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Kawai Tsugunosuke
Kawai Tsugunosuke
Kawai Tsugunosuke
(河井 継之助, January 27, 1827 – October 1, 1868) was a Japanese samurai of the late Edo period, who served the Makino clan
Makino clan
of Nagaoka. Kawai was a senior military commander of Nagaoka forces during the Boshin War
Boshin War
of 1868-1869. He escaped to nearby Aizu
Aizu
after his domain's fall; however, he contracted gangrene from an untreated leg wound, and died in Aizu. References[edit]Sasaki Suguru (2002). Boshin sensō: haisha no Meiji ishin
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Fukushima Castle
Fukushima Castle
Fukushima Castle
(福島城, Fukushima-jō) was a Japanese castle
Japanese castle
that formed the administrative center of Fukushima Domain, a feudal domain of the Itakura clan, located in the center of what is now the city of Fukushima in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Nothing remains of the castle today, and the site is occupied by the Fukushima Prefectural Office and other public buildings. History[edit] Fukushima Castle
Fukushima Castle
first appears in history as Daibutsu Castle (大仏城, Daibutsu-jō, alternatively Osaragi-jō) in 1413 Date Mochimune rose in rebellion against the Ashikaga shogunate. The Date clan retained the castle as one of their southern strongholds throughout most of the Muromachi Period. During the time of Date Terumune and Date Harumune
Date Harumune
is was also called Suginome Castle (杉妻城, Suginome-jō)
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Makino Clan
The Makino clan
Makino clan
(牧野氏, Makino-shi) are a daimyō branch of the samurai Minamoto clan
Minamoto clan
in Edo period
Edo period
Japan.[1] In the Edo period, the Makino were identified as one of the fudai or insider daimyō clans which were hereditary vassals of the Tokugawa clan, in contrast with the tozama or outsider clans.[1]Contents1 Makino clan
Makino clan
branches 2 Notable members of the clan 3 Notes 4 References Makino clan
Makino clan
branches[edit] The fudai Makino clan
Makino clan
originated in 16th-century Mikawa Province. Their elevation in status by Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
dates from 1588.[1] They claim descent from Takenouchi no Sukune,[2] who was a legendary statesman[3] and lover of the legendary Empress Jingū.[4]a
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Morioka Castle
Morioka
Morioka
Castle (盛岡城, Morioka-jō) is a hirayama-style Japanese castle constructed in 1611. It was the seat of the Nanbu clan, a tozama daimyō clan who ruled over Morioka
Morioka
Domain, Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province
in the Tōhoku region
Tōhoku region
of northern Japan. The castle is located in what is now central Morioka, Iwate Prefecture, Japan
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Aoba Castle
Aoba Castle
Castle
(青葉城, Aoba-jō) is a Japanese castle
Japanese castle
located in Sendai, Miyagi
Sendai, Miyagi
Prefecture, Japan. Throughout the Edo period, Aoba Castle
Castle
was home to the Date clan, daimyō of Sendai Domain. The castle was also known as Sendai-jō (仙台城) or as Gojō-rō (五城楼). In 2003, the castle site was designated a National Historic Monument.Contents1 Design 2 History 3 Literature 4 External links 5 NotesDesign[edit] Aoba Castle
Castle
is located on a plateau overlooking the city of Sendai on the opposing bank of the Hirose River. The site is protected by cliffs to the south and east, and by a deep forest to the west. This forest was strictly guarded in the Edo period
Edo period
and is a rare survivor of the original virgin forests in Honshū
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Shiroishi Castle
Shiroishi Castle
Shiroishi Castle
(白石城, Shiroishi-jō) is a flatland-style Japanese castle
Japanese castle
in what is now the city of Shiroishi, Miyagi.[1] During the Edo period, it was the castle of the Katakura clan, who were hereditary retainers of the Date clan
Date clan
of Sendai Domain
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Echigo Province
Echigo Province
Echigo Province
(越後国, Echigo no kuni) was an old province in north-central Japan, on the shores of the Sea of Japan. It bordered on Uzen, Iwashiro, Kōzuke, Shinano, and Etchū Provinces.[1] It corresponds today to Niigata Prefecture, minus the island of Sado. Its abbreviated form name was Esshū (越州), with Echizen and Etchū Provinces
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Shibata Domain
Shibata Domain
Shibata Domain
(新発田藩, Shibata-han) was a fudai feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
of Edo period
Edo period
Japan. It is located in Echigo Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Shibata Castle, located in what is now the city of Shibata in Niigata Prefecture.[1] It was ruled for all of its history by the Mizoguchi clan.[2]Contents1 History 2 Bakumatsu period holdings 3 List of daimyo 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]Tenpo era map of Shibata and MurakamiMizoguchi Hidekatsu was a general under Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
