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László Baky
LáSZLó BAKY (September 13, 1898 in Budapest
Budapest
– March 29, 1946) was a leading member of the Hungarian Nazi
Nazi
movement that flourished before and during World War II
World War II
. A military academy graduate, he came to prominence in Szeged
Szeged
in 1919 for his violent counterrevolutionary work and rose through the ranks to become one of the leading figures in the Gendarmerie
Gendarmerie
. A member of several far right groups he finally left the gendarmes in 1938 (as a major-general) to join the Hungarian National Socialist Party , and passed through a number of incarnations of this fluid movement. He was elected as a deputy in 1939 and sat as a member of a Nazi coalition group. Close to Nazi
Nazi
Germany , he was appointed editor of the German-funded newspaper Magyarság
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Austria
Coordinates : 47°20′N 13°20′E / 47.333°N 13.333°E / 47.333; 13.333 Republic
Republic
of Austria Republik Österreich (German ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: * Land der Berge, Land am Strome (German ) * Land of Mountains, Land by the River * Location of <
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Edmund Veesenmayer
EDMUND VEESENMAYER (12 November 1904 in Bad Kissingen
Bad Kissingen
– 24 December 1977 in Darmstadt
Darmstadt
) was a German politician, officer (SS- Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
) and war criminal. He significantly contributed to The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Hungary
Hungary
and Croatia
Croatia
. He was a subordinate of Ernst Kaltenbrunner and Joachim von Ribbentrop
Joachim von Ribbentrop
; and collaborated with Adolf Eichmann . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Nazi career * 3 War crimes trial * 4 Later life * 5 Notes * 6 Further reading EARLY LIFEVeesenmayer was the son of school teacher Franz Xaver Veesenmayer from Oberstaufen in Kempten (Allgäu). From 1923–1926 he studied political science in Munich, then worked as a lecturer at the Technical University of Munich and the University of Economics in Berlin
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Adolf Eichmann
OTTO ADOLF EICHMANN (pronounced ; 19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a German Nazi SS - Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust . Eichmann was tasked by SS- Obergruppenführer (general/lieutenant general) Reinhard Heydrich with facilitating and managing the logistics involved in the mass deportation of Jews
Jews
to ghettos and extermination camps in German-occupied Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
during World War II
World War II
. In 1960, Eichmann was captured in Argentina
Argentina
by the Mossad
Mossad
, Israel's intelligence service. Following a widely publicised trial in Israel, he was found guilty of war crimes and hanged in 1962
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Extermination Camps
The German EXTERMINATION CAMPS or DEATH CAMPS and KILLING CENTERS were designed and built by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
during World War II (1939–45) to systematically kill millions of Jews
Jews
, Slavs
Slavs
, Communists , and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen ", primarily by gassing , but also in mass executions and through extreme work under starvation conditions . The idea of mass extermination with the use of stationary facilities built exclusively for that purpose was a result of earlier Nazi experimentation with the chemically manufactured poison gas during the secretive Action T4 euthanasia programme against Germans with mental and physical disabilities
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Philip Rees
PHILIP REES (born 1941) is a British writer and librarian in charge of acquisitions at the J. B. Morrell Library , University of York . He has written books on fascism and the extreme right . WORKS * Fascism
Fascism
in Britain (Harvester Press ; Humanities Press, 1979, ISBN 0-391-00908-7 ) * Fascism
Fascism
and Pre-fascism in Europe, 1890-1945: A Bibliography of the Extreme Right (Harvester Press ; Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble
, 1984, ISBN 0-389-20472-2 ) * Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890 (Simon "> * ^ Payne, Stanley G. (1996-06-27). A history of fascism, 1914-1945. Psychology Press. pp. 13–. ISBN 978-1-85728-595-6 . Retrieved 27 May 2011. AUTHORITY CONTROL * WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 265202764 * SUDOC : 028535359 * BNF : cb12035190b (data) This biography article of a United Kingdom academic is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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David Cesarani
DAVID CESARANI OBE (13 November 1956 – 25 October 2015) was an English historian who specialised in Jewish history
Jewish history
, especially the Holocaust . He also wrote several biographies, including Arthur Koestler : The Homeless Mind (1998). CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Academic career and publications * 3 Public activism * 3.1 Holocaust consciousness * 3.2 Israeli–Arab conflict and Zionism * 4 Death * 5 Bibliography * 5.1 As author * 5.2 As editor * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONCesarani was born in London to Henry, a hairdresser, and Sylvia (née Packman). An only child, he won a scholarship to Latymer Upper School in west London and went to Queens\' College, Cambridge , in 1976, where he gained a first in history
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Endre Bajcsy-Zsilinszky
ENDRE KáLMáN BAJCSY-ZSILINSZKY ( Szarvas , June 6, 1886 – Sopronkőhida , December 24, 1944), was an influential Hungarian politician and an important voice in the struggle against German expansion and military policy. CONTENTS * 1 Family history * 2 Youth and Education * 3 Career * 4 World War I
World War I
* 5 Between World Wars * 6 World War II
World War II
* 7 In Memoriam * 8 Works * 9 References * 10 Sources * 11 External links FAMILY HISTORYThe Zsilinszky name first appeared in 1720, in the registry of the Evangelical church (Lutheran Church) of Békéscsaba , where his great grandfather, Mihály Zsilinszky, a well off peasant farmer and an elected judge of Slovak origin, lived. Endre's grandfather (born in 1838), and his father Dr. Endre Zsilinszky, were also born in Békéscsaba
