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Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
------------------------- CSA Los Angeles-Long Beach MSA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim PUEBLO September 4, 1781 CITY STATUS May 23, 1835 INCORPORATED April 4, 1850 NAMED FOR Our Lady, Queen of the Angels GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor-Council-Commission • BODY Los Angeles City Council
Los Angeles City Council
• MAYOR Eric Garcetti
Eric Garcetti
• CITY ATTORNEY Mike Feuer
Mike Feuer
• CITY CONTROLLER Ron Galperin AREA • CITY 502.76 sq mi (1,302.15 km2) • LAND 468.74 sq mi (1,214.03 km2) • WATER 34.02 sq mi (88.12 km2) 6.7% ELEVATION 305 ft (93 m) HIGHEST ELEVATION 5,074 ft (1,547 m) LOWEST ELEVATION 0 ft (0 m) POPULATION (2010 ) • CITY 3,792,621 • ESTIMATE (2016) 3,976,322 • RANK 1st , California 2nd, U.S
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Municipal Corporation
A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION is the legal term for a local governing body , including (but not necessarily limited to) cities , counties , towns , townships , charter townships , villages , and boroughs . The term can also be used to describe municipally owned corporations . Municipal corporations are by definition incorporated, in contrast to unincorporated areas . CONTENTS* 1 Municipal corporation
Municipal corporation
as local self-government * 1.1 Canada * 1.2 India * 1.3 Ireland * 1.4 United States * 2 Municipal corporation
Municipal corporation
as enterprises * 3 See also * 4 References MUNICIPAL CORPORATION AS LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTMunicipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. Often, this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter
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U.S. State
A STATE is a constituent political entity of the United States
United States
. There are currently 50 states, which are bound together in a union with each other. Each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the United States
United States
federal government . Due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the federal government, Americans
Americans
are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside . State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states , except for persons covered by certain types of court orders (e.g., paroled convicts and children of divorced spouses who are sharing custody )
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City Status
CITY STATUS is a symbolic and legal designation given by a national or subnational government. A municipality may receive city status because it already has the qualities of a city , or because it has some special purpose. Historically, city status was a privilege granted by royal letters of patent. The status would allow markets and/or foreign trade, in contrast to towns. Sovereigns could establish cities by decree, e.g. Helsinki
Helsinki
, regardless of what was in the location beforehand. Also, with the establishment of federal governments, the new capital could be established from scratch, e.g. Brasília
Brasília
, without going through organic growth from a village to a town. Coat of arms of the City of Westminster , a part of London
London
which has its own city status
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , 2 observer states , and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (191 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (15 states, out of which there are 5 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below
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Namesake
A NAMESAKE is a person named after another, or more broadly, a thing (such as a company, place, ship, building, or concept) named after a person. According to the Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
, a namesake is also defined as "a person or thing having the same name as another". CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Usage * 3 Family * 4 Culture * 5 Concepts * 6 See also * 7 References HISTORYThe word is first recorded in the mid-seventeenth century, and probably comes from the phrase "for name's sake". USAGEIn general, the second recipient of a name, named for the first, is said to be the namesake of the first. The attribution can, however, go in the opposite direction, with namesake referring to the original holder of the name (the eponym ). Strictly speaking, a namesake is only a person named for another person—i.e., for the sake of the other's name, to keep it alive
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UTC−8
UTC−08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of −08. This time is used in: CONTENTS* 1 As standard time (Northern Hemisphere winter) * 1.1 North America * 2 As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer) * 2.1 North America * 3 As standard time (all year round) * 3.1 North America * 3.2 Oceania AS STANDARD TIME (NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER)NORTH AMERICA* Canada
Canada
- Pacific Tim
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Mayor–council Government
The MAYOR–COUNCIL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM is one of the two most common forms of local government in the United States . It is the one most frequently adopted in large cities, although the other form, council–manager government , is the typical local government form of more municipalities. Characterized by having a mayor who is elected by the voters, the mayor –council variant may be broken down into two main variations depending on the relationship between the legislative and executive branches, becoming a weak-mayor or a strong-mayor variation based upon the powers of the office. These forms are used principally in modern representative municipal governments in the United States, but also are used in some other countries
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Metropolitan Statistical Area
Population * Area * Density * Ethnic identity * Foreign-born * Income * Spanish speakers * By decade URBAN AREAS Populous cities and metropolitan areas METROPOLITAN AREAS * 574 Primary Statistical Areas * 169 Combined Statistical Areas * 929 Core Based Statistical Areas * 388 Metropolitan Statistical Areas * 540 Micropolitan Statistical Areas MEGAREGIONS * SEE ALSO * North American metro areas * World cities * v * t * e See also: List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas
List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas
In the United States
United States
, a METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. Such regions are neither legally incorporated as a city or town would be, nor are they legal administrative divisions like counties or separate entities such as states
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), commonly referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME in speech, and known as SUMMER TIME in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . DST is generally not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it
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Pacific Time Zone
The PACIFIC TIME ZONE (PT) is a time zone encompassing parts of western Canada, the western United States, and western Mexico. Places in this zone observe standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
( UTC−8 ). During daylight saving time , a time offset of UTC−7 is used. In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called the "Pacific Time Zone". Specifically, time in this zone is referred to as "Pacific Standard Time" (PST) when standard time is being observed (early November to mid-March), and "Pacific Daylight Time" (PDT) when daylight saving time (mid-March to early November) is being observed. In Mexico
Mexico
, the corresponding time zone is known as the Zona Noroeste (Northwest Zone) and observes the same daylight saving schedule as the U.S. and Canada
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L.A. (other)
LA, LA, or L.A. may refer to: CONTENTS* 1 Arts and entertainment * 1.1 Music * 1.2 Other media * 2 Business, organizations, and government agencies * 3 Language * 4 Places * 5 Science, technology, and mathematics * 5.1 Biology, biochemistry, and medicine * 5.2 Computing * 5.3 Other uses in science, technology, and mathematics * 6 Other uses * 7 See also ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENTMUSIC * La, musical note in the most common form of solmization , as well as in solfège * "L.A.", song by Elliott Smith on Figure 8 (album) * L.A. (EP) , by Teddy Thompson * L.A. (Light Album) , Beach Boys album * L.A. (Neil Young song) * The La\'s , English rock band * L.A. Reid
L.A

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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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