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List Of Natural History Dealers
Natural history
Natural history
specimen dealers had an important role in the development of science in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries. They supplied the rapidly growing, both in size and number, museums and educational establishments and private collectors whose collections, either in entirety or parts finally entered museums. Most sold not just zoological, botanical and geological specimens but also equipment and books. Many also sold archaeological and ethnographic items.They purchased specimens from professional and amateur collectors, sometimes collected themselves as well as acting as agents for the sale of collections. Many were based in mercantile centres notably Amsterdam, Hamburg, and London
London
or in major cities
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John Henry Heuland
John Henry Heuland (March 21, 1778 Bayreuth – November 16, 1856 Hastings) was a German born (Johann Heinrich) English mineralogist and dealer. He was a Fellow of the Geological Society of London. His collection is held by the Natural History Museum, London. In 1804 he purchased mineral specimens in Lisbon. He subsequently travelled through France, Germany, Sweden, and Russia, collecting and buying minerals. About the year 1806 he acquired minerals collected in Europe between the years 1766 and 1806 by his uncle Adolarius Jacob Forster whose London dealership later became Heuland's. Armand Lévy categorised his mineral collection.[1] The mineral Heulandite is named for him. He played a dubious role in the discovery of Palladium.[2] References[edit]^ Heuland, Henry; Lévy, Armand (1837). Description d'une collection de mineraux, forme par M. Henri Heuland, et appartenant M. Ch. H. Turner, de Rooksnest, dans le comptd de Surrey en Angleterre
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Anton Hermann Fassl
Anton Heinrich Hermann Fassl (1876, Komotau
Komotau
- 1922, Manaos) was a German entomologist. Fassl collected Lepidoptera and Coleoptera in Colombia
Colombia
(1907-1908), Brazil
Brazil
and Ecuador. He was sometime in Berlin, sometime at a dealership Naturhistorisches-Institut, 948 Zeidlerstrasse, Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
(now Teplice, the Czech Republic). He supplied specimens to Ernst Hartert
Ernst Hartert
and Karl Jordan. Works[edit]Fassl, A. H. (1910): Die Raupe einer Uranide. Z. wiss. Insekt. Biol., 6(10): 355. Fassl, A. H. (1912): Kämpfende Schmetterlinge Entomologische Rundschau 29(10), pp. [71-72] Fassl, A. H. (1912-13): Tropische Reisen. IV. Muzo, das Land der schönsten Smaragde und Schmetterlinge Entomologische Rundschau 29(23), pp. 147–149; (24)155-157; 30(1)3-4; (3)14-16. Fassl, A. H. (1922): Einige kritische Bemerkungen zu J
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Jean Baptiste Lucien Buquet
Jean Baptiste Lucien Buquet (4 March 1807, Deinze –14 December 1889, Paris) was a French entomologist and insect dealer mainly interested in Coleoptera.He described many new genera and species. Buquet’s business dealt in exotic Coleoptera, especially Dynastidae, Buprestidae, Lucanidae, Scarabeidae and Cerambycidae. He also sold Lepidoptera, especially Morpho and Agrias. The insects came mainly from the French colonial empires. He was a member of the Société entomologique de France Works[edit] Partial listDescription de onze espèces nouvelles du genre Lebia; rapportées de Cayenne par M. Leprieur. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 3: 673-681 (1834). 1835. Description d´un Coléoptére nouveau, du genre Goliathus (de Lamarck)
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Emile Clement
Emile Louis Bruno Clement (1844–1928) was a prominent collector of ethnographic artifacts and natural history specimens from northwest Australia at the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.Emile ClementContents1 Biography 2 Dr Clement's collections2.1 Museums holding collections of Western Australian Aboriginal material acquired from Dr Clement 2.2 Museums holding collections of German Bronze Age
Bronze Age
material acquired from Dr. Clement 2.3 Institutions holding collections of natural history material acquired from Dr. Clement 2.4 Flora named after Dr. Clement 2.5 Zoological type specimens collected by Dr
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Eduard Dämle
