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Karl Taube
Karl Andreas Taube (born September 14, 1957) [1] is an American Mesoamericanist, archaeologist, epigrapher and ethnohistorian, known for his publications and research into the pre-Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
and the American Southwest. As of 2009[update] he holds a position as Professor of Anthropology
Anthropology
at the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, University of California, Riverside.[2] In 2008 he was named the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences distinguished lecturer. Taube commenced his undergraduate education at Stanford, relocating to Berkeley where he completed a B.A. in Anthropology
Anthropology
in 1980
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Biblioteca Nacional De España
The Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
(National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain, and one of the largest in the world. It is located in Madrid, on the Paseo de Recoletos.Contents1 History 2 The library today 3 See also 4 References 5 External links 6 ImagesHistory[edit] The library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library (Biblioteca Pública de Palacio). The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain
Spain
to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance (Ministerio de la Gobernación)
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The Bibliothèque nationale de France
France
(BnF, English: National Library of France"; French: [bi.bli.jɔ.tɛk na.sjɔ.nal də fʁɑ̃s]) is the national library of France, located in Paris. It is the national repository of all that is published in France
France
and also holds extensive historical collections.Contents1 History 2 New buildings 3 Mission 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection 5 Digital library 6 List of directors6.1 1369–1792 6.2 1792–present7 In popular culture 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksHistory[edit]See also: History of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (fr)The National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace
Louvre Palace
by Charles V in 1368
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Archaeologist
Archaeology, or archeology,[1] is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes. Archaeology
Archaeology
can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities.[2][3] In North America, archaeology is considered a sub-field of anthropology,[4] while in Europe
Europe
archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. Archaeologists study human prehistory and history, from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi
Lomekwi
in East Africa
Africa
3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology
Archaeology
as a field is distinct from the discipline of palaeontology, the study of fossil remains
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Ecuador
Coordinates: 2°00′S 77°30′W / 2.000°S 77.500°W / -2.000; -77.500Republic of Ecuador República del Ecuador  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish) "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin) "God, homeland and freedom"Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish) Hail, Oh HomelandLocation of  Ecuador  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Quito 00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350Largest city GuayaquilOfficial languages Spanish[1]Recognized regional languages Kichwa
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Peru
Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú  (Spanish)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union"Anthem: "Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish) "National Anthem of Peru"National SealGran Sello del Estado  (Spanish) Great Seal of the StateLocation of  Peru  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Lima 12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77
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Agriculture In Mesoamerica
Agriculture in Mesoamerica
Agriculture in Mesoamerica
dates to the Archaic period of Mesoamerican chronology (8000–2000 BC).[1] At the beginning of the Aztec
Aztec
period, the Early Hunters of the late Pleistocene era (50,000–10,000 BC) led nomadic lifestyles, relying on hunting and gathering for sustenance. However, the nomadic lifestyle that dominated the late Pleistocene and the early Archaic slowly transitioned into a more sedentary lifestyle as the hunter gatherer micro-bands in the region began to cultivate wild plants. The cultivation of these plants provided security to the Mesoamericans, allowing them to increase surplus of "starvation foods" near seasonal camps; this surplus could be utilized when hunting was bad, during times of drought, and when resources were low. The cultivation of plants could have been started purposefully, or by accident
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National Diet Library
The National Diet
National Diet
Library (NDL) (国立国会図書館, Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan) is the national library of Japan
Japan
and among the largest libraries in the world. It was established in 1948 for the purpose of assisting members of the National Diet
National Diet
of Japan
Japan
(国会, Kokkai) in researching matters of public policy
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Maize
Maize
Maize
(/meɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico[1][2] about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces separate pollen and ovuliferous inflorescences or ears, which are fruits, yielding kernels or seeds. Maize
Maize
has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with total production surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, not all of this maize is consumed directly by humans. Some of the maize production is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup
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BIBSYS
BIBSYS is an administrative agency set up and organized by the Ministry of Education and Research in Norway. They are a service provider, focusing on the exchange, storage and retrieval of data pertaining to research, teaching and learning – historically metadata related to library resources. BIBSYS are collaborating with all Norwegian universities and university colleges as well as research institutions and the National Library of Norway.[1][2] Bibsys
Bibsys
is formally organized as a unit at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
(NTNU), located in Trondheim, Norway. The board of directors is appointed by Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research. BIBSYS offer researchers, students and others an easy access to library resources by providing the unified search service Oria.no and other library services
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Aridoamerica
Aridoamerica
Aridoamerica
denotes an ecological region spanning Mexico
Mexico
and the Southwest United States, defined by the presence of the culturally significant staple foodstuff Phaseolus acutifolius, a drought-resistant bean.[1] Its dry, arid climate and geography stand in contrast to the verdant Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
of present-day central Mexico into Central America[2] to the south and east, and the higher, milder "island" of Oasisamerica
Oasisamerica
to the north. Aridoamerica
Aridoamerica
overlaps with both.[1] Because of the relatively hard conditions, the pre-Columbian people in this region developed distinct cultures and subsistence farming patterns. The region has only 120 mm (4.7 in) to 160 mm (6.3 in) of annual precipitation
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Mesoamerican Chronology
Mesoamerican chronology
Mesoamerican chronology
divides the history of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
into several periods: the Paleo-Indian (first human habitation–3500 BCE), the Archaic (3500–2000 BCE), the Preclassic or Formative (2000 BCE–200 CE), the Classic (200–1000 CE), and the Postclassic (1000–1697 CE). Some of the period divisions are taken from the history of the Maya: The Preclassic-Classic boundary marks the first Maya "collapse", the Classic-Postclassic boundary marks the second, and the end date of 1697 marks the conquest of the last independent Maya city-state, Tayasal
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Honduras
Coordinates: 15°00′N 86°30′W / 15.000°N 86.500°W / 15.000; -86.500 Republic
Republic
of Honduras República de Honduras  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish) "Free, Sovereign and Independent"Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Honduras" "National Anthem of Honduras"Capital and largest city Tegucigalpa 14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.100°N 87.217°W / 14.100; -87.217Official languages SpanishEthnic groups ([1])90% Mestizoa 7% Amerindian 2% Black 1% Whi
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Polity
A polity is any kind of political entity. It is a group of people who are collectively united by a self-reflected cohesive force such as identity, who have a capacity to mobilize resources, and are organized by some form of institutionalized hierarchy.[1]Frontispiece of LeviathanContents1 Overview 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksOverview[edit] A polity can be manifested in many different forms, such as a state, an empire, an international organization, a political organisation and other identifiable, resource-manipulating organisational structures. A polity, like a state, does not need to be a sovereign unit
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Nobel Prize In Chemistry
The Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Chemistry
Chemistry
(Swedish: Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel
in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
on proposal of the Nobel Committee
Nobel Committee
for Chemistry
Chemistry
which consists of five members elected by Academy
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WorldCat
WorldCat
WorldCat
is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72,000 libraries in 170 countries and territories[3] that participate in the Online Computer Library Center
Online Computer Library Center
(OCLC) global cooperative. It is operated by OCLC
OCLC
Online Computer Library
Library
Center, Inc.[4] The subscribing member libraries collectively maintain WorldCat's database, the world's largest bibliographic database
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