both were young, Julia married Sulla. A marital connection to the Julii Caesares may have served Sulla in his political life, as when he was chosen to serve under Gaius Marius in the Jugurthine War . Julia and Sulla had a daughter, Cornelia , who later was active in Roman society. Julia apparently died young, and Sulla married his second wife, Aelia. NOTES * ^ A B Keaveney, p. 8. * ^ Keaveney, p. 8, 13-14.REFERENCES * Keaveney, Arthur, Sulla: The Last Republican, Routledge; 2 edition (June 23, 2005)
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Sulla (other)
SULLA can refer to: * Sulla , a Roman dictator * Sulla , the cognomen used by members of Cornelii Sullae, a family within the gens Cornelia and relatives of the Roman dictator * Sulla (plant) , a genus of legumes * A Celtic goddess also called Sulis * Sullah Upazila , a place in Bangladesh This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SULLA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intende
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Second Punic War
768,500 * 54,000 Active Roman soldiers * 53,500 Roman capital detail * 388,000 Socii * 273,300 Reserves 700,000+ CASUALTIES AND LOSSES 300,000+ 316,000+ * v * t * e Second Punic War
Second Punic War
Prelude * Saguntum * Rhone * Crossing of the Alps Hannibal's invasion of Ita
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Marian Reforms
The MARIAN REFORMS of 107 BC were a group of military reforms initiated by Gaius Marius
Gaius Marius
, a statesman and general of the Roman Republic
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Cloelia
CLOELIA is a legendary woman from the early history of ancient Rome . As part of the peace treaty which ended the war between Rome and Clusium in 508 BC, Roman hostages were taken by Lars Porsena . One of the hostages, a young woman named Cloelia, fled the Clusian camp, leading away a group of Roman virgins. According to Valerius Maximus
Valerius Maximus
, she fled upon a horse, then swam across the Tiber
Tiber
. Porsena demanded that she be returned, and the Romans consented. Upon her return, however, Porsena was so impressed by her bravery that he allowed her to choose half the remaining hostages to be freed. She selected the young Roman boys, so that they could continue the war. The Romans gave Cloelia
Cloelia
an honour usually reserved for men: an equestrian statue , located at the top of the Via Sacra
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Publius Cornelius Sulla (praetor 186 BC)
CORNELIUS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 People * 2 Place names * 3 Other uses * 4 See also PEOPLE * Cornelius (name) , a Roman family name and a masculine given name * Pope Cornelius , pope from AD 251 to 253 * St. Cornelius (other) , multiple saints * Cornelius (musician) , stage name of Keigo Oyamada * Cornelius the Centurion , Roman centurion considered by Christians to be the first Gentile to convert to the Christian faithPLACE NAMES * Cornelius, Indiana * Cornelius, North Carolina * Cornelius, Oregon OTHER USES * Cornelius keg , a metal container originally used by the soft drink industry * Adam E
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Appian
APPIAN OF ALEXANDRIA (/ˈæpiən/ ; Greek : Ἀππιανὸς Ἀλεξανδρεύς Appianós Alexandréfs; Latin
Latin
: Appianus Alexandrinus; c. AD 95 – c. AD 165) was a Greek historian with Roman citizenship who flourished during the reigns of Emperors of Rome Trajan
Trajan
, Hadrian
Hadrian
, and Antoninus Pius
Antoninus Pius
. He was born c. 95 in Alexandria. After holding the chief offices in the province of Aegyptus (Egypt), he went to Rome
Rome
c. 120, where he practised as an advocate , pleading cases before the emperors (probably as advocatus fisci). It was in 147 at the earliest that he was appointed to the office of procurator , probably in Egypt, on the recommendation of his friend Marcus Cornelius Fronto , a well-known litterateur
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Patrician (ancient Rome)
The PATRICIANS (from Latin : patricius) were originally a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome . Although the distinction was highly significant in the early Republic , its relevance waned after the Conflict of the Orders
Conflict of the Orders
(494 BC to 287 BC), and by the time of the late Republic and Empire , membership in the patriciate was of only nominal significance. After the fall of the Western Empire it remained a high honorary title in the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
. Medieval patrician classes were once again formally defined groups of leading burgess families in many medieval Italian republics , such as Venice and Genoa , and subsequently "patrician" became a vague term used for aristocrats and the higher bourgeoisie in many countries. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and Empire * 2.1 Status * 2.2 Patricians vs
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Glyptothek
The GLYPTOTHEK (German: ( listen )) is a museum in Munich
Munich
, Germany , which was commissioned by the Bavarian King Ludwig I to house his collection of Greek and Roman sculptures (hence γλυπτο- glypto- "sculpture", from the Greek verb γλύφειν glyphein "to carve"). It was designed by Leo von Klenze in the neoclassical style , and built from 1816 to 1830. Today the museum is a part of the Kunstareal
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Munich
MUNICH (/ˈmjuːnɪk/ ; German: München, pronounced ( listen ), Austro-Bavarian : Minga , Czech : Mnichov) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria
Bavaria
, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps
Alps
. Munich
Munich
is also the third largest city in Germany, after Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg
Hamburg
, and the 12th largest city in the European Union, with a population of around 1.5 million. The Munich Metropolitan Region
Munich Metropolitan Region
is home to 6 million people
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