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Kingdom Of Hungary (1920–1946)
The KINGDOM OF HUNGARY (Hungarian : Magyar Királyság), also known as the REGENCY, existed from 1920 to 1946 as a de factonote 1 country under Regent
Regent
Miklós Horthy
Miklós Horthy
. Horthy officially represented the Hungarian monarchy of Charles IV, Apostolic King of Hungary
King of Hungary
. Attempts by Charles IV to return to the throne were prevented by threats of war from neighbouring countries and by the lack of support from Horthy . The country has been regarded by some historians to have been a client state of Germany
Germany
from 1938 to 1944. The Kingdom of Hungary under Horthy was an Axis Power during most of World War II. In 1944, after Horthy's government considered leaving the war, Hungary
Hungary
was occupied by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Horthy was deposed
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Fascism
FASCISM /ˈfæʃɪzəm/ is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism , characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I
World War I
before it spread to other European countries . Opposed to liberalism , Marxism and anarchism , fascism is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum . Fascists saw World War I
World War I
as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants. A "military citizenship" arose in which all citizens were involved with the military in some manner during the war
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Budapest
BUDAPEST (Hungarian: ( listen )) is the capital and by far the most populous city of Hungary
Hungary
and one of the largest cities in the European Union
European Union
. With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles), Budapest
Budapest
is also one of the most densely populated major cities in the EU. Budapest
Budapest
is both a city and county , and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area , which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 square miles) and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary. The Budapest metropolitan area had a GDP
GDP
of $141.0 billion (€129.4 billion) in 2016, accounting for 49.6 percent of the GDP
GDP
of Hungary
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Jews
JEWS (/dʒuːz/ ; Hebrew : יְהוּדִים‬ ISO 259-3 Yehudim, Israeli pronunciation ), also known as JEWISH PEOPLE, are an ethnoreligious group and a nation originating from the Israelites , or Hebrews , of the Ancient Near East
Ancient Near East
. Jewish ethnicity , nationhood , and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism
Judaism
is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance. Jews
Jews
originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant
Levant
known as the Land of Israel
Israel

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Far-right
FAR-RIGHT POLITICS are right-wing politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right. Since these are relative terms, there is no universal agreement on their application. Far-right politics often involve a focus on tradition , real or imagined, as opposed to policies and customs that are regarded as reflective of modernism . Many far-right ideologies have a disregard or a disdain for egalitarianism , even if they do not always express overt support for social hierarchy , elements of social conservatism and opposition to most forms of liberalism and socialism . Right-wing populism , a political ideology that often combines laissez-faire capitalism, nationalism , ethnocentrism and anti-elitism , is often described as far-right. Right-wing populism often involves appeals to the "common man" and opposition to immigration
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Gendarmerie
A GENDARMERIE or GENDARMERY (/dʒɛnˈdɑːrməri/ or /ʒɑːnˈdɑːrməri/ ) is a military component with jurisdiction in civil law enforcement . The term "gendarmerie" is derived from the medieval French expression gens d'armes, which translates to "armed men". In France
France
and some Francophone nations, the gendarmerie is a branch of the armed forces responsible for internal security in parts of the territory (primarily in rural areas and small towns in the case of France) with additional duties as a military police for the armed forces. This concept was introduced to several other Western European countries during the Napoleonic conquests . In the mid twentieth century, a number of former French mandates or colonial possessions such as Syria
Syria
and the Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
adopted a gendarmerie after independence
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Personal Name
A PERSONAL NAME or full name the set of names by which an individual is known and that can be recited as a word-group , with the understanding that, taken together, they all relate to that one individual. In many cultures, the term is synonymous with the birth and legal names of the individual, seen below. The academic study of personal names is called anthroponymy . In Western culture
Western culture
, nearly all individuals possess at least one given name (also known as a first name, personal name, forename, or Christian name), together with a surname (also known as a last name, or family name)—respectively, the Thomas and Jefferson in Thomas Jefferson —the latter to indicate that the individual belongs to a family, a tribe, or a clan. Where there are two or more given names, typically only one (in English-speaking cultures usually the first) is used in normal speech
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Counterrevolutionary
A COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARY is anyone who opposes a revolution , particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part. The adjective, "counter-revolutionary", pertains to movements that would restore the state of affairs, or the principles, that prevailed during a prerevolutionary era. A counter-revolution can be positive or negative in its consequences; depending, in part, on the beneficent or pernicious character of the revolution that gets reversed, and the nature of those affected. For example, the transitory success of Agis and Cleomenes of ancient Sparta in restoring the constitution of Lycurgus was considered by Plutarch
Plutarch
to be counter-revolutionary in a positive sense
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