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Kiryat Gat
Kiryat Gat
Kiryat Gat
(Hebrew: קִרְיַת גַּת‬), is a city in the Southern District of Israel. It lies 56 km (35 miles) south of Tel Aviv, 43 km (27 mi) north of Beersheba, 45 km (28 mi) from Gaza, and 68 km (42 mi) from Jerusalem. In 2016 it had a population of 52,585.[1]Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Transportation 6 Schools and education 7 Twin towns — sister cities 8 Notable people 9 References 10 External linksEtymology[edit] Kiryat Gat
Kiryat Gat
is named for Gath, one of the five major cities of the Philistines. In Hebrew, "gat" means "winepress". In the 1950s, archaeologists found ruins at a nearby tell (Tel Erani) which were mistaken for the Philistine city of Gath
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ISO 259
ISO
ISO
259 is a series of international standards for the romanization of Hebrew characters into Latin characters, dating to 1984, with updated ISO
ISO
259-2 (a simplification, disregarding several vowel signs
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Mizrahi
Mizrahi Jews, Mizrahim (Hebrew: מזרחים‬‎) or al-Mashriqiyyūn (Arabic: المشرقيون‎), also referred to as Edot HaMizrach (עֲדוֹת-הַמִּזְרָח‬; "Communities of the East"; Mizrahi Hebrew: ʿEdot(h) Ha(m)Mizraḥ), Bene HaMizrah ("Sons of the East") or Oriental Jews,[10] are Jews
Jews
descended from local Jewish communities of the Middle East
Middle East
from biblical times into the modern era. They include descendants of Babylonian Jews
Jews
and Mountain Jews
Jews
from modern Iraq, Syria, Bahrain, Kuwait, Dagestan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Uzbekistan, the Caucasus, Kurdistan, Afghanistan, India
India
and Pakistan. Yemenite Jews, as well as North African Jews
Jews
are sometimes also included, but their histories are separate from Babylonian Jewry. The use of the term Mizrahi can be somewhat controversial
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1948 Arab–Israeli War
 IsraelBefore 26 May 1948:Haganah Palmach Irgun LehiAfter 26 May 1948: Israel
Israel
Defense Forces Minorities UnitForeign volunteers: Mahal Arab League Egypt[1]  Jordan[1]  Iraq[1]  Syria[1]   Lebanon
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Lachish
Tel Lachish
Tel Lachish
(Hebrew: תל לכיש‎; Greek: Λαχις; Latin: Tel Lachis), is the site of an ancient Near East city, now an archaeological site and an Israeli national park. Lachish is located in the Shephelah
Shephelah
region of Israel
Israel
between Mount Hebron
Mount Hebron
and the Mediterranean coast. It is first mentioned in the Amarna letters
Amarna letters
as Lakisha-Lakiša (EA 287, 288, 328, 329, 335). According to the Bible, the Israelites
Israelites
captured and destroyed Lachish for joining the league against the Gibeonites (Joshua 10:31-33)
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Aliyah From The Soviet Union In The 1990s
The 1990s Post-Soviet aliyah began en masse in late 1980s when the government of Mikhail Gorbachev opened the borders of the USSR and allowed Jews to leave the country for Israel. Between 1989 and 2006, about 1.6 million Soviet Jews and their non-Jewish relatives and spouses, as defined by the Law of Return, emigrated from the former Soviet Union.[1] About 979,000, or 61%, migrated to Israel
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Jew
Jews
Jews
(Hebrew: יְהוּדִים‬ ISO 259-3 Yehudim, Israeli pronunciation [jehuˈdim]) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group[12] and a nation[13][14][15] originating from the Israelites,[16][17][18] or Hebrews,[19][20] of the Ancient Near East. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated,[21] as
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Sephardi
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic
Sephardic
Jews
Jews
or Sephardim (Hebrew: סְפָרַדִּים‬, Modern Hebrew: Sfaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also יְהוּדֵי סְפָרַד‬ Y'hudey Spharad, lit. "The Jews
Jews
of Spain"), are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews
Jews
coalesced during the early Middle Ages on the Iberian Peninsula
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1990s Post-Soviet Aliyah
The 1990s Post-Soviet aliyah
1990s Post-Soviet aliyah
began en masse in late 1980s when the government of Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
opened the borders of the USSR
USSR
and allowed Jews
Jews
to leave the country for Israel. Between 1989 and 2006, about 1.6 million Soviet Jews
Jews
and their non-Jewish relatives and spouses, as defined by the Law of Return, emigrated from the former Soviet Union.[1] About 979,000, or 61%, migrated to Israel
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Morocco
Coordinates: 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6Kingdom of Moroccoالمملكة المغربية (Arabic) ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)FlagCoat of armsMotto:  لله، الوطن، الملك  (Arabic) Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber)"God, Homeland, King"Anthem:  النشيد الوطني المغربي  (Arabic) ⵉⵣⵍⵉ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ  (Berber) Cherifian AnthemDark green: Internationally recognized territory of Morocco. Lighter green: Western Sahara, a territory claimed and mostly controlled by Morocco
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Soviet Jews
The history of the Jews
Jews
in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
is inextricably linked to much earlier expansionist policies of the Tsarist Russia
Tsarist Russia
conquering and ruling the eastern half of the European continent already before the Bolshevik Revolution
Bolshevik Revolution
of 1917.[1] "For two centuries – wrote Zvi Gitelman – millions of Jews
Jews
had lived under one entity, the Russian Empire and [its successor state] the USSR
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Soviet Union
The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Russian: Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: [sɐˈvʲɛt͡skʲɪj sɐˈjus] ( listen)), officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: [sɐˈjus sɐˈvʲɛtskʲɪx sətsɨəlʲɪsˈtʲitɕɪskʲɪx rʲɪˈspublʲɪk] ( listen)), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian: СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics,[a] its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
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Fabrication Plant
In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant (commonly called a fab; sometimes foundry) is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured. A business that operates a semiconductor fab for the purpose of fabricating the designs of other companies, such as fabless semiconductor companies, is known as a foundry. If a foundry does not also produce its own designs, it is known as a pure-play semiconductor foundry. Fabs require many expensive devices to function. Estimates put the cost of building a new fab over one billion U.S. dollars with values as high as $3–4 billion not being uncommon. TSMC
TSMC
invested $9.3 billion in its Fab15 300 mm wafer manufacturing facility in Taiwan.[1] The same company estimations suggest that their future fab might cost $20 billion
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Flash Memory
Flash memory
Flash memory
is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. Toshiba
Toshiba
developed flash memory from E EPROM
EPROM
(electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) in the early 1980s and introduced it to the market in 1984. The two main types of flash memory are named after the NAND and NOR logic gates. The individual flash memory cells exhibit internal characteristics similar to those of the corresponding gates. While EPROMs had to be completely erased before being rewritten, NAND-type flash memory may be written and read in blocks (or pages) which are generally much smaller than the entire device
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Twin Towns And Sister Cities
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.[1] The modern concept of town twinning, conceived after the Second World War
Second World War
in 1947, was intended to foster friendship and understanding between different cultures and between former foes as an act of peace and reconciliation,[2][3] and to encourage trade and tourism.[1] By the 2000s, town twinning became increasingly used to form strategic in
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