Eduard C. F. Dämel also Damel, Daemel (1821 - 3 September 1900) was a German entomologist. Dämel was an insect dealer in Hamburg He spent the years 1867-1874 in Queensland, Australia where he collected insects and other natural history material (including botanical specimens for his dealership Australia and for the Museum Godeffroy.Dämel was the agent for Jacob Boll a Swiss born entomologist who lived in Texas. Boll supplied insects from the South-west U.S. and Northwest Mexico. Dämel and another Hamburg entomologist working in Australia Amalie Dietrich collected the butterflies described by Georg Semper in Beitrag zur Rhopalocerenfauna von Australien. J. Mus. Godeffroy 14: 138-194, pls 8, 9 (1878) References[edit]Weidner, H. 1967 Geschichte der Entomologie in Hamburg. Abh. Verh. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg, N. F. 9(Suppl.) 5-387.This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German
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Robert Damon
Robert Damon FGS (1814 – 4 May 1889) was an English conchologist and geologist. Damon was at first a hosier and glover but with his son Robert Ferris Damon (1845–1929) he established a dealership in natural history specimens in Weymouth. The company supplied museums throughout North and South America, Australia and Europe with much Dorset geological material from the late 1840s to 1914. In 1860 Damon wrote Geology of Weymouth and the Isles of Portland; with Notes on the Natural History of the Coast and Neighbourhood which includes a map of the district, geological sections, plates of fossils, and coast views, in 1884 a second edition with archaeological notes was published
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Weymouth, Dorset
Weymouth /ˈweɪməθ/ is a seaside town in Dorset, England, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast. The town is 11 kilometres (7 mi) south of Dorchester and 8 kilometres (5 mi) north of the Isle of Portland. The town's population is 52,323 (2011). Weymouth has a metropolitan population of 71,083 (2016) [2]. The town is the third largest settlement in Dorset
Dorset
after the unitary authorities of Bournemouth
Bournemouth
and Poole.[3] Weymouth is a tourist resort, and its economy depends on its harbour and visitor attractions; the town is a gateway situated halfway along the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
on the Dorset
Dorset
and east Devon coast, important for its geology and landforms
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Émile Deyrolle
Émile Deyrolle (1838–1917) was a French naturalist and natural history dealer in Paris. The business was originally owned by his naturalist grandfather, Jean-Baptiste Deyrolle who opened his shop in 1831 at 23, Rue de la Monnaie. Émile’s father Achille Deyrolle ran the business for many years. Émile took over in 1866. The address from 1881 (and now) was (and is) 46, rue du Bac, the former home of Jacques Samuel Bernhart. Deyrolle specialized in natural history publications and specimens taxidermy, minerals, rocks, fossils, botanical specimens, shells, taxidermy, microscopic specimens and microscopes. The standard author abbreviation E.Deyrolle is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[1]Deyrolle, 46 Rue du BacReferences[edit]^ IPNI
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Achille Deyrolle
Achille Deyrolle (2 October 1813 in Lille – 31 December 1865) was a French entomologist mainly interested in Coleoptera. Born in Lille Deyrolle eventually settled in Brussels where he worked with his father in the City Museum. He went on a scientific mission to Brazil. This lasted five months.During his lifetime Deyrolle amassed a large collection of Coleoptera, but published very little.There is a copy of his manuscript “Liste des Elaterides de Deyrolle Avril 1864” in the Natural History Museum. He owned a taxidermy and natural history shop in Paris, originally owned by his naturalist father, Jean-Baptiste Deyrolle who opened for business in 1831 at 23, Rue de la Monnaie.The business which published natural history books as Deyrolles et fils was later owned by Émile Deyrolle Achille's son. See also[edit]Émile DeyrolleReferences[edit] Chevrolat, L. A., 1840. Description de quelques Coléopteres de la Galice et du Portugal provenant d'envois de M. Deyrolles fils
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Henri Donckier De Donceel
Charles Donckier de Donceel (1802 in Chératte, Liège – 29 June 1888, in Brussels) was a Belgian entomologist mainly interested in Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. Donckier was an insect dealer in Paris. He wrote (18820 Catalogue des Lépidoptères de Belgique. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 26: 5-161 and many short papers on insects in the same journal. He was a Member of the Royal Belgian Entomological Society. References[edit]Sélys-Longchamps, E. de 1888 [Donckier de Donceel, C.] Ann. Soc. Ent. Belgique 32 LIII-LVThis article about an entomologist is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis article about a Belgian scientist is a stub
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Josef Erber(naturalist)
