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Lambayeque, Peru
LAMBAYEQUE is a city in the Lambayeque region
Lambayeque region
of northern Peru
Peru
. It is notable for its exceptional museums featuring artifacts from local prehistoric archaeological sites. The vast plains of Túcume
Túcume
are part of the Lambayeque Valley, the largest valley of the north coast of Peru. The Lambayeque Valley is the site of scores of natural and man-made waterways and is also a region of about 250 decaying mud-brick pyramids. The Brüning Museum , established in the early 20th century, contains hundreds of gold and silver pieces, as well as textiles and ceramics, from the Vicus , Moche , Chimú , Lambeyeque and Inca
Inca
cultures
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Archaeological
ARCHAEOLOGY, or ARCHEOLOGY, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture . The archaeological record consists of artifacts , architecture , biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes . Archaeology
Archaeology
can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities . In North America
North America
, archaeology is considered a sub-field of anthropology , while in Europe
Europe
archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. Archaeologists study human prehistory and history , from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi in East Africa
Africa
3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology
Archaeology
as a field is distinct from the discipline of palaeontology , the study of fossil remains
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Inca
The INCA EMPIRE (Quechua : Tawantinsuyu, lit. "The Four Regions" ), also known as the INCAN EMPIRE and the INKA EMPIRE, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America , and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco
Cusco
in modern-day Peru
Peru
. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru
Peru
sometime in the early 13th century. Its last stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572. From 1438 to 1533, the Incas incorporated a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean Mountains, using conquest and peaceful assimilation, among other methods
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Túcume
TúCUME is a pre-Hispanic site in Peru
Peru
, south of the La Leche River on a plain around La Raya Mountain. It covers an area of over 540 acres (220 ha) and encompassing 26 major pyramids and mounds. The area is referred to as PURGATORIO (purgatory ) by local people. The Túcume
Túcume
mounds This site was a major regional center, maybe even the capital of the successive occupations of the area by the Lambayeque /Sican (800-1350 AD), Chimú (1350–1450 AD) and Inca
Inca
(1450–1532 AD). Local shaman healers (curanderos ) invoke power of Tucume and La Raya Mountain in their rituals, and local people fear these sites. Hardly anyone other than healers venture out in this site at night. The vast plains of Túcume
Túcume
are part of the Lambayeque region
Lambayeque region
, the largest valley of the north coast of Peru
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Archeology
ARCHAEOLOGY, or ARCHEOLOGY, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture . The archaeological record consists of artifacts , architecture , biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes . Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities . In North America , archaeology is considered a sub-field of anthropology , while in Europe archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. Archaeologists study human prehistory and history , from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi in East Africa 3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology as a field is distinct from the discipline of palaeontology , the study of fossil remains. To reiterate, archaeologists do not dig dinosaurs, and tend to find this misconception rather disheartening
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Ventarron
VENTARRóN is the site of a 4,500-year-old temple with painted murals, which was excavated in Peru in 2007 near Chiclayo , in the Lambayeque region on the northern coast. The site was inhabited by the Early Cupisnique, Cupisnique , Chavin and Moche cultures. On 12 November, 2017, a fire, reportedly caused by farmers burning nearby sugar cane fields, destroyed much of the site. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Murals * 3 Excavations * 3.1 Other temples in the area * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links LOCATIONLocated in a valley, the complex covers about 2500 square meters (27,000 square feet). The site is about 12 miles from Sipán , a religious and political center of the later Moche culture, which flourished from AD 1 to AD 700 (about 2000 to 1300 years ago). It is about 760 km (470 mi) north of Peru's capital of Lima . The central complex of Ventarron also includes the archaeological site of Arenal, located on a hillslope to the southwest
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Americas
Largest metropolitan areas Largest cities List * São Paulo * Lima
Lima
* Mexico City * New York City
New York City
* Bogotá * Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
* Santiago
Santiago
* Los Angeles
Los Angeles
* Caracas * Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
CIA political map of the Americas
Americas
in Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection The AMERICAS (also collectively called AMERICA) encompass the totality of the continents of North and South America
South America
. Together, they make up most of the land in Earth's western hemisphere and comprise the New World
New World

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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Geography
GEOGRAPHY (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description" ) is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth
Earth
. The first person to use the word "γεωγραφία" was Eratosthenes
Eratosthenes
(276–194 BC). Geography
Geography
is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth
Earth
and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Geography
Geography
is often defined in terms of the two branches of human geography and physical geography . Human geography
Human geography
deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Alfajor
An ALFAJOR or ALAJú (Spanish pronunciation: , plural alfajores) is a traditional confection found in Uruguay
Uruguay
, Chile
Chile
, Argentina
Argentina
, Peru , Bolivia
Bolivia
, Spain
Spain
, Paraguay
Paraguay
, Venezuela
Venezuela
and Southern Brazil
Brazil
. The archetypal alfajor entered Iberia during the period of al-Andalus . It is produced in the form of a small cylinder and is sold either individually or in boxes containing several pieces
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UTC-5
UTC−05:00 is a time offset that subtracts five hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC). In North America, it is observed in the Eastern Time Zone
Eastern Time Zone
during standard time , and in the Central Time Zone during the other eight months (see Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
). The western Caribbean uses it year round
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Vicus (Peru)
VICúS CULTURE was an important early culture in Peru from 1000/200 BCE to 300/600 CE. They lived in the Piura region in the northern Pacific coast of Peru. CONTENTS * 1 Art * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 Further reading * 5 External links ART Vicus copper mask with red paint; 500 BC-400 AD, Kloster Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen , Switzerland They were known for their work in ceramics , copper, and gold. Living mainly on the coastal deserts, they used the native clay and local dyes to produce natural and religious symbols; modern day pottery from the town of Chulucanas is said to closely resemble the ancient art. They created Double spout and bridge vessel that created whistling sounds when pouring liquids. SEE ALSO Wikimedia Commons has media related to VICUS CULTURE . * Moche culture NOTES * ^ "The Vicús Culture." Tampere Art Museum. (retrieved 3 May 2011) * ^ A B Ransom, Brian (2000)
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Districts Of Peru
The DISTRICTS OF PERU (Spanish: distritos) are the third-level country subdivisions of Peru
Peru
. They are subdivisions of the provinces , which in turn are subdivisions of the larger regions or departments. There are 1,838 districts in total. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Most populous districts * 2.1 By population * 2.2 By population density * 2.3 By area * 2.4 By elevation * 3 Districts table * 4 See also * 5 References OVERVIEWA 1982 law requires a minimum of residents in an area for a new district to be legally established: 3,500 if it is located in the rainforest , 4,000 in the Andes
Andes
highlands and 10,000 in the coastal area. In the dry Andean area, many districts have less than 3,500 inhabitants due to low population density in the area. In some cases, their populations have decreased in comparison to the days when they were founded
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Regions Of Peru
The REGIONS (Spanish : regiones) of Peru
Peru
are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Peru
Peru
. Since its 1821 independence , Peru
Peru
had been divided into DEPARTMENTS (Spanish : departamentos) but faced the problem of an increasing centralization of political and economic power in its capital, Lima
Lima
. After several unsuccessful decentralization attempts, the legal figure of region became official and regional governments were elected to manage the departments on November 20, 2002, until their planned fusion into real regions. Under the new arrangement, the former 24 departments plus the Callao Province have become regional circumscriptions. The province of Lima has been excluded from this process and does not form part of any region. Unlike the earlier departments, regions have an elected government and have a wide array of responsibilities within their jurisdiction
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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