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Liu Hulan
Liu Hulan
Liu Hulan
(刘胡兰, 1932–1947) was a young female spy during the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
between the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
and the Communist Party.[1][2] She was born in Yunzhouxi village, in the Wenshui County of the Shanxi
Shanxi
province. She joined the Communist Party in 1946[3] and soon after joined an association of women working in support of the Liberation Army. She was actively involved in organizing the villagers of Yunzhouxi in support of the Communist Party of China
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Chinese Civil War
Chinese Communist victoryMajor combat ended, but no armistice or peace treaty signed Small pockets of insurgency continued through the 1960sTerritorial changes Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
takeover of mainland China
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Kuomintang
The Kuomintang
Kuomintang
of China[6][7] (/ˈkwoʊˌmɪnˈtɑːŋ, -ˈtæŋ/,[8] KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China)[9] is a major political party in the Republic of China
Republic of China
(ROC or Taiwan). The predecessor of the KMT, the Revolutionary Alliance
Revolutionary Alliance
(Tongmenghui), was one of the major advocates of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic
Republic
of China. The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren
Song Jiaoren
and Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
shortly after the Xinhai Revolution
Xinhai Revolution
of 1911. Sun was the provisional President, but he later ceded the presidency to Yuan Shikai
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Communist Party Of China
The Communist Party of China
China
(CPC), often referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The Communist Party is the sole governing party of China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. It was founded in 1921, chiefly by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The party grew quickly and by 1949 it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT) government from mainland China
China
after the Chinese Civil War, thus leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China
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Shanxi
Shanxi
Shanxi
(Chinese: 山西; pinyin:  Shānxī; postal: Shansi) is a province of China, located in the North China
China
region. Its one-character abbreviation is "晋" (pinyin: Jìn), after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn period. The name Shanxi
Shanxi
means "West of the Mountains", a reference to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains.[5] Shanxi
Shanxi
borders Hebei
Hebei
to the east, Henan
Henan
to the south, Shaanxi
Shaanxi
to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north and is made up mainly of a plateau bounded partly by mountain ranges
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Yan Xishan
Yan Xishan
Yan Xishan
IPA: [i̯ɛ́n ɕíʂan]; 8 October 1883 – 22 July 1960) was a Chinese warlord who served in the government of the Republic of China. He effectively controlled the province of Shanxi from the 1911 Xinhai Revolution
Xinhai Revolution
to the 1949 Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. As the leader of a relatively small, poor, remote province, he survived the machinations of Yuan Shikai, the Warlord Era, the Nationalist Era, the Japanese invasion of China and the subsequent civil war, being forced from office only when the Nationalist armies with which he was aligned had completely lost control of the Chinese mainland, isolating Shanxi
Shanxi
from any source of economic or military supply
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Mao Zedong
Mao
Mao
Zedong[a] (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China
Chairman of the Communist Party of China
from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. Mao
Mao
was the son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan, Hunan. He had a Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist outlook early in his life, and was particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and May Fourth Movement
May Fourth Movement
of 1919
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Liu Hulan (opera)
Liu Hulan
Liu Hulan
(刘胡兰) is a 1954 Chinese-language western-style opera by Chen Zi. It is based on the death of a 14-year-old communist party girl Liu Hulan, who was elevated into a revolutionary martyr. Part of The original opera was composed in 1949, only 2 years after her death, and revised into a full-scale opera in 1954. Several other composers such as Ge Guangrui also contributed to Chen's opera.[1] A similar opera based on another revolutionary martyr is Sister Jiang. References[edit]^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2012-11-21. This article about an opera or opera-related subject is a stub
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Liu Hulan
Liu Hulan
Liu Hulan
(刘胡兰, 1932–1947) was a young female spy during the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
between the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
and the Communist Party.[1][2] She was born in Yunzhouxi village, in the Wenshui County of the Shanxi
Shanxi
province. She joined the Communist Party in 1946[3] and soon after joined an association of women working in support of the Liberation Army. She was actively involved in organizing the villagers of Yunzhouxi in support of the Communist Party of China
[...More...]

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