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Julius
The gens Julia or Iulia was one of the most ancient patrician families at Ancient Rome. Members of the gens attained the highest dignities of the state in the earliest times of the Republic. The first of the family to obtain the consulship was Gaius Julius Iulus in 489 BC. The gens is perhaps best known, however, for Gaius Julius Caesar, the dictator, and grand uncle of the emperor Augustus, through whom the name was passed to the so-called Julio-Claudian dynasty
Julio-Claudian dynasty
of the 1st century AD
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Creusa
In Greek mythology, Creusa (/kriːˈuːsə/; Ancient Greek: Κρέουσα Kreousa "princess") may refer to the following figures:Creusa, was a Naiad and daughter of Gaia.[1] Creusa, was the daughter of Erechtheus, King of Athens and his wife, Praxithea Creusa, also known by the name Glauce, was the daughter of King Creon of Corinth, Greece. Creusa, an Amazon spearwoman in a painting on a vase from Cumae
Cumae
that depicts a battle of the Amazons
Amazons
against Theseus
Theseus
and his army; she is portrayed as being overcome by Phylacus.[2] Creusa, daughter of Priam
Priam
and Hecuba,[3][4] was the first wife of Aeneas
Aeneas
and mother to Ascanius
Ascanius
(also known as Iulus) Creusa, wife of the Carian Cassandrus and mother by him of Menes
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Tullus Hostilius
Tullus Hostilius
Tullus Hostilius
(r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. He succeeded Numa Pompilius
Numa Pompilius
and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king.[1] Tullus Hostilius
Tullus Hostilius
was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who had fought with Romulus
Romulus
and died during the Sabine invasion of Rome.[2] The principal feature of Tullus' reign was his defeat of Alba Longa. After Alba Longa
Alba Longa
was beaten (by the victory of three Roman champions over three Albans), Alba Longa
Alba Longa
became Rome's vassal state
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Patrician (ancient Rome)
The patricians (from Latin: patricius) were originally a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome. The distinction was highly significant in the early Republic—but its relevance waned after the Conflict of the Orders
Conflict of the Orders
(494 BC to 287 BC), and by the time of the late Republic and Empire, membership in the patriciate was of only nominal significance. After the Western Empire fell, it remained a high honorary title in the Byzantine Empire. Medieval patrician classes were once again formally defined groups of leading burgess families in many medieval Italian republics, such as Venice and Genoa, and subsequently "patrician" became a vague term used for aristocrats and the higher bourgeoisie in many countries.Contents1 Origin 2 Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and Empire2.1 Status 2.2 Patricians vs
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Spurius (praenomen)
Spurius (Latin pronunciation: [ˈspʊɾɪ.ʊs]) is a Latin praenomen, or personal name, which was used primarily during the period of the Roman Republic, and which fell into disuse in imperial times. It was used by both patrician and plebeian families, and gave rise to the patronymic gens Spurilia. The feminine form is Spuria. The name was originally abbreviated S., as it was the most common praenomen beginning with that letter; but, as it grew less common, it was sometimes abbreviated Sp.[1][2] For most of the Roman Republic, Spurius was about the ninth most-common praenomen. Although used by a minority of families, it was favored by many, including the gentes Carvilia, Cassia, Furia, Nautia, Papiria, Postumia, Servilia, and Veturia. It was most common during the early centuries of the Republic, and gradually declined in popularity until it all but disappeared during the 1st century AD.[3] Origin and meaning of the name[edit] The actual meaning of Spurius is unproven
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Gens
In ancient Rome, a gens (/ˈɡɛns/ or /ˈdʒɛnz/), plural gentes, was a family consisting of all those individuals who shared the same nomen and claimed descent from a common ancestor. A branch of a gens was called a stirps (plural stirpes). The gens was an important social structure at Rome and throughout Italy during the period of the Roman Republic. Much of an individual's social standing depended on the gens to which he belonged. Certain gentes were considered patrician, others plebeian, while some had both patrician and plebeian branches. The importance of membership in a gens declined considerably in imperial times.[1][2]Contents1 Origin of the gens1.1 Stirpes 1.2 Praenomina2 Social function of the gens 3 Patrician and plebeian gentes 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksOrigin of the gens[edit] The word gens is sometimes translated as "race" or "nation", meaning a people descended from a common ancestor (rather than sharing a common physical trait)
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Dictionary Of Greek And Roman Biography And Mythology
The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
(1849, originally published 1844 under a slightly different title) is an encyclopedia/biographical dictionary. Edited by William Smith, the dictionary spans three volumes and 3,700 pages. It is a classic work of 19th-century lexicography. The work is a companion to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.[1]Contents1 Authors and scope 2 Use and availability today 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksAuthors and scope[edit]Excerpt from Philolaus
Philolaus
Pythagoras book, (Charles Peter Mason, 1870)The work lists thirty-five authors in addition to the editor, who is also an author for some definitions and articles
