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Lakkundi
LAKKUNDI in Gadag District of Karnataka
Karnataka
is a tiny village on the way to Hampi
Hampi
( Hosapete
Hosapete
) from Hubballi . Lakkundi
Lakkundi
11 km from Gadag
Gadag
in the east. It is 14 km from Dambal and 25 km from Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) . Lakkundi, is full of ruined temples like Mallikarjuna, Virabhadra, Manikeshwara, Nanneshwara, Lakshminarayana, Someshwara, Nilakanteshwara and many more. Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50 temples, 101 stepped wells (called Kalyani or Pushkarni) and 29 inscriptions, spread over the period of the later Chalukyas
Chalukyas
, Kalachuris , Seuna and the Hoysalas
Hoysalas

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Mantapa
MANDAPA (Sanskrit : मण्डप, Hindi : मंडप, Marathi : मांडव; also spelled MANTAPA or MANDAPAM) in Indian architecture is a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion for public rituals. CONTENTS * 1 Temple architecture * 2 Name variations * 3 Other languages * 4 Notes * 5 See also * 6 External links TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE Mandapa
Mandapa
porch, Shimoga In the Hindu temple
Hindu temple
the mandapa is a porch-like structure through the (gopuram ) (ornate gateway) and leading to the temple. It is used for religious dancing and music and is part of the basic temple compound. The prayer hall was generally built in front of the temple's sanctum sanctorum (garbhagriha ). A large temple would have many mandapas. If a temple has more than one mandapa, each one is allocated for a different function and given a name to reflect its use
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Jainism
JAINISM (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ ), traditionally known as JAIN DHARMA, is an ancient Indian religion . Followers of Jainism
Jainism
are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jains trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as Tirthankaras , with the first being Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
, who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira around 500 BCE. Jains believe that Jainism
Jainism
is an eternal dharma with the Tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain cosmology
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Archaeological Survey Of India
The ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA is an Indian government agency attached to the Ministry of Culture that is responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country. It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who also became its first Director-General. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Formation of the ASI * 1.2 1885–1901 * 1.3 1901–1947 * 1.4 1947–1956 * 2 Organisation * 2.1 Circles * 2.2 Directors-General * 3 Museums * 4 Library * 5 Publications * 6 State government archaeological departments * 7 In popular culture * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYThe first systematic research into India\'s history was conducted by the Asiatic Society , which was founded by the British Indologist William Jones on January 15, 1784
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Hoysalas
The HOYSALA EMPIRE was a prominent Southern Indian Kannadiga
Kannadiga
empire that ruled most of the modern-day state of Karnataka
Karnataka
between the 10th and the 14th centuries. The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur but was later moved to Halebidu . The Hoysala rulers were originally from Malnad
Malnad
Karnataka, an elevated region in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
range. In the 12th century, taking advantage of the internecine warfare between the then ruling Western Chalukya and Kalachuri kingdoms, they annexed areas of present-day Karnataka
Karnataka
and the fertile areas north of the Kaveri River
Kaveri River
delta in present-day Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu

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Mahadeva Temple (Itagi)
Mahadeva means "great God"
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Seuna
The SEUNA, SEVUNA or YADAVAS OF DEVAGIRI (850–1334) was an Indian dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Tungabhadra
Tungabhadra
to the Narmada rivers, including present-day Maharashtra
Maharashtra
, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh , from its capital at Devagiri (present-day Daulatabad in modern Maharashtra). The Yadavas initially ruled as feudatories of the Western Chalukyas
Western Chalukyas
. Around the middle of the 12th century, as the Chalukya
Chalukya
power waned, they declared independence and established rule that reached its peak under Singhana II
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Rashtrakutas
RASHTRAKUTA ( IAST
IAST
: rāṣṭrakūṭa) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
between the sixth and 10th centuries. The earliest known Rashtrakuta inscription is a 7th-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a city in Central or West India. Other ruling Rashtrakuta clans from the same period mentioned in inscriptions were the kings of Achalapur (modern Elichpur in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
) and the rulers of Kannauj
Kannauj
