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Louis Des Balbes De Berton De Crillon
Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon
Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon
(c. 1541, Murs, Provence
Provence
- 2 December 1615, Avignon) was a French soldier, called the man without fear and, by Henry IV the brave of the brave. Trained in Avignon
Avignon
and later under Guise of Lorraine, Crillon became an officer in 1557 and distinguished himself in the siege of Calais and the capture of Guînes
Guînes
through his courage. He suppressed the conspiracy of Amboise in 1560 and fought against the Huguenots
Huguenots
and excelled at Dreux, St. Denis, Jarnac and Moncontour. After the peace of St. Germain (1570), he fought as a Maltese under John of Austria
John of Austria
against the Turks and participated in the battle of Lepanto. Openly condemning the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, he fought at the Siege of La Rochelle (1572-1573)
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Battle Of Lepanto (1571)
Coordinates: 38°15′N 21°15′E / 38.250°N 21.250°E / 38.250; 21.250Battle of LepantoPart of the Fourth Ottoman-Venetian War, Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Ottoman-Habsburg wars
and The Ottoman-Portuguese WarThe Battle of Lepanto, unknown artist, late 16th century[1]Date 7 October 1571Location Gulf of Patras, Ionian SeaResult Holy League victory[a][2]Belligerents Holy League: Republic of Venice Habsburg Spain Portugal Papal States  Republic of Genoa Knights of Malta Grand Duchy of Tuscany
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Henry I, Duke Of Guise
Henry I, Prince of Joinville, Duke of Guise, Count of Eu
Count of Eu
(31 December 1550 – 23 December 1588), sometimes called Le Balafré (Scarface), was the eldest son of Francis, Duke of Guise, and Anna d'Este. His maternal grandparents were Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, and Renée of France. Through his maternal grandfather, he was a descendant of Lucrezia Borgia
Lucrezia Borgia
and Pope Alexander VI. In 1576 he founded the Catholic League to prevent the heir, King Henry of Navarre, head of the Huguenot
Huguenot
movement, from succeeding to the French throne. A key figure in the French Wars of Religion, he was one of the namesakes of the War of the Three Henrys
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Siege Of La Rochelle (1572-1573)
Siege
Siege
Army: 12,000 (including sickness and desertion)[1] 73% casualty rate among officers.[1] Almost entire army and all refugees deadv t eFrench Wars of ReligionMérindol (1545) Amboise (1560)1st–7th wars1562–63 Edict of Saint-Germain Vassy Rouen Toulouse Vergt Dreux Orléans Edict of Amboise1567–68 Saint-Denis Chartres1568–70 Jarnac La Roche-l'Abeille Orthez Moncontour1572–73 Mons St
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Henry III Of France
Henry III (19 September 1551 – 2 August 1589; born Alexandre Édouard de France, Polish: Henryk Walezy, Lithuanian: Henrikas Valua) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
from 1573 to 1575 and King of France
King of France
from 1574 until his death. He was the last French monarch of the House of Valois. As the fourth son of King Henry II of France, he was not expected to inherit the French throne and thus was a good candidate for the vacant throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, where he was elected King/Grand Duke in 1573. During his brief rule, he signed the Henrician Articles into law, recognizing the Polish nobility's right to freely elect their monarch
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Poland
Coordinates: 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic
Republic
of Poland Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska  (
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Lyon
Centre: Parc de la Tête d'Or, Confluence district and the Vieux Lyon. Bottom: Pont Lafayette, Part-Dieu district with the Place Bellecour
Place Bellecour
in foreground during Festival of Lights.FlagCoat of armsMotto(s): Avant, avant, Lion le melhor. (Old Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon
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Catholic League (French)
The Catholic League of France (French: La Ligue catholique), sometimes referred to by contemporary (and modern) Catholics as the Holy League (La Sainte Ligue), was a major participant in the French Wars of Religion. Formed by Henry I, Duke of Guise, in 1576,[citation needed] the League intended the eradication of Protestants—mainly Calvinists or Huguenots—out of Catholic France during the Protestant Reformation, as well as the replacement of King Henry III. Pope Sixtus V, Philip II of Spain, and the Jesuits
