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List Of Governors Of Jamaica
This is a list of viceroys in Jamaica
Jamaica
from its initial occupation by Spain
Spain
in 1509, to its independence from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1962. For a list of viceroys after independence, see Governor-General of Jamaica
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Viceroys
A viceroy /ˈvaɪs.rɔɪ/ is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning "in the place of" and the French word roi, meaning "king". A viceroy's territory may be called a viceroyalty, though this term is not always applied
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Sir Charles Knowles, 1st Baronet
Charles Knowles (son) Edward Knowles (son) Sir Charles Knowles, 1st Baronet
Sir Charles Knowles, 1st Baronet
(c. 1704 – 9 December 1777) was an officer of the Royal Navy, who saw service during the War of Jenkins' Ear, the wider War of the Austrian Succession, and the Seven Years' War. He also briefly served with the Imperial Russian Navy
Imperial Russian Navy
during the Russo-Turkish War. He rose to the rank of Admiral in a long and varied career, crowned with both success, and at times, controversy. He was highly educated, and particularly skilled in building and destroying fortifications. His career was mainly centred on the West Indies, where he commanded ships and squadrons in actions against both Spanish and French ships and settlements
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John White (governor)
John White ( – St. Andrews, 22 August 1692) was acting Governor of Jamaica in 1692. Previously President of the Council, White was acting Governor during the 1692 earthquake that destroyed Port Royal. The historian William James Gardner wrote of him:[1]White was a man who not only enjoyed the esteem of his fellow-colonists, but was endowed with a remarkable degree of self-possession.White died on 22 August 1692, John Bourden succeeded him for a brief time as Governor. Notes[edit]^ Gardner, William James. The History of Jamaica : From its Discovery by Christopher Columbus to the Year 1872
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William Beeston (governor)
Sir William Beeston (born 1636, fl. 1702) was an English political and legal figure, lieutenant-governor of Jamaica. Biography[edit] Beeston was born at Tichfield, Hampshire, being second son of William Beeston of Posbrook, by Elizabeth, daughter of Arthur Bromfield. His elder brother, Trevinni, was master of Winchester School and warden of New College, Oxford. Beeston went to Jamaica in 1660. In 1664 he was elected, as member for Port Royal, to the first house of assembly; he was sent to prison by the speaker for contempt of his authority, was brought before the governor and council, reprimanded and released. Beeston tells us that when this assembly, which had been 'marked by parties, great heate, and ill-humours,' adjourned, 'to make amends for their jangling, and to cement the rents that had been made, it was determined to treat the governor and council to a dinner, and a splendid dinner was provided, with wine and music, and what else might make it great
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William Selwyn (Governor Of Jamaica)
Major General William Selwyn (1655 – 6 April 1702) was an officer in the British Army, MP and briefly Governor of Jamaica. Early life[edit] He was the 5th and eldest surviving son of William Selwyn of Matson, Gloucestershire and Margaret, the daughter of Edward Nourse of Gloucester and was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, matriculating on 11 April 1674.[1] Military career[edit] Selwyn served in the Army of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, in the time of King Charles II. He served at the head of his regiment at the Battle of Landen on 29 July 1693, distinguishing himself under the eye of the King William III. He then took part at the siege of Namur in the summer of 1695 and was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General during the siege.[2] He became Mayor of Gloucester in 1675.[3] He inherited Matson House in Matson, Gloucester in 1679[4] on the death of his father. He was elected MP for Gloucester in 1698, sitting until 1701
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Peter Beckford
Colonel Peter Beckford
Peter Beckford
(1643–1710) was acting Governor of Jamaica in 1702. Life[edit] Peter was the son of another Peter Beckford, of Maidenhead, England. Sir Thomas Beckford, Sheriff of London was his uncle, as was Captain Richard Beckford, who was trading in Jamaica from 1659. England had invaded the island in 1655 and the Colony of Jamaica
Colony of Jamaica
proved a lucrative business proposition for Englishmen who wished to create sugar plantations there. In 1692, Peter Beckford
Peter Beckford
emigrated to the island, taking with him two or three enslaved Africans, and engaged himself as hunter and horse catcher.[1] Having served as a seaman, he was granted a thousand acres (4 km²) of land in Clarendon by royal patent on 6 March 1669. He took an active part in island politics, representing St
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Thomas Handasyde
Thomas Handasyd or Thomas Handasyde was an English soldier of the late seventeenth and early 18th centuries. He served as Governor of Jamaica in 1702–1711.[1] Handasyd saw service in the Williamite War in Ireland (including the Battle of the Boyne) and the Flanders campaigns of William III's Allied Army during the Nine Years War. He subsequently took part in an expedition to Newfoundland in 1697. Handasyd took over as Governor of Jamaica, a position he held during much of the War of the Spanish Succession. The position came to him largely by default as the senior military officer on the island.[2] He was promoted to the rank of Major General while in office. He was followed as Governor by Lord Archibald Hamilton. Having requested his recall, he returned to England in 1711 and retired. He was succeeded as commander of the 22nd Foot by his son Roger Handasyd. He died the following year. References[edit]^ Hamilton p.79 ^ Hamilton p.79Bibliography[edit]Hamilton, Douglas J
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Lord Archibald Hamilton
Lord Archibald Hamilton
Lord Archibald Hamilton
