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Kuzhambu
KUZHAMBU (Tamil : குழம்பு), is a common dish in South India
India
and Sri Lankan Tamil cuisines , and is primarily made of a variety of dals (legumes). Kuzhambu
Kuzhambu
is a gravy based on a broth made with tamarind , urad (bean) dal and toor dal , and can include vegetables. The dish is very popular as a side for rice in the southern regions of India
India
especially in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, Karnataka
Karnataka
and Kerala
Kerala
. The number of varieties of kuzhambu are countless, with each state in the South preparing it with a typical variation, adapted to its taste and environment
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Tamil Nadu
^# Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana
is the national anthem, while "Invocation to Tamil Mother" is the state song/anthem. ^† Established in 1773; Madras State was formed in 1950 and renamed as Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
on 14 January 1969 ^^ Tamil is the official language of the state. English is declared as an additional official language for communication purposes. Symbols EMBLEM Srivilliputhur Andal temple LANGUAGE Tamil SONG " Invocation to Goddess Tamil " DANCE Bharathanattiyam ANIMAL Nilgiri tahr
Nilgiri tahr
BIRD Emerald dove
Emerald dove
FLOWER Gloriosa lily TREE Palm tree SPORT Kabaddi
Kabaddi
TAMIL NADU (Tamil pronunciation: ( listen ) literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India
India

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Channa
Bostrychoides Lacépède, 1801 Ophiocephalus Bloch, 1793 Philypnoides Bleeker, 1849 Psiloides Fischer, 1813 Pterops Rafinesque, 1815 CHANNA is a genus of fish in the family Channidae , commonly known as SNAKEHEAD, native to Asia. This genus contains 35 scientifically described species , but the most well known are probably the northern snakehead (Channa argus) and the giant snakehead (Channa micropeltes). These species have a wide natural distribution extending from Iran in the west, to China in the east and parts of Siberia in the Far East . They are one of the most common staple food fish in Cambodia , Thailand , Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries, where they are extensively cultured. Apart from their importance as a food fish, snakeheads are also consumed as a therapeutic for wound healing as well as reducing post-operative pain and discomfort and collected for the international aquarium pet trade
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Ash Gourd
BENINCASA HISPIDA, the WAX GOURD, also called ASH GOURD, WHITE GOURD, WINTER GOURD, TALLOW GOURD, ASH PUMPKIN, and WINTER MELON and “Chinese preserving melon” is a vine grown for its very large fruit , eaten as a vegetable when mature. It is the only member of the genus Benincasa. The fruit is fuzzy when young. The immature melon has thick white flesh that is sweet when eaten. By maturity, the fruit loses its hairs and develops a waxy coating, giving rise to the name wax gourd, and providing a long shelf life . The melon may grow as large as 80 cm in length. It has yellow flowers and broad leaves. The taste is rather bland. It is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia . The wax gourd is widely grown throughout Asia, including Java and Japan where it is thought to have originated
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Green Chili
The CHILI PEPPER (also CHILE PEPPER, CHILLI PEPPER, or simply CHILLI ) from Nahuatl
Nahuatl
chīlli Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: ( listen )) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum
Capsicum
, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae
Solanaceae
. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids . Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange
Columbian Exchange
, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine . Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced
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Onion
The ONION ( Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the BULB ONION or COMMON ONION, is a vegetable and is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium . Its close relatives include the garlic , shallot , leek , chive , and Chinese onion . This genus also contains several other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion ( Allium fistulosum ), the tree onion (A. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion ( Allium canadense ). The name "wild onion " is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions. The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant , but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season
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Turkey Berry
Solanum ferrugineum Jacq. Solanum mayanum Lundell Solanum verapazense Standl. "> Sold at morning markets in Malaysia CONTENTS * 1 General description * 2 Range * 3 Ecology * 4 Reproduction * 5 Growth and management * 6 Cuisine * 7 Haitian mythology * 8 Chemistry * 9 Hybrids * 10 Synonyms and systematics * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 Footnotes * 14 External links GENERAL DESCRIPTIONThe plant is usually 2 or 3 m in height and 2 cm in basal diameter, but may reach 5m in height and 8 cm in basal diameter. The shrub usually has a single stem at ground level, but it may branch on the lower stem. The stem bark is gray and nearly smooth with raised lenticels. The inner bark has a green layer over an ivory color (Little and others 1974). The plants examined by the author, growing on firm soil, had weak taproots and well-developed laterals. The roots are white. Foliage is confined to the growing twigs
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Shallot
The SHALLOT is a type of onion , specifically a botanical variety of the species Allium cepa . The shallot was formerly classified as a separate species, A. ascalonicum, a name now considered a synonym of the currently accepted name . Its close relatives include the garlic , leek , chive , and Chinese onion . CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Description and cultivation * 3 Culinary uses * 3.1 Europe * 3.2 Asia * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links NAMES Sliced and whole shallots Shallots are called "small onions" in South India
India
