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Khanate Of Kokand
The Khanate of Kokand
Kokand
(Uzbek: Qo‘qon Xonligi, Қўқон Хонлиги, قۇقان خانلىگى; Kyrgyz: Кокон хандыгы, Qoqon xandığı/Kokon handygy, قوقون حاندىعى; Persian: خانات خوقند‎, Xānigari-i Xuqand / Xānāt-i Xuqand) was a Central Asian[3] state in Fergana Valley that existed from 1709–1876 within the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan, eastern Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and Tajikistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan
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Madrasah
Madrasa
Madrasa
(Arabic: مدرسة‎, madrasah, pl. مدارس, madāris) is the Arabic
Arabic
word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university. The word is variously transliterated madrasah, medresa, madrassa, madraza, medrese, etc. In the West, the word usually refers to a specific type of religious school or college for the study of the Islamic religion, though this may not be the only subject studied
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Shaybanid
The Shaybanids
Shaybanids
(Persian: سلسله شیبانیان‎) were a Persianized[1] dynasty of Mongol
Mongol
origin in Central Asia.[2] They were the patrilineal descendants of Shiban, the fifth son of Jochi
Jochi
and grandson of Genghis Khan.[3] Until the mid-14th century, they acknowledged the authority of the descendants of Batu Khan
Batu Khan
and Orda Khan, such as Öz Beg Khan. The Shaybanid
Shaybanid
led grey horde, also known as the Uzbegs (Uzbeks), was converted to Islam
Islam
in 1282
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Tarim Basin
Coordinates: 39°N 83°E / 39°N 83°E / 39; 83Tarim Basin  Dzungaria   Tarim BasinChinese nameChinese 塔里木盆地TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin Tǎlǐmù PéndìWade–Giles T'a3-li3-mu4 P'en2-ti4IPA [tʰàlìmû pʰə̌ntî]NanjiangChinese 南疆Literal meaning Southern XinjiangTranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin NánjiāngWade–Giles Nan2-chiang1IPA [nǎntɕjáŋ]Uyghur nameUyghurتارىم ئويمانلىقىTranscriptionsLatin Yëziqi Tarim OymanliqiYengi Yeziⱪ Tarim OymanliⱪiSiril Yëziqi Тарим ойманлиқиThe Tarim Basin
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Emir
An emir (/əˈmɪər, eɪˈmɪər, ˈeɪmɪər/; Arabic: أمير‎ ʾamīr [ʔaˈmiːr]), sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries and Afghanistan. It means "commander", "general", or "prince". The feminine form is emira (أميرة ʾamīrah). When translated as "prince", the word "emirate" is analogous to a sovereign principality.[1] Contents1 Origins 2 Princely, ministerial and noble titles 3 Military ranks and titles 4 Other uses 5 In popular culture 6 See also 7 NotesOrigins[edit] Emir
Emir
of Kano, Sanusi Lamido SanusiHRH Crown Prince
Prince
Farouk, amir of the Kingdom of Egypt
Kingdom of Egypt
and the Sudan, on ascension to the throne 1936 as HM King Farouk IAmir, meaning "lord" or "commander-in-chief", is derived from the Arabic
Arabic
root a-m-r, "command"
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Charles Stoddart
Colonel Charles Stoddart (23 July 1806 in Ipswich
Ipswich
– June 1842 in Bukhara) was a British officer and diplomat. He was a famous British agent in Central Asia during the period of the Great Game. Stoddart, the son of Major Stephen Stoddart (1763–1812), was educated at Norwich School and later commissioned into the Royal Staff Corps from Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1823.[1] Dispatched on a mission to persuade the Emir
Emir
of Bukhara
Bukhara
to free Russian slaves and sign a treaty of friendship with Britain, he was first arrested by the Emir
Emir
Nasrullah Khan in 1838. In November 1841 Captain Arthur Conolly
Arthur Conolly
arrived in Bukhara
Bukhara
with part of his remit to attempt to secure Stoddart's release. He was unsuccessful
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Bukhara
Bukhara
Bukhara
(Uzbek Latin: Buxoro; Uzbek Cyrillic: Бухоро) is one of the cities of Uzbekistan. Bukhara
Bukhara
is a city-museum, with about 140 architectural monuments.[1] The nation's fifth-largest city, it had a population of 247,644 as of 31 August 2016[update].[2] People have inhabited the region around Bukhara
Bukhara
for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. Located on the Silk Road, the city has long served as a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion
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Russian Empire
The Russian Empire
Empire
(Russian: Российская Империя) or Russia
Russia
was an empire that existed across Eurasia
Eurasia
from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.[6] The third largest empire in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire
Empire
was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire
Empire
happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Persia and the Ottoman Empire
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Arthur Conolly
Arthur Conolly
Arthur Conolly
