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Lenin And Stalin
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin[a] (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality. Governing the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953, he served as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from 1922 to 1952 and as Premier of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from 1941 to 1953. Initially heading a collective one-party state government, by 1937 he was the country's de facto dictator. Ideologically a Marxist and a Leninist, Stalin helped to formalise these ideas as Marxism– Leninism
Leninism
while his own policies became known as Stalinism. Raised in a poor family in Gori, Russian Empire, as a youth Stalin joined the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
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Stalin (other)
Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1878–1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Stalin may also refer to:Stalin (name), both a given name and surname Qyteti Stalin
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & North Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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Kato Svanidze
Ketevan "Kato" Svanidze (Georgian: ეკატერინა სვიმონის ასული სვანიძე, Ketevan Svimonis asuli Svanidze; Russian: Екатери́на Семёновна Свани́дзе, Yekaterina Semyonovna Svanidze; 2 April 1885 – 5 December 1907) was the first wife of Joseph Stalin and the mother of his eldest son, Yakov. Svanidze and Stalin were married for just 18 months before she died of an illness in 1907
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Nadezhda Alliluyeva
Nadezhda Sergeevna Alliluyeva (Russian: Наде́жда Серге́евна Аллилу́ева; 22 September 1901[1] – 9 November 1932) was the second wife of Joseph Stalin.Contents1 Early life 2 Stalin 3 Death 4 In popular culture 5 ReferencesEarly life[edit] She was the youngest child of Russian revolutionary Sergei Alliluyev (1866-1945), a railway worker, and his wife Olga, a woman of German and Georgian ancestry, who spoke Russian with a strong accent.[citation needed] Sergei Alliluyev was Russian but had found work and a second home in the Caucasus. During Stalin's time of exile, the Alliluyev family was a source of assistance and refuge, and in 1917, Stalin lived from time to time in their apartment. Stalin[edit] Nadezhda first met Stalin as a child when her father, Sergei Alliluyev, sheltered him after one of his escapes from Siberian exile during 1911.[2] After the revolution, Nadezhda worked as a confidential code clerk in Lenin's office
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Yakov Dzhugashvili
Yakov Iosifovich Jugashvili (Georgian: იაკობ იოსების ძე ჯუღაშვილი, Iakob Iosebis dze Jugashvili, Russian: Я́ков Ио́сифович Джугашви́ли; 18 March 1907 – 14 April 1943) was the eldest of Joseph Stalin's four children, the son of Stalin's first wife, Kato Svanidze. His younger half-siblings were Svetlana Alliluyeva and Vasily Dzhugashvili. He served in the Red Army
Red Army
during the Second World War, and was captured, or surrendered,[2] in the initial stages of the German invasion of the Soviet Union
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Konstantin Kuzakov
Konstantin Stepanovich Kuzakov (1911–1996) (Russian: Константин Степанович Кузаков)[1] was the illegitimate second child of Joseph Stalin. Konstantin's mother was Maria Kuzakova, who was Stalin's landlady during his 1911 exile in Solvychegodsk, with whom he had an affair. His mother was still pregnant when Stalin left his exile.[2] Konstantin was enrolled into Leningrad University, possibly with the discreet help of his father. In 1932, the NKVD
NKVD
forced him to sign a statement promising never to reveal the truth of his parentage.[2] For a while, he taught philosophy at the Leningrad Military Mechanical Institute. Afterward, he got a job in the Central Committee's apparat in Moscow. He served as a colonel during World War II. In 1947, while working for Andrei Zhdanov, a very close ally of Stalin, he and his deputy were accused of being American spies
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Vasily Stalin
Vasili
Vasili
or Vasily (Russian: Васи́лий) is a Slavic male given name of Greek origin and corresponds to Basil
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Svetlana Alliluyeva
Svetlana Iosifovna Alliluyeva (Russian: Светла́на Ио́сифовна Аллилу́ева; née Stalina; Russian: Сталина; 28 February 1926 – 22 November 2011), later known as Lana Peters, was the youngest child and only daughter of Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
and Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Stalin's second wife. In 1967, she caused an international furor when she defected and became a naturalized citizen of the United States. In 1984, she returned to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and had her Soviet citizenship returned. She later went back to the United States and also spent time in France, before settling in the United Kingdom and becoming a British citizen in 1992
