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Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 or Gwangmyeongseong-1 (Chosungul: 광명성 1호, Hanja: 光明星 1號, meaning Bright Star 1) was a satellite launched by North Korea
North Korea
on 31 August 1998. While the North Korean government claimed that the launch was successful, no objects were ever tracked in orbit from the launch,[1] and outside North Korea
North Korea
it is considered to have been a failure.[2] It was the first satellite to be launched as part of the Kwangmyŏngsŏng program, and the first satellite that North Korea
North Korea
attempted to launch. It was launched from Musudan-ri
Musudan-ri
using a Paektusan rocket, at 03:07 GMT on 31 August 1998, a few days before the 50th anniversary of North Korea's independence from Japan
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National Defense Commission Of North Korea
The National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (NDC) was defined by the 1998 constitution as "the highest guiding organ of the military and the managing organ of military matters". The Chairman of the National Defence Commission controls the armed forces and, in this state where the military dominated, was the most powerful position in the country and was held by Kim Jong-il up until his death. Per the 2016 Constitution, the commission was replaced by the State Affairs Commission.Contents1 History 2 Powers and responsibilities 3 Structure 4 Composition of the DPRK NDC as of 8 September 2015 5 See also 6 References 7 Further readingHistory[edit] The National Defence Commission was created in 1972, with a group of commissions subordinate to the Central People's Committee, as part of the 1972 DPRK Constitution. The first National Defence Commission consisted of four members: Kim Il-sung, Choe Hyon, O Jin-u, and O Paek Ryong
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Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of 5,500 kilometres (3,400 mi)[1] primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads). Similarly, conventional, chemical, and biological weapons can also be delivered with varying effectiveness, but have never been deployed on ICBMs. Most modern designs support multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs), allowing a single missile to carry several warheads, each of which can strike a different target. Early ICBMs had limited precision, which made them suitable for use only against the largest targets, such as cities. They were seen as a "safe" basing option, one that would keep the deterrent force close to home where it would be difficult to attack. Attacks against military targets (especially hardened ones) still demanded the use of a more precise manned bomber
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Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk
(Russian: Хаба́ровск, IPA: [xɐˈbarəfsk]; Chinese: 伯力; pinyin: Bó Lì; Manchu: ᠪᠣᡥᠣᡵᡳ; Möllendorff: Bohori) is the largest city and the administrative center of Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk
Krai, Russia,[4] located 30 kilometers (19 mi) from the Chinese border, at the confluence of the Amur and Ussuri Rivers, about 800 kilometers (500 mi) north of Vladivostok. The city also became the administrative center of the Far Eastern Federal District
Far Eastern Federal District
of Russia
Russia
in 2002. It is the second largest city in the Russian Far East, after Vladivostok
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People's Republic Of China
China, officially the People's Republic
People's Republic
of China
China
(PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion.[13] Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area,[k][19] depending on the source consulted. China
China
also has the most neighbor countries in the world
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China Academy Of Launch Vehicle Technology
The China
China
Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) is the premier space launch vehicle manufacturer in China
China
and one of the major launch service providers in the world. CALT is a subordinate of the larger China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
(CASC). It was established in 1957 and is headquartered in the southern suburbs of Beijing. CALT is state-owned but is not state managed; its organization and orientation are comparable to Western defence and space contractors.[citation needed] Its major contribution to Chinese launch capability has been the manufacture of the Long March family of rockets. CALT has 31,600 employees[1] and at least 13 research facilities.[2] CALT is also planning two spaceplanes. They would both be single-stage to space sub-orbital rocketplanes
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Reconnaissance Satellite
A reconnaissance satellite (commonly, although unofficially, referred to as a spy satellite) is an Earth observation satellite
Earth observation satellite
or communications satellite deployed for military or intelligence applications. The first generation type (i.e., Corona [1] [2] and Zenit) took photographs, then ejected canisters of photographic film which would descend to earth. Corona capsules were retrieved in mid-air as they floated down on parachutes. Later, spacecraft had digital imaging systems and downloaded the images via encrypted radio links. In the United States, most information available is on programs that existed up to 1972, as this information has been declassified due to its age
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Telstar 1
Telstar
Telstar
is the name of various communications satellites. The first two Telstar
Telstar
