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Leo Strauss
Leo Strauss
Leo Strauss
(/straʊs/;[6] German: [ʃtraʊs]; September 20, 1899 – October 18, 1973) was a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish
Jewish
parents and later emigrated from Germany to the United States
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Philosophy Of Religion
Philosophy
Philosophy
of religion is "the philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions."[1] These sorts of philosophical discussion are ancient, and can be found in the earliest known manuscripts concerning philosophy. The field is related to many other branches of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics.[2] The philosophy of religion differs from religious philosophy in that it seeks to discuss questions regarding the nature of religion as a whole, rather than examining the problems brought forth by a particular belief system
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Franz Rosenzweig
Franz Rosenzweig (December 25, 1886 – December 10, 1929) was a German Jewish theologian, philosopher, and translator.Contents1 Early life 2 The Star of Redemption 3 Collaboration with Buber 4 Educational activities 5 Illness and death 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksEarly life[edit] Franz Rosenzweig was born in Kassel, Germany to a middle-class, minimally observant, Jewish family. He studied history and philosophy at the universities of Göttingen, Munich, and Freiburg. Rosenzweig, under the influence of his cousins and his close friend Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy, considered converting to Christianity. Determined to embrace the faith as the early Christians did, he resolved to live as an observant Jew first, before becoming Christian. After attending Yom Kippur services at a small Orthodox synagogue in Berlin, he underwent a mystical experience
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Socrates
Socrates
Socrates
(/ˈsɒkrətiːz/;[2] Ancient Greek: Σωκρᾰ́της, translit. Sōkrátēs, [sɔːkrátɛːs]; c. 470 – 399 BC)[3][4] was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher,[5][6] of the Western ethical tradition of thought.[7][8][9] An enigmatic figure, he made no writings, and is known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers writing after his lifetime, particularly his students Plato
Plato
and Xenophon. Other sources include the contemporaneous Antisthenes, Aristippus, and Aeschines of Sphettos
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Revelation
In religion and theology, revelation is the revealing or disclosing of some form of truth or knowledge through communication with a deity or other supernatural entity or entities.Contents1 Description 2 Background 3 Types3.1 Individual revelation 3.2 Public revelation4 Methods4.1 Verbal 4.2 Non-verbal propositional5 Epistemology 6 In various religions6.1 Bahá'í 6.2 Christianity6.2.1 Latter Day Saint movement6.3 Hinduism 6.4 Islam 6.5 Judaism6.5.1 Prophets7 Recent revelations 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksDescription[edit] Some religions have religious texts which they view as divinely or supernaturally revealed or inspired
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Moses Mendelssohn
Moses Mendelssohn
Moses Mendelssohn
(6 September 1729[2] – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah, the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is indebted. Born to a poor Jewish family in Dessau, Principality of Anhalt, and originally destined for a rabbinical career, Mendelssohn educated himself in German thought and literature and from his writings on philosophy and religion came to be regarded as a leading cultural figure of his time by both Christian and Jewish inhabitants of German-speaking Europe and beyond. He also established himself as an important figure in the Berlin
Berlin
textile industry, which was the foundation of his family's wealth. Moses Mendelssohn's descendants include the composers Fanny and Felix Mendelssohn and the founders of the Mendelssohn & Co
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Hesse-Nassau
The Province of Hesse-Nassau
Hesse-Nassau
(German: Provinz Hessen-Nassau) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia
Prussia
from 1868 to 1918, then a province of the Free State of Prussia
Prussia
until 1944. Hesse-Nassau
Hesse-Nassau
was created as a consequence of the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 by combining the previously independent Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
(or Hesse-Cassel), the Duchy of Nassau, the Free City of Frankfurt, areas gained from the Kingdom of Bavaria, and areas gained from the Grand Duchy of Hesse
Hesse
(Hesse-Darmstadt; including part of the former Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg)
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Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
