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LL.D
Legum Doctor (Latin: "teacher of the laws") (LL.D.; Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
in English) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law, or an honorary doctorate, depending on the jurisdiction. The double "L" in the abbreviation refers to the early practice in the University of Cambridge to teach both canon law and civil law (Doctor of both laws), with the double "L" itself indicating the plural. This contrasts with the practice of the University of Oxford, where the degree that survived from the Middle Ages is the DCL or Doctor of Civil Law (only).[1]Contents1 Canada 2 European and Commonwealth usage 3 Germany 4 Malta 5 South Africa 6 United Kingdom 7 United States 8 See also 9 ReferencesCanada[edit] Most Canadian universities that award the degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) award it only as an honorary degree, but typically when awarded by a law school, it is an earned degree
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Charles Dickens
Charles John Huffam Dickens (/ˈdɪkɪnz/; 7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era.[1] His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime, and by the 20th century critics and scholars had recognised him as a literary genius. His novels and short stories enjoy lasting popularity.[2][3] Born in Portsmouth, Dickens left school to work in a factory when his father was incarcerated in a debtors' prison
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Undergraduate Degree
An undergraduate degree (also called first degree, bachelor's degree or simply degree) is a colloquial term for an academic degree taken by a person who has completed undergraduate courses. It is usually offered at an institution of higher education, such as a university. The most common type of this degree is the bachelor's degree, which typically takes at least three or four years to complete.[1] These degrees can be categorised as basic degrees.[2]Contents1 United Kingdom 2 North America2.1 United States2.1.1 Arizona 2.1.2 Virginia3 South America3.1 Argentina 3.2 Bolivia 3.3 Brazil3.3.1 Diplomas and certificates3.4 Ecuador 3.5 Chile 3.6 Paraguay 3.7 Peru 3.8 Uruguay4 See also 5 References 6 External linksUnited Kingdom[edit] In the United Kingdom, a bachelor's degree is the most common type of "undergraduate degree"
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George Drewry Squibb
George Drewry Squibb, LVO, QC, JP, FSA, FRHistS, FSG (1 December 1906 – 3 January 1994) was an English lawyer, herald and antiquary who is most noted for his participation in the celebrated 1954 case of Manchester Corporation
Manchester Corporation
v Manchester Palace of Varieties Ltd [1955][1] in the High Court of Chivalry, the first (and to date only) case heard by that court for over two hundred years.[2] In his opening arguments in that case, Squibb, who was simultaneously a distinguished barrister and a historian, argued, to the satisfaction of the court, that since the modern class of Doctors of Laws were no longer trained as advocates, their role must necessarily be performed by barristers
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Doctorate
A doctorate (from Latin
Latin
docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin
Latin
doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree (from the ancient formalism licentia docendi) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession. There are a variety of doctoral degrees, with the most common being the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), which is awarded in many different fields, ranging from the humanities to the scientific disciplines. In the United States and some other countries, there are also some types of vocational, technical, or professional degrees that are referred to as doctorates in their home countries, though they are not technically doctoral level as they are not research degrees and no defense of any dissertation or thesis is performed
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Malta
Coordinates: 35°53′N 14°30′E / 35.883°N 14.500°E / 35.883; 14.500 Malta
Malta
(/ˈmɒltə/,[11] /ˈmɔːltə/ (listen); Maltese: [ˈmɐltɐ]), officially known as the Republic
Republic
of Malta (Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea.[12] It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia,[13] and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya.[14] With a population of about 475,000[4] over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi),[3] Malta
Malta
is the world's tenth smallest[15][16] and fifth most densely populated country
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European Union
The European Union
European Union
(EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.[11] Its members have a combined area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one
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University Of Malta
The University of Malta
Malta
(Maltese: L-Università ta' Malta) is the highest educational institution in Malta. It offers undergraduate bachelor's degrees, postgraduate master's degrees and postgraduate doctorates (PhD)
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Doctor (title)
Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning.[1] The word is originally an agentive noun of the Latin verb docēre [dɔˈkeːrɛ] 'to teach'. It has been used as an academic title in Europe since the 13th century, when the first doctorates were awarded at the University of Bologna
University of Bologna
