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List Of Oldest Buildings
This article lists the oldest free-standing buildings constructed in the world, including on each of the continents and within each country. "Building" is defined as any human-made structure used or interface for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy. In order to qualify for list a structure must:be a recognisable building; incorporate features of building work from the claimed date to at least 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) in height; be largely complete or include building work to this height for most of its perimeter. contains an enclosed area with at least one entry point.This consciously excludes ruins of limited height and statues. The list also excludes:dolmens—a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone. Dolmens were typically covered with earth or smaller stones to form a tumulus (which are included in the list)
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Structure
Structure
Structure
is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system, or the object or system so organized.[1] Material structures include man-made objects such as buildings and machines and natural objects such as biological organisms, minerals and chemicals. Abstract structures include data structures in computer science and musical form
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Carrowmore
Coordinates: 54°15′03.08″N 8°31′09.00″W / 54.2508556°N 8.5191667°W / 54.2508556; -8.5191667 Carrowmore
Carrowmore
Megalithic ComplexAn Ceathrú MórTomb 7 at Carrowmore, a passage tomb within a boulder circle.Location County Sligo, Province of ConnachtRegion Atlantic Megalithic ZoneType Passage tomb
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Scotland
Scotland
Scotland
(/ˈskɒtlənd/; Scots: [ˈskɔtlənd]; Scottish Gaelic: Alba
Alba
[ˈal̪ˠapə] ( listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.[16][17][18] It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea
Irish Sea
to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands,[19] including the Northern Isles
Northern Isles
and the Hebrides. The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages
and continued to exist until 1707
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Ġgantija
Ġgantija
Ġgantija
(Maltese pronunciation: [dʒɡanˈtiːja], "Giants' Tower") is a megalithic temple complex from the Neolithic
Neolithic
on the Mediterranean island of Gozo. The Ġgantija
Ġgantija
temples are the earliest of the Megalithic Temples of Malta. The Ġgantija
Ġgantija
temples are older than the pyramids of Egypt. Their makers erected the two Ġgantija temples during the Neolithic
Neolithic
(c. 3600–2500 BCE), which makes these temples more than 5500 years old and the world's second oldest existing manmade religious structures after Göbekli Tepe. Together with other similar structures, these have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Megalithic Temples of Malta. The temples are elements of a ceremonial site in a fertility rite. Researchers have the numerous figurines and statues found on site associated with that cult
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Malta
Coordinates: 35°53′N 14°30′E / 35.883°N 14.500°E / 35.883; 14.500 Malta
Malta
(/ˈmɒltə/,[11] /ˈmɔːltə/ (listen); Maltese: [ˈmɐltɐ]), officially known as the Republic
Republic
of Malta (Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea.[12] It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia,[13] and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya.[14] With a population of about 475,000[4] over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi),[3] Malta
Malta
is the world's tenth smallest[15][16] and fifth most densely populated country
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Gozo
Gozo
Gozo
(/ˈɡoʊ.zoʊ/; Maltese: Għawdex, pronounced [ˈaˤːw.dɛʃ],[2] formerly Gaulos)[3][4] is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. The island is part of Malta. After the island of Malta
Malta
itself, it is the second-largest island in the archipelago. Compared to its southeastern neighbour, Gozo
Gozo
is more rural and known for its scenic hills, which are featured on its coat of arms.[5] The island of Gozo
Gozo
has long been associated with Ogygia, the island home of the nymph Calypso in Homer's Odyssey. In that story, Calypso, possessed of great supernatural powers, and in love with Odysseus, holds him captive for a number of years, until finally releasing him to continue his journey home.[6] As of March 2015, the island has a population of around 37,342 (out of Malta's total 445,000), and its inhabitants are known as Gozitans (Maltese: Għawdxin)
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England
England
England
is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.[5][6][7] It shares land borders with Wales
Wales
to the west and Scotland
Scotland
to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England
England
and the Celtic Sea
Celtic Sea
lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe
Europe
by the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the English Channel
English Channel
to the south
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Silbury Hill
Silbury Hill
Silbury Hill
is a prehistoric artificial chalk mound near Avebury
Avebury
