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List Of Political Parties In The United Kingdom
This article lists political parties in the United Kingdom.United KingdomThis article is part of a series on the politics and government of the United KingdomConstitutionConstitutionCabinet Manual Erskine MayTaxationThe CrownBritish MonarchyMonarchQueen Elizabeth IIHeir apparentThe Prince of WalesRoyal family Succession to the British throne Royal prerogativeExecutiveHM GovernmentPrime MinisterTheresa MayCabinetCurrent ministryHer Majesty's Civil Service Departments Executive agencies Public bodiesPrivy CouncilCrown-in-CouncilQueen Elizabeth IILegislatureParliament (56th Parliament)Crown-in-ParliamentQueen Elizabeth IIHouse of LordsLord SpeakerThe Lord FowlerHouse of CommonsSpeakerJohn BercowLeader of the OppositionJeremy CorbynHer Majest
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Political Party
A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. The political parties are well organized which agrees on some proposed policies and programmes, with a view to promoting the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests. While there is some international commonality in the way political parties are recognized, and in how they operate, there are often many differences, and some are significant. Many political parties have an ideological core, but some do not, and many represent ideologies very different from their ideology at the time the party was founded. Many countries, such as Germany and India, have several significant political parties, and some nations have one-party systems, such as China and Cuba. The United States is in practice a two-party system, but with many smaller parties also participating and a high degree of autonomy for individual candidates
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Executive (government)
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state. The executive executes and enforces law. In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations. In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Jonathan Mance, Baron Mance
Jonathan Hugh Mance, Baron Mance, PC (born 6 June 1943) is the current Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.Contents1 Early life 2 Judicial career 3 Other appointments 4 Selected cases 5 Personal life 6 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Mance was born on 6 June 1943,[1] one of four children of Sir Henry Stenhouse Mance, one-time chairman of Lloyd's of London.[2] Like his father, he attended Charterhouse School, a boarding school in Godalming, Surrey
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Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale Of Richmond
Brenda Marjorie Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, DBE, PC, FBA (born 31 January 1945)[1] is a British judge and the current President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. In 2004, she joined the House of Lords
House of Lords
as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She is the only woman to have been appointed to this position. She served as a Law Lord until 2009 when she, along with the other Law Lords, transferred to the new Supreme Court. She served as Deputy President of the Supreme Court from 2013 to 2017. On 5 September 2017 Hale was appointed as President of the Supreme Court, and was sworn in on 2 October 2017. She became the first woman to serve in the role
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Statutory Instrument (UK)
Instrument may refer to:Contents1 Science and technology 2 Music 3 Other uses 4 See alsoScience and technology[edit]Flight instruments, the devices used to measure the speed, altitude, and pertinent flight angles of various kinds of aircraft Laboratory equipment, the measuring tools used in a scientific laboratory, often electronic in nature Mathematical instrument, devices used in geometric construction or measurements in astronomy, surveying and navigation Measuring instrument, a device used to measure or compare physical properties Medical instrument, a device used to diagnose or treat diseases Optical instrument, relies on the properties of light Quantum instrument, a mathematical object in quantum theory combining the concepts of measurement and quantum operation Scientific instrume
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Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler
Peter Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, PC (born 2 February 1938) is a British politician who was a member of Margaret Thatcher's ministry. He is currently the Lord Speaker, having assumed office at the beginning of September 2016. After serving as Shadow Minister of Transport, he was appointed Minister of Transport in 1979, being responsible for making seat belts compulsory. Later, as Secretary of State for Health
Secretary of State for Health
and Social Services, he drew public attention to the dangers of AIDS. He resigned from the cabinet as Employment Secretary, and was knighted in 1990. He was Chairman of the Conservative Party
Chairman of the Conservative Party
from 1992 to 1994, Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions in 1997–98 and Shadow Home Secretary
Shadow Home Secretary
in 1998–99. In 2001, he was made a Conservative life peer
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Queen-in-Parliament
The Queen-in-Parliament
Queen-in-Parliament
(or, during the reign of a male monarch, King-in-Parliament), sometimes referred to as the Crown-in-Parliament or, more fully, in the United Kingdom, as the King/Queen in Parliament under God,[1][2][3] is a technical term of constitutional law in the Commonwealth realms that refers to the Crown in its legislative role, acting with the advice and consent of the parliament (including, if the parliament is bicameral, both the lower house and upper house). Bills passed by the houses are sent to the sovereign, or governor-general, lieutenant-governor, or governor as her representative, for Royal Assent, which, once granted, makes the bill into law; these primary acts of legislation are known as acts of parliament
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56th Parliament Of The United Kingdom
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative, elected body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress, and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies, a form of government with a monarch as the head. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems (e.g. the French parliament), even where it is not in the official name. Historically, parliaments included various kinds of deliberative, consultative, and judicial assemblies, e.g
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Legislature
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators
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Non-departmental Public Body
In the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied by the Cabinet Office, Treasury, the Scottish Government and the Northern Ireland Executive
Northern Ireland Executive
to quangos (quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisations)
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Second May Ministry
The second May ministry was formed on 11 June 2017 after Elizabeth II invited Theresa May
Theresa May
to form a government following the June 2017 snap general election. The election resulted in a hung parliament with the Conservative Party losing its majority in the House of Commons
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King-in-Council
The King-in-Council
King-in-Council
or Queen-in-Council, depending on the gender of the reigning monarch, is a constitutional term in a number of states. In a general sense, it would mean the monarch exercising executive authority, usually in the form of approving orders, in the presence of the country's executive council.Contents1 Norway 2 Sweden 3 The Commonwealth 4 See also4.1 Norway 4.2 Sweden 4.3 The Commonwealth5 FootnotesNorway[edit] Main article: Council of State (Norway) In Norway, the "King in Council" (Norwegian: Kongen i statsråd) refers to the meetings of the King and the Council of State (the Cabinet), where matters of importance and major decisions are made. The council meets at the Royal Palace and is normally held every Friday. It is chaired by the King or, if he is ill or abroad, the Crown Prince
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Judges Of The Supreme Court Of The United Kingdom
Kingdom
Kingdom
may refer to:Contents1 Monarchy 2 Taxonomy 3 Arts and media3.1 Television 3.2 Music 3.3 Other media4 People 5 Other 6 See alsoMonarchy[edit] Further information: List of kingdoms A type of monarchy:A realm ruled bya king a queen regnantTaxonomy[edit] Kingdom
Kingdom
(taxonomy), a category in biological taxonomyArts and media[edit] Television[edit] Kingdom
Kingdom
(UK TV series), a 2007 British television drama starring Stephen Fry Kingdom
Kingdom
(U.S
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Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926)[a] is Queen of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in London as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, later King George VI
George VI
and Queen Elizabeth, and she was educated privately at home. Her father acceded to the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII
King Edward VIII
in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service
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Charles, Prince Of Wales
Charles, Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
(Charles Philip Arthur George;[fn 1] born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne
British throne
as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II. He has been Duke of Cornwall
Duke of Cornwall
and Duke of Rothesay
Duke of Rothesay
since 1952, and is the oldest and longest-serving heir apparent in British history.[2] He is also the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958. Charles was born at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
as the first grandchild of King George VI
George VI
and Queen Elizabeth
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