(German: [ˈlɛsɪŋ]; 22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781) was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era. His plays and theoretical writings substantially influenced the development of German literature. He is widely considered by theatre historians to be the first dramaturg in his role at Abel Seyler's Hamburg National Theatre.[1]Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Vehement attack of the Radical Pietist Johann Daniel Müller 4 Selected works 5 English translations 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksLife[edit]Lessing, 1771Lessing was born in Kamenz, a small town in Saxony, to Johann Gottfried Lessing and Justine Salome Feller. His father was a Lutheran minister and wrote on theology. Young Lessing studied at the Latin School in Kamenz
Kamenz
from 1737 to 1741
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History Of Philosophy
Philosophy
Philosophy
(from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom"[1][2][3][4]) is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.[5][6] The term was probably coined by Pythagoras
Pythagoras
(c. 570–495 BCE)
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Epistemology
Related concepts and fundamentals:Agnosticism Epistemology Presupposition Probabilityv t e Epistemology
Epistemology
(/ɪˌpɪstɪˈmɒlədʒi/ ( listen); from Greek ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē, meaning 'knowledge', and λόγος, logos, meaning 'logical discourse') is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.[1] Epistemology
Epistemology
studies the nature of knowledge, justification, and the rationality of belief. Much of the debate in epistemology centers on four areas: (1) the philosophical analysis of the nature of knowledge and how it relates to such concepts as truth, belief, and justification,[2][3] (2) various problems of skepticism, (3) the sources and scope of knowledge and justified belief, and (4) the criteria for knowledge and justification
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Metaphysics
Metaphysics
Metaphysics
is a branch of philosophy that explores the fundamental questions, including the nature of concepts like being, existence, and reality.[1] It has two branches – cosmology and ontology. Traditional metaphysics seeks to answer, in a "suitably abstract and fully general manner", the questions:[2]What is there? And what is it like?Topics of metaphysical investigation include existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to one another. There are two broad conceptions about what is the "world" studied by metaphysics. The strong, classical view assumes that the objects studied by metaphysics exist independently of any observer, so that the subject is the most fundamental of all sciences
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Modern Republicanism
House of RepresentativesSpeaker Paul Ryan (R)Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R)Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D)Congressional districtsUnited States SenatePresident Mike Pence (R)President Pro Tempore Orrin Hatch (R)President Pro Tempore Emeritus Patrick Leahy (D)Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R)Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D)ExecutivePresident of the United StatesDonald Trump (R)Vice President of the United StatesMike Pence (R)Cabinet Federal agencies Executive OfficeJudiciarySupreme Court of the United StatesChief Justice John RobertsKennedy Thomas Ginsburg Breyer Alito Sotomayor Kagan GorsuchCourts of Appeals District Courts (list)Other tribunalsElectionsPresidential elections Midterm electionsOff-year electionsPolitical partiesDemocratic RepublicanThird partiesFederalism<
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Neo-Kantianism
Neo- Kantianism
Kantianism
(German: Neukantianismus) is a revival of the 18th century philosophy of Immanuel Kant. More specifically it is influenced by Arthur Schopenhauer's critique of the Kantian philosophy in his work The World as Will and Representation
The World as Will and Representation
(1818), as well as by other post-Kantian philosophers such as Jakob Friedrich Fries and Johann Friedrich Herbart
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Aristotle
Aristotle
Aristotle
(/ˈærɪˌstɒtəl/;[3] Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC)[n 1] was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece. Along with Plato, Aristotle
Aristotle
is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy", which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his teachings, including problems and methods of inquiry, so influencing almost all forms of knowledge. Little is known for certain about his life. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle
Aristotle
was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age, he joined Plato's Academy
Plato's Academy
in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c
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Maryland
Motto(s): Fatti maschii, parole femine (English: Strong Deeds, Gentle Words)[3] The Latin text encircling the seal: Scuto bonæ voluntatis tuæ coronasti nos (With favor Wilt Thou Compass Us as with a Shield) Psalm 5:12[4]State song(s): "Maryland, My Maryland"Official language None (English, de facto)Demonym MarylanderCapital AnnapolisLargest city BaltimoreLargest metro Baltimore- Washington Metro
Washington Metro
AreaArea Ranked 42nd • Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km2) • Width 196 miles (315 km) • Length 119 m
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