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Kharijites
Politics portal Islam
Islam
portal * v * t * e The KHAWARIJ (Arabic : الخوارج‎‎, al-Khawārij, singular خارجي, khārijiyy) or the ASH-SHURAH (Arabic : الشراة‎, translit. ash-Shurāh‎ "the Exchangers") are members of a group that appeared in the first century of Islam
Islam
during the First Fitna , the crisis of leadership after the death of Muhammad
Muhammad
. It broke into revolt against the authority of the Caliph Ali
Ali
after he agreed to arbitration with his rival, Muawiyah I
Muawiyah I
, to decide the succession to the Caliphate
Caliphate
following the Battle of Siffin (657). A Khariji later assassinated Ali, and for hundreds of years, the Khawarij were a source of insurrection against the Caliphate
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Sunni Islam
Others * Zahiri * Awza\'i * Thawri * Laythi * Jariri Sunni schools of theology * Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Others: * Mu\'tazila * Murji\'ah Contemporary movements * Ahl-i Hadith * Al-Ahbash * Barelvi * Deobandi * Islamic Modernism * Salafi movement * Wahhabism Holy sites * Jerusalem * Mecca
Mecca
* Medina
Medina
* Mount Sinai Lists * Literature * Kutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portal * v * t * e THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS ARABIC TEXT
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Shia Islam
Others * Hurufism * Bektashi Order * Alawites
Alawites
* Qizilbash Shia
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Sufism
SUFISM or TAṣAWWUF ( Arabic
Arabic
: التصوف‎‎), which is often defined as " Islamic
Islamic
mysticism ," "the inward dimension of Islam
Islam
," or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam
Islam
," is a mystical trend in Islam
Islam
"characterized ... values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions" which began very early on in Islamic
Islamic
history and which represents "the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of" mystical practice in Islam. Although the overwhelming majority of Sufis, both pre-modern and modern, have been adherents of Sunni Islam
Islam
, there nevertheless also developed certain strands of Sufi practice within the ambit of Shia Islam
Islam
during the late medieval period
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Alevism
Part of a series on Nizari -Ismāʿīli Batiniyya , Hurufiyya , Kaysanites and Twelver Shī‘ism ALEVISM Beliefs * Allah
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Spread Of Islam
The expansion of the Muslim
Muslim
Empire in the years following the Prophet Muhammad's death led to the creation of the caliphates , occupying a vast geographical area and conversion to Islam
Islam
was boosted by missionary activities particularly those of Imams
Imams
, who easily intermingled with local populace to propagate the religious teachings. These early caliphates , coupled with Muslim
Muslim
economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
, resulted in Islam's spread outwards from Mecca
Mecca
towards both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the creation of the Muslim world . Trading played an important role in the spread of Islam
Islam
in several parts of the world, notably southeast Asia
Asia

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Imamah (Shia Doctrine)
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam
* Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid * Adalah * Prophecy *
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Kharaji, Chaharmahal And Bakhtiari
KHARAJI (Persian : خراجي‎, also Romanized as KHARāJī and KHERāJI; also known as KHāRIJI) is a village in Kiar-e Gharbi Rural District , in the Central District of Kiar County , Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province , Iran
Iran
. At the 2006 census, its population was 3,078, in 772 families. REFERENCES * ^ Kharaji can be found at GEOnet Names Server , at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3070676" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database". * ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11
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Ahl Al-Bayt
AHL AL-BAYT (Arabic : أهل البيت‎‎, Persian : اهلِ بیت‎‎) is a phrase meaning, literally, "People of the House" or "Family of the House". Within the Islamic tradition, the term refers to the family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. In Shia Islam
Shia Islam
the Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
are central to Islam
Islam
and interpreters of the Quran
Quran
and Sunnah. Shias believe they are successors of Muhammad and consist of Muhammad, Fatimah , Ali
Ali
, Hasan , and Husayn (known collectively as the Ahl al-Kisa , "people of the mantle") and the Imams , the so-called Fourteen Infallibles
Fourteen Infallibles
. There are differing opinions on the scope and importance of Ahl al-Bayt
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Sahabah
