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Lake City, Florida
Lake City
City
is the county seat of Columbia County,[6] Florida, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 12,046.[2] It is the principal city of the Lake City
City
Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is composed of Columbia County, and had a 2010 population of 67,531.[7] Lake City
City
first began as the town of Alligator in 1821 near the Seminole
Seminole
settlement known as Alligator Village. Alligator became the seat of Columbia County in 1832 when it was formed from Duval and Alachua counties. In 1858 Alligator was incorporated and renamed Lake City. The largest American Civil War
American Civil War
battle in Florida
Florida
took place near here in the Battle of Olustee
Battle of Olustee
in 1864; the Confederates won
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City
A city is a large human settlement.[4][5] Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. Historically, city-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization, roughly half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability.[6] Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification
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Florida Territory
The Territory of Florida
Florida
was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 30, 1822, until March 3, 1845, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida. Originally the Spanish territory of La Florida, and later the provinces of East and West Florida, it was ceded to the United States as part of the 1819 Adams–Onís Treaty.[1] It was governed by the Florida
Florida
Territorial Council.Contents1 Background 2 American involvement pre-1821 3 Adams–Onís Treaty 4 Territorial Florida
Florida
and the Seminole Wars 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksBackground[edit] Florida
Florida
was encountered by Europeans in 1513 by Juan Ponce de León who claimed the land as a possession of Spain. St
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Sesquicentennial
An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that event. For example, the first event is the initial occurrence or, if planned, the inaugural of the event. One year later would be the first anniversary of that event. The word was first used for Catholic feasts to commemorate saints. Most countries celebrate national anniversaries, typically called national days. These could be the date of independence of the nation or the adoption of a new constitution or form of government
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Hernando De Soto
Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto
(Spanish pronunciation: [erˈnando ðe ˈsoto]; c. 1495 – May 21, 1542) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States (through Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and most likely Arkansas). He is the first European documented as having crossed the Mississippi
Mississippi
River.[4] De Soto's North American expedition was a vast undertaking. It ranged throughout the southeastern United States, both searching for gold, which had been reported by various Indian tribes and earlier coastal explorers, and for a passage to China
China
or the Pacific coast
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of Spain Reino de España  (Spanish)6 other official names[a][b]Aragonese: Reino d'EspanyaAsturian: Reinu d'EspañaBasque: Espainiako ErresumaCatalan: Regne d'EspanyaGalician: Reino de EspañaOccitan: Reiaume d'EspanhaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March"Location of  Spain  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Madrid 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national language Spanish[c]Co-official languages in certain autonomous communities Catalan Galician Basque OccitanEthnic groups (2015)89.9% Spanish 10.1% othersReligi
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Tampa Bay
Tampa Bay
Tampa Bay
is a large natural harbor and estuary connected to the Gulf of Mexico on the west central coast of Florida, comprising Hillsboro Bay, McKay Bay, Old Tampa Bay, Middle Tampa Bay, and Lower Tampa Bay. The surrounding area is home to about 4 million residents, making it a heavily used commercial and recreational waterway but putting much stress on the bay's ecosystem, which once teemed with enough wildlife to easily support an extensive indigenous culture. Much greater care has been taken in recent decades to mitigate the effects of human habitation on Tampa Bay, and water quality has slowly improved over time.[1] The term "Tampa Bay" is sometimes used as shorthand to refer to all or parts of the Tampa Bay
Tampa Bay
area, which comprises many towns and cities in several counties surrounding the large body of water
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Timucua
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia. They were the largest indigenous group in that area and consisted of about 35 chiefdoms, many leading thousands of people. The various groups of Timucua spoke several dialects of the Timucua language. At the time of European contact, the territory occupied by speakers of Timucuan dialects occupied about 19,200 square miles (50,000 km2), and was home to between 50,000 and 200,000 Timucuans.[1][2] It stretched from the Altamaha River and Cumberland Island in present-day Georgia as far south as Lake George in central Florida, and from the Atlantic Ocean west to the Aucilla River in the Florida Panhandle, though it reached the Gulf of Mexico at no more than a couple of points. The name "Timucua" (recorded by the French as Thimogona) came from the exonym used by the Saturiwa (of what is now Jacksonville) to refer to the Utina, another group to the west of the St
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Second Seminole War
The Second Seminole
Seminole
War, also known as the Florida
Florida
War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida
Florida
between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the United States, part of a series of conflicts called the Seminole
Seminole
Wars
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Arkansas Territory
Flag of the United StatesCapital Arkansas
Arkansas
Post (1819–21) Little Rock
Little Rock
(1821–36) 35°N 95°W / 35°N 95°W / 35; -95Coordinates: 35°N 95°W / 35°N 95°W / 35; -95Government Organized incorporated territoryGovernor •  1819–1824 James Miller •  182
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Oklahoma
English ( Choctaw
Choctaw
official within Choctaw
Choctaw
Nation,
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Treaty Of Moultrie Creek
The Treaty of Moultrie Creek
Treaty of Moultrie Creek
was an agreement signed in 1823 between the government of the United States
United States
and the chiefs of several groups and bands of Indians living in the present-day state of Florida. The treaty established a reservation in the center of the Florida peninsula. The indigenous peoples of Florida
Florida
had largely died out by early in the 18th century, and various groups and bands of Muskogean-speakers (commonly called Creek Indians) and other groups such as Yamasee and Yuchi
Yuchi
moved into the area, often with the encouragement of the Spanish colonial government. These groups, which often lived on both sides of the border between Florida
Florida
and Georgia, came into increasing conflict with white settlers after the United States
United States
became independent
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County Seat
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Canada, Romania, Mainland China
Mainland China
and Taiwan. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.Contents1 Function 2 U.S. counties with more than one county seat 3 Other variations3.1 New England 3.2 Virginia 3.3 South Dakota 3.4 Louisiana 3.5 Alaska 3.6 Canada
Canada
and Vermont4 Lists of U.S. county seats by state 5 Lists of Taiwan
Taiwan
county seats by county 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksFunction[edit] In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county
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Seminole Wars
Military Stalemate[2]1816: 1st Seminole
Seminole
War begins; United States
United States
attacks Seminole
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Santa Fe River (Florida)
The Santa Fe River is a 75-mile (121 km) river in northern Florida. The watershed of the river is approximately 1,380 square miles (3,574 km2) and spreads across southern Columbia, southern Suwannee, western Bradford, far southern Baker, Union, northern and eastern Gilchrist, and northern Alachua counties.[1] The headwaters of the river are Lake Santa Fe, near Keystone Heights.[2] The Santa Fe River is usually a slow-flowing river.[clarification needed] This slow speed, combined with the abundant leaf-drop from nearby trees, especially Bald Cypress, leads to a very dark-brown river. The Santa Fe River is unusual in that it completely disappears underground and then reappears 3 miles (4.8 km) downstream. The river drops into a large sinkhole in O'Leno State Park and reappears in the adjacent River Rise Preserve State Park
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Mexican-American War
American victoryTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexican recognition of U.S. sovereignty over Texas
Texas
(among other territories) End of the conflict between Mexico
Mexico
and Republic of TexasTerritorial changes Mexican CessionBelligerents United States California
California
Republic[1] MexicoCommanders and leaders James K. Polk Winfield Scott Zachary Taylor Stephen W. Kearny John Drake Sloat William Jenkins Worth Robert Field Stockton Joseph Lane Franklin Pierce David Conner Matthew C. Perry John C. Frémont Thomas Childs Henry Stanton Burton William B. Ide Edward Dickinson Baker Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José María Flores Mariano G
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