of Riccarton and Pardovan (bapt. 17 February 1673 – 5 April 1754) was a Scottish officer of the Royal Navy, and British politician. In the late 17th century, he was active in the English Channel pursuing French privateers, including the Tyger out of St Malo. He commanded the third-rate HMS Boyne at the Battle of Vigo Bay in October 1702 and then commanded the third-rate HMS Eagle at the Battle of Málaga in August 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession
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Nicholas Lawes
Sir Nicholas Lawes (1652 – 18 June 1731) (sometimes "'Laws'" in contemporary documents) was Governor of Jamaica
Jamaica
from 1718 to 1722.Contents1 Early life 2 Knighthood 3 Governor of Jamaica 4 Family 5 Coffee
Coffee
and printing 6 Death 7 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Nicholas Lawes was born in 1652 to Nicholas and Amy Lawes. Knighthood[edit] He was a British knight. Governor of Jamaica[edit] He was Chief Justice of Jamaica
Jamaica
from 1698 to 1703 and Governor from 1718 to 1722.[1] In his capacity as Governor during the Golden Age of Piracy
Golden Age of Piracy
he hunted down or tried many pirates, among them "Calico Jack" Rackham, Anne Bonny, Mary Read, Robert Deal[2], Captain Thompson[3], Nicholas Brown, and Charles Vane
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Henry Bentinck, 1st Duke Of Portland
Henry Bentinck, 1st Duke of Portland
Duke of Portland
(17 March 1682 – 4 July 1726), styled Viscount Woodstock from 1689 until 1709, was a British politician and colonial statesman. Bentinck was the second, but eldest surviving, son of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, and Anne née Villiers. His mother was from the prominent Villiers family, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Villiers and sister of Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey.[1] As a youth, Bentinck did the Grand Tour
Grand Tour
around Europe, travelling through Italy and Germany with the company of Paul de Rapin.[1][2] On 9 June 1704, he married Lady Elizabeth Noel, daughter of Wriothesley Baptist Noel, 2nd Earl of Gainsborough and Catherine Greville at Chiswick
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Edward Trelawny (governor)
Edward Trelawny (1699 – 16 January 1754) was the British governor of Jamaica
Jamaica
from April 1738 to September 1752. He is especially known for a treaty that ended the long war that pitted white planters against the Maroons. Biography[edit] Edward Trelawny was born in 1699 in Trelawne, Cornwall, England. Of an ancient and well-known Cornish family, he was a younger son of Bishop Sir Jonathan Trelawny[1] and brother of Sir John Trelawny.[2] In 1734, Trelawny left Scotland
Scotland
to join the British Imperial Army in his fight against the French in the war of the Polish Succession. After this, Trelawny was elected for both East Looe and West Looe.[2] So, he returned to Parliament in this year (1734), but both elections were declared void, as he was then a commissioner of customs in Scotland
Scotland
and ineligible to sit in Parliament. He was appointed Governor of Jamaica
Jamaica
in April 1738
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Henry Moore, 1st Baronet
Sir Henry Moore, 1st Baronet
Baronet
(1713 – 11 September 1769) was a British colonial leader who served as governor of Jamaica
Jamaica
and as royal Governor
Governor
of Province of New York
Province of New York
from 1765 to 1769.Contents1 Early life 2 Career in New York 3 Death 4 Personal 5 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Moore was born in Jamaica
Jamaica
to a prominent plantation family, and was educated toward the law. Moore was active in Jamaica's colonial affairs, and by 1756 he had risen to the rank of governor. As in many royal colonies of the time, the governor was frequently absent, collecting his fees and salary from London, with a local Lieutenant and council forming the actual government
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Jamaica
Jamaica
Jamaica
(/dʒəˈmeɪkə/ ( listen)) is an island country situated in the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles
Greater Antilles
and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica
Jamaica
lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola
Hispaniola
(the island containing the countries of Haiti
Haiti
and the Dominican Republic). Previously inhabited by the indigenous Arawak
Arawak
and Taíno
Taíno
peoples, the island came under Spanish rule following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494
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George Haldane
George Haldane was born in 1722 to the Clan Haldane. His father Patrick Haldane was a lawyer and politician, and his uncle Mungo Haldane was also a politician.[1] He joined the British military at the age of 17 and quickly rose to the rank of brigadier general after leading a series of successful military campaigns as a junior officer. He also served as Governor of Jamaica
Jamaica
from 1756 until his death on 26 July 1759 at the age of 37.[2] Brigadier-General George Haldane fought in the Battle of Fontenoy
Battle of Fontenoy
in 1743, where he was wounded. He fought in the Battle of Dettingen
Battle of Dettingen
in 1743 and he also fought in the 1745 Uprising
1745 Uprising
against the Jacobites. He gained the rank of brigadier general in the service of the 3rd Guards, and fought in the Battle of Leffelt in 1747
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William Henry Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton
William Henry Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton MP (24 December 1724 – 14 September 1808) was a British peer, politician, and colonial administrator from the Lyttelton family. He was the youngest son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet. Biography[edit] As the youngest son, he did not expect to inherit the family estates and served in various government appointments. He became governor of colonial South Carolina in 1755. As such he was a major factor in the eventual story of America's independence. His insistence on respecting the treaty rights of native peoples aggravated settlers on the frontier of South Carolina and led to a severe rift between those respecting the King's directives and those opposed.[citation needed] The opposing factions eventually fought the civil war in South Carolina that was perhaps the key factor in America's independence. He was appointed Governor of Jamaica in 1760, and envoy-extraordinary to Portugal in 1766
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