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Loris Tjeknavorian
LORIS HAYKASI TJEKNAVORIAN (also spelled CHEKNAVARIAN, Armenian : Լորիս Ճգնավորյան; Persian : لوریس چکناواریان‎, born 13 October 1937 in Borujerd
Borujerd
) is an Iranian Armenian
Iranian Armenian
composer and conductor . He is one of the most celebrated cultural figures in Armenia and Iran. As one of the leading conductors of his generation, he has led international orchestras throughout the world: in Austria, UK, USA, Canada, Hungary, Copenhagen, Iran, Finland, USSR, Armenia, Thailand, Hong Kong, South Africa, Denmark, and Israel. As a composer Tjeknavorian has written 6 operas , 5 symphonies , choral works (among them God is Love, The Life of Christ, the oratorio Book of Revelation, and a requiem), chamber music , ballet music, piano and vocal works, concerti for piano, violin, guitar, cello and pipa (Chinese lute), as well as music for documentary and feature films
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Googoosh
FAEGHEH ATASHIN (Persian : فائقه آتشین‎‎, Azerbaijani : Faiqə Atəşin), born 2 February 1951 in Tehran
Tehran
, Iran
Iran
, also known by her stage name GOOGOOSH (Persian : گوگوش‎‎, Azerbaijani : Ququş), is an Iranian singer and actress of Iranian Azerbaijani origin. She is known for her contributions to Iranian pop music , but also starred in a variety of Persian movies from the 1950s to the 1970s. She achieved the pinnacle of her fame and success towards the end of the 1970s. Her overall impact and contributions to Iranian pop made her the most iconic female pop singer in the Persian speaking world
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Iranian Cinema
The CINEMA OF IRAN (Persian : سینمای ایران) or CINEMA OF PERSIA refers to the cinema and film industries in Iran
Iran
which produce a variety of commercial films annually. Iranian art films have garnered international fame and now enjoy a global following. Along with China
China
, Iran
Iran
has been lauded as one of the best exporters of cinema in the 1990s. Some critics now rank Iran
Iran
as the world's most important national cinema, artistically, with a significance that invites comparison to Italian neorealism
Italian neorealism
and similar movements in past decades. A range of international film festivals have honored Iranian cinema in the last twenty years
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Royal Festival Hall
The ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL is a 2,500-seat concert, dance and talks venue within Southbank Centre
Southbank Centre
in London
London
. It is situated on the South Bank of the River Thames
River Thames
, not far from Hungerford Bridge
Hungerford Bridge
, in the London
London
Borough of Lambeth . It is a Grade I listed building , the first post-war building to become so protected (in 1981). The London Philharmonic Orchestra , the Philharmonia Orchestra and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment are resident in the hall. The hall was built as part of the Festival of Britain for London County Council , and was officially opened on 3 May 1951
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London Symphony Orchestra
The LONDON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA (LSO), founded in 1904, is the oldest of London's symphony orchestras . It was set up by a group of players who left Henry Wood 's Queen\'s Hall Orchestra
Orchestra
because of a new rule requiring players to give the orchestra their exclusive services. The LSO itself later introduced a similar rule for its members. From the outset, the LSO was organised on co-operative lines, with all players sharing the profits at the end of each season. This practice continued for the orchestra's first four decades. The LSO underwent periods of eclipse in the 1930s and 1950s when it was regarded as inferior in quality to new London orchestras, to which it lost players and bookings: the BBC
BBC
Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
and the London Philharmonic in the 1930s and the Philharmonia
Philharmonia
and Royal Philharmonic after the Second World War
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Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
The ROYAL PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (RPO) is a British orchestra based in London. The orchestra is resident at Cadogan Hall
Cadogan Hall
. Its current managing director is James Williams. The current principal conductor and artistic director of the RPO is Charles Dutoit
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Film Music
A FILM SCORE (also sometimes called BACKGROUND SCORE, BACKGROUND MUSIC, FILM SOUNDTRACK, FILM MUSIC, or INCIDENTAL MUSIC ) is original music written specifically to accompany a film. The score forms part of the film's soundtrack , which also usually includes pre-existing music, dialogue and sound effects , and comprises a number of orchestral, instrumental, or choral pieces called cues , which are timed to begin and end at specific points during the film in order to enhance the dramatic narrative and the emotional impact of the scene in question. Scores are written by one or more composers , under the guidance of, or in collaboration with, the film's director or producer and are then usually performed by an ensemble of musicians – most often comprising an orchestra or band, instrumental soloists, and choir or vocalists – and recorded by a sound engineer
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Zoroastrian
ZOROASTRIANISM, or more natively MAZDAYASNA, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, "combining a cosmogonic dualism and eschatological monotheism in a manner unique among the major religions of the world". Ascribed to the teachings of the Iranian prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) , it exalts a deity of wisdom, Ahura Mazda (Wise Lord), as its Supreme Being . Major features of Zoroastrianism, such as messianism , heaven and hell , and free will have, some believe, influenced other religious systems, including Second Temple Judaism , Gnosticism , Christianity