(2 July 1807, London – 17 June 1842, Bukhara) (sometimes misspelled Connolly) was a British intelligence officer, explorer and writer. He was a captain of the 6th Bengal Light Cavalry in the service of the British East India Company.[1] He participated in many reconnaissance missions into Central Asia and coined the term The Great Game
The Great Game
to describe the struggle between the British Empire
British Empire
and the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
for domination over Central Asia.Contents1 Biography 2 Legacy 3 References3.1 Notes 3.2 BibliographyBiography[edit] Conolly was a descendant of an Ó Conghalaigh
Ó Conghalaigh
clan of Ireland
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United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
was a sovereign country in western Europe, the predecessor to the modern United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland. It was established on 1 January 1801 by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. Britain financed the European coalition that defeated France in 1815 in the Napoleonic Wars. Britain, with its unsurpassed Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and British Empire, became the foremost world power for the next century. The Crimean War
Crimean War
with Russia and the Boer wars were relatively small operations in a largely peaceful century.[1] Rapid industrialisation that began in the decades prior to the state's formation continued up until the mid-19th century
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Uzbek Language
Uzbek is a Turkic language that is the sole official language of Uzbekistan. The language of Uzbeks, it is spoken by some 28 million native speakers in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and elsewhere in Central Asia. Uzbek belongs to the Eastern Turkic, or Karluk, branch of the Turkic language family. External influences include Persian, Arabic
Arabic
and Russian. One of the most noticeable distinctions of Uzbek from other Turkic languages
Turkic languages
is the rounding of the vowel /a/ to /ɒ/, a feature that was influenced by Persian.Contents1 Name 2 History 3 Number of speakers 4 Loan words 5 Dialects 6 Writing systems 7 Phonology7.1 Vowels 7.2 Consonants8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 External linksName[edit] In the language itself, Uzbek is oʻzbek tili or oʻzbekcha
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Khujand
Khujand
Khujand
(Tajik: Хуҷанд, Xujand / Xuçand, Uzbek: Xo‘jand/Хўжанд, Persian: خجند‌‎, translit. Xojand), formerly known as Leninabad (Tajik: Ленинобод, Leninobod/Leninoвod,Persian: لنین‌آباد‌‎, translit. Leninâbâd) in 1936-1991, is the second-largest city of Tajikistan
Tajikistan
and the capital of the northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd. Khujand
Khujand
is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia, dating back about 2,500 years. It is situated on the Syr Darya
Syr Darya
at the mouth of the Fergana Valley
Fergana Valley
and was a major city along the ancient Silk Road, mainly inhabited by ethnic Tajiks
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Tājik People
Tajik (Dari: تاجيک‎: Tājīk, Tajik: Тоҷик) is a general designation for a wide range of Persian-speaking people of Iranian origin,[14] with traditional homelands in present-day Tajikistan, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Uzbekistan. As a self-designation, the term Tajik, which earlier on had been more or less pejorative, has become acceptable only during the last several decades, particularly as a result of Soviet administration in Central Asia.[14] Alternative names for the Tajiks
Tajiks
are Fārsī (Persian), Fārsīwān (Persian-speaker), and Dīhgān (cf. Tajik: Деҳқон) literally "farmer or settled villager", in a wider sense "settled" in contrast to "nomadic" and also described as a class of land-owning magnates during the Sassanid
Sassanid
and early Islamic period).[15][16] Not all Tajiks
Tajiks
speak a variety of modern Persian
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Hui People
 China; Elsewhere:  Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia,  Malaysia,  Singapore, Indonesia,   Thailand
Thailand
and  MyanmarLanguagesMandarin Chinese, Dungan, Persian, and other Sinitic languagesReligionMainly Sunni Islam
Islam
(≈ 50% Ha
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Protectorate
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state. In exchange for this, the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship. Therefore, a protectorate remains an autonomous part of a sovereign state. They are different from colonies as they have local rulers and people ruling over the territory and experience rare cases of immigration of settlers from the country it has suzerainty of
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China
China, officially the People's Republic
People's Republic
of China
China
(PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion.[13] Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area,[k][19] depending on the source consulted. China
China
also has the most neighbor countries in the world
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