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Library Science
Library
Library
science (often termed library studies, library and information science, bibliothecography, library economy)[1] is an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information
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Interdisciplinary
Interdisciplinarity involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, anthropology, psychology, economics etc. It is about creating something new by thinking across boundaries. It is related to an interdiscipline or an interdisciplinary field, which is an organizational unit that crosses traditional boundaries between academic disciplines or schools of thought, as new needs and professions emerge. Large engineering teams are usually interdisciplinary, as a power station or mobile phone or other project requires the melding of several specialties
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Quantitative Research
In [Marketing] Quantitative research is aimed at producing data that can be analysed using statistics and the results expressed numerically. From marketing research perspective it is used to gather data from existing and potential customers
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Baconian Method
The Baconian method is the investigative method developed by Sir Francis Bacon. The method was put forward in Bacon's book Novum Organum (1620), or 'New Method', and was supposed to replace the methods put forward in Aristotle's Organon. This method was influential upon the development of the scientific method in modern science; but also more generally in the early modern rejection of medieval Aristotelianism.Contents1 Description in the Novum Organum1.1 Bacon's view of induction 1.2 Role of the English Reformation 1.3 Approach to causality 1.4 Refinements2 Natural history 3 Idols of the mind (idola mentis) 4 Influence 5 Frankfurt School critique of Baconian method 6 See also 7 Notes 8 ReferencesDescription in the Novum Organum[edit] Bacon's view of induction[edit] Bacon's method is an example of the application of inductive reasoning
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Library Of Congress
The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
(LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States
United States
Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia.[1] The library's functions are overseen by the librarian of Congress, and its buildings are maintained by the architect of the Capitol
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Dewey Decimal Classification
The Dewey Decimal Classification
Dewey Decimal Classification
(DDC), or Dewey Decimal System, is a proprietary library classification system first published in the United States by Melvil Dewey
Melvil Dewey
in 1876.[1] It has been revised and expanded through 23 major editions, the latest issued in 2011, and has grown from a four-page pamphlet in 1876. It is also available in an abridged version suitable for smaller libraries. It is currently maintained by the Online Computer Library Center
Online Computer Library Center
(OCLC), a non-profit cooperative that serves libraries. OCLC
OCLC
licenses access to an online version for catalogers called WebDewey. The Decimal Classification introduced the concepts of relative location and relative index which allow new books to be added to a library in their appropriate location based on subject
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Multidisciplinarity
Interdisciplinarity involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, anthropology, psychology, economics etc. It is about creating something new by thinking across boundaries. It is related to an interdiscipline or an interdisciplinary field, which is an organizational unit that crosses traditional boundaries between academic disciplines or schools of thought, as new needs and professions emerge. Large engineering teams are usually interdisciplinary, as a power station or mobile phone or other project requires the melding of several specialties
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Australian Library And Information Association
The Australian Library and Information Association
Australian Library and Information Association
(ALIA) is the peak professional organisation for the Australian library and information services sector.Contents1 History 2 Governance 3 Conferences 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksHistory[edit] In August 1937 fifty-five librarians meeting at the Albert Hall in Canberra
Canberra
formed the Australian Institute of Librarians, the foundation president was William H
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Canada
Coordinates: 60°N 95°W / 60°N 95°W / 60; -95Canada Flag Coat of arms Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Latin)"From Sea to Sea"Anthem: "O Canada"[a] CapitalOttawa45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667Largest cityTorontoOfficial languagesEnglishFrenchEthnic groups (2016)[2] List of ethnicities 74.3% European 14.5% Asian 5.1% Indigenous 3.4% Caribbean and Latin American 2.9% African 0.2% Oceanian Religion (2011)[3] List of religions 67.2% Christianity
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Information Management
Information
Information
management (IM) concerns a cycle of organizational activity: the acquisition of information from one or more sources, the custodianship and the distribution of that information to those who need it, and its ultimate disposition through archiving or deletion. This cycle of organisational involvement with information involves a variety of stakeholders, including those who are responsible for assuring the quality, accessibility and utility of acquired information; those who are responsible for its safe storage and disposal; and those who need it for decision making
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Social Sciences
Social science
Social science
is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. It in turn has many branches, each of which is considered a social science. The social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science , psychology, public health, and sociology. The term is also sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of sociology, the original 'science of society', established in the 19th century. A more detailed list of sub-disciplines within the social sciences can be found at Outline of social science. Positivist
Positivist
social scientists use methods resembling those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and so define science in its stricter modern sense
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Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
(April 13 [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third President of the United States
President of the United States
from 1801 to 1809. Previously, he was elected the second Vice President of the United States, serving under John Adams
John Adams
from 1797 to 1801. A proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights motivating American colonists to break from Great Britain and form a new nation, he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level. He was a land owner and farmer. Jefferson was primarily of English ancestry, born and educated in colonial Virginia. He graduated from the College of William & Mary and briefly practiced law, at times defending slaves seeking their freedom
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Information Architecture
Information
Information
architecture (IA) is the structural design of shared information environments; the art and science of organizing and labelling websites, intranets, online communities and software to support usability and findability; and an emerging community of practice focused on bringing principles of design and architecture to the digital landscape.[1] Typically, it involves a model or concept of information that is used and applied to activities which require explicit details of complex information systems
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William Stetson Merrill
William Stetson Merrill (1866 - 1969) was an American librarian at Newberry Library, who also contributed to the fields of library classification and history.[1] He was the author of A Code for Classifiers in the period 1912-1939, and connected to the American Library Association.[2][3] He was also a scholar on Vinland.Contents1 A Code for Classifiers 2 Vinland 3 Honours 4 External links 5 ReferencesA Code for Classifiers[edit] Merrill's 1928 book A Code for Classifiers: Principles Governing the Consistent Placing of Books in a System of Classification is still under scrutiny in the field of information studies.[4][5][6] It is "essentially a description of the problems in classification arguing the need for a classifier's code, a code that transcended individual classification systems"
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Database Management System
A database is an organized collection of data.[1] A relational database, more restrictively, is a collection of schemas, tables, queries, reports, views, and other elements. Database
Database
designers typically organize the data to model aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring information, such as (for example) modelling the availability of rooms in hotels in a way that supports finding a hotel with vacancies. A database-management system (DBMS) is a computer-software application that interacts with end-users, other applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze data
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University Of The Punjab
A university (Latin: universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines
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