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Kirkcudbrightshire
KIRKCUDBRIGHTSHIRE (/kərˈkuːbriːʃər/ kirr-KOO-bree-shər ), or the COUNTY OF KIRKCUDBRIGHT or the STEWARTRY OF KIRKCUDBRIGHT, is a historic county , registration county and lieutenancy area in the informal Galloway
Galloway
area of south-western Scotland
Scotland
. For local government purposes, it forms part of the wider Dumfries
Dumfries
and Galloway council area of which it forms a committee area under the name of the Stewartry . The county is occasionally referred to as East Galloway, forming the larger Galloway
Galloway
region with Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire

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Anglo-Saxons
The ANGLO-SAXONS were a people who inhabited Great Britain
Great Britain
from the 5th century . They comprise people from Germanic tribes
Germanic tribes
who migrated to the island from continental Europe
Europe
, their descendants, and indigenous British groups who adopted some aspects of Anglo-Saxon culture and language. Historically, the Anglo-Saxon period denotes the period in Britain between about 450 and 1066, after their initial settlement and up until the Norman conquest . The early Anglo-Saxon period includes the creation of an English nation , with many of the aspects that survive today, including regional government of shires and hundreds . During this period, Christianity was re-established and there was a flowering of literature and language. Charters and law were also established
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Rheged
RHEGED (Welsh pronunciation: ) was one of the kingdoms of the Hen Ogledd ("Old North"), the Brittonic -speaking region of what is now Northern England and southern Scotland
Scotland
, during the post-Roman era and Early Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages
. It is recorded in several poetic and bardic sources, although its borders are not described in any of them. Some modern scholars have suggested that it included what is now Cumbria
Cumbria
in North West England
North West England
and possibly extended into Lancashire
Lancashire
and Scotland. In some sources, Rheged
Rheged
is intimately associated with the king Urien Rheged
Rheged
and his family. Its inhabitants spoke Cumbric
Cumbric
, a Brittonic dialect closely related to Old Welsh
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Northumbria
The KINGDOM OF NORTHUMBRIA (/nɔːrˈθʌmbriə/ ; Old English : Norþhymbra rīce, "kingdom of the Northumbrians") was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland
Scotland
, which subsequently became an earldom in a unified English kingdom . The name reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory, the Humber
Humber
estuary . Northumbria
Northumbria
was formed by Æthelfrith in central Great Britain in Anglo-Saxon times. At the beginning of the 7th century, the two kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira were unified. (In the 12th century writings of Henry of Huntingdon , the kingdom was defined as one of the Heptarchy
Heptarchy
of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms)
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Malcolm III Of Scotland
MALCOLM (Gaelic : Máel Coluim; c. 26 March 1031 – 13 November 1093) was King of Scots
King of Scots
from 1058 to 1093. He was later nicknamed "CANMORE" ("ceann mòr", Gaelic for "Great Chief": "ceann" denotes "leader", "head" (of state) and "mòr" denotes "pre-eminent", "great", and "big"). Malcolm's long reign of 35 years preceded the beginning of the Scoto-Norman age. Malcolm's kingdom did not extend over the full territory of modern Scotland
Scotland
: the north and west of Scotland
Scotland
remained under Scandinavian , Norse-Gael , and Gaelic rule, and the territories under the rule of the Kings of Scots did not extend much beyond the limits established by Malcolm II until the 12th century
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Macbeth Of Scotland
MACBETH (nicknamed Deircc, "the Red King"; c. 1005 – 15 August 1057) was King of Scots
King of Scots
from 1040 until his death. He was titled King of Alba during his life, and ruled only over a portion of present-day Scotland
Scotland
. Little is known about Macbeth's early life, although he was the son of Findláech of Moray and may have been a grandson of Malcolm II . He became Mormaer of Moray – a semi-autonomous lordship – in 1032, and was probably responsible for the death of the previous mormaer, Gille Coemgáin . He subsequently married Gille Coemgáin's widow, Gruoch , although they had no children together. In 1040, Duncan I launched an attack into Moray and was killed in action by Macbeth's troops. Macbeth
Macbeth
succeeded him as King of Alba, apparently with little opposition
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Britons (historical)
The BRITONS, also known as CELTIC BRITONS or ANCIENT BRITONS, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain
Great Britain
from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, at which point their culture and language diverged. They spoke the Common Brittonic language, the ancestor to the modern Brittonic languages
Brittonic languages
. The earliest evidence for the Britons and their language in historical sources dates to the Iron Age. After the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, a Romano-British culture
Romano-British culture
emerged, and Latin and British Vulgar Latin coexisted with Brittonic. During and after the Roman era, the Britons lived throughout Britain