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Sextus (praenomen)
Sextus (Latin pronunciation: [ˈsɛkstʊs]) is a Latin praenomen, or personal name, which was common throughout all periods of Roman history. It was used by both patrician and plebeian families, and gave rise to the patronymic gentes Sextia and Sextilia. The feminine form is Sexta. The name was regularly abbreviated Sex., but occasionally is found abbreviated S. (usually used for the praenomen Spurius), or Sext.[1][2] Sextus was about the tenth most-common praenomen for most of Roman history, although it became slightly more common in imperial times, as other praenomina declined in popularity. Many families did not use it, but it was widespread amongst all social classes, and was favored by some families
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Jupiter
by volume:6999890000000000000♠89%±2.0% hydrogen (H 2)6999100000000000000♠10%±2.0% helium (He)6997300000000000000♠0.3%±0.1% methane (CH 4)6996259999999999999♠0.026%±0.004% ammonia (NH 3)6995280000000000000♠0.0028%±0.001% hydrogen deuteride (HD)6994599999999999999♠0.0006%±0.0002% ethane (C 2H 6)6994400000000000000♠0.0004%±0.0004% water (H 2O)Ices:ammonia (NH 3) water (H 2O) ammonium hydrosulfide (NH 4SH) Jupiter
Jupiter
is the fifth planet from the Sun
Sun
and the largest in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two-and-a-half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System
Solar System
combined. Jupiter
Jupiter
and Saturn
Saturn
are gas giants; the other two giant planets, Uranus
Uranus
and Neptune
Neptune
are ice giants
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Giulio
Giulio
Giulio
is a given name
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Julia (wife Of Marius)
OF or Of may refer to:Air Finland, a defunct Finnish airline (IATA airline code OF) Mass of Paul VI, or Ordinary Form, in Roman Catholicism Of, Turkey, a town and district in Trabzon Province, Turkey Offenbach (district), German vehicle registration plate code OF Old French, a dialect continuum spoken from the 9th century to the 14th century Open Firmware, computer software which loads an operating system Order of Fiji, which has the post-nominal letters of OF Outfielder, a defensive position in baseball Oxygen fluoride, a compound containing only the chemical elements oxygen and fluorine Občanské fórum, or Civic Forum, a Czech political movement in 1989 Osvobodilna fronta, the Liberation Front of the Slovenian PeopleThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title OF. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the inten
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Latinus
Latinus
Latinus
(Latin: Lătīnŭs; Ancient Greek: Λατῖνος) was a figure in both Greek and Roman mythology. He is often associated with the heroes of the Trojan War, namely Odysseus
Odysseus
and Aeneas. Although his appearance in the Aeneid
Aeneid
is irreconcilable with his appearance in Greek mythology, the two pictures are not so different that he cannot be seen as one character.Contents1 Greek mythology 2 Roman mythology 3 See also 4 References 5 SourcesGreek mythology[edit] In Hesiod's Theogony,[1] Latinus
Latinus
was the son of Odysseus
Odysseus
and Circe
Circe
who ruled the Tyrsenoi, presumably the Etruscans, with his brothers Ardeas and Telegonus
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Lavinia
In Roman mythology, Lavinia
Lavinia
(/ləˈvɪniə/; Latin: Lāuīnĭa [laːˈwiːnia]) is the daughter of Latinus
Latinus
and Amata and the last wife of Aeneas. Lavinia, the only child of the king and "ripe for marriage", had been courted by many men who hoped to become the king of Latium. Turnus, ruler of the Rutuli, was the most likely of the suitors, having the favor of Queen Amata. King Latinus
Latinus
is later warned by his father Faunus
Faunus
in a dream oracle that his daughter is not to marry a Latin."Propose no Latin alliance for your daughter, Son of mine; distrust the bridal chamber Now prepared. Men from abroad will come And be your sons by marriage. Blood so mingled Lifts our name starward
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Origo Gentis Romanae
The Origo Gentis Romanae ("The origins of Roman Race") is a short historiographic literary compilation. It narrates the origins of the Roman people. It starts with Saturn and finishes with Romulus. The work was earlier associated with Aurelius Victor, but it is no longer believed to be by his hand. Bibliography[edit]Banchich (2004), Origo Gentis Romanae (PDF), trans. by Haniszewski, et al., Cansius College . Translation and commentaries.This Ancient Rome-related article is a stub
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Maurus Servius Honoratus
Maurus Servius Honoratus
Maurus Servius Honoratus
was a late fourth-century and early fifth-century grammarian, with the contemporary reputation of being the most learned man of his generation in Italy; he was the author of a set of commentaries on the works of Virgil
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Vopiscus (praenomen)
Vopiscus is a Latin praenomen, or personal name, which was occasionally used during the period of the Roman Republic, and later as a cognomen, surviving into imperial times. The feminine form is Vopisca. The name was not usually abbreviated, but is sometimes found with the abbreviation Vop.[1][2] The praenomen Vopiscus was always rare, but it was familiar to the scholar Marcus Terentius Varro, who described it as an antique name, no longer in general use by the 1st century BC. The only family known to have used it was gens Julia, but as with other uncommon praenomina, it may have been more common amongst the plebeians and in the countryside. The name was later used as a cognomen, becoming more frequent in imperial times
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