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Leophron
Leophron
Leophron
was the son of Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegium and Messana. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, he succeeded his father in the sovereign power.[1] It is therefore probable that he was the eldest of the two sons of Anaxilas, in whose name Micythus assumed the sovereignty, and who afterwards, at the instigation of Hieron of Syracuse, dispossessed the latter of his authority. Diodorus, from whom we learn these facts, does not mention the name of either of the young princes. According to the same author, their reign lasted six years (467-461 BC), when they were expelled by a popular insurrection both from Rhegium and Zancle.[2] Leophron
Leophron
is elsewhere mentioned as carrying on war against the neighbouring city of Locri, and as displaying his magnificence at the Olympic games, by feasting the whole assembled multitude
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Herald And Trumpet Contest
In the 96th Olympiad (396 BC), beside the athletic and artistic competitions,[1] the "Herald and Trumpet contest" was added, which was already a formal element of the Olympic ritual performed by the kerykes (heralds) and salpinktai (trumpeteers) . Winners were chosen by the clarity of the enunciation and the audibility of their voice or horn blast. Some notable victors were:Timaeus (trumpeter) and Crates (herald) of Elis, the first ones. Herodorus of Megara
Herodorus of Megara
(ten times) 328-292 BC trumpeter. Diogenes of Ephesus 69-85 AD (five times) trumpeter. Valerius Eclectus of Sinope 245,253-261 AD (four times) herald.References[edit]^ Gymnikos, hippikos and mousikos agon (naked, equine and artistic contest)Ancient Greek Athletics By Stephen G
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Justin (historian)
Justin (Latin: Marcus Junianus Justinus Frontinus;[n 1] c. second century) was a Latin
Latin
historian who lived under the Roman Empire.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Legacy 4 Notes 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External linksLife[edit] Almost nothing is known of Justin's personal history, his name appearing only in the title of his work. He must have lived after Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, whose work he excerpted, and his references to the Romans and Parthians' having divided the world between themselves would have been anachronistic after the rise of the Sassanians in the third century. His Latin
Latin
appears to be consistent with the style of the second century
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Bilistiche
Bilistiche (Greek: Βιλιστίχη[1]) or Belistiche was a Hellenistic
Hellenistic
courtesan of uncertain origin. According to Pausanias, she was a Macedonian;[2] according to Athenaeus, an Argive (which was an ancient Greek royal house and the ruling dynasty of Macedon);[3] according to Plutarch, a foreign slave bought from the marketplace.[4] She won the tethrippon and synoris horse races in the 264 BC Olympic Games.[2] She became a mistress of Ptolemy II Philadelphus
Ptolemy II Philadelphus
and was deified by him as Aphrodite Bilistiche.[5] According to Clement of Alexandria, she was buried under the shrine of Sarapis
Sarapis
in Alexandria.[6] References[edit]^ Belistiche in Pausanias; Belestiche in Plutarch; Blistichis in Clement (Protrepticus 4.42); Philistaikhus in Eusebius (Chronikon); Bilistiche in pCairZen 2.59289. ^ a b Pausanias. Description of Greece, 5.8.11
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Damarchus
Damarchus
Damarchus
(Greek: Δάμαρχος) or Demaenetus was a victorious Olympic boxer from Parrhasia (Arcadia) who is said to have changed his shape into that of a wolf at the festival of Lycaea, only to become a man again after ten years.[1] Pausanias investigated the story for his famous work Description of Greece
Description of Greece
and, while he seems to believe that Damarchus
Damarchus
the boxer did indeed exist, he notes Damarchus' inscription at Olympia mentions nothing about his supposed metamorphosis to a wolf.[2][3] The festival of Lycaea involved human sacrifice to Zeus
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Aratus Of Sicyon
Aratus
Aratus
(/əˈreɪtəs/; Greek: Ἄρατος; 271–213 BC) was a statesman of the ancient Greek city-state of Sicyon
Sicyon
and a leader of the Achaean League. He deposed the Sicyonian tyrant Nicocles in 251 BC. Aratus
Aratus
was an advocate of Greek unity and brought Sicyon
Sicyon
into the Achaean League, which he led to its maximum extent. He was elected strategos many times and led the Achaeans against Macedonia, the Aetolians
Aetolians
and the Spartans. After the Spartans defeated and nearly destroyed the cities of the Achaean League, he requested Antigonus III Doson of Macedonia to help fight against the Aetolians
Aetolians
and Spartans. After Antigonus died in 221 BC, Aratus
Aratus
did not get along with the new king, Philip V of Macedon, who wanted to make the Achaean League subject to Macedonia
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Running In Ancient Greece
In Ancient Greece, the history of running can be traced back to 776 BC. Running
Running
was important to members of ancient Greek society, and is consistently highlighted in documents referencing the Olympic Games. The Olympic Games
Olympic Games
hosted a large variety of running events, each with their own set of rules. The ancient Greeks
Greeks
developed difficult training programs with specialized trainers in preparation for the Games
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Dictionary Of Greek And Roman Biography And Mythology
The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