and are used extensively in cooking there. Shallots probably originated in Central or Southwest Asia, travelling from there to India
India
and the eastern Mediterranean
Mediterranean

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Black Pepper
BLACK PEPPER (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae , cultivated for its fruit , which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning . When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn. When fresh and fully mature, it is approximately 5 millimetres (0.20 in) in diameter, dark red, and, like all drupes , contains a single seed . Peppercorns, and the ground pepper derived from them, may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper (cooked and dried unripe fruit), GREEN PEPPER (dried unripe fruit) and WHITE PEPPER (ripe fruit seeds). Black pepper
Black pepper
is native to south India
India
and is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions. Currently, Vietnam
Vietnam
is the world's largest producer and exporter of pepper, producing 34% of the world's Piper nigrum crop as of 2013
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Okra
OKRA or OKRO (US : /ˈoʊkrə/ or UK : /ˈɒkrə/ ), known in many English-speaking countries as LADIES\' FINGERS or OCHRO, is a flowering plant in the mallow family . It is valued for its edible green seed pods . The geographical origin of okra is disputed, with supporters of West African , Ethiopian , and South Asian origins. The plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world. CONTENTS * 1 Vernacular names in English-speaking nations * 2 Origin and distribution * 3 Botany and cultivation * 4 Food * 4.1 Nutrition * 4.2 Leaves and seeds * 5 Bast fibre * 6 References * 7 External links VERNACULAR NAMES IN ENGLISH-SPEAKING NATIONSThe name okra is most often used in the UK, United States
United States
and the Philippines, with a variant pronunciation in Caribbean English
Caribbean English
and Nigeria of okro. The word okra is from the Igbo ọ́kụ̀rụ̀
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Pumpkin
A PUMPKIN is a cultivar of a squash plant , most commonly of Cucurbita pepo , that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange coloration. The thick shell contains the seeds and pulp . Some exceptionally large cultivars of squash with similar appearance have also been derived from Cucurbita maxima . Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma , and C. moschata , are also sometimes called "pumpkin". In New Zealand
New Zealand
and Australian English
Australian English
, the term pumpkin generally refers to the broader category called winter squash elsewhere. Native to North America
North America
, pumpkins are widely grown for commercial use and are used both in food and recreation
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Cuisine Of Kerala
The CUISINE OF KERALA , a state in the south west of India , is linked to its history , geography , demography and culture. Kerala cuisine offers a multitude of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes prepared using fish , poultry and red meat with rice a typical accompaniment. Chillies , curry leaves , mustard seeds , turmeric tamarind and asafoetida are all frequently used. Kerala is known as the "Land of Spices" because it traded spices with Europe as well as with many ancient civilizations with the oldest historical records of the Sumerians from 3000 BCE
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Sic
The Latin
Latin
adverb SIC ("thus"; "just as"; in full: sic erat scriptum, "thus was it written") inserted after a quoted word or passage indicates that the quoted matter has been transcribed exactly as found in the source text, complete with any erroneous or archaic spelling, surprising assertion, faulty reasoning, or other matter that might otherwise be taken as an error of transcription . The usual usage is to inform the reader that any errors or apparent errors in quoted material do not arise from errors in the course of the transcription, but are intentionally reproduced, exactly as they appear in the source text. It is generally placed inside brackets to indicate that it is not part of the quoted matter. Sic may also be used derisively by the proofreader, to call attention to the original writer's spelling mistakes and erroneous logic or to show general disapproval or dislike of the material
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Regions Of India
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers
Union Council of Ministers
* Cabinet Secretary of India
Cabinet Secretary of India
*
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Cuisine Of Karnataka
The CUISINE OF KARNATAKA includes many vegetarian and non-vegetarian cuisines. The Kannada Cuisine is one of the oldest surviving cuisines and traces its origin to Iron Age – ragi and is mentioned in the historical works by Pampa Maha Kavi, sushrutha, etc. The varieties of the karnataka cuisine has influenced the neighbouring states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra pradesh, Kerala and Maharashtra. The cuisine also reflects influences from the food habits of many regions and communities from the three neighbouring South Indian states, as well as the state of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
to its north
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Cuisine Of Tamil Nadu
TAMIL CUISINE is a cuisine of South India , native to the Tamil people from the state of Tamil Nadu . It is also the cuisine of the Tamil -speaking population of Karnataka , Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in India and also in countries like Singapore , Malaysia , Sri Lanka and Canada , with slight variations due to local influences. Tamil Nadu is famous for its deep belief that serving food to others is a service to humanity, as it is common in many regions of India . The region has a rich cuisine involving both traditional vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Rice , legumes and lentils are used extensively and flavor is achieved by the blending of various spices . Vegetables and dairy products are essential accompaniments and tamarind is used as the favored souring agent. On special occasions, traditional Tamil dishes are prepared in an elaborate and leisurely way and served in traditional style on a banana leaf
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