in the English county of Wiltshire. It is part of the Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site. At 39.3 metres (129 ft) high,[1] it is the tallest prehistoric man-made mound in Europe[2] and one of the largest in the world; similar in size to some of the smaller Egyptian pyramids
Egyptian pyramids
of the Giza Necropolis.[3] Silbury Hill
Silbury Hill
is part of the complex of Neolithic
Neolithic
monuments around Avebury, which includes the Avebury
Avebury
Ring and West Kennet Long Barrow. Its original purpose is still debated
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Avebury, Wiltshire
Avebury
Avebury
(/ˈeɪvbri/) is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village is about 5.5 miles (9 km) west of Marlborough and 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Devizes. Much of the village is encircled by the prehistoric monument complex also known as Avebury. The parish also includes the small villages of Avebury Trusloe and Beckhampton, and the hamlet of West Kennett.[2]Contents1 Prehistory 2 Religious sites 3 Avebury
Avebury
Priory, Manor and Garden 4 Governance 5 Amenities 6 In media 7 See also 8 References 9 Sources 10 External linksPrehistory[edit] Main article: Avebury The Avebury
Avebury
monument is vast, and consists of several smaller sites of varying dates. The earliest of these, the earthworks, dates to between 3400 and 2625 BC. Later additions include a henge and several stone circles
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Listoghil
Listoghil
Listoghil
(Irish: Lios an tSeagail) is the large central monument in the Carrowmore
Carrowmore
group of prehistoric tombs in County Sligo
County Sligo
in Ireland. It was numbered as Carrowmore
Carrowmore
51 by George Petrie in 1837 and this designation is still used. Although the district of Cuil Irra is steeped in legend, Listoghil
Listoghil
has never been satisfactorily connected with the ancient legends in the way that say Newgrange
Newgrange
has. Antiquarians in the 19th century made references to another cairn nearby at Leacharail, but the site of this has never been located.Contents1 Etymology 2 Location 3 Early Excavation and Damage 4 Excavation and Restoration 5 Alignment 6 References 7 SourcesEtymology[edit] According to Petrie (Letter to Larcom, Aug
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Ireland
Ireland
Ireland
(/ˈaɪərlənd/ ( listen); Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ( listen); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [ˈɑːrlən]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain
Great Britain
to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland
Ireland
is the third-largest island in Europe. Politically, Ireland
Ireland
is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland
Ireland
was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe
Europe
after Great Britain
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Sechin Bajo
Sechin Bajo
Sechin Bajo
is a large archaeological site with ruins dating from 3500 BCE to 1300 BCE, making it one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Western Hemisphere. Sechin Bajo
Sechin Bajo
is located in the valley of the Sechin River, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the Pacific Ocean and about 330 kilometres (210 mi) northwest of Lima, Peru. Sechin Bajo is one ruin among many located in close proximity to each other in the valleys of the Casma and Sechin Rivers. In 2008, a German and Peruvian archaeological team, headed by Peter Fuchs, announced that a circular plaza, 10–12 meters (11–13 yd) in diameter and constructed of rocks and rectangular adobe bricks had been found at Sechin Bajo. Radiocarbon dating indicated that plaza was constructed in 3500 BCE
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Sardinia
Sardinia
Sardinia
(/sɑːrˈdɪniə/ sar-DIN-ee-ə; Italian: Sardegna [sarˈdeɲɲa], Sardinian: Sardìgna/Sardìnnia [sarˈdiɲɲa]/[sarˈdinja], Sassarese: Sardhigna, Gallurese: Saldigna, Catalan: Sardenya, Tabarchino: Sardegna) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
(after Sicily
Sicily
and before Cyprus) and an autonomous region of Italy. It is located in the Western Mediterranean, to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica. The region's official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna (Autonomous Region of Sardinia),[3] and its capital and largest city is Cagliari. It is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city
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Peru
Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú  (Spanish)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union"Anthem: "Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish) "National Anthem of Peru"National SealGran Sello del Estado  (Spanish) Great Seal of the StateLocation of  Peru  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Lima 12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77
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South America
South America
South America
is a continent located in the western hemisphere, mostly in the southern hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas,[3][4] which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America
Latin America
or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil).[5] It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and on the north and east by the Atlantic
Atlantic
Ocean; North America
North America
and the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
lie to the northwest
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