satellites were experimental and nearly identical. Telstar 1 launched on top of a Thor-Delta
Thor-Delta
rocket on July 10, 1962. It successfully relayed through space the first television pictures, telephone calls, and telegraph images, and provided the first live transatlantic television feed. Telstar
Telstar
2 launched May 7, 1963. Telstar 1 and 2—though no longer functional—still orbit the Earth.[1]Contents1 Description 2 In service 3 Newer Telstars 4 Planned Satellites 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksDescription[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Korean People's Navy
The Korean People's Navy
Navy
(KPN), officially known as the Korean People's Army Naval Force (Chosŏn'gŭl: 조선인민군 해군; Hanja: 朝鮮人民軍 海軍, Chosŏn-inmingun Haegun, literally " Korean People's Army
Korean People's Army
Sea Military"), is the naval service branch of the Korean People's Army, which contains each branch of the North Korean armed forces. There are some 780 vessels including 70 midget submarines (including the Yono-class submarine and Sang-O-class submarine), 20 Romeo-class submarines, and about 140 air cushioned landing craft.[3] The North Korean navy is considered a brown water navy and operates mainly within the 50 kilometer exclusion zone. The fleet consists of east and west coast squadrons, which cannot support each other in the event of war with South Korea
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Sea Of Japan
The Sea of Japan
Japan
(see below for other names) is a marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
and Russia. The Japanese archipelago
Japanese archipelago
separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Japan, Korea
Korea
(North and South) and Russia. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific Ocean.[1] This isolation also reflects in the fauna species and in the water salinity, which is lower than in the ocean. The sea has no large islands, bays or capes. Its water balance is mostly determined by the inflow and outflow through the straits connecting it to the neighboring seas and Pacific Ocean
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Launch Window
In the context of spaceflight, a launch window is a time period during which a particular vehicle (rocket, Space Shuttle, etc.) must be launched in order to reach its intended target. If the rocket is not launched within this time period, it has to wait for the next window.[1] For trips into largely arbitrary Earth orbits, no specific launch time is required. But if the spacecraft intends to rendezvous with an object already in orbit, the launch must be carefully timed to occur around the times that the target vehicle's orbital plane intersects the launch site. Earth observation satellites are often launched into sun-synchronous orbits which are near-polar. For these orbits, the launch window occurs at the time of day when the launch site location is aligned with the plane of the required orbit
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Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
(秋田県, Akita-ken) is a prefecture located in the Tōhoku region
Tōhoku region
of Japan.[2] The capital is the city of Akita.[3]Contents1 History 2 Geography2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers3 Economy 4 Culture4.1 Food5 Tourism 6 Famous festival and events 7 Transportation7.1 Railroad 7.2 Road7.2.1 Expressway 7.2.2 National Highway7.3 Airport8 Education8.1 Universities in Akita Prefecture9 Media9.1 Television10 Notes 11 References 12 External linksHistory[edit] See also: Historic Sites of Akita Prefecture The area of Akita has been created from the ancient provinces of Dewa and Mutsu.[4] Separated from the principal Japanese centres of commerce, politics, and population by several hundred kilometres and the Ōu and Dewa mountain ranges to the east, Akita remained largely isolated from Japanese society until after the year 600
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Dangun
Dangun
Dangun
(단군; 檀君; [tan.ɡun]) or Dangun
Dangun
Wanggeom (단군왕검; 檀君王儉; [tan.ɡun waŋ.ɡʌm]) was the legendary founder of Gojoseon, the first ever Korean kingdom, around present-day Liaoning, Manchuria, and the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. He is said to be the "grandson of heaven" and "son of a bear", and to have founded the kingdom in 2333 BC
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Iwate Prefecture
Iwate Prefecture
Iwate Prefecture
(岩手県, Iwate-ken) is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan
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Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
(Japanese: 沖縄県, Hepburn: Okinawa-ken, Okinawan: ウチナーチン Uchinaa-chin) is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.[1] It encompasses two thirds of the Ryukyu Islands in a chain over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) long. The Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
extend southwest from Kyushu
Kyushu
(the southwesternmost of Japan's four main islands) to Taiwan. Naha, Okinawa's capital, is located in the southern part of Okinawa Island.[2] Although Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
comprises just 0.6 percent of Japan's total land mass, about 75 percent of all United States military personnel stationed in Japan
Japan
are assigned to installations in the prefecture.[3] Currently about 26,000 U.S
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Hwasong-12
The Hwasong-12
Hwasong-12
(Korean: 화성 12, meaning Mars
Mars
12; KN-17 under the U.S. naming convention),[8] in intelligence communities outside North Korea, is a mobile intermediate-range ballistic missile developed by North Korea
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