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Britannia
BRITANNIA was a Roman-Britain province inhabited by the Britons , Belgae and Picts , encompassing parts of the island south of Caledonia (roughly Scotland
Scotland
) of the geographical region of Great Britain
Great Britain
and is the name given to the female personification of the island. It is a term still used to refer to the island. The name is Latin
Latin
, and derives from the Greek form Prettanike or Brettaniai, which originally designated a collection of islands with individual names, including Albion
Albion
or Great Britain. By the 1st century BC , Britannia
Britannia
came to be used for Great Britain
Great Britain
specifically
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Malcolm Ross (courtier)
Lieutenant-Colonel SIR WALTER HUGH MALCOLM ROSS, GCVO , OBE (born 27 October 1943 ) is a member of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, and since 2006 of the household of Prince Charles . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 See also * 5 References EARLY LIFERoss was born on 27 October 1943 to Colonel Walter John Macdonald Ross (d. 1982) and Josephine May Cross (d. 1982). His younger brother is Walter Robert Alexander Ross (b. 1950). He was educated at Eton and Sandhurst . He served in the Scots Guards from 1964 to 1987, holding the posts of Adjutant at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst 1977–1979, and reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1982. CAREERRoss joined the Royal Household in 1987 as Assistant Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain\'s Office and Management Auditor
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Celts
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture Caucasus * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo Eastern Europe * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni Northern Europe* Corded ware * Bad
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Gnaeus Julius Agricola
GNAEUS JULIUS AGRICOLA (/əˈɡrɪkələ/ ; 13 June 40 – 23 August 93) was a Gallo-Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain . Written by his son-in-law Tacitus
Tacitus
, the De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae is the primary source for most of what is known about him, along with detailed archaeological evidence from northern Britain. Agricola began his military career in Britain , serving under governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus
Gaius Suetonius Paulinus
. His subsequent career saw him serve in a variety of positions; he was appointed quaestor in Asia province in 64, then Plebeian Tribune in 66, and praetor in 68
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Sirmium

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Picts
The PICTS were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland
Scotland
during the Late Iron Age
Iron Age
and Early Medieval periods. They are thought to have been ethnolinguistically Celtic . Where they lived and what their culture was like can be inferred from the geographical distribution of brochs , Brittonic place name elements, and Pictish stones . The name Picts
Picts
appears in written records from Late Antiquity to the 10th century, when they are thought to have merged with the Gaels
Gaels
. They lived to the north of the rivers Forth and Clyde , and spoke the now-extinct Pictish language , which is thought to have been closely related to the Celtic Brittonic language spoken by the Britons who lived to the south of them
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Feudal
FEUDALISM was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour. Although derived from the Latin word feodum or feudum (fief), then in use, the term feudalism and the system it describes were not conceived of as a formal political system by the people living in the Middle Ages. In its classic definition, by François-Louis Ganshof (1944), feudalism describes a set of reciprocal legal and military obligations among the warrior nobility revolving around the three key concepts of lords , vassals and fiefs
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Edward Bruce
EDWARD BRUCE, EARL OF CARRICK (Norman French : Edward de Brus; Middle Irish : Edubard a Briuis; Modern Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: Eideard or Iomhair Bruis; c. 1280 – 14 October 1318), was a younger brother of Robert the Bruce , King of Scotland, and supported his brother in the struggle for the Scottish crown, then pursued his own claims in Ireland
Ireland
. He was proclaimed High King of Ireland
Ireland
, but was eventually defeated and killed in battle by John, Earl of Louth
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Edward III Of England
EDWARD III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England from 25 January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II . Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His long reign of 50 years was the second longest in medieval England and saw vital developments in legislation and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament —as well as the ravages of the Black Death
Black Death
. Edward was crowned at age fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother, Isabella of France , and her lover Roger Mortimer . At age seventeen he led a successful coup against Mortimer, the de facto ruler of the country, and began his personal reign
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