(1849, originally published 1844 under a slightly different title) is an encyclopedia/biographical dictionary. Edited by William Smith, the dictionary spans three volumes and 3,700 pages. It is a classic work of 19th-century lexicography. The work is a companion to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.[1]Contents1 Authors and scope 2 Use and availability today 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksAuthors and scope[edit]Excerpt from Philolaus
Philolaus
Pythagoras book, (Charles Peter Mason, 1870)The work lists thirty-five authors in addition to the editor, who is also an author for some definitions and articles
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William Smith (lexicographer)
Sir William Smith (20 May 1813 – 7 October 1893)[1] was an English lexicographer. He also made advances in the teaching of Greek and Latin in schools.Contents1 Early life 2 Career2.1 Publications3 Honours and death 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksEarly life[edit] Smith was born in Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist
Nonconformist
parents. He attended the Madras House school of John Allen in Hackney.[2] Originally destined for a theological career, he instead was articled to a solicitor. In his spare time he taught himself classics, and when he entered University College London
University College London
he carried off both the Greek and Latin prizes
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Public Domain
The legal term public domain refers to works whose exclusive intellectual property rights have expired,[1] have been forfeited,[2] have been expressly waived, or are inapplicable.[3] For example, the works of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
and Beethoven, and most early silent films are in the public domain either by virtue of their having been created before copyright existed, or by their copyright term having expired.[1] Some works are not covered by copyright, and are therefore in the public domain—among them the formulae of Newtonian physics, cooking recipes,[4] and all computer software created prior to 1974.[5] Other works are actively de
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Athenaeus
Athenaeus
Athenaeus
of Naucratis
Naucratis
(/ˌæθəˈniːəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Latin: Athenaeus
Athenaeus
Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD. The Suda
Suda
says only that he lived in the times of Marcus Aurelius, but the contempt with which he speaks of Commodus, who died in 192, shows that he survived that emperor
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Simonides
Simonides of Ceos
Simonides of Ceos
(/saɪˈmɒnɪˌdiːz/; Greek: Σιμωνίδης ὁ Κεῖος; c. 556 – 468 BC) was a Greek lyric poet, born at Ioulis
Ioulis
on Ceos. The scholars of Hellenistic
Hellenistic
Alexandria
Alexandria
included him in the canonical list of nine lyric poets, along with Bacchylides
Bacchylides
(his nephew) and Pindar
Pindar
(reputedly a bitter rival)
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Locri
Locri
Locri
is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Reggio Calabria, Calabria, southern Italy. The name derives from the ancient Greek town Locris. Today it is an important administrative and cultural centre on the Ionian Coast, in the Italian Province of Reggio Calabria.Contents1 History 2 Modern Locri 3 Main sights3.1 Ionic temple of Marasà 3.2 The theatre4 Notable people 5 Mass media 6 Notes 7 External linksHistory[edit] Epizephyrian Locris
Locris
(Greek Ἐπιζεφύριοι Λοκροί; from ἐπί epi, "on", Ζέφυρος (Zephyros), West Wind, and the plural of Λοκρός, Lokros, "a Locrian," thus "The Western Locrians")[2] was founded about 680 BC on the Italian shore of the Ionian Sea, near modern Capo Zefirio, by the Locrians, apparently by Opuntii (East Locrians) from the city of Opus, but including Ozolae (West Locrians) and Lacedaemonians
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Diodor
Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus Siculus
(/ˌdaɪəˈdɔːrəs ˈsɪkjʊləs/; Greek: Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) (fl. 1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily
Sicily
was a Greek historian. He is known for writing the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica, much of which survives, between 60 and 30 BC. It is arranged in three parts. The first covers mythic history up to the destruction of Troy, arranged geographically, describing regions around the world from Egypt, India
India
and Arabia
Arabia
to Greece
Greece
and Europe. The second covers the Trojan War
Trojan War
to the death of Alexander the Great. The third covers the period to about 60 BC
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Micythus
Micythus, son of Choerus, was a tyrant of Rhegium (modern Reggio Calabria) in the 5th century BC. He was at first a slave in the service of Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegium, but gradually rose to so high a place in the confidence of his master, that Anaxilas at his death (476 BC) left him guardian of his infant sons, with charge to hold the sovereign power in trust for them, until they should attain to manhood. The administration of Micythus appears to have been both wise and vigorous, so that he conciliated the affections of his subjects, and held the government both of Rhegium and Messana, undisturbed by any popular commotions. One of the principal events of his reign was the assistance furnished by him to the Tarentines in their war against the Iapygians (473 BC), which was terminated by a disastrous defeat, in which 3000 of the Rhegians perished, and the fugitives were pursued by the barbarians up to the very gates of the city
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Dionysius Of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus
(Greek: Διονύσιος Αλεξάνδρου Αλικαρνασσεύς Dionysios Alexandrou Alikarnassefs; "Dionysios son of Alexandros of Halikarnassos"; c. 60 BC – after 7 BC) was a Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric, who flourished during the reign of Caesar Augustus
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