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Kuladevata
Kuladevata
Kuladevata
(kula-dèvatā) or Kuladevi stands for "family deity, that is a mother Goddess" within Hinduism, as distinct from personal ishta-devata and village deities. One of the iconic example of Kuldev Puja is of Bagbhairab Puja done by the Munsi Newars in Kirtipur, Nepal.Contents1 In practice 2 Bengal 3 Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Karnataka 4 Kuladevatas of Konkani people 5 Sindh 6 Jammu and Kashmir 7 Gujarat
Gujarat
and Rajasthan 8 Tamil Kuladheivam 9 Sanar kuladevata 10 CitationsIn practice[edit] The word Kuladevata
Kuladevata
is derived from two words: Kula, meaning clan and Devata, meaning deity. Thus, it can be said that Kuladevatas are deities which are worshiped by particular clans. The deity can be a male, female, animal or even an object, like a holy stone
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Hinduism
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-DussehraRaksha Bandhan Ganesh Chat
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Mahalakshmi
Lakshmi
Lakshmi
(/ˈləksmiː/; Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी, IAST: lakṣmī) or Laxmi, is the Hindu goddess
Hindu goddess
of we
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Iyers
Iyer
Iyer
(also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin
Brahmin
communities of Tamil origin. Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara.[citation needed] The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences. Like all Brahmins, they are also classified based on their gotra, or patrilineal descent, and the Veda they follow. Iyers fall under the Pancha Dravida Brahmin
Brahmin
sub-classification of India's Brahmin
Brahmin
community and share many customs and traditions with other Brahmins.[citation needed] In recent times, they have felt affected by reservation policies[1] and the Self-Respect Movement
Self-Respect Movement
in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
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Maravar
Maravar (also known as Maravan and Marava) are a Tamil community of the state of Tamil Nadu, southern India, and are one of the three branches of the Mukkulathor confederacy. Members of the Maravar community often use the honorific title Thevar.[1][2][3] Etymology The term Maravar has diverse proposed etymologies;[4] it may come simply from a Tamil word maravar (warrior),[5] or a term meaning "bravery".[6] Maravar also refers to thieves or robbers since their history included highway robbery.[7][8] References^ Neill, Stephen (2004). A History of Christianity in India: The Beginnings to AD 1707. Cambridge University Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-52154-885-4.  ^ Hardgrave, Robert L. (1969). The Nadars of Tamilnad: The Political Culture of a Community in Change. University of California Press. p. 280.  ^ Pandian, Anand (2009). Crooked Stalks: Cultivating Virtue in South India
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Vellalars
Vellalars (also, Velalars, Vellalas) is a Tamil caste found mainly in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala
Kerala
and in northeastern parts of Sri Lanka.[1] Their traditional occupation is agriculture also serving as landlords.[2] They were major patrons of literature in medieval era.[3] They were a dominant secular aristocratic caste who contributed as courtiers, army officers, lower ranks of the bureaucracy and upper layer of the peasantry.[4]Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Major divisions 4 In Kerala
Kerala
and Sri Lanka 5 Cultural evolution and assimilation of other castes 6 See also 7 References 8 Further readingEtymology There are different theories concerning the meaning of the word 'Vellalar'
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Chettiars
Chettiar
Chettiar
or Chetti is a title used by various mercantile, agricultural and land owning castes in South India, especially in the states of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Kerala.[1][2] Contents1 Notable people 2 See also 3 References 4 Further readingNotable people[edit]Alagappa Chettiar, founder of Alagappa University, Karaikudi. A. M. M. Murugappa Chettiar, founder of Murugappa Group. Annamalai Chettiar, founder of Annamalai University, Chidambaram and Founder of Chettinad group of Companies. Avichi Meiyappa Chettiar, founder of AVM Productions Karumuttu Thiagarajan Chettiar, founder of Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai. M. A. Muthiah Chettiar, first Mayor of Chennai. M. Ct. M
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Narashima
Narasimha
Narasimha
(Sanskrit: नरसिंह IAST: Narasiṃha, lit. man-lion) is an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, one who incarnates in the form of part lion and part man to destroy an evil, end religious persecution and calamity on Earth, thereby restoring Dharma.[2][1] Narasimha
Narasimha
iconography shows him with a human torso and lower body, with a lion face and claws, typically with a demon Hiranyakashipu
Hiranyakashipu
in his lap whom he is in the process of killing
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Iyengars
Iyengar
Iyengar
