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Louis, Grand Condé
Louis de Bourbon or Louis II, Prince of Condé
Prince of Condé
(8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686) was a French general and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. For his military prowess he was renowned as le Grand Condé.Contents1 Biography 2 Thirty Years' War 3 Fronde 4 Rehabilitation 5 Ancestry 6 Issue 7 Titles and styles 8 Legacy 9 Notes 10 References 11 SourcesBiography[edit] Louis was born in Paris, the son of Henri II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency.[1] His father was a first cousin-once-removed of Henry IV, the King of France, and his mother was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families. Condé's father saw to it that his son received a thorough education – Louis studied history, law, and mathematics during six years at the Jesuits' school at Bourges
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Flanders
Flanders
Flanders
(Dutch: Vlaanderen [ˈvlaːndərə(n)] ( listen), French: Flandre [flɑ̃dʁ], German: Flandern, [flɑndɛɹn]) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history. It is one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. The demonym associated with Flanders
Flanders
is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish
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Siege Of Perpignan (1642)
The Siege of Perpignan
Perpignan
was a siege during the Catalan Revolt. History[edit] The troops of Louis XIII of France
Louis XIII of France
besieged Perpignan
Perpignan
since November 4, 1641. The King himself was present during spring 1642, but left before the conquest of the city. Two Spanish attempts to relieve the city failed: on land in the Battle of Montmeló on March 28 and at sea in the Battle of Barcelona in July. The governor, the Marquis de Flores Dávila, was forced to surrender the city on September 9, 1642, because of the large number of casualties by hunger and the fall of Cotlliure. The city was occupied by French troops supported by the Catalan rebels
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Gaston, Duke Of Orléans
Gaston, Duke of Orléans
Duke of Orléans
(24 April 1608 – 2 February 1660), was the third son of King Henry IV of France
France
and his wife Marie de Medici. As a son of the king, he was born a Fils de France. He later acquired the title Duke of Orléans, by which he was generally known during his adulthood. As the eldest surviving brother of King Louis XIII, he was known at court by the traditional honorific Monsieur.Contents1 Early life 2 Marriages 3 Later life 4 Ancestors 5 See also 6 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Gaston Jean Baptiste was born at the Palace of Fontainebleau
Palace of Fontainebleau
on 24 April 1608 and at birth was given the title of Duke of Anjou. As a child, he was raised under the supervision of the royal governess Françoise de Montglat
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Armand Jean Du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu
Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, 1st Duke of Richelieu and Fronsac (French pronunciation: ​[aʁmɑ̃ ʒɑ̃ dy plɛsi]; 9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642), commonly referred to as Cardinal Richelieu
Cardinal Richelieu
(French: Cardinal de Richelieu [kaʁdinal d(ə) ʁiʃ(ə)ljø]), was a French clergyman, nobleman, and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
and the French government, becoming a cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered. Cardinal de Richelieu was often known by the title of the king's "Chief Minister" or "First Minister". He sought to consolidate royal power and crush domestic factions
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Gentleman Of The Bedchamber
Gentleman
Gentleman
of the Bedchamber was a title in the royal household of the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
from the 11th century, later used also in the Kingdom of Great Britain.


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Lord
Lord
Lord
is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power over others acting like a master, a chief, or a ruler.[1][2] The appellation can also denote certain persons who hold a title of the peerage in the United Kingdom, or are entitled to courtesy titles
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Fiancée
An engagement, betrothal, or fiancer is a promise to wed, and also the period of time between a marriage proposal and a marriage. During this period, a couple is said to be betrothed, intended, affianced, engaged to be married, or simply engaged. Future brides and grooms may be called the betrothed, a wife-to-be or husband-to-be, fiancée or fiancé (from the French word of the same form), respectively. The duration of the courtship varies vastly, and is largely dependent on cultural norms or upon the agreement of the parties involved. Long engagements were once common in formal arranged marriages, and it was not uncommon for parents betrothing children to arrange marriages many years before the engaged couple were old enough
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Châteauroux
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(French pronunciation: ​[ʃatoʁu]) is the capital of the Indre
Indre
department[1] in central France
France
and the second-largest town in the province of Berry, after Bourges
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Arras
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Arras
Arras
(/ˈærəs/; French pronunciation: ​[aʁɑs]; Dutch: Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais. The historic centre of the
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Cinq Mars
Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis de Cinq-Mars (1620 – 12 September 1642) was a favourite of King Louis XIII of France, who led the last and most nearly successful of the many conspiracies against the king's powerful first minister, the Cardinal Richelieu.Contents1 Life1.1 Career2 Miscellaneous 3 External links 4 FootnotesLife[edit] Cinq-Mars was the son of Marshal Antoine Coiffier-Ruzé, marquis d'Effiat, a close friend of Richelieu, who took the boy under his protection on his father's death in 1632. Career[edit] As the son of Antoine Coiffier de Ruzé, marquis d'Effiat, a famous Superintendent of Finances
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Battle Of Rocroi
Coordinates: 49°55′10″N 4°31′40″E / 49.91944°N 4.52778°E / 49.91944; 4.52778Battle of RocroiPart of the Thirty Years' War Franco-Spanish War (1635-59)Rocroi, el último tercio, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau
Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau
(2011)Date 19 May 1643Location Rocroi, FranceResult Decisive French victoryBelligerents France  SpainCommanders and leadersDuc d'Enghien Francisco de Melo Paul-Bernard de FontainesStrength22,000[1]15,000 infantry 7,000 cavalry 14 guns23,050[2]18,000 infantry (7,000 S
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Jesuits
The Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
(SJ – from Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
which originated in sixteenth-century Spain. The members are called Jesuits.[2] The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits
Jesuits
work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities, and seminaries), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits
Jesuits
also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue. Ignatius of Loyola, a Basque nobleman from the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona
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Army Of Flanders
The Army of Flanders
Flanders
(Spanish: Ejército de Flandes) was a multinational army in the service of the kings of Spain
Spain
that was based in the Netherlands
Netherlands
during the 16th to 18th centuries. It was notable for being the longest-serving standing army of the period, being in continuous service from 1567 until its disestablishment in 1706. In addition to taking part in numerous battles of the Dutch Revolt (1567–1609) and the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
(1618–1648), it also employed many developing military concepts more reminiscent of later military units, enjoying permanent, standing regiments (tercios), barracks, military hospitals and rest homes long before they were adopted in most of Europe
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Carmelites
The Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
of Mount Carmel or Carmelites
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Germany
Coordinates: 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9Federal Republic
Republic
of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto:  "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" (de facto) "Unity and Justice and Freedom"Anthem: "Deutschlandlied" (third verse only)[b] "Song of Germany"Location of  Germany  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Location of
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