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Khandoba
Khandoba
Khandoba
(IAST: Khaṇḍobā), Martanda
Martanda
Bhairava
Bhairava
or Malhari, is a Hindu
Hindu
deity worshiped as a manifestation of Shiva
Shiva
mainly in the Deccan plateau of India, especially in the states of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Karnataka
Karnataka
Telangana. He is the most popular Kuladaivat (family deity) in Maharashtra.[1] He is also the patron deity of select warrior, farming, herding and Brahmin
Brahmin
(priestly) castes as well as several of the hunter/gatherer tribes that are native to the hills and forests of this region. The cult of Khandoba
Khandoba
has linkages with Hindu
Hindu
and Jain traditions, and also assimilates all communities irrespective of caste, including Muslims
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Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
or Garbha gruha (garbha gṛha) (Sanskrit: गर्भगृह) is the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctum of a Hindu temple
Hindu temple
where resides the murti (idol or icon) of the primary deity of the temple. Literally the word means "womb chamber", from the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
words garbha for womb and griha for house. Generally in Hinduism only 'priests' (pujari) are allowed to enter this chamber.[1] Although the term is often associated with Hindu temples, it is also found in Jain
Jain
and Buddhist
Buddhist
temples.Contents1 Architecture 2 Hinduism 3 Notes 4 References 5 External linksArchitecture[edit] The room has a single entrance, normally facing east to be accessed by the rising sun, and no windows
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Sardar
Sardar
Sardar
(Persian: سردار‎, Persian pronunciation: [sær'dɑr]; "Commander" literally; "Headmaster"), also spelled as Sirdar, Sardaar or Serdar, is a title of nobility that was originally used to denote princes, noblemen, and other aristocrats. It has also been used to denote a chief or leader of a tribe or group
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Surya
Surya
Surya
(/ˈsʊəriə/[2], Sanskrit: सूर्य, IAST: ‘'Sūrya’') is a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word that means the Sun.[3] Synonyms of Surya
Surya
in ancient Indian literature include Aditya, Arka, Bhānu, Savitru, Pushana, Ravi, Mārtanda, Mitra and Vivasvāna.[4][5][6] Surya
Surya
also connotes the solar deity in Hinduism,[7] particularly in the Saura tradition found in states such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha
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Murugan
Kartikeya
Kartikeya
(IAST: Kārttikēya) , also known as Murugan, Skanda, Kumara,[2] and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu
Hindu
god of war.[3][4][1] He is the son of
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Lingam
Shiva
Shiva
- ShaktiSadasiva Rudra Bhairava Parvati Durga KaliGanesha Murugan OthersScriptures and textsAgamas and TantrasVedas SvetasvataraTirumurai Shivasutras VachanasPhilosophyThree ComponentsPati Pashu PasamThree bondagesAnava Karma Maya 36 Tattvas YogaPracticesVibhuti Rudraksha Panchakshara Bilva Maha Shivaratri Yamas-Niyamas Guru-Linga-JangamSchoolsAdi MargamPashupata Kalamukha Kapalika <
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Martanda
Mārtanda
Mārtanda
(Sanskrit:मार्तंड) in Hinduism
Hinduism
is the eighth and last of the Vedic solar deities called Adityas
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Andhra Pradesh
^† The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014
states that Hyderabad is common capital of both Telangana
Telangana
and Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
states for a period of time not exceeding 10 years. †† Common for Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and Telangana.Symbols of Andhra PradeshEmblem Poorna kumbhamLanguageTeluguSong Maa Telugu ThallikiDanceKuchipudiAnimalBlackbuckBirdIndian rollerFlowerBlue-Water LillyFruitMangoTreeNeemRiver Godavari, Krishna, Penna, Vamsadhara, Nagavali and TungabhadraSportKabaddiCostume Saree Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(/ˌɑːndrə prəˈdɛʃ/) ( pronunciation (help·info)) is one of the 29 states of India
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Oleograph
Chromolithography
Chromolithography