. Several controversies exist regarding the origin of these early Rashtrakutas, their native home and their language
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Ranna
RANNA ( Kannada
Kannada
: ರನ್ನ) was one of the earliest and arguably one of the greatest poets of the Kannada
Kannada
language . His style of writing is often compared to that of Adikavi Pampa who wrote in the early 10th century. Together, Ranna, Adikavi Pampa and Sri Ponna are called "three gems of ancient Kannada
Kannada
literature ". CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Literature * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References BIOGRAPHY Ranna
Ranna
was a 10th century Kannada
Kannada
poet. He was born in 949 C.E. in ancient Muduvolal, known now as Mudhol in the Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of the modern Karnataka
Karnataka
state in India, to a family of bangle sellers
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Linga
Saiddhantika * Siddhantism Non - Saiddhantika * Kashmir Shaivism
Shaivism
* Pratyabhijna
Pratyabhijna
* Vama * Dakshina
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Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation
Sri. K. Gopala Poojary (Chairman) Sri. Basawaraj Bulla (Vice-Chairman) SERVICES Public transport
Public transport
REVENUE ₹16.3585 billion (US$260 million) (2008–09) SUBSIDIARIES * Bengaluru
Bengaluru
Metropolitan Transport Corporation * North Eastern Karnataka
Karnataka
Road Transport Corporation * North Western Karnataka
Karnataka
Road Transport Corporation WEBSITE KSRTC Airavat Diamond Class The KARNATAKA STATE ROAD TRANSPORT CORPORATION (KSRTC) is a state-owned road transportation company in the state of Karnataka
Karnataka
in India
India
. KSRTC has the largest fleet of Volvo
Volvo
buses among state owned transport companies. It is wholly owned by the Government of Karnataka
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Shiva
SHIVA (/ˈʃivə/ ; IAST
IAST
: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism
Hinduism
. He is the Supreme Being within Shaivism
Shaivism
, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism. Shiva
Shiva
is the "destroyer and transformer" within the Trimurti
Trimurti
, the Hindu
Hindu
trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu
Vishnu
. In Shaivism tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is the Supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe
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Rishabhanatha
RISHABHANATHA (also ṚṣABHADEVA, RISHABHADEVA, or ṚṣABHA which literally means "bull") is the first Tirthankara (ford maker) in Jainism
Jainism
. A mythical leader, he is believed in Jainism
Jainism
to have lived millions of years ago. He was the first of twenty four teachers in the present half cycle of time in Jain cosmology, and called a ford maker because his teachings helped one across the sea of interminable rebirths and deaths (saṃsāra ). He is also known as ĀDINāTHA of Jainism
Jainism
which translates into "First (Adi) Lord (nātha)", as well as ADISHVARA (first ishvara ), YUGADIDEVA (deva of yuga), PRATHAMARAJA (first king), and NEBHEYA (son of Nabhi)
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Tirthankar
In Jainism
Jainism
, a TIRTHANKARA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
tīrthaṅkara) is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path). The word tirthankara signifies the founder of a tirtha , which is a fordable passage across the sea of interminable births and deaths, the saṃsāra . According to Jains, a tirthankara is a rare individual who has conquered the saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth, on his own and made a path for others to follow. After understanding the true nature of the Self or soul, the Tīrthaṅkara attains Kevala Jnana (omniscience), and the first Tirthankara
Tirthankara
refounds Jainism
Jainism
. Tirthankara
Tirthankara
provides a bridge for others to follow the new teacher from saṃsāra to moksha (liberation)
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Brahma
BRAHMA (/ˈbrəhmɑː/ ; Brahmā) ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
ब्रह्मा) is a creator god in Hinduism
Hinduism
. He has four faces. Brahma
Brahma
is also known as Svayambhu (self-born), Vāgīśa (Lord of Speech), and the creator of the four Vedas , one from each of his mouths. Brahma
Brahma
is sometimes identified with the Vedic god Prajapati , as well as linked to Kama
Kama
and Hiranyagarbha (the cosmic egg) . He is more prominently mentioned in the post-Vedic Hindu
Hindu
epics and the mythologies in the Puranas
Puranas
. In the epics, he is conflated with Purusha
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Hubballi
HUBLI, officially known as HUBBALLI is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad
Dharwad
. Hubli- Dharwad
Dharwad
is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore. The name Hubballi literally means "Flowering creeper" in Kannada
Kannada
. While Dharwad
Dharwad
is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubballi, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka
Karnataka
region. Crops including cotton , chili pepper and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading centre for these commodities
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