Josef Erber was a natural history dealer in Vienna. He made expeditions to the Greek Islands. Selected works[edit]1856 Beobachtungen über Zamenis aesculapii Wgl. Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien 6 :393- 396 1857 Weitere Beobachtungen über Zamenis Aesculapii Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien 7:47- 48 1863 Beobachtungen an Amphibien in der Gefangenschaft Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien 13:129- 132 1864 Beiträge zur Lebensweise der Tarantel Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien 14:717- 720 1864 Die Amphibien der österr. Monarchie Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien 14 : 1865) Ueber die auf der Seestrandskiefer: Pinus halepensis Mich. lebenden schädlichen Insekten. (Seitenzahl Angabe korrekt, im Buch falsch papiniert) Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien 15 : 943- 946 1867 Bemerkungen zu meiner Reise nach den griechischen Inseln. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien; 17: 853-856. 1868. Bericht über eine Reise nach Rhodus. Verhandl. Zool. (Bot.) Ges. Wien. 18:903-908.References[edit]Biogr. Wien. ent
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Adolarius Jacob Forster
Adolarius Jacob Forster (1739–1806) was a Prussian mineralogist and dealer in display specimen minerals. The Forster family Yorkshire in 1649 and settled in Prussia. Adolarius Jacob Forster began dealing in mineral specimens around 1766, at the age of 27. He continued in that profession for 40 years and travelled widely. He had premises in London, Paris and St. Petersburg. The Covent Garden, London shop and one in Soho was run by his wife. His brother, Ingham Henry Forster (1725–1782) ran the business in Paris.Auction catalogues for sales in Paris were written by Rome de l'Isle. He was related to Johann Georg Adam Forster and Johann Reinhold Forster and his sister married the London dealer naturalist George Humphrey at St-Martin-in-the-Fields, London on August 16, 1768. In 1802 Forster sold a collection to the museum of the St Petersburg Mining Institute, under the auspices of Czar Alexander I. He spent the last ten years of his life in Russia, and died in St. Petersburg in 1806
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Regensburg
Regensburg
Regensburg
(German pronunciation: [ˈʁeːɡŋ̍sbʊɐ̯k] ( listen); Latin: Castra-Regina; Polish: Ratyzbona; Czech: Řezno; French: Ratisbonne; older English: Ratisbon; Bavarian: Rengschburg or Rengschburch) is a town in south-east Germany, at the confluence of the Danube, Naab
Naab
and Regen rivers. With over 140,000 inhabitants, Regensburg
Regensburg
is the fourth-largest city in the State of Bavaria
Bavaria
after Munich, Nuremberg and Augsburg. The city is the political, economic and cultural centre of eastern Bavaria
Bavaria
and capital of the Upper Palatinate. The medieval centre of the city is a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
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Petrography
Petrography
Petrography
is a branch of petrology that focuses on detailed descriptions of rocks. Someone who studies petrography is called a petrographer. The mineral content and the textural relationships within the rock are described in detail. The classification of rocks is based on the information acquired during the petrographic analysis. Petrographic descriptions start with the field notes at the outcrop and include macroscopic description of hand specimens. However, the most important tool for the petrographer is the petrographic microscope. The detailed analysis of minerals by optical mineralogy in thin section and the micro-texture and structure are critical to understanding the origin of the rock. Electron microprobe
Electron microprobe
analysis of individual grains as well as whole rock chemical analysis by atomic absorption, X-ray fluorescence, and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy are used in a modern petrographic lab
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Václav Frič
Václav Fric (1839, Prague - 10 June 1916) was a Czech naturalist and natural history dealer. Václav Fric was the son of a lawyer Josef Fric (1804–1876). He studied taxidermy then chemistry at the Prague Technical University. He had an interest in photography. Following a visit to London (1859–1860) Fric opened his natural history business in Prague in 1862, supplying botanical, zoological and mineral specimens to museums, educational institutions and private collectors worldwide. He exhibited at trade fairs: the Volksfest in Linz (1863, silver medal), Paris World Fair (1867, bronze medal), Moscow Polytechnic Exhibition (1872, silver medal), Vienna World Fair (1873, honorary medal), again at the Paris World Fair (1878 bronze medal), Australian International Exhibition in Sydney (1879, medal), and yet again at the Paris World Fair (1889 gold medal). Fric married Anna Rottová the daughter of a hardware store owner
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