is a unique method for making multi-colour prints. This type of colour printing stemmed from the process of lithography, and includes all types of lithography that are printed in colour.[1] When chromolithography is used to reproduce photographs, the term photochrome is frequently used. Lithographers sought to find a way to print on flat surfaces with the use of chemicals instead of raised relief or recessed intaglio techniques.[2] Chromolithography
Chromolithography
became the most successful of several methods of colour printing developed by the 19th century; other methods were developed by printers such as Jacob Christoph Le Blon, George Baxter and Edmund Evans, and mostly relied on using several woodblocks with the colours. Hand-colouring also remained important; elements of the official British Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
maps were coloured by hand by boys until 1875
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Murti
A Murti
Murti
(Sanskrit: मूर्ति, IAST: Mūrti) literally means any form, embodiment or solid object,[1] and typically refers to an image, statue or idol of a deity or person in Indian culture.[2] By the Prana Pratishtha ceremony, the idol becomes identical with the deity.[3] Murtis
Murtis
are also found in some nontheistic Jainism traditions, where they serve as symbols of revered persons inside Jain temples, and are worshipped in Murtipujaka
Murtipujaka
rituals.[4][5] A Murti
Murti
is typically made by carving stone, wood working, metal casting or through pottery
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Damaru
New branches:Blue Lotus AssemblyGateway of the Hidden FlowerNew Kadampa BuddhismShambhala BuddhismTrue Awakening TraditionHistoryTantrismMahasiddhaSahajaPursuitBuddhahood BodhisattvaKalachakraPracticesGeneration stage Completion stagePhowaTantric techniques: Fourfold division:KriyayogaCharyayogaYogatantraAnuttarayogatantraTwofold division:Inner TantrasOuter TantrasThought forms and visualisation:MandalaMantraMudraThangkaYantraYoga:Deity yogaDream yogaDeath yogaNgöndro Guru
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Maratha
The Maratha
Maratha
(IPA: [ˈˈməraʈʰa"]; IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Marathas are people of India, famed in history as yeoman warriors and champions of Hinduism"[1][note 1]. The Maratha
Maratha
group of castes is a largely rural class of peasant cultivators, landowners, and soldiers
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Pashtun People
The Pashtuns
Pashtuns
(/ˈpʌʃˌtʊnz/, /ˈpɑːʃˌtʊnz/ or /ˈpæʃˌtuːnz/; Pashto: پښتانه‎ Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (Persian: افغان‎, Afğān)[15][16][17] and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān),[18][19] are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan.[20] They speak the Pashto language
Pashto language
and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The ethnogenesis of the Pashtun ethnic group is unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas
Pakthas
(Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC,[21][22] who may be their early ancestors
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni
Sunni
Islam[22][note 1] 10–13% Shia
Shia
Islam[22] 15–20% Non-denominational Islam[23] ~1% Ahmadiyya[24] ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Brahmanda Purana
DivisionsSamhita Brahmana Aranyaka UpanishadsUpanishads Rig vedicAitareya KaushitakiSama vedicChandogya KenaYajur vedicBrihadaranyaka Isha Taittiriya Katha Shvetashvatara MaitriAtharva vedicMundaka Mandukya PrashnaOther scripturesBhagavad Gita AgamasRelated Hindu
Hindu
textsVedangasShiksha Chandas Vyakarana Nirukta Kalpa JyotishaPuranas Brahma
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Marathi Language
Marathi (English: /məˈrɑːti/;[8] मराठी Marāṭhī; Marathi: [məˈɾaʈʰi] ( listen)) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people
Marathi people
of Maharashtra, India. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Goa
Goa
states of Western India, respectively, and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. There were 73 million speakers in 2007; Marathi ranks 19th in the list of most spoken languages in the world. Marathi has the fourth largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi, Bengali and Telugu, in that order.[9] Marathi has some of the oldest literature of all modern Indian languages, dating from about 900 AD.[10] The major dialects of Marathi are Standard Marathi and the Varhadi dialect.[11] Koli, Malvani Konkani has been heavily influenced by Marathi varieties
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