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Besarion Jughashvili
Besarion Ivanes dze Jughashvili[2] (1849 or 1850 – 25 August 1909)[1] was the father of Joseph Stalin. He was commonly known as "Beso". He was a successful shoemaker by trade, but later in life he slid into alcoholism and became a vagrant. His wife and Stalin's mother was Ekaterine Geladze.Contents1 Ancestry 2 Life in Gori 3 Later life and death 4 References 5 BibliographyAncestry[edit] Besarion was born into an Orthodox Christian serf family from the village of Didi Lilo
Didi Lilo
in Tiflis
Tiflis
Governorate, most likely in 1850. Besarion had a brother named Giorgi who was murdered by bandits.[3] Besarion was the paternal grandson of Zaza Jughashvili from the village of Geri, north of Gori. In the mid-19th century, Zaza took part in a peasant uprising in Ananuri, a small county seat near Ger on the Aragvi River. The uprising was crushed by Imperial soldiers, and Zaza was captured along with nine other rebels
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Keke Geladze
Ekaterina Gabrielis asuli Jughashvili[1][2] (née Geladze;[3] 5 February 1858 – 4 June 1937) was the mother of Joseph Stalin. Those close to her called her "Keke". Her husband and Stalin's father was Besarion Jughashvili.Contents1 Early life 2 Marriage and motherhood 3 Later life 4 References 5 BibliographyEarly life Keke was born to a family of Georgian Orthodox
Georgian Orthodox
Christian serfs in Gambareuli near Gori in 1858. Her father, Giorgi (aka Glakha or Gabriel)[4][5] Geladze, was a potter belonging to Prince Amilakhvari. He died young and the family was always poor, but somehow her mother Melania[6] (née Homezurashvili)[citation needed] ensured that Keke learned to read and write. Marriage and motherhood At 17, Keke met and married Besarion Jughashvili. Her first two children died shortly after birth—Mikhail in 1876 and Georgy the following year from measles. Her third son (and last child), Joseph, was born on December 18, 1878 and survived
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Soviet Armed Forces
The Soviet Armed Forces, also called the Armed Forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Russian: Вооружённые Силы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик Vooruzhonnyye Sily Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, Вооружённые Силы Советского Союза) were the armed forces of the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
(1917–1922), the Soviet Union (1922–1991) and the Communist Party of the
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Marshal Of The Soviet Union
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Russian: Маршал Советского Союза; Russian pronunciation: [ˈmarʂəɫ sɐˈvʲɛtskəvə sɐˈjuzə]) was the highest military rank of the Soviet Union, below Generalissimus of the Soviet Union. The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
was created in 1935 and abolished in 1991, and forty-one people held this rank. The equivalent naval rank was until 1955 Admiral of the fleet and from 1955 Admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union
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6th Central Committee Of The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Bolsheviks)
The Central Committee (CC) composition was elected by the 6th Congress, and sat from 3 August 1917 until 8 March 1918
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USSR
The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Russian: Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: [sɐˈvʲɛt͡skʲɪj sɐˈjus] ( listen)), officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: [sɐˈjus sɐˈvʲɛtskʲɪx sətsɨəlʲɪsˈtʲitɕɪskʲɪx rʲɪˈspublʲɪk] ( listen)), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian: СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics,[a] its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
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19th Presidium Of The Communist Party Of The Soviet Union
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin
Latin
communis, "common, universal")[1][2] is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money[3][4] and the state.[5][6] Communism
Communism
includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism
Marxism
and anarchism (anarcho-communism), as well as the political ideologies grouped around both. All of these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism; that in this system there are two major social classes; that conflict between these two classes is the root of all problems in society; and that this situation will ultimately be resolved through a social revolution
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