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Labiatae
See text Lamium purpureum , showing the bilaterally symmetrical flower LAMIACEAE (/ˌleɪmiˈeɪsiˌaɪ/ or /ˌleɪmiˈeɪsiiː/ ) or LABIATAE is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the MINT or DEADNETTLE family. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs , such as basil , mint , rosemary , sage , savory , marjoram , oregano , hyssop , thyme , lavender , and perilla . Some species are shrubs , trees (such as teak ), or, rarely, vines . Many members of the family are widely cultivated, not only for their aromatic qualities but also their ease of cultivation, since they are readily propagated by stem cuttings. Besides those grown for their edible leaves, some are grown for decorative foliage, such as Coleus
Coleus

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Plectranthus Edulis
PLECTRANTHUS EDULIS, the ETHIOPIAN POTATO, known as Welayta dinich in Amharic , is a species of annual plant in the Lamiaceae family. It is indigenous to Ethiopia , where it is grown for its edible tubers. The tubers are cooked before they are eaten. REFERENCES * ^ Yeshitila Mekbib and Jens Weibull, "Local Customary Use and Management of Ethiopian Potato Plectranthus edulis (Vatke) Agnew in Sodo Zuria District, South Ethiopia", Ethnobotany Research and Applications, v. 10, p. 381-387, 2012. ISSN 1547-3465. Available at: http://journals.sfu.ca/era/index.php/era/article/view/793. Date accessed: 27 Jun. 2015. doi:10.17348/era.10.0.381-387 * ^ Zemede Asfaw, "Conservation and use of traditional vegetables in Ethiopia", Proceedings of the IPGRI International Workshop on Genetic Resources of Traditional Vegetables in Africa (Nairobi, 29-31 August 1995) This Ethiopia -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Salvia Hispanica
SALVIA HISPANICA, commonly known as CHIA (/ˈtʃiːə/ ), is a species of flowering plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
, native to central and southern Mexico
Mexico
and Guatemala. The sixteenth-century Codex Mendoza
Codex Mendoza
provides evidence that it was cultivated by the Aztec
Aztec
in pre-Columbian times and economic historians say it may have been as important as maize as a food crop. It was given as an annual tribute by the people to the rulers in 21 of the 38 Aztec
Aztec
provincial states. Chia seeds are grown and commonly used as food in several countries of western South America
South America
, western Mexico
Mexico
, and the Southwestern United States
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Plectranthus Esculentus
PLECTRANTHUS ESCULENTUS, with English common names KAFFIR POTATO, and LIVINGSTONE POTATO, is a species of plant in the dicot family Lamiaceae. It is indigenous to Africa , where it is grown for its edible tubers. It is more difficult to cultivate than Plectranthus rotundifolius , but able to give greater yields. Although the crop is similar to a potato it is from the mint family but it is still quite nutritious and useful. This crop can benefit many subsistence farmers since it is native, easy to grow, growing popularity in the market and quite nutritious. Vernacular names include DAZO, RIZGA, UMBONDIVE, TSENZA
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Plectranthus Rotundifolius
PLECTRANTHUS ROTUNDIFOLIUS or SOLENOSTEMON ROTUNDIFOLIUS, commonly known as native or country potato in Africa and called "Chinese potato" in India is a perennial herbaceous plant of the mint family (Lamiaceae) native to tropical Africa. It is cultivated for its edible tubers primarily in West Africa , as well as more recently in parts of Asia , especially India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Indonesia. P. rotundifolius is closely related to the coleus plants widely cultivated as ornamentals and is often classified as a member of the genus Solenostemon rather than Plectranthus . It was formerly placed in the now-defunct genus Coleus , most of whose members have now been re-assigned to the genus Solenostemon. USE AND CULTIVATIONThe egg-shaped tubers of the native potato appear very similar to the unrelated true potato , though they are smaller than modern commercial varieties. They are typically boiled but may also be roasted, baked or fried
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Stachys Affinis
STACHYS AFFINIS, commonly called CROSNE, CHINESE ARTICHOKE, JAPANESE ARTICHOKE, KNOTROOT, and ARTICHOKE BETONY, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the family Lamiaceae , originating from China. Its rhizome can be grown and eaten as a root vegetable . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Culinary use * 3 References * 4 External links DESCRIPTION Tubers of Stachys affinis. While the plant is easy to grow, the tubers are small, convoluted, and indented, so they are considered very tedious and difficult to clean properly. The thin skin ranges from a pale beige to ivory -white colour. The flesh underneath, under proper cultivation, is white and tender. Chinese poets compare it to jade beads. The tubers are harvested in the fall season in the Northern hemisphere. CULINARY USEThe flavor of the stem tubers is delicate, and they can be prepared similarly to Jerusalem artichokes in cooking. It is used as a vegetable, in salad compositions, but more so as a garnish
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Coleus
COLEUS is a former genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. In recent classifications, the genus is no longer recognized, and the formerly included species are instead placed in the genera Plectranthus and Solenostemon . Because the type species , COLEUS AMBOINICUS ( Plectranthus amboinicus ) is now placed in Plectranthus, Coleus
Coleus
is regarded as a synonym of Plectranthus. The term "coleus" is often used as a common name for species formerly placed in the genus Coleus
Coleus
that are cultivated as ornamental plants , particularly COLEUS BLUMEI ( Plectranthus scutellarioides ), which is popular as a garden plant for its brightly colored foliage
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Vine
A VINE ( Latin
Latin
vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") in the narrowest sense is the grapevine ( Vitis ), and more generally, any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners. The word also can refer to such stems or runners themselves, for instance when used in wicker work. In the United Kingdom, the term "vine" applies almost exclusively to the grapevine. The term "climber" is used for all climbing plants. CONTENTS* 1 Growth forms * 1.1 Use as garden plants * 2 Horticultural climbing plants * 2.1 Examples * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links GROWTH FORMS Climbing plant covering a chimney Retaining wall covered by vines Certain plants always grow as vines, while a few grow as vines only part of the time
