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Kaskaskia River
The Kaskaskia River
Kaskaskia River
is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 325 miles (523 km) long,[2] in central and southern Illinois
Illinois
in the United States.[3] The second largest river system within Illinois, it drains a rural area of farms, as well as rolling hills along river bottoms of hardwood forests in its lower reaches. The lower reaches of the river have been canalized to allow barge traffic. "Cascasquia" is an alternative, supposedly more French, spelling of "Kaskaskia" that is sometimes encountered.[citation needed] It was named after a clan of the Illiniwek encountered by the early French Jesuits
Jesuits
and other settlers
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-outpu
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Illiniwek
The Illinois Confederation,[1] sometimes referred to as the Illiniwek or Illini, was a group of 12–13 Native American tribes in the upper Mississippi River
Mississippi River
valley of North America. The tribes were the Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Peoria, Tamaroa, Moingwena, Michigamea, Chepoussa, Chinkoa, Coiracoentanon, Espeminkia, Maroa, and Tapouara.[2] At the time of European contact in the 17th century, they were believed to number over 10,000 people.[3] Most of the Illinois spoke various dialects of the Miami-Illinois
Miami-Illinois
language, one of the Algonquian languages family, with the known exception of the Siouan-speaking Michigamea. They occupied a broad inverted triangle from modern-day Iowa
Iowa
to near the shores of Lake Michigan in modern Chicago
Chicago
south to modern Arkansas
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St. Louis, Missouri
St. Louis
St. Louis
Lambert International Airport MidAmerica St. Louis
St. Louis
AirportWaterways Mississippi RiverWebsite stlouis-mo.gov St. Louis
St. Louis
(/seɪnt ˈluːɪs/)[10][11][12] is an independent city[13] and major U.S. port in the state of Missouri, built along the western bank of the Mississippi River, which marks Missouri's border with Illinois. The city had an estimated March 22, 2018 population of 308,626[8] and is the cultural and economic center of the Greater St. Louis area (home to 2,807,338 people ), making it the largest metropolitan area in Missouri
Missouri
and the 19th-largest in the United States. Prior to European settlement, the area was a major regional center of Native American Mississippian culture. The city of St. Louis
St

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Interstate 74
Interstate 74
Interstate 74
(I-74) is an Interstate Highway
Interstate Highway
in the midwestern and southeastern United States. Its western end is at an interchange with Interstate 80
Interstate 80
in Davenport, Iowa
Davenport, Iowa
(Quad Cities); the eastern end of its Midwest segment is at an interchange with Interstate 75
Interstate 75
in Cincinnati, Ohio. The major cities that I-74 connects to includes Champaign, Illinois
Illinois
and Indianapolis
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Douglas County, Illinois
Douglas County is a county located in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,980.[1] The county seat is Tuscola.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geography2.1 Climate and weather 2.2 Adjacent counties 2.3 Major highways3 Demographics 4 Communities4.1 Cities 4.2 Villages 4.3 Unincorporated communities 4.4 Townships5 Politics 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] Douglas County was formed in 1859 out of Coles County. It was named in honor of Stephen A. Douglas,[3] who was elected to the United States Senate in 1858, following the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.The creation of Douglas and Ford Counties in 1859 resulted in Illinois' current county map.Geography[edit]The west side of the Douglas County courthouse.According to the U.S
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Steamboat
A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels. Steamboats sometimes use the prefix designation SS, S.S. or S/S (for 'Screw Steamer') or PS (for 'Paddle Steamer'), however these designations are most often used for steamships. The term steamboat is used to refer to smaller, insular, steam-powered boats working on lakes and rivers, particularly riverboats
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Okawville, Illinois
Okawville is a village in Washington County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,434 at the 2010 census.[3]Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Schools 5 Attractions 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] In the late 19th and early 20th century Okawville was a prominent spa community
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Jesuits
The Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
(SJ – from Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
which originated in sixteenth-century Spain. The members are called Jesuits.[2] The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits
Jesuits
work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities, and seminaries), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits
Jesuits
also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue. Ignatius of Loyola, a Basque nobleman from the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona
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French People
118,000[17][18]Other countries Mexico 60,000[19] Algeria 32,000[10] China 31,000[10] Luxembourg 31,000[10][20] Hong Kong 25,000[21] Netherlands 23,000[10] Senegal 20,000[10] Mauritius 15,000[22] Monaco 10,000[23] Sweden 9,005[24] Austria8,246[25]LanguagesFrench and other languages (Langues d'oïl Occitan Auvergnat Corsican Catalan Franco-Provençal German (Alsatian & Franconian) Dutch (French Flemish) Breton Basque)ReligionPredominantly Roman Catholicism[26] Minority : Protestantism Judaism IslamRelated ethnic groupsCeltic peoples Romance peoples Germanic peoplesThe French (French: Français) are an ethnic group[27][28][29] and nation who are identified with the country of France
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Shelby County, Illinois
Shelby County is a county located in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 22,363.[1] Its county seat is Shelbyville.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geography2.1 Climate and weather 2.2 Major highways 2.3 Adjacent counties3 Demographics 4 Communities4.1 Cities 4.2 Town 4.3 Villages 4.4 Census-designated place 4.5 Other unincorporated communities 4.6 Townships5 Politics 6 See also 7 ReferencesHistory[edit] Shelby County was formed in 1827 out of Fayette County
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Deforestation
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.[2] Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests.[3] About 30 percent of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.[4] Deforestation
Deforestation
occurs for multiple reasons: trees are cut down to be used for building or sold as fuel (sometimes in the form of charcoal or timber), while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock and plantation. The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in habitat damage, biodiversity loss, and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation
Deforestation
has also been used in war to deprive the enemy of vital resources and cover for its forces
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Geographic Names Information System
The Geographic Names Information System
Geographic Names Information System
(GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States
United States
of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States
United States
Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States
United States
Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names. The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Chester, Illinois
Chester
Chester
is a city in and the county seat of Randolph County, Illinois, United States,[3] on a bluff above the Mississippi River. The population was 8,586 at the 2010 census.[4] It lies 61 miles (98 km) south of St. Louis, Missouri.Contents1 History1.1 Cole Milling Company 1.2 International Shoe Company 1.3 Prim Hosiery Mill 1.4 Chester
Chester
Pool2 Home of "Popeye"2.1 Popeye's Picnic and Parade3 Parks and historic sites 4 Bridges 5 Media 6 Claims to fame 7 Geography 8 Demographics 9 Government and infrastructure 10 Economy 11 Education11.1 Public 11.2 Private12 Religious affiliations 13 Notable people 14 Notes and references 15 External linksHistory[edit] Samuel Smith built the first home in Chester, established a ferry system, and began the construction of a mill in 1829. He is said to be the town's founder
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River Mouth
A river mouth is the part of a river where the river flows into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean.[citation needed]Contents1 Water motion 2 Landforms 3 Cultural influence 4 See also 5 ReferencesWater motion[edit] The water from a river can enter the receiving body in a variety of different ways.[1] The motion of the river mainly depends on the relative density of the river compared to the receiving water and any ambient motion in the receiving water, such as tides or seiches.[citation needed] If the river water is denser than the surface of the receiving water, the river water will plunge below the surface at the plunge curve
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