Christianity
, and Islam
Islam

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Armenian Music
The MUSIC OF ARMENIA has its origins in the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
, where people traditionally sang popular folk songs. Armenia
Armenia
has a long musical tradition that was primarily collected and developed by Komitas
Komitas
, a prominent priest and musicologist, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Armenian music has been presented internationally by composers Aram Khachaturian
Aram Khachaturian
, Alexander Arutiunian , Arno Babadjanian , Karen Kavaleryan as well as by pop musicians and performers such as duduk player Djivan Gasparyan , composer/instrumentalist Ara Gevorgyan , singers Sirusho , Eva Rivas and many others
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Schulwerk
The ORFF SCHULWERK, or simply the ORFF APPROACH, is a developmental approach used in music education . It combines music , movement, drama , and speech into lessons that are similar to child 's world of play. It was developed by the German composer Carl Orff
Carl Orff
(1895–1982) and colleague Gunild Keetman during the 1920s. Carl Orff
Carl Orff
worked until the end of his life to continue the development and spread of his teaching method. The Orff Approach is now used throughout the world to teach students in a natural and comfortable environment. The term "schulwerk" is German for (literally) "school work" or "schooling", in this regard in the area of music
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Schott Music
SCHOTT MUSIC (German: ) is one of the oldest German music publishers . It is also one of the largest music publishing houses in Europe, and is currently the second oldest music publishing house. The company headquarters of Schott Music
Schott Music
was founded by Bernhard Schott (10 August 1748 - 26 April 1809) in Mainz
Mainz
, Germany
Germany
in 1770. Schott Music
Schott Music
is one of the world’s leading music publishers. It represents many of the greatest composers of the 20th and 21st centuries, and its publishing catalogue contains some 31,000 titles on sale and over 10,000 titles on hire. The repertoire ranges from complete editions, stage and concert works to general educational literature, fine sheet music editions and multimedia products
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Polyphony
In music , POLYPHONY is one type of musical texture , where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work. In particular, POLYPHONY consists of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice, monophony , or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords , which is called homophony . Within the context of the Western musical tradition, the term polyphony is usually used to refer to music of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance . Baroque forms such as fugue , which might be called polyphonic, are usually described instead as contrapuntal . Also, as opposed to the species terminology of counterpoint, polyphony was generally either "pitch-against-pitch" / "point-against-point" or "sustained-pitch" in one part with melismas of varying lengths in another
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London Philharmonic Orchestra
The LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (LPO) is one of five permanent symphony orchestras based in London. It was founded by the conductors Sir Thomas Beecham
Thomas Beecham
and Malcolm Sargent in 1932 as a rival to the existing London Symphony and BBC
BBC
Symphony Orchestras . The founders' ambition was to build an orchestra the equal of any European or American rival. Between 1932 and the Second World War the LPO was widely judged to have succeeded in this regard. After the outbreak of war the orchestra's private backers withdrew and the players reconstituted the LPO as a self-governing cooperative. In the post-war years the orchestra faced challenges from two new rivals; the Philharmonia and the Royal Philharmonic , founded respectively in 1946 and 1947, achieved a quality of playing not matched by the older orchestras, including the LPO
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Sibelius
JEAN SIBELIUS (/sɪˈbeɪliəs, -jəs/ ; Swedish pronunciation (help ·info )), born JOHAN JULIUS CHRISTIAN SIBELIUS (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods. He is widely recognized as his country's greatest composer and, through his music, is often credited with having helped Finland to develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia. The core of his oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies which, like his other major works, continue to be performed and recorded in his home country and internationally. His other best-known compositions are Finlandia
Finlandia
, the Karelia Suite
Karelia Suite
, Valse triste , the Violin Concerto , the choral symphony Kullervo
Kullervo
, and The Swan of Tuonela (from the Lemminkäinen Suite )
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Armenian Genocide
The ARMENIAN GENOCIDE (Armenian : Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the ARMENIAN HOLOCAUST, was the Ottoman government 's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians , mostly Ottoman citizens within the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and its successor state, the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
. The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day that Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and deported 235 to 270 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders from Constantinople to the region of Ankara
Ankara
, the majority of whom were eventually murdered
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Iranian Revolution
Imperial State of Iran
Iran
* Regency Council * Resurgence Party * Imperial Iranian Army * Imperial Guard * SAVAK *
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