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Perilla
PERILLA is a genus consisting of one major Asiatic crop species P. frutescens and a few recognized wild species in nature, belonging to the mint family, Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
. It encompasses several distinct varieties of Asian herb , seed , and vegetable crop , including P. frutescens (deulkkae) and P. frutescens var. crispa (shiso). The genus name Perilla
Perilla
is also a frequently employed common name ("perilla"), applicable to all varieties. Perilla
Perilla
varieties are cross-fertile and intra-specific hybridization occurs naturally . Some varieties are considered invasive
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Shrub
A SHRUB or BUSH is a small to medium-sized woody plant. Unlike herbs , shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. They are distinguished from trees by their multiple stems and shorter height , and are usually under 6 m (20 ft) tall. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. Small, low shrubs, generally less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall, such as lavender , periwinkle and most small garden varieties of roses , are often termed "subshrubs ". CONTENTS * 1 Use in parks * 2 Botanical structure * 3 List of shrubs (bushes) * 4 References USE IN PARKSAn area of cultivated shrubs in a park or a garden is known as a shrubbery . When clipped as topiary , suitable species or varieties of shrubs develop dense foliage and many small leafy branches growing close together. Many shrubs respond well to renewal pruning , in which hard cutting back to a "stool " results in long new stems known as "canes"
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Tree
In botany , a TREE is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk , supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth , plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. In looser senses, the taller palms , the tree ferns , bananas and bamboos are also trees. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. The tallest known tree, a coast redwood named Hyperion , stands 115.6 m (379 ft) high. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world. A tree typically has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground by the trunk
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Teak
TEAK (TECTONA GRANDIS) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
. Tectona grandis is a large, deciduous tree that occurs in mixed hardwood forests. It has small, fragrant white flowers and large papery leaves that are often hairy on the lower surface. It is sometimes known as the "Burmese teak". Teak wood has a leather-like smell when it is freshly milled. It is particularly valued for its durability and water resistance, and is used for boat building, exterior construction, veneer, furniture, carving, turnings, and other small wood projects
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Cosmopolitan Distribution
In biogeography , a taxon is said to have a COSMOPOLITAN DISTRIBUTION if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats . Such a taxon is said to exhibit cosmopolitanism or cosmopolitism. The opposite extreme is endemism . CONTENTS * 1 Related terms and concepts * 2 Aspects and degrees * 3 Oceanic and terrestrial * 4 Ecological delimitation * 5 Regional and temporal variation in populations * 6 Ancient and modern * 7 See also * 8 References RELATED TERMS AND CONCEPTSThe term PANDEMISM also is in use, but not all authors are consistent in the sense in which they use the term; some speak of pandemism mainly in referring to diseases and pandemics , and some as a term intermediate between endemism and cosmopolitanism, in effect regarding pandemism as SUBCOSMOPOLITANISM. This means near cosmopolitanism, but with major gaps in the distribution , say, complete absence from Australia
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Species
In biology , a SPECIES is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank , as well as a unit of biodiversity , but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition. Scientists and conservationists need a species definition which allows them to work, regardless of the theoretical difficulties. If as Linnaeus
Linnaeus
thought, species were fixed, there would be no problem, but evolutionary processes cause species to change continually, and to grade into one another. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring , typically by sexual reproduction . While this definition is often adequate, when looked at more closely it is problematic . For example, with hybridisation , in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies , or in a ring species , the boundaries between closely related species become unclear
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Plant Sexuality
PLANT REPRODUCTIVE MORPHOLOGY is the study of the physical form and structure (the morphology ) of those parts of plants directly or indirectly concerned with sexual reproduction . Among all living organisms, flowers , which are the reproductive structures of angiosperms , are the most varied physically and show a correspondingly great diversity in methods of reproduction. Plants that are not flowering plants (green algae , mosses , liverworts , hornworts , ferns and gymnosperms such as conifers ) also have complex interplays between morphological adaptation and environmental factors in their sexual reproduction. The breeding system, or how the sperm from one plant fertilizes the ovum of another, depends on the reproductive morphology, and is the single most important determinant of the genetic structure of nonclonal plant populations
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Leaf
A LEAF is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem . The leaves and stem together form the shoot . Leaves are collectively referred to as FOLIAGE, as in "autumn foliage". Diagram of a simple leaf. * Apex * Midvein (Primary vein) * Secondary vein. * Lamina. * Leaf
Leaf
margin * Petiole * Bud * StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ , borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis . In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll , is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf but in some species, including the mature foliage of Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
, palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
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