and subsequently Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He distinguished himself at a number of battles and was rewarded with a 60,000 koku holding in Echigo Province
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Nagaoka Castle
Nagaoka Castle
Nagaoka Castle
(長岡城, Nagaoka-jō) was a Japanese castle
Japanese castle
located in Nagaoka, Niigata
Nagaoka, Niigata
Prefecture, Japan. At the end of the Edo period, Nagaoka Castle
Nagaoka Castle
was home to a branch of the Makino clan, daimyō of Nagaoka Domain.Contents1 History 2 Description 3 Literature 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit]Plan of Nagaoka Castle
Nagaoka Castle
drawn in the Edo periodThe area around Nagaoka Castle
Nagaoka Castle
was the territory of the Hori clan under Hori Naoyori (1577-1639), who was elevated to the status of a 60,000 koku daimyō for his services to Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, Hori Naoyori was awarded an additional 20,000 koku from the holdings of the disgraced Matsudaira Tadateru
Matsudaira Tadateru
in 1616
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Boshin War
1868 Imperial Court Tozama:Satchō Alliance Satsuma Domain Chōshū DomainOther tozama daimyōs: Tosa Domain Hiroshima Domain Tsu Domain Saga Domain Ōgaki Domain Hirosaki Domain Kuroishi Domain Yodo Domain1868 Shogunate Aizu
Aizu
Domain Takamatsu Domain Northern Alliance Jōzai Domain Tsuruoka Domain Kuwana Domain Matsuyama Domain Defected: Tsu Domain Yodo Domain Ōgaki Domain1869  Empire of JapanSupported by:  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland1869 Republic of EzoSupported by:  French Empire
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Edo Period
The Edo
Edo
period (江戸時代, Edo
Edo
jidai) or Tokugawa period (徳川時代) is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō. The period was characterized by economic growth, strict social order, isolationist foreign policies, a stable population, "no more wars", and popular enjoyment of arts and culture. The shogunate was officially established in Edo
Edo
on March 24, 1603, by Tokugawa Ieyasu
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Samurai
Samurai
Samurai
(侍) were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan. In Japanese, they are usually referred to as bushi (武士, [bɯ.ɕi]) or buke (武家). According to translator William Scott Wilson: "In Chinese, the character 侍 was originally a verb meaning "to wait upon", "accompany persons" in the upper ranks of society, and this is also true of the original term in Japanese, saburau. In both countries the terms were nominalized to mean "those who serve in close attendance to the nobility", the Japanese term saburai being the nominal form of the verb
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Japanese Name
Japanese names (日本人の氏名, Nihonjin no Shimei) in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name. More than one given name is not generally used. Japanese names are usually written in kanji, which are characters usually Chinese in origin but Japanese in pronunciation
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Karō
Karō (家老, house elder) were top-ranking samurai officials and advisors in service to the daimyōs of feudal Japan. In the Edo
Edo
period, the policy of sankin-kōtai (alternate attendance)1 required each daimyō to place a karō in Edo
Edo
and another in the home han (feudal domain). A karō who was in charge of a castle was called the jōdai karō (城代家老), while the one in Edo
Edo
was called the Edo
Edo
karō (江戸家老). A general term for a domain-based karō is kunigarō (国家老). Some domains referred to this position as bugyō (奉行) or toshiyori (年寄). An example of events involving a karō comes from one of the most famous of all samurai tales, Kanadehon Chūshingura. The final Asano daimyō of the Ako han was Asano Naganori
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Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province
(陸奥国, Mutsu no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori Prefectures and the municipalities of Kazuno and Kosaka in Akita Prefecture. Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province
is also known as Ōshū (奥州) or Michinoku (陸奥 or 道奥). The term Ōu (奥羽) is often used to refer to the combined area of Mutsu and the neighboring province Dewa which make up the Tōhoku region.Contents1 History1.1 Invasion by the Kinai
Kinai
government 1.2 Prosperity of Hiraizumi 1.3 Sengoku period 1.4 After the Boshin War2 Districts2.1 Under Ritsuryō 2.2 Meiji Era3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province
from 7c
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Japan
Coordinates: 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136Japan 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-kokuFlagImperial SealAnthem: "Kimigayo" 君が代"His Imperial Majesty's Reign"[2][3] Government
Government
Seal of JapanGo-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐)Area controlled by Japan
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