The term Aṣ-ṣAḥāBAH (Arabic : الصحابة‎‎ meaning "the companions", from the verb صَحِبَ meaning "accompany", "keep company with", "associate with") refers to the companions, disciples, scribes and family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. This form is definite plural; the indefinite singular is masculine sahabi (ṣaḥābī), feminine sahabia (ṣaḥābīyat). Later scholars accepted their testimony of the words and deeds of Muhammad, the occasions on which the Quran was revealed and various important matters of Islamic history and practice. The testimony of the companions, as it was passed down through trusted chains of narrators (isnads ), was the basis of the developing Islamic tradition
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Rashidun
Others * Zahiri * Awza\'i * Thawri * Laythi * Jariri Sunni schools of theology * Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Others: * Mu\'tazila * Murji\'ah Contemporary movements * Ahl-i
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Quranism
QURANISM (Arabic : القرآنية‎‎; al-Qur'āniyya) describes any form of Islam
Islam
that accepts the Quran as revelation but rejects the religious authority, and/or authenticity of, the Hadith
Hadith
collections . Quranists follow the Quran alone; they believe that its message is clear and complete, and that it can therefore be fully understood without referencing the Hadith. They claim that the Hadith
Hadith
literature was forged, as it had been written 190 years after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. There are significant differences between Quranists in their interpretation of Islam
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Ahmadiyya
AHMADIYYA (/ɑːməˈdiə/ ; officially, the AHMADIYYA MUSLIM COMMUNITY or the AHMADIYYA MUSLIM JAMA\'AT; Arabic : الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية‎‎, transliterated : al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; Urdu : احمدیہ مسلم جماعت‎) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India
India
, near the end of the 19th century. It originated with the life and teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835–1908), who claimed to have appeared in fulfilment of the prophecies concerning the world's reformer during the end times , who was to bring about, by peaceful means, the final triumph of Islam
Islam
and herald the eschaton as predicted in Islamic scriptures as well as the traditions of various world religions
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Morality In Islam
MORALITY IN ISLAM is a comprehensive term that serves to include the concept of righteousness , good character , and the body of moral qualities and virtues prescribed in Islamic religious texts . The underlying idea of Islamic morality is that of love : love for God
God
and love for God's creatures. The idea is that mankind will acquire and follow the body of moral qualities in order to seek God's pleasure and to treat the fellow human beings in the best possible manner . Teaching on morality and moral conduct constitute a basic principle of Islam
Islam
, and the moral themes form a large part of it. The Quran and the Hadith
Hadith
– the central religious texts of Islam
Islam
– serve as the primary source for it. Both the Quran and the hadith often speak in emphatic manners to instruct the Muslims to adopt a morally good character
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Islam And Children
The topic of ISLAM AND CHILDREN includes the rights of children in Islam
Islam
, the duties of children towards their parents, and the rights of parents over their children, both biological and foster children . Also discussed are some of the differences regarding rights with respect to different schools of thought. CONTENTS * 1 In the Qur\'an * 2 Muhammad
Muhammad
* 3 Breast-feeding * 4 Orphaned children * 5 Rights of children * 6 Rights of parents * 7 Marriage * 7.1 Consent * 7.2 Age of marriage * 8 Adoption and fostering * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 External links IN THE QUR\'ANThe Qur\'an uses various terms for children (e.g. Arabic terms dhurriyya; ghulām; ibn ; walad; walīd; mawlūd; ṣabī; tifl; saghir), but, according to Avner Giladi, the context seldom makes it clear whether it is exclusively referring to non-mature children, or simply offspring
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Islamic Feminism
A combination of ISLAM and FEMINISM has been advocated as "a feminist discourse and practice articulated within an Islamic paradigm" by Margot Badran in 2002. Islamic feminists ground their arguments in Islam
Islam
and its teachings, seek the full equality of women and men in the personal and public sphere, and can include non-Muslims in the discourse and debate. Islamic feminism
Islamic feminism
is defined by Islamic scholars as being more radical than secular feminism, and as being anchored within the discourse of Islam
Islam
with the Quran as its central text
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