Jesuits
were all supporters of this Catholic party.Contents1 The Catholic League's political origins 2 History of the League 3 Assessment 4 References 5 See alsoThe Catholic League's political origins[edit]Henry, Duke of Guise, founder and leader of the Catholic LeagueProcession de la Ligue dans l'Ile de la Cité by François II Bunel (1522-1599)
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La Fère
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. La Fère
La Fère
is a commune in the Aisne
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Battle Of Ivry
The Battle of Ivry
Battle of Ivry
was fought on 14 March 1590, during the French Wars of Religion. The battle was a decisive victory for Henry IV of France, leading Huguenot
Huguenot
and English forces against the Catholic League by the Duc de Mayenne and Spanish forces under the Count of Egmont. Henry's forces were victorious and he went on to lay siege to Paris.[1] The battle occurred on the plain of Épieds, Eure
Eure
near Ivry (later renamed Ivry-la-Bataille), Normandy. Ivry-la-Bataille
Ivry-la-Bataille
is located on the Eure
Eure
River and about thirty miles west of Paris, at the boundary between the Île-de- France
France
and the Beauce
Beauce
regions.Contents1 Prelude 2 The battle 3 Aftermath 4 ReferencesPrelude[edit] Henry IV had moved rapidly to besiege Dreux, a town controlled by the League
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Murs, Vaucluse
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.Murs (Mus in Occitan) is a commune in the Vaucluse
Vaucluse
department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur<
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Paris
Paris
(French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official population of 2,206,488 (2015).[5] The city is a commune and department, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of Spain Reino de España  (Spanish)6 other official names[a][b]Aragonese: Reino d'EspanyaAsturian: Reinu d'EspañaBasque: Espainiako ErresumaCatalan: Regne d'EspanyaGalician: Reino de EspañaOccitan: Reiaume d'EspanhaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March"Location of  Spain  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Madrid 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national language Spanish[c]Co-official languages in certain autonomous communities Catalan Galician Basque OccitanEthnic groups (2015)89.9% Spanish 10.1% othersReligi
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Savoy
Savoy
Savoy
(/səˈvɔɪ/;[2] Arpitan: Savouè, IPA: [saˈvwɛ]; French: Savoie
Savoie
[savwa]; Italian: Savoia [saˈvɔːja]; German: Savoyen [zaˈvɔʏ̯ən]) is a cultural region in Western Europe. It comprises roughly the territory of the Western Alps
Western Alps
between Lake Geneva
Lake Geneva
in the north and Dauphiné
Dauphiné
in the south. The historical land of Savoy
Savoy
emerged as the feudal territory of the House of Savoy
House of Savoy
during the 11th to 14th centuries
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Vaucluse
The Vaucluse
Vaucluse
(French pronunciation: ​[vo.klyz] ; Occitan: Vauclusa in classical norm or Vau-Cluso in Mistralian norm) is a department in the southeast of France, named after the famous spring, the Fontaine de Vaucluse. The name Vaucluse
Vaucluse
derives from the Latin Vallis Clausa (closed valley) as the valley here ends in a cliff face from which emanates a spring whose origin is so far in and so deep that it remains to be defined.Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Tourism 5 See also 6 External linksHistory[edit] Vaucluse
Vaucluse
was created on 12 August 1793 out of parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme, and Basses-Alpes (later renamed Alpes-de-Haute-Provence)
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Département In France
(including overseas)Departments (including overseas)ArrondissementsCantonsIntercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d'agglomération Communauté de communesCommunes Associated communes Municipal arrondissementsOthers in Overseas France Overseas collectivities Sui generis collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton IslandIn the administrative divisions of France, the department (French: département, pronounced [depaʁt(ə)mɑ̃]) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune. There are 96 departments in metropolitan France, and 5 overseas departments, which are also classified as regions
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