or Ayyangar or Aiyanger ([əjːəŋɡɑːr]) is a caste of Hindu Brahmins
Brahmins
of Tamil origin whose members follow the Visishtadvaita philosophy propounded by Ramanuja. They are found mostly in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana
Telangana
and Andhra Pradesh. Iyengar
Iyengar
are divided into two religious sects, the Vadakalai
Vadakalai
and the Thenkalai. As with other Hindu communities, they are also classified based on their gotra, or patrilineal descent.[citation needed] The Iyengar
Iyengar
community trace their origin in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
from the period of Ramanuja
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Naidu
Naidu is a title used by Telugu communities, such as the Balija, Kapu and Kamma castes.[1] A list of notable people bearing the name Naidu (also spelled Nayudu, Needu, Nayakudu, Nayadu or Naidoo)Kumi Naidoo, South African human rights activist Xavier Naidoo, soul and R&B singer/songwriter B. Munuswamy Naidu, Chief Minister of Madras Presidency Chota K. Naidu, Telugu cinematographer G. D. Naidu, scientist, inventor and businessman, known as "Edison of India" Galla Ramachandra Naidu, Indian industrialist, the founder of Amara Raja Group of companies Gali Muddu Krishnama Naidu, senior member of Telugu Desam Party K. Venkataswami Naidu, politician Kodi Rammurthy Naidu, Indian nationalist and body builder Leela Naidu, Indian actress M. Venkaiah Naidu, 13th Vice President of India N
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Goa
Goa
Goa
/ˈɡoʊ.ə/ ( listen) is a state in India
India
within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India. It is bounded by Maharashtra
Maharashtra
to the north and Karnataka
Karnataka
to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
forming its Western coast. It is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Goa
Goa
has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states,[3] that is two and a half times that of the country.[4] It was ranked the 'best placed State' by the "Eleventh Finance Commission" for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the 'best quality of life' in India
India
by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.[4] Panaji
Panaji
is the state's capital, while Vasco da Gama is its largest city
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Shantadurga
Shantadurga
Shantadurga
(Devanagari:शांतादुर्गा, Śāntādurgā) is the most popular form of the Hindu goddess Durga revered in Goa, India. She is a Brahminical form of the ancient Mother goddess known as Santeri.[1] She is worshipped in almost all villages of Goa
Goa
as an ant-hill. This is seen in some temples dedicated to Shantadurga.[2]Contents1 Origins 2 Iconography 3 Temples in Goa 4 ReferencesOrigins[edit] The second chapter of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Nāgavya Mahātmya, Śāntādurgā prādurbhāvaḥ, is a part of Sahyādrikhaṇḍa which is the chapter of Skanda Purana
Skanda Purana
gives detail about this.[3] Only the title of the chapter mentions the goddess Shantadurga
Shantadurga
and no where else is this epithet of the goddess mentioned. This section refers to a certain sage Śāntāmuni, a resident of Nagavya (modern Nagoa)
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Mangeshi Village
Mangeshi (Devanagari:मंगेशी) is a village in Priol, Ponda, Goa, India. Mangueshi/Mangueshim are other variations for the same name.Entrance path to Mangeshi TempleView of Shri Mangeshi Temple Lake.jpgContents1 Main Attraction 2 History 3 Mangeshkar Family 4 Reaching Mangeshi Village4.1 By Air 4.2 By train 4.3 By Road5 See alsoMain Attraction[edit] The temple of Shri Mangesh is set amidst natural beauty and pleasant surroundings
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Ishta-devata
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri NavaratriDurga Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-DussehraRaksha Bandhan Ganesh Chaturthi Vasant Panchami Rama Navami Janmashtami Onam Makar Sankranti Kumbha Mela Pongal Ugadi VaisakhiBihu Puthandu VishuRatha YatraGurus, saints, philosophersAncientAgastya Angiras Aruni Ashtavakra Atri Bharadwaja Gotama Jamadagni Jaimini Kanada Kapila Kashyapa Pāṇini Patanjali Raikva Satyakama Jabala Valmiki Vashistha Vishvamitra Vyasa YajnavalkyaMedievalNayanars Alvars Adi Shank
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Kali
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-DussehraRaksha Bandhan Ganesh Chat
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Durga
Durga, also identified as Adi Parashakti, Devi, Shakti, Bhavani, Parvati, Amba and by numerous other names, is a principal and popular form of Hindu
Hindu
goddess.[3][4][5] She is the warrior goddess, whose mythology centers around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace, prosperity and dharma of the good.[4][6] She is the fierce form of the protective mother goddess, willing to unleash her anger against wrong, violence for liberation and destruction to empower creation.[7] Durga
Durga
is depicted in the Hindu
Hindu
pantheon as a goddess riding a lion or tiger, with many arms each carrying a weapon,[1] often defeating Mahishasura (lit
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