and the University
University
of Paris. Having become established in European universities, this usage spread around the world. Contracted "Dr" or "Dr.", it is used as a designation for a person who has obtained a Doctorate
Doctorate
(e.g. PhD)
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Advocate
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law. Different countries' legal systems use the term with somewhat differing meanings. The broad equivalent in many English law-based jurisdictions could be a barrister or a solicitor. However, in Scottish, South African, Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Scandinavian, Polish, South Asian and South American jurisdictions, advocate indicates a lawyer of superior classification.[1] "Advocate" is in some languages an honorific for lawyers, such as "Adv
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Legal Procurator
A legal procurator is a warranted legal professional in Malta, Argentina
Argentina
and some other countries who assists advocates in lawsuits in courts of various levels. In Malta, a legal procurator also has rights of audience in lower courts of that country. The profession also existed until recently in Italy, until it was abrogated and all legal procurators were given the right to practise as advocates. External links[edit]Information on Legal Procurators from Malta
Malta
Ministry for Justice and Home Affairs websiteThis law-related article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis Malta-related article is a stub
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Notary Public
A notary public (or notary or public notary) of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business. A notary's main functions are to administer oaths and affirmations, take affidavits and statutory declarations, witness and authenticate the execution of certain classes of documents, take acknowledgments of deeds and other conveyances, protest notes and bills of exchange, provide notice of foreign drafts, prepare marine or ship's protests in cases of damage, provide exemplifications and notarial copies, and perform certain other official acts depending on the jurisdiction.[1] Any such act is known as a notarization
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Publication
To publish is to make content available to the general public.[1][2] While specific use of the term may vary among countries, it is usually applied to text, images, or other audio-visual content, including paper (newspapers, magazines, catalogs, etc.). The word publication means the act of publishing, and also refers to any printed copies.Contents1 Legal definition and copyright 2 Biological classification 3 Types of publication3.1 Material types3.1.1 Electronic Publishing3.2 Content types4 Unpublished works 5 References 6 External linksLegal definition and copyright[edit] "Publication" is a technical term in legal contexts and especially important in copyright legislation. An author of a work generally is the initial owner of the copyright on the work
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Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
Ugo Mifsud Bonnici, KUOM (born 8 November 1932) is a Maltese politician and was the fifth President of Malta
President of Malta
from 4 April 1994 until the same day in 1999.Contents1 Early life, education, and family 2 Entry to politics 3 Cabinet Member 4 Presidency 5 Writings 6 Honours6.1 National Honours7 ReferencesEarly life, education, and family[edit] Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
was born in Cospicua
Cospicua
as the son of Professor Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici, and his wife, Maria (née Ross). He was educated at the Lyceum
Lyceum
and the Royal University of Malta. He graduated as a Bachelor of Arts in 1952 and as a Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws
in 1955. As a lawyer, he has practised in all the Law Courts of Malta
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Guido De Marco
Guido de Marco
Guido de Marco
KUOM (22 July 1931 – 12 August 2010)[1] was a Maltese politician, who served as the sixth President of Malta
President of Malta
from 1999 to 2004. A noted statesman and lawmaker, de Marco also served as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior, Justice, and Minister for Foreign Affairs. He was elected President of the 45th session of the United Nations General Assembly in 1990, and Chairman of the Commonwealth Foundation in 2004.[2][3] A renowned criminal lawyer, he defended some of the landmark cases in Malta
Malta
during the 1980s
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George Borg Olivier
Giorgio Borg Olivier (Maltese: Ġorġ Borg Olivier) (5 July 1911 – 29 October 1980) was a Maltese statesman and leading politician. He twice served as Prime Minister of Malta
Prime Minister of Malta
(from 1950–55, and from 1962–71) as the Leader of the Nationalist Party. He was also Leader of the Opposition between 1955–58, and again between 1971–77. Borg Olivier was elected as one of the three Nationalist members of the Council of Government in 1939. In May 1940, when the leader of the Nationalist party, Enrico Mizzi, was first interned by the British and deported, Borg Olivier became interim leader. After his return, Mizzi made Borg Olivier his deputy. Rising to office as a protégé of Mizzi and Sir Ugo P. Mifsud, Borg Olivier believed in the economic and social development of Malta
Malta
as a viable